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Chapter 2

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Chapter 2

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Taking Charge of Your Health
  2. 2. Building Health Skills 2.1  Health Skills: specific tools and strategies to maintain, protect, and improve all aspects of your health  Health Skills are also known as Life Skills  *Communication Skills (next slide)
  3. 3. HEALTH SKILL BENEFIT TO YOUR HEALTH Communication Share ideas/feelings, listen when others share Refusal Say no to unhealthy behaviors Conflict Resolution Resolve problems (+) Accessing Information Locate valid resrouces/services/products Analyzing Influences Influence:media,tech, peers, culture Practicing Healthful Behaviors Reduce risks and protect yourself against illness/injury Stress Management Healthy ways to reduce/manage stress Advocacy Work to improve personal health and others Decision Making Use step-by-step process to evaluate options for healthy decisions Goal Setting Set goals and develop action plan to achieve
  4. 4. Communication… Interpersonal Communication: exchange of thoughts, feelings, and beliefs between two or more people.  Helps build strong relationships
  5. 5. Strengthen Interpersonal Communication:  Use “I” messages to express your feelings  Ex: I feel upset when I am left out of our plans”  Communicate with respect and care.  Calm voice, respectful tone  Be an active listener  Pay attention while others are talking
  6. 6. Refusal Skills  Refusal Skills: communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful, or that go against your values.
  7. 7. Examples of Refusal Skills  Say “NO” in a firm but calm voice.  Explain Why. State your feelings  Offer Alternatives. Suggest a safe/healthful activity instead.  Stand your Ground. Do not give in.  Leave if Necessary.
  8. 8. Conflict Resolution Conflict Resolution: process of ending a conflict through cooperation and problem solving. *In a compromise, both parties give up something but still gain a desired result*
  9. 9. Analyzing Influences Why do you do the things you do?  Personal Values  Beliefs  Perceptions  Curiosity/Fear  Family/Culture Media/Technology  Friends/Peers  School and Community
  10. 10. Self-Management Skills  Self-Management: taking charge of your own health to promote your own well-being  Practice healthful behaviors  Manage Stress
  11. 11. Managing Stress Stress: The reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands. Stress Management Skills: skills that help you reduce and manage stress in your life. Examples: exercise, relaxation techniques, time management
  12. 12. Advocacy  Advocacy: taking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health-related belief.  Name examples of how to advocate?
  13. 13. Making Responsible Decisions and Setting Goals 2.2 Making decisions and settings goals means:  You are now taking responsibility in determining your life’s purpose and direction!
  14. 14. Decision Making  Small vs. Big  What do I eat today vs. What college will I go to  Values: ideas, beliefs, and attitudes about what is important that help guide the way you live.
  15. 15. Decision Making Process H.E.L.P. H- Healthful E- Ethical L- Legal P- Parent Approval
  16. 16. 6 steps of Decision Making 1. State the Situation 2. List the Options 3. Weigh the Possible Outcomes 4. Consider Values 5. Make a decision and Act on it 6. Evaluate the Decision
  17. 17. Goal Setting  Goals: Something you aim for through planning and work.  Types of Goals:  Short Term- a goal you can reach in a short amount of time.  Long-Term- goal you plan to reach over an extended period of time.
  18. 18. Reaching your Goals  Action Plan: a multi-step strategy to identify and achieve your goals.
  19. 19. Being a Health-Literate Consumer 2.3  Health Consumer: someone who purchases or uses health products or services (to make informed buying decisions)  Advertising: written or spoken media message designed to interest consumers in purchasing a product or service
  20. 20. Hidden Messages in Advertising Bandwagon  Example: Group of people using a product or service  Hidden Message: Everyone is using it, and you should too
  21. 21. Rich and Famous  Example: Product displayed in expensive homes  Hidden Message: It will make you feel rich and famous
  22. 22. Free Gifts  Example: Redeemable coupons for merchandise  Hidden Message: It’s too good a deal to pass up
  23. 23. Great Outdoors  Example: Scenes of nature  Hidden Message: If it’s associated with nature, it must be healthy
  24. 24. Good Times  Example: People smiling and laughing  Hidden Message: The product will add fun to your life
  25. 25. Testimonial  Example: People for whom a product has worked  Hidden Message: It worked for them, so it will work for you too
  26. 26. Evaluating Products Comparison shopping: judging the benefits of different products by comparing several factors, such as quality, features, and cost.
  27. 27. Evaluating Products  Cost and Quality  Features Warranty  Safety  Recommendation
  28. 28. Managing Consumer Products 2.4  Health Fraud Terms:  Natural  Toxic  Money-back guarantee  Scientific breakthrough  Testimonials  No-risk  Ancient remedy  Miraculous cure
  29. 29. Resolving Consumer Problems Consumer Advocates: people or groups whose sole purpose is to take on regional, national, and even international consumer issues. Local, state, and federal government agencies work to protect consumer rights. Malpractice: failure by a health professional to meet accepted standards
  30. 30. Health Fraud Health Fraud: the sale of worthless products or services that claim to prevent disease or curve other health problems Claims:  ‘secret formula’, ‘miracle cure’, ‘overnight results’, ‘all natural’, ‘hurry, this offer expires soon’.
  31. 31. Health Fraud Protection Ask a health professional or Doctor Talk to family and friends Check with Better Business Bureau for complaints Check with a health organization