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Dr. M.H. Biradar
Associate professor, Head,
Department of Agada Tantra & Vyavahara
BLDEA’ S AVS Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya
Increased demand of the Ayurvedic medicines, financial
reformation and competency have forced to increase the
production within short period of time.
This has affected non availability of genuine and particular raw
materials used in the preparation of medicine.
It has become regular practice and consideration for substitute
other drug in case of non availability of particular drug in a
formulation to continue the production.
It affects on therapeutic properties and action of a medicine.
To know the Bhavana Dravya used in the
Analytical study has been conducted on
MUKTA SHUKTI BHASMA.
PREPARATION OF MUKTASHUKTI BHASMA:
MATERIALS &METHODS :
Materials for Shodhana: Raw Mukta Shukti, Kanji, hot
Equipments: Dholayantra,earthen pot,cloth,
thread,khalva yantra,Gas stove,
Measuring glass, Stick etc.
Method: Shodhana of mukta shukti subjected for
swedana in Dola Yantra containing kanji for
Materials for Marana: Shodhita Mukta Shukti,Khalwa
Method : shodhita mukta shukti was subjected for
incineration by using Gajaputa.
Bhavana: After first Puta Mukta Shukti Bhasma divided
into two equal portions –subjected to Bhavana of Kumari
and Jala respectively.
Incinerated until attain Bhasma Siddhi Lakshanas.
Analytical study of Mukta Shukti
Raw Mukta Shukti
Shodhita Mukta Shukti
Kumaribhavita Mumukta Shukti Bhasma
Jala Bhavita Mukta Shukti Bhasma
• Instrumental analytical method.
But with special XRD reports, the particular Bhavana
Dravya is used in the process of Mukta Shukti Marana were
Observation and Results:
Significant difference were noted from XRD study
Samples Name & Composition
1 Raw Mukti Shukti
2 Shodhit Mukta Shukti
3 Mukta Shukti Bhasma
prepared by Kumari
Calcite (Caco3) -Trigonal
4 Mukta Shukti Bhasma
Prepared by Jala Bhavana
Calcium oxide hydrate
The XRD pattern shows the change in a chemical
form and structure.
Aragonite and calcite both are the forms of
CaCo3.During the process mineralogical aragonite
changes in to calcite on heating.
XRD aragonite form was identified in Shodhita
MUKTA SHUKTI. After changed to calcite form.
Orthorombic crystal noted in a raw and Shodhita
Bhasma shows Trigonal system of crystallization. Changes
in the cleavage &fragment shape.
Hardness from 3.5 - 4 reduced to 3 which may be effect of
Chemically CaCo3 converted into CaO during Marana.
CaCo3 Cao + CO2 and CaO readily absorbs moisture
from the atmosphere to form calcium oxide hydrate.
Hydrate form because of CaO combining with the water
molecule in the atmosphere or by due to Jala Bhavana ,
forming calcium oxide hydrate with Jala Bhavana method.
But in kumari bhavana again carbon molecule
present in the organic matter of kumari
converted in to carbon dioxide & react with
calcium hydroxide & again reforms in to CaCo3 in
Ca (OH) + CO2_CaCO3+H2
The results shows Mukta Shukti Bhasma,
Prepared with KUMARI BHAVANA becomes CALCITE
Where as with JALA BHAVANA shows CALCIUM OXIDE
Analytical reports contribute towards the validation of
MUKTA SHUKTI BHASMA prepared with perticular
bhavana dravya helps prescribing for particular condition
Sadananda sharma ,Rasatarangini, Kashinath shastri
New Delhi, Motilal Banarasidas Publications
2000,12thch, 296 PP
I bid, 12/67 296 pp
C.D.Gribble , rutley’s elements of mineralogy, Delhi
CBS Publication, 2005, 296 PP
Ibid ,296 PP
PL Soni and Mohan Kalyal ,Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry,
20th Ed. New Delhi, Sulthan Chand and Sons, 1993 ,Part.
Biotechnology 3, including molecular biology,
biophysics, by S.Mahesh, new age international.
Publishers, Dehli, Part-B, 9th chapter, 282-284 PP
Turner. R. a analgesic in screening method cited in
pharmacology edition turner or a academic press