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Hg 6e ch_06_lecture

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Hg 6e ch_06_lecture

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Lecture Human Geography: Places and Regions in Global Context Sixth Edition Wendy A. Mitteager State University of New York, Oneonta Interpreting Places and Landscapes
  2. 2. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Key Concepts • Relationships between people and space • Environmental behavior • Territoriality • Cognitive images • Landscapes • Sacred spaces • Place-making • Modernity Figure: Chapter 6 Opener The Vietnam Veteran Memorial illustrates the power of landscape to affect us
  3. 3. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Behavior, Knowledge, and Human Environments • Interdependence between people and places • Understanding environmental perception and knowledge • Cindi Katz Figure 6.1 Conflicting environmental perceptions in California
  4. 4. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Behavior, Knowledge, and Human Environments, (cont’d) Figure 6.2 A Shepard's map, drawn by a 10-year-old Sudanese boy, illustrating his detailed environmental knowledge
  5. 5. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 6.3 Graffiti as territorial markers Place-Making • Places are socially constructed • Territoriality • Proxemics • Insiders and Outsiders Apply your knowledge: Describe the relationship between ethology and territoriality. Evaluate examples that you experience in everyday life of proxemics as a territorializing force.
  6. 6. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Place-Making, (cont’d) • Cognitive images • Paths, edges, districts, nodes, landmarks • Distortions Figure 6.5 Cognitive image of Boston Apply your knowledge: Use the five elements to map out your image of the college campus.
  7. 7. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figur6 Place-Making, (cont’d) Figure 6.6 Images of Los Angeles as seen by residents of different communities.
  8. 8. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Place-Making, (cont’d) Figure 6.7 Preference map of the U.S. held by a group of Virginia Tech students, based on the perceived attractiveness of cities and states as places to live.
  9. 9. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Landscapes as Human Systems • Derelict landscapes • Ordinary landscapes • Humanistic approach in geography Figure 6.10 Vulgaria: size and ostentation are the dominant factors in upscale U.S. residential development
  10. 10. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Landscapes as Human Systems, (cont’d) Figure 6.8 Some cities are immediately recognizable because of their famous landmarks.
  11. 11. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Landscapes as Human Systems, (cont’d) Figure 6.9 These ordinary landscapes in New England and Middle America have become symbolic of the U.S.
  12. 12. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Coded Spaces • Landscape as text • Semiotics • Commercial spaces – “Palaces of consumption” • Sacred spaces Figure 6.13 Sacred sites of Hindu India
  13. 13. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Coded Spaces, (cont’d) Figure 6.12 Angor Wat, Cambodia is a sacred space for Buddhists Figure 6.15 Points of origin of European group-organized pilgrims to Lourdes in 1978
  14. 14. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Jerusalem, the Holy City Figure 6.A Map of Jerusalem Figure 6.B Dome of the Rock
  15. 15. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Place and Space in Modern Society • Modernity – Emphasizes reason, scientific rationality, creativity, novelty, and progress Figure 6.16 Modernist urban landscape, an office district in Paris Figure 6.17 Modernized rural landscape, U.K.
  16. 16. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Globalization and Place-Making • Spread of Modernity to peripheral regions • Cyberspace – With its own “landscape” • Commonalities of a shared, global consciousness Figure 6.18 The slow city movement, a grassroots response to globalization, supports “slow food.”
  17. 17. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Cyberspace and Social Networking Figure 6.FFigure 6.D How people share content
  18. 18. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 6.G Number of Facebook users compared to populations of selected countries Figure 6.C Estimated number of worldwide users of social networks Cyberspace and Social Networking, (cont’d)
  19. 19. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 6.J The Slow City movement in Waldkirch allows for social bonds to develop among pedestrians. Figure 6.H The heart of the town is the Marktplatz, which dates from the early Middle Ages. Waldkirch, Germany
  20. 20. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Places as Objects of Consumption • “Culture industries” – Advertising strategies • Visual and experiential consumption • “Heritage industry” Apply your knowledge: Compare and contrast modernity and postmodernity. Give specific examples of each. Figure 6.19 Las Vegas showcases “historic” settings based mostly on stereotypes
  21. 21. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 6.20 Thames Town in Shanghai, China combines commercial, residential, and cultural elements Figure 6.21 Consumption in style at the Bed Restaurant, Florida Places as Objects of Consumption, (cont’d)
  22. 22. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Future Geographies • Homogenization of culture • Cosmopolitanism Figure 6.22 The McDonald’s Buddha seated in lotus position in Shanghai, China was removed within one month due to criticism. In 2005, a less controversial version was introduced around Thailand without much objection.
  23. 23. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. End of Chapter 6

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