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Human Rights Presentation by Simhachalam K L V

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Human Rights Presentation from Forensic Medicine by a medical student

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Human Rights Presentation by Simhachalam K L V

  1. 1. A Simhachalam's Inception 1
  2. 2. A A Simhachalam's Inception 2
  3. 3. By, K.L.V Simhachalam, Roll number:- 68, 156 batch, KIMS&RFA Simhachalam's Inception 3
  4. 4. Over View:  Definition of Human Rights  History of Human Rights  Classification of Human Rights  International Protection and Promotion:  United Nations Charter  Universal Declaration of Human Rights  International Humanitarian Law  Human Rights Promotion  Violation of Human Rights  National Human Rights Commission of India  State Human Rights Commissions of India  World Human Rights Day  References A Simhachalam's Inception 4
  5. 5. Human Rights Defined… A Simhachalam's Inception 5
  6. 6. History of Human Rights A Simhachalam's Inception 6
  7. 7. Classification of Human Rights A Simhachalam's Inception 7
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  9. 9. Second Generation (Economical, Social and Cultural rights) A Simhachalam's Inception 9
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  12. 12. Charter = a written grant by the sovereign or legislative power of a country by which, the rights and privileges are defined  The foundation of the United Nations and the provisions of the United Nations Charter provided a basis for a comprehensive system of international law and practice for the protection of human rights.  Since then, international human rights law has been characterised by a linked system of conventions, treaties, organisations, and political bodies, rather than any single entity or set of laws.  Article 55 of the Charter provides that: The United Nations shall promote: a) higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development; b) solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; c) international cultural and educational cooperation; d) universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion. A Simhachalam's Inception 12
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  14. 14. Salient Features of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law A Simhachalam's Inception 14
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  16. 16. Non-governmental organisations:  International non-governmental human rights organisations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, International Service for Human Rights monitor what they see as human rights issues around the world and promote their views on the subject. Human rights defenders:  Human rights defender are people who, individually or with others, act peacefully to promote or protect human rights.  They can defend rights as part of their jobs or in a voluntary capacity and can act at local, national or international level.  They can be journalists, environmentalists, whistle-blowers, trade unionists, lawyers, teachers, housing campaigners, and so on. Human rights promotion: A Simhachalam's Inception 16
  17. 17. Violations of Human Rights  Human rights violations occur when actions by a state or persons abuse, ignore, or deny basic human rights .  Violations of human rights can occur when any state or person breaches any part of the UDHR treaty or other international human rights or humanitarian law.  In regard to human rights violations of United Nations laws, Article 39 of the United Nations Charter designates the UN Security Council as the only tribunal that may determine UN human rights violations. A Simhachalam's Inception 17
  18. 18. What about Human Rights in India??? National Human Rights Commision of India (NHRC)  National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is an autonomous public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993. It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.  The NHRC is the National Human Rights Commission of India, responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights, defined by the Act as “rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants”  A Chairperson of NHRC should be retired Chief Justice of India, One member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India.  One member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court, Two members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights. In India, National Human Rights Commission, State Human Rights Commission, and Human Rights Courts have been constituted for better protection of human rights and connected and incidental matters thereto. A Simhachalam's Inception 18
  19. 19. Human Rights in India  According to United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, there are nearly 30 basic human rights followed globally.  The Constitution of India guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens as follows: (i) right to equality, (ii) right to freedom, (iii) (iii) right against exploitation, (iv) right to freedom of religion, (v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) right to constitutional remedies. A Simhachalam's Inception 19
  20. 20. THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS ACT, 1993 • (1) The Act was passed in 1993 and amended in 2006. It provides for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)at the Center, State Human Rights Commissions (SHRC) in States and Human Rights Courts. • (2) Purpose - Better protection of human rights.  Medical profession and human rights are intricately woven in the sense that the doctors can alleviate violations of human rights being among the first to become aware of these violations, particularly in the field of ‘Torture’. A Simhachalam's Inception 20
  21. 21. STATE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION (SHRC)  A State Government may constitute a body known as the Human Rights Commission of that State to exercise the powers conferred upon, and to perform the functions assigned to, a State Commission.  At present, 25 states have constituted SHRC A S I M H A C H A L A M ' S I N C E P T I O N 21
  22. 22. World Human Rights Day  World Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December every year.  The date was chosen to honor the United Nations General Assembly's adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations. A Simhachalam's Inception 22
  23. 23. References 1. Textbook of ForensicMedicine and Toxicology by Anil Aggrawal 2014 2. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology - K. S. Narayan Reddy 3. Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 2nd Edition by Nagesh Kumar G Rao 4. V.V Pillay Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology 18th Edition 5. Cooper, Belinda (September 24, 2010). "Book Review - The Last Utopia - Human Rights in History - By Samuel Moyn" – via NYTimes.com. 6. Cooper, Belinda (September 24, 2010). "Book Review - The Last Utopia - Human Rights in History - By Samuel Moyn" – via NYTimes.com. A Simhachalam's Inception 23
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