2. Based on etymology,comes from the greek words Anthropos
which means “man” and logos which means “science or study
A discipline of infinite curiosity about human beings.They seek to discover
when, where, and why humans appeared on earth.They look at how humans
have changed since then.
Has been defined as that branch of knowledge which deals with the scientific
study of man, his/her works, behavior, and value in time and space.
A Scientific study of physical, social, and cultural development.
3. The proper sphere of anthropology as a science
is to strive to secure historical, sociological and
psychological laws that describe the overall
trends of processes among the people of all
prehistoric and historic periods.
ANTROPOLOGY AS A SCIENCE
4. PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY – Biological
anthropology. It deals with man’s biological foundation,
race evolution, racial classification and differentiation.
CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY- Social
anthropology.Deals with one of the most significant
and revolutionary concepts in the social sciences.
5. ARCHAELOGY- A branch of general
anthropology.Concerned with the study of man’s
culture and society in the past (prehistoric times).
LINGUISTICS- The systematic study of recorded and
unrecorded languages all over the world.Deals with
the relationship between language and culture and
how the culture affects the language vice versa.
6. The word ”sociology”, based on etymology, comes
from the word socius which means “group of partners”
and logos which means “science or study of.”
Sociology deals with the study of groups.
According to H. Fichter, “sociology is the scientific
study of patterned, shared human behavior”.
Deals with the study of group life.
7. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION- covers the study of various social
institutions, social groups, social stratification, social mobility,
bureaucracy, ethnic groups and relations, ang other related subjects.
Topics like the family, education, politics, religion, and economy are
studied in this area.
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY- deals with the study of human nature as an
outcome of group life, social attitudes, collective behavior and
personality formation. It deals with the group of life and the
individual’s traits, attitudes and beliefs as influenced by group life. It
views man with reference to group life.
AREAS OF SOCIOLOGY
8. SOCIAL CHANGE AND DISORGANIZATION- includes the study
of the change in culture and social relations and the disruption
that may occur in the society.Deals with the study of current
social problems in society such as juvenile delinquency,
criminality, drug addiction, family conflicts, divorce, population
problems and other related subjects.
HUMAN ECOLOGY- Studies the nature and behavior of a given
population and its relationship to the group’s present social
9. POPULATION OR DEMOGRAPHY- the study of population
number, composition, and quality as they influence the
economic, political and social system.
SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY AND METHOD-Concerned with the
applicability and usefulness of the principles and theories of
group life as bases for the regulation of man’s social
environment. Includes formulation of theories and testing them
as bases for the prediction and control of man’s social
10. APPLIED SOCIOLOGY- Utilizes the findings of pure
sociological research in various fields such as
criminology, social work, community development,
education, industrial relations, marriage, ethnic
relations, family counseling and other aspects and
problems of daily life.`
11. Sociology deals with the systematized or organized
body of facts about patterns of human interactions, of
group life, and of people living in interdependence.
Sociology is science.
SOCIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE
12. Focuses on the theory and practice of
government and politics at the local, state,
national and international levels.
Dedicated to developing understandings of
institutions, practices and relations that
constitute public life and modes of inquiry that
13. Both sociology and anthropology are social sciences.
Sociology does not study behavior that is not social.
Likewise, although sociologists are interested in historial
events and processes, they focus on social patterns.May
be interested in economic and political influences.
Psychology, history, economics, political science and
social work among others contribute information useful
to sociological and anthropological.
RELATIONSHIP OF ANTHROPOLOGY
WITH OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCES
14. Both sciences attempt to understand the way of life of
various cultures or various societies.
Concepts in one discipline are used in the other.
The emphasis of sociology is on society and social
processes, while that of anthropology is on culture. It is a
fact that society and culture are interrelated and
SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
15. Both sciences are also interested in the study of
social issues. (Population growth, environment,
urban poverty, and similar subjects.)
Have common subjects. Both disciplines
synthesize and generalize data about human
behavior and social systems. Both are related to