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Northwest Regional
Climate Hub
Bea Van Horne, Director
US Forest Service
Pacific Northwest Research Station
Mike Strobel
D...
What are the Climate Hubs?
Regional network that assists managers of working lands
with managing for risks in a changing c...
3
USDA Regional Climate Hubs will provide:
• Technical & Program Support
• Assessments and Forecasts
• Outreach and Educat...
“Tool Makers”
Package & Develop
• Agriculture Experiment Stations
• Agricultural Research Service
• Forest Service R&D
• N...
Dairy
Cattle/Calf
Grains Oilseeds
Legumes
Veges potatoes
melons
Fruits
Nuts
Berries
NW Major Agricultural Products
Milk Production
Climate Risk Effect Adaptation Tools
+ heat stress
- fertility
Genetic selection for more heat tolerant
br...
Climate Risk Effect Adaptation Tools
- summer rainfall
+ temperatures
- nutritional value of
forage
+ invasive weeds
+ cov...
Climate Risk Effect Adaptation Tools
changes in timing and amount of
precipitation
Advanced growing degree days
• Changes ...
Climate Risk Effects Adaptation Tools
+ heat and drought stress
advanced bud break
+ water demands
+ pests
change vine and...
Climate Risk Effects Adaptation Tools
- snowpack
- availability of irrigation
water
change cropping systems
Cost/benefit a...
AgBizLogic
Farm data
• Acres
• Yield
• Crop
systems
• Expenses
Options
• Alternative
cropping
systems
• Marketing
• Irriga...
5/21/2015
Needs include
• Better forecasting of seasonal climate
• Better forecasting of local conditions
• Better alert s...
A Loose Confederation of Climate
Projects in the Northwest
AgWeatherNet
Big Wood
Long Term Agricultural
Research Sites
Dat...
Hub
Alchemy
Farmers, ranchers, and
private forest owners are
more successful at
adaptation and mitigation
Research
scienti...
What is the Hub doing now?
• Convening research and extension for
proposal development in range, forestry,
and cropping sy...
What is the Hub doing now?
• Funding development of a climate module for
AgBizLogic decision software for farmers.
• Devel...
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Northwest Regional Climate Hub

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Bea Van Horne, Director
US Forest Service
Pacific Northwest Research Station

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Northwest Regional Climate Hub

  1. 1. Northwest Regional Climate Hub Bea Van Horne, Director US Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Mike Strobel Director, National Water and Climate Center Natural Resource Conservation Service Stuart Hardegree Plant Physiologist Agricultural Research Service
  2. 2. What are the Climate Hubs? Regional network that assists managers of working lands with managing for risks in a changing climate (drought, floods, changing growing seasons, wild fires, etc.)
  3. 3. 3 USDA Regional Climate Hubs will provide: • Technical & Program Support • Assessments and Forecasts • Outreach and Education
  4. 4. “Tool Makers” Package & Develop • Agriculture Experiment Stations • Agricultural Research Service • Forest Service R&D • NOAA RISAs • NIFA-funded Coordinated Agricultural Projects • NRCS • Climate Corporation • Others The Weak Link
  5. 5. Dairy Cattle/Calf Grains Oilseeds Legumes Veges potatoes melons Fruits Nuts Berries NW Major Agricultural Products
  6. 6. Milk Production Climate Risk Effect Adaptation Tools + heat stress - fertility Genetic selection for more heat tolerant breeds of livestock Breed information + infections Provide heat abatement strategies for animals (e.g. shade structures) Cost/benefit information, given climate projections - growth Change timing of livestock rotation to reduce erosion and exposure to solar radiant energy. Seasonal temperature projections - milk production Conduct selective breeding of plants Seed availability information - snowpack - summer rainfall - soil moisture Reduce soil erosion using accepted practices. NRCS information + erosion Work with municipalities to maintain consistent supplies of energy and water water availability and demand projections + coverage of woody conifers Irrigate pastures; reduce animals/acre Seasonal heat and rainfall projections + temperatures - forage productivity Change timing of livestock rotation Seasonal forage condition projections -nutritional value of forage Change forage management Forage nutritional information
  7. 7. Climate Risk Effect Adaptation Tools - summer rainfall + temperatures - nutritional value of forage + invasive weeds + coverage of woody conifers • Changes in timing and spatial distribution of grazing • Changes in livestock breeds • Shifts in grazing areas • Seasonal rainfall projections • Information about breeds Cattle and calf production
  8. 8. Climate Risk Effect Adaptation Tools changes in timing and amount of precipitation Advanced growing degree days • Changes in timing of farm operations • Changes in varieties and crop systems Cost/benefit analysis of alternatives, given climate projections - water availability for irrigated farming operations + CO2 concentrations - water demands heat stress - grain filling + water demands Grains, oilseed, dried beans, dried peas
  9. 9. Climate Risk Effects Adaptation Tools + heat and drought stress advanced bud break + water demands + pests change vine and tree varieties + irrigation Cost/benefit analysis of cropping systems, given climate projections and varieties available + winter rainfall + fungal pathogens + spraying especially grape, cherry and apple -cold temperature and chilling - fruit production delayed bud break change vine and tree varieties- water availability for irrigation -fruit production + CO2 concentrations + yields Fruits, tree nuts and berries
  10. 10. Climate Risk Effects Adaptation Tools - snowpack - availability of irrigation water change cropping systems Cost/benefit analysis of cropping systems, given climate projections and varieties available earlier rainfall + water demand + irrigation Seasonal rainfall projections + temperature + water demand + irrigation Seasonal temperature projections - potato yield develop and use later-maturing varieties (delayed leaf senescence) Information on potato varieties+ CO2 + potato yield Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes
  11. 11. AgBizLogic Farm data • Acres • Yield • Crop systems • Expenses Options • Alternative cropping systems • Marketing • Irrigation Site-specific climate projections Evaluation of Options Yields
  12. 12. 5/21/2015 Needs include • Better forecasting of seasonal climate • Better forecasting of local conditions • Better alert systems
  13. 13. A Loose Confederation of Climate Projects in the Northwest AgWeatherNet Big Wood Long Term Agricultural Research Sites DataBasin Northwest Knowledge Network Willalmette Water 2100 REACCH WWETAC Climate Friendly Farming Decisions support Tools for Fruit AgBizLogic Animal Agriculture Klamath Basin Decision Support
  14. 14. Hub Alchemy Farmers, ranchers, and private forest owners are more successful at adaptation and mitigation Research scientists Extension specialists Strategy
  15. 15. What is the Hub doing now? • Convening research and extension for proposal development in range, forestry, and cropping systems. • Stakeholder engagement team is assessing existing educational programs and tools to develop “tool kits” for extension. • Supporting expansion of historical and forecasted climate information.
  16. 16. What is the Hub doing now? • Funding development of a climate module for AgBizLogic decision software for farmers. • Developing a collaboration around incised streams problem for ranchers that includes  NW Climate Science Center  Great Basin Landscape Conservation Cooperative Desert Research Institute  Pacific Northwest Research Station (USFS)  USGS Pacific Science Center

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