1. Lezel M. Laracas
1. Explain the following figures
a. Fig. 1.1
The figure illustrates the general
concepts encircles nursing informatics and are
all interconnected with each other.
Furthermore, nursing informatics can also be a
combination of the four circles which is
nursing science, computer science, cognitive
science and information science that’s why the
nursing informatics is in the center of the four
b. Fig. 1.3
The KM life cycle starts with knowledge
acquisition as getting the idea on which one is
going to use in order to come up with an
outcome after acquisition of knowledge a
person will orient and continue studying they
are both connected since after a person
acquire a certain idea and has oriented and
processed himself on it the continuation of
the acquired knowledge through the process
will start to surface. As the cycle of knowledge
acquisition as it surfaces and being
transmitted in the form of explicit knowledge
and tacit knowledge as it will be engraved as a know-how. After the process and the
surfacing of the knowledge the dissemination will happen which can be through social
media and email messages. Furthermore, the knowledge development through graphing
and frameworks/ research will integrate. The last part before an outcome reveals the
2. processing of knowledge through analyzing and summarizing will happen and outcomes
of the acquired knowledge will happen.
2. Differentiate types of knowledge (explicit and tacit).
Explicit knowledge is when and internal knowledge that can be shared and
transferred/transmitted. This type of knowledge is usually stored in documents, databases,
memo, video tutorials and other forms of verbal and written communications. The utilization
of a useful explicit knowledge will be depending on how it is transferred or how effective the
communication on the transmission process. On the other hand, tacit knowledge is a type of
knowledge that uses experience in order to be utilized fully, it is an intuitive knowledge that
resides in the mind of a person. In this type of knowledge, you learn through your experiences
and while your mind encodes it, thus when you are going to explain or teach others on the
deed it will be hard because you only know how because it is imprinted on your brain.
3. Identify the types of knowledge worker
Knowledge creators, knowledge facilitators, knowledge users.
4. Differentiate the types of data
Nominal data is one of the types of qualitative information which helps to label the
variables without providing the numerical value
Ordinal data/variable is a type of data that follows a natural order
Discrete data can take only discrete values.
5. Identify the threats to data integrity
Human error can compromise the integrity of data. mistake; worms, viruses, or other
computer defects; malfunctions or breakdowns of hardware, transmission issues, or
intrusions of hackers into the system.
6. Compare info science and info processing
Information science is the collection of the retrieved data, encoding and the feedbacks of
the data through technology, it also brings together interdisciplinary science features from
cognitive science, communication science, computer science, library science, and the social
sciences and uses theories in solving the problems with information while information
processing is linked in technology, it can be by using software to interpret and manipulate data
forms, while understanding the information set and decides on how to apply it effectively on
various of situations.
7. Give at least 10 examples of information system and its uses
Clinical Information System (CIS)- organizes and contains all you medical/ health
information, it also helps link your financial and clinical outcomes.
Executive Support System- collects and analyze information to help executives with
strategic decision making.
Decision Support System (DSS)- helps formulate decisions within the organization and
constructs "what if" models to examine the possibilities or choices and alternatives
after gathering pertinent and helpful information.
Geographic Information System (GIS)- gathers information in accordance to the surface
and layout of the earth’s surface and firm virtual models.
Office Systems- process data within the organization and facilitates communication.
3. Hospital Information System (HIS)- oversees the operational, monetary, and the
hospital's clinical operations. It should aid in connecting clinical and financial
Transaction Processing System (TPS)- normal business is processed and recorded.
billing systems, for example, transactions create and deliver invoices to clients, and
systems for generating workers computed from pay stubs and wage cheques paying
Customer Relationship System. – deals with the feedbacks and activities, trends and
inquiries of a customer.
Office Automation System- help increase employee productivity when doing repetitive
data processing jobs.
Management Information Systems (MIS)- used in reviewing the performance of an
8. Identify components of computer and its function.
Computer hardware refers to the actual physical body of the computer and its
The central processing unit (CPU) is an older term for the processor and microprocessor.
Sometimes conceptualized as the “brain” of the computer, the processor is the
computer component that actually executes, calculates, and processes the binary
computer code (which consists of various configurations of 0s and 1s), instigated by the
operating system (OS) and other applications on the computer. T
The motherboard has been called the “central nervous system” of the computer
because it facilitates communication among all of the different computer components.
Random-access memory (RAM) is considered to be volatile memory because it is a
temporary storage system that allows the processor to access program codes and data
while working on a task.
A computer keyboard is very similar to the typewriter keyboards of earlier days and
usually serve as the prime input device that enables the user to type words, numbers,
and commands into the computer’s programs
The mouse is the second-most-commonly used input device.
The touch pad is a device that senses the pressure of the user’s finger along with the
movement of the finger on the touch pad to control input positioning. It is an alternative
to using a mouse.
The monitor is the visual display that serves as the landscape for all interactions
between user and machine.