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WEEK 1 - HISTORY OF MUSIC VIDEOS.pptx

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WEEK 1 - HISTORY OF MUSIC VIDEOS.pptx

  1. 1. History of Music Videos
  2. 2. 1894 • Edward B. Marks and Joe Stern hired an electrician called George Thomas alongside a selection of performers in order to promote their song, “The Little Lost Child.” • Using a ‘magic lantern,’ Thomas created a slideshow of still images that were projected on a screen whilst live performers played their music. • “Illustrated song.” • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KTCBtMPvuKQ
  3. 3. 1902 - 1917 - The Phonoscene • Phonoscene - chronophone sound recording synchronized to a chronograph film. The two combined created a sound film. • Firstly, producers would record the sound. A filmed actor would then lip sync and the two components were then played together synchronously. • Creator - Léon Gaumont 1902 France. Presented - Buckingham Palace 1907. Last Presentation - 1917. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e-VVNO_l5bY
  4. 4. 1926 - 1959 - Talkies, soundies and shorts • In 1926, ‘talkies’ were invented, much similar to the photo scene. ‘Soundies’ were then created, which were around 3 minutes long musical films. • Such clips were played on ‘visual jukeboxes’ often located in restaurants and bars that featured musicians playing as a band, and dance sequences. • Produced - New York, Chicago + Hollywood 1940’s - 1950’s. • 1958 - Soundies were produced in colour film. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fq9oHhkkVV
  5. 5. 1960 - 1973 - Pop Bands • The Animals - House of the Rising Sun - 1964 - created a high quality colour film music video which the band lip-synced to on a manmade set. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AgANuwSNsok • The Beatles - first feature film in 1964. In 1965 the band made their own promotion clips which they starred in themselves (10 black and white promo vids.) • The Beatles - Strawberry Fields Forever + Penny Lane - 1967 - colour film clips.
  6. 6. 1974 - 1991 - MTV • Top of the Pops began playing music videos on TV in the later 1970s. • USA created MTV in 1998 - Video Killed the Radio Star was the first music video ever played - from then on music videos became popular across the nations. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W8r-tXRLazs • 1983 - Michael Jackson’s Thriller was released. • 1985 - MTV released VH1 (Video Hits One) which featured more dated music in order to appeal to a wider target audience. • 1988 - Hip Hop hit the music scene when Yo! MTV Raps was created. • MTV began broadcasting 24/7 music television to the public.
  7. 7. 1992 - 2004 - Worldwide Broadcasting • During this time MTV sought to widen its market to a global audience thus creating MTV Latin America in 1993 and MTV India in 1996. • In 1995, Michael and Janet Jackson splashed a whopping $7m on ‘Scream,’ which still holds the record for the world’s most expensive music video! • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0P4A1K4lXDo
  8. 8. Present Day • Many music videos nowadays are short films in a storyboard fashion with clips of the artist(s) as well. For example, Craig David’s Seven Days tells a complete story of how he relives certain days in order to rectify mistakes he makes when meeting a girl. It is an entire story. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ABuWphlnZ1A • With such a wide variety of musical genres nowadays, it can be expected that certain genres follow specific conventions in terms of music videos. For example, R&B and Pop music will usually feature sex and clubs whereas alternative genres are more commonly bands all playing together.
  9. 9. History of Ambient music videos. • History of Ambient/Downtempo/Worldbeat music videos. • There is not great load of information about the history of such genre’s music videos because a lot of the songs do not actually have music videos to accompany them. • This could be because the genre is somewhat sheltered and obscure so the demand for videos is low as such songs are not going to be broadcasted on television. • However, in 2005, Boards of Canada released on iTunes their album The Campfire Headphase. The sixth track on the album is called Dayvan Cowboy that has a music video created in April 2006. • Video Summary: The video consists of footage from Joe Kittinger's famous parachute jump from 19.5 miles (31.4 km) altitude, and later slow-motion footage of big-wave surfer Laird Hamilton. The final scene of the music video showing a sunset or sunrise is from the film Crystal Voyager. The video was directed by Melissa Olson and has received nearly two million views on YouTube. (Wikipedia) • Boards of Canada also have a video to accompany the song, Everything You Do is a Balloon. The clip takes extracts from 1963 One Got Fat, a bicycle safety movie. • Boards of Canada, Everything You Do is a Balloon http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQEmaj9C6ko
  10. 10. References • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_video • http://www.slideshare.net/naamah/music-vids-history

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