Animal needs (teach 1st, 2nd, 3th grades)

Teacher retired à home
23 Feb 2013

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Animal needs (teach 1st, 2nd, 3th grades)

  1. AnimalNeeds At the first, second and/or third grade level. By Moira Whitehouse PhD Must download/save to see the custom animations.
  2. All animals have things they need to survive. If an animal does not have these things it will die.
  3. Like animals, people have needs. Let’s think about what you need to survive. Not what you might like to have, but those things you absolutely must have.Without these things, you could no longer live, you would die.
  4. From the following, which things do you need to survive? Not what you like or enjoy—what you NEED A pet A television
  5. A car A washing machine
  6. a cell phone video games
  7. A school A bed
  8. None of these are things the you need to survive. These are things you might like to have but not having them wouldn’t cause you to die. Of course you would not die because you did not have a television, video game, a washing machine, a bed, and so on. So let us look at those things that you really do need to survive.
  9. Try holding your breath. Can you do it for ever? Why not? Yes without breathing in air, you would die.
  10. In order to survive, we humans need a gas called oxygen. When we breathe air into our lungs we get oxygen, one of the gases in air. Oxygen is one of those things we need to survive.
  11. On a hot day in summer when you have been running around outside, you really notice another thing that you need to survive. What is it? Yes, water is another one of your needs.
  12. Around lunchtime, you might become aware of another one of your needs. Your stomach growls like a cornered dog. You might even feels like this. What need could be causing that?
  13. Yes, when you need food you feel hungry and when you feel hungry it is hard for you to pay attention to school work. We must eat food to have the energy to do things, like playing or schoolwork. People can go days, even weeks without eating but in the long run, we must have food or we die.
  14. What’s the first thing you think about when you are outside and get really cold? Of course, you want to go inside your house or school to warm up. Shelter from the weather is another one of your needs. If it gets too cold or too hot for people to live, they die.
  15. We’ve been talking about the things that people need to stay alive, now let’s think about the needs that animals have. Just like we do, all animals have certain needs that must be met if they are to survive—to live, not die. Animals have many of the very same needs as people.
  16. All animals must be able to move. A deer runs or walks
  17. A monkey swings through the trees. A fish swims through the water.
  18. A lion runs fast chasing its prey. A bird flies through the air.
  19. Just like people, animals also start life very small, like babies, and grow bigger. To move and to grow animals need energy. Think about where you get your energy, then ask yourself: “Where do animals get their energy?”
  20. Yes, animals get energy to move and grow from the food they eat. Like you, animals need food to survive. 1. The Need for Food Animals eat plants or other animals
  21. In addition to food, animals also need water to survive. 2. The Need for Water
  22. Like people, most animals cannot live very long without a drink of water.
  23. So, besides food and water what else do animals need to survive? Like us, they all need oxygen. 3. The Need for Oxygen Animals get oxygen in several different ways.
  24. Like you, most land animals have lungs and breathe in oxygen directly from the air.
  25. Fish, however, live in water and use their gills to take in oxygen that is in the water. gills
  26. Insects get their oxygen by breathing through holes in their bodies called spiracles. Frogs breathe in oxygen with lungs and through holes in their skin.
  27. Although it may not be nearly as nice as where you stay, animals also need some type of shelter—a place where they and their young can be safe from bad weather and from bigger animals that may want to eat them. 4. The Need for Shelter
  28. Some animals, such as prairie dogs, dig a burrow underground. They do this to escape from the heat or cold or from other animals that are trying to eat them.
  29. Birds and squirrels build nests.
  30. For fawns, shelter might be a soft place in grass or leaves in the woods.
  31. Bears find shelter in dens—big holes in rocks.
  32. People have invented things such as cars, trucks and airplanes that allow them to move or to carry things long distances. Only a few people in the world still wander about hunting for their food, water or shelter.
  33. But since animals don’t drive cars, planes or trucks, in the wild they meet their needs in the area where they live. Food for wild animals does not come on a plate nor does their water show up in a glass. Nobody builds them a home. They have a certain amount of space to find these things. We call the area where an animal meets its needs area its habitat.
  34. To mark its space or territory, an animal like a coyote, fox or wolf urinates around the boundary. This is like a “keep out”sign telling other coyotes, foxes and wolves to stay out of its space.
  35. 5. The Need for Space For most animals finding food, water and shelter is not easy. Some animals need a large area or space in which to find food, water and shelter. Other animals need only a small amount of space.
  36. A male grizzly bear needs between 200 to 500 square miles to satisfy its needs for food, shelter and water.
  37. The city of Fort Worth takes up about 300 square miles of space.
  38. One male grizzly bear would need an area about the size of Fort Worth in order to find enough food and water to stay alive. Although other animals also live in this large area, it would take all this space to meet the needs of one male grizzly.
  39. On theother hand, an earthworm only needs a very small area in which to live—maybe a few square centimeters.
  40. Remember the area in which an animal lives and satisfies its needs has a name. This area is called its habitat.
  41. Now let’s review and see what you remember. Animals, including people, have certain things they have to have to survive. We call these things their a. wants b. likes c. needs Without these things, the animal will ________.
  42. On these two pages are shown things that you might like to have and things that you need. Circle just those things that you need to survive. ball water cell phone video game boom box oxygen
  43. Now these food bicycle television shelter car toys
  44. Name the five animal needs. 1. f_ _ _ 2. w _ _ _ _ 3. o _ yg _ _ 4. sh _ _ _ter 5. sp_ _ _ The area in which an animal satisfies its needs is called its a. place b. home c. habitat d. country
  45. Which animal would need a very small amount of space to meet its needs? a. a bear b. a wolf c. a mouse d. A bald eagle Which animal would need a very large amount of space to meet its needs? a. a lady bug b. a wolf c. a mouse d. a fly
  46. This is a happy hippo. Do you think her needs are being met?