Renewal interest on the exploitation of flapping flight motions to attain high propulsion efficiency of air vehicles is inspired by the aerodynamics of birds’ and insects’ flights. The flapping characteristics can be majorly used to develop micro aerial vehicles (MAV) as this is a lucrative method to generate lift and thrust simultaneously. In this project, the variation of the flow properties and the thrust generation of an airfoil in a flapping (plunging) motion, is evaluated using both computational and experimental methods. The NACA 2412 airfoil was selected for the study and, the computational method was carried out using an inviscid flow model and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, simultaneously to obtain and compare the variation of properties. The inviscid model was developed using conformal mapping and potential flow theories, and it is capable of producing results for any arbitrary aerofoil. Steady-state results were compared and validated in both CFD and inviscid flow modelling as the computational framework along with flow visualisation and force sensing as the experimental framework. The validated CFD and inviscid models have been developed to produce a plunging motion to the aerofoil and obtain the variation of drag and lift coefficients with time. The experimental setup was designed to obtain the forces acting on the airfoil, and the flow characteristics were visually observed using a flow visualization technique. The force calculations were done through a developed and optimized load cell arrangement. The developed smoke flow visualisation technique is capable of successfully capturing streamline patterns, flow separation regions. These results were compared along with wake development between computational and experimental models. The Level of agreement and limitations of each method have been discussed in this report.