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Data Love in
Science & Research
Rayna Stamboliyska, PhD
Center for Research and Interdisciplinarity,
Paris Descartes Universtity
Open Knowledge Foundation France
Science and the City
1957
●
12% of public understand
scientific approach
●
38% knew the Moon was smaller
than Earth
●
44% agreed science will solve
social problems
=> Low knowledge but support
for science
(Withney 1959)
Science and the City
1957
●
12% of public understand
scientific approach
●
38% knew the Moon was smaller
than Earth
●
44% agreed science will solve
social problems
=> Low knowledge but support
for science
(Withney 1959)
2008
●
70+ % of public believes benefits
greater than harm
●
80+ % consider science has to
receive public funding
●
climate and food biotech
scientists should participate more
=> Deep optimism and public
trust in science
(Nat'l Science Board 2008)
What exactly is Open Science?
Free/Open Source software
+
Open research data
+
Open Access publications
+
Open lab notebooks
What exactly is Open Science?
Free/Open Source software + Open research data
+ Open Access publications + Open lab notebooks
Fundamental goals:
• Open-sourced tools to enable reproducibility
●
Public accessibility and transparency of scientific
communication
• Transparency in experimental methodology,
observation, and collection of data.
• Public availability and reusability of scientific data.
Need Free and
Open Source?
Nature, 2010
We can haz Open Source!
France, 2013
But nowhere else in the EU...
#FAIL
Once upon a time...
Once upon a time...
We can haz Open Access!
Yet...
The article is the
advertisment of the
scholarly contribution
Open Data for science
●
Availability and Access: people can get the
data
●
Re-use and Redistribution: people can reuse
and share the data
●
Universal Participation: anyone can use the
data
(the Open Definition, by the Open Knowledge Foundation, 2005)
Need Open Data?
Need Open Data?
[…] Papers with publicly available data received about 9%
more citations overall, with the difference increasing over
time. The researchers concluded that much of this citation
difference was due to actual data reuse.
"Data reuse and the open citation advantage", H. Piwowar and T. Vision, PeerJ 2013
Steal this data
(you already paid for it)
[…] information already paid for by the public purse
should not be paid for again each time it is accessed or
used.
[…] Policies on open access to scientific research results
should apply to all research that receives public funds.
The European Commission, Recommendation for the preservation and access to scientific
research, 2012
The Fifth freedom
Data Cake metaphor by Mark Johnstone
Thank you!

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Open Data in Science & Research -- Open World Forum 2013, Public Policies track

  • 1. Data Love in Science & Research Rayna Stamboliyska, PhD Center for Research and Interdisciplinarity, Paris Descartes Universtity Open Knowledge Foundation France
  • 2. Science and the City 1957 ● 12% of public understand scientific approach ● 38% knew the Moon was smaller than Earth ● 44% agreed science will solve social problems => Low knowledge but support for science (Withney 1959)
  • 3. Science and the City 1957 ● 12% of public understand scientific approach ● 38% knew the Moon was smaller than Earth ● 44% agreed science will solve social problems => Low knowledge but support for science (Withney 1959) 2008 ● 70+ % of public believes benefits greater than harm ● 80+ % consider science has to receive public funding ● climate and food biotech scientists should participate more => Deep optimism and public trust in science (Nat'l Science Board 2008)
  • 4. What exactly is Open Science? Free/Open Source software + Open research data + Open Access publications + Open lab notebooks
  • 5. What exactly is Open Science? Free/Open Source software + Open research data + Open Access publications + Open lab notebooks Fundamental goals: • Open-sourced tools to enable reproducibility ● Public accessibility and transparency of scientific communication • Transparency in experimental methodology, observation, and collection of data. • Public availability and reusability of scientific data.
  • 6. Need Free and Open Source? Nature, 2010
  • 7. We can haz Open Source! France, 2013 But nowhere else in the EU... #FAIL
  • 8. Once upon a time...
  • 9. Once upon a time...
  • 10.
  • 11. We can haz Open Access! Yet... The article is the advertisment of the scholarly contribution
  • 12. Open Data for science ● Availability and Access: people can get the data ● Re-use and Redistribution: people can reuse and share the data ● Universal Participation: anyone can use the data (the Open Definition, by the Open Knowledge Foundation, 2005)
  • 14. Need Open Data? […] Papers with publicly available data received about 9% more citations overall, with the difference increasing over time. The researchers concluded that much of this citation difference was due to actual data reuse. "Data reuse and the open citation advantage", H. Piwowar and T. Vision, PeerJ 2013
  • 15. Steal this data (you already paid for it) […] information already paid for by the public purse should not be paid for again each time it is accessed or used. […] Policies on open access to scientific research results should apply to all research that receives public funds. The European Commission, Recommendation for the preservation and access to scientific research, 2012
  • 16. The Fifth freedom Data Cake metaphor by Mark Johnstone