Introduction to the graph technologies landscape

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A quick intro to some of the new graph technologies.

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Introduction to the graph technologies landscape

  1. 1. SAS founded in 2013 in Paris | | @linkurious Introduction to the graph technologies landscape.
  2. 2. Introduction. “At Linkurious we believe graph technologies can have a powerful impact in the way we think about data and turn it into new products. This small report is meant to give you a glimpse into the emerging graph ecosystem. May it inspire you to join, use or launch graph projects.” Sébastien Heymann CEO of Linkurious
  3. 3. Father Of Father Of Siblings What is a graph ? This is a graph.
  4. 4. Father Of Father Of Siblings This is a node This is a relationship What is a graph ? / Nodes & relationshipsWhat is a graph : nodes and relationships. A graph is a set of nodes linked by relationships.
  5. 5. People, objects, movies, restaurants, music... Antennas, servers, phones, people... Supplier, roads, warehouses, products... Supply chains Social networks Communications Differents domains where graphs are important. Graphs can be used to model many domains.
  6. 6. Connect people to potential friends or to new interests. Graphs technologies turn data into insights. Supply chains Social networks Communications The impact of graphs. Faster delivery, more robust distribution network. Recover from a power outage faster.
  7. 7. A growing interest in graphs. Graphs are gaining traction. In 2014, graph databases were the most popular database technology.
  8. 8. Do you know the graph landscape? The graph technologies landscape.
  9. 9. The three layers of graph technologies. Graph visualization Common tools : Cytoscape, Gephi, Keylines, Linkurious, Tom Sawyer Software Other solutions : D3.js, Sigma.js, Vivagraph.js Graph analysis Common tools : Faunus, Giraph, GraphLab, Graphx Other solutions : Pregel Graph databases Common tools : InfiniteGraph, Neo4j, OrientDB, Sparksee, Titan Other solutions : Accumulo, Cayley, HBase, HypergraphDB, Sqrrl, YarcData Store Three layers of graph technologies. Backend VisualizeAnalyse Frontend
  10. 10. First layer : the graph databases. InfiniteGraph Neo4j OrientDB Sparksee Titan License commercial commercial/op en-source apache 2.0 license commercial apache 2.0 license Website http://www. objectivity. com/infinitegraph http://www. http://www. orientechnologi es. com/orientdb/ http://www. sparsity- technologies. com/ http: //thinkaurelius.
  11. 11. InfiniteGraph Graph database Website : License : commercial InfiniteGraph. Description InfiniteGraph, brought by Objectivity, is a distributed graph databases that can handle very large datasets. It was first released in 2010 and has a commercial license.
  12. 12. Neo4j Graph database Website : License : commercial/open-source Neo4j. Description Neo4j, the graph database developed by Neo Technology made it easier to work with graphs. Since the launch of the V1 in 2010, Neo4j garnered a lot of interest. Its open-source edition makes it very easy for developers to start experimenting with graph databases. Today, Neo Technology is the leading graph database with a long list of customer references. It remains focused on usability with recent releases bringing changes in the ETL process and data visualization.
  13. 13. Description OrientDB is an Open Source database with the features of both Document and Graph databases. OrientDB is written completely in Java and can run on any platform without configuration and installation. OrientDB Graph database Website : License : Apache 2.0 license OrientDB.
  14. 14. Description Sparksee (formerly known as DEX) is a proprietary graph database built for performance. It has a small footprint, is natively available for .Net, C++, Python and Java. Sparksee mobile is the first graph database available for iOS and Android. Sparksee Graph database Website : License : commercial Sparksee.
  15. 15. Description Titan, an other open-source project has been gaining a lot of attention lately. Though still in early stage, Titan is an ambitious project. It is a distributed graph database built to store and query graphs in the hundreds of billions of vertices and edges. Titan Graph database Website : License : Apache 2.0 license Titan.
  16. 16. A growing need to store large graphs. Key tendencies for graph databases. Here are a few key tendencies for graph databases : ● graph databases are still a small niche within the NoSQL space but they are coming into their own ; ● choose the right graph database for your particular use case ; ● other big data solutions are sometimes used to store large graphs : Accumulo, HBase ; ● there exist a few integrated products that mix storage capabilities and advanced functionalities : Sqrrl, YarcData ;
  17. 17. Faunus Giraph GraphLab GraphX License apache 2.0 license apache 2.0 license commercial/open- source apache 2.0 license Website http://thinkaurelius. http://giraph. http://graphlab. com/ https://spark. Second layer : the graph analysis frameworks.
  18. 18. Description The team behind the Titan graph database has also released Faunus. Faunus is a Hadoop-based graph analytics engine for analyzing graphs represented across a multi-machine compute cluster. It is compatible with HBase, Cassandra or Hadoop. Faunus. Faunus Graph analysis Website : License : Apache 2.0 license
  19. 19. Description Giraph, the Apache project, is an iterative graph processing system built for high scalability. It is currently used at Facebook to power its famous Graph Search. At Facebook, Giraph can process a graph with trillions of connections between people, places, likes and interests in minutes. It is compatible with Hadoop. Giraph. Giraph Graph analysis Website : License : Apache 2.0 license
  20. 20. Description People interested in Machine Learning can turn to GraphLab to analyse their graph data. GraphLab was started as an open-source project by Prof. Carlos Guestrin of Carnegie Mellon University in 2009. Recently it has evolved in a data science toolbox but remains very useful for graph analytics. GaphLab. GraphLab Graph analysis Website : License : Commercial/Open-source
  21. 21. Description Another popular solution for graph computing is Graphx. It is integrated to Apache Spark, an open-source data analytics cluster computing framework. GraphX has a built in library of algorithms and include ETL functionalities. It doesn’t offer the same performances as Giraph but is easier to use. GraphX. GraphX Graph analysis Website : License : Apache 2.0 license
  22. 22. Graph computation is part of the big data toolset. Here are a few key tendencies for the graph analysis frameworks : ● most graph databases have their own query language (ex : Cypher for Neo4j and Faunus for Titan ) ; ● GraphX and Giraph are bringing graph paradigms to HBase, Cassandra and Hadoop ; ● GraphBuilder, an Intel project can help transform tabular data into graphs ; Key tendencies for graph analysis frameworks.
  23. 23. Third layer : the graph visualization solutions. Cytoscape Gephi Keylines Linkurious Tom Sawyer Software License GPL License CDDL, GPLv3 commercial commercial commercial Website http://www. https: //gephi. http://keylines. com/ https://www. tomsawyer. com/home/
  24. 24. Description Another graph visualization solution is Cytoscape. Mostly used by biologists at first, it has progressively evolved in a general platform for complex network analysis and visualization. It is desktop-based and is supported by a large community. Cytoscape. Cytoscape Graph visualization Website : License : GPL License
  25. 25. Gephi. Gephi Graph visualization Website : License : CDDL, GPLv3 Description Gephi has played a key role in this process. It is an open-source graph visualization solution. It packs a powerful set of SNA algorithms and visualization options. Used by a wide community of scientists and data scientists, it is akin to a “Photoshop for graphs”.
  26. 26. Description KeyLines is a software library for graph visualization. Developed by Cambridge Intelligence, it is designed to help developers create interactive web applications around graphs. Keylines. Keylines Graph visualization Website : License : commercial
  27. 27. Description Graph visualization is going beyond the world of scientists. Linkurious is a commercial graph visualization solution that aims to democratize graph visualization. Its interface is designed for the interactive exploration of large graphs and comes directly with features common in traditional business intelligence applications (security, user management, etc). Linkurious. Linkurious Graph visualization Website : License : commercial
  28. 28. Description Tom Sawyer Software sells a collection of software development kits for graph visualization and analysis. Its products are used by established companies like NASA and Oracle. It is compatible with ActiveX, C++, Java, and .NET. Tom Sawyer Software. Tom Sawyer Software Graph visualization Website : License : commercial
  29. 29. Here are a few key tendencies for graph databases : ● traditional graph visualization solutions were targeted at developers and data scientists : Cytoscape, Gephi ; ● companies like Cambridge Intelligence and Linkurious are making graphs easier to understand for business people, not just data scientists ; ● a few projects try to integrate the different layers of the graph technologies into complete products : Dendrite, Linkurious, Tom Sawyer Software ; Graph visualization moving to the enterprise. Key tendencies for graph visualization solutions.
  30. 30. Other notable players. Full stack graph startups Data science platforms
  31. 31. Contact us to discuss your projects at Conclusion