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FILIPINO VALUES NSTP.pptx

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FILIPINO VALUES NSTP.pptx

  1. 1. refers to the set of values or the value system that a majority of the Filipino have historically held important in their lives.
  2. 2.  . This Philippine values system includes their own unique assemblage of consistent ideologies, moral codes, ethical practices, etiquette and cultural and personal values that are promoted by their society. As with any society though, the values that an individual holds sacred can differ on the basis of religion, upbringing and other factors
  3. 3. As a general description, the distinct value system of Filipinos is rooted primarily in personal alliance systems, especially those based in kinship, obligation, friendship, religion (particularly Christianity) and commercial relationships.[1]  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  4. 4.  F. Landa Jocano identified two models of the Filipino value system. The first is the exogenous model or the foreign model, while the second is the indigenous model or the traditional model. The foreign model is described to be a "legal and formal" model. The indigenous model is described as a "traditional and non-formal" model or guide but is deeply embedded in the subconscious of the Filipinos.[3]  The foreign model was inherited by Filipinos from Western cultures, particularly from the Spaniards and the Americans. An example of a foreign or exogenous influence is bureaucracy exhibited in the government of the Philippines.[3]
  5. 5.  Based on studies, surveys, opinions, anecdotes, and other literatures made by experts and researchers in relation to Filipino social values or Filipino core values, along with the Filipino character or Filipino identity of a person or an individual known as the Filipino, the Filipino value system are found to possess inherent key elements.
  6. 6.  One can note how Hiya (propriety/dignity), Pakikisama(companionship/e steem), and Utang na loob(gratitude/solidarity), are merely Surface Values- readily seen and observed values exhibited and esteemed by many Filipinos. These three values are considered branches from a single origin- the actual Core Value of the Filipino Personality- Kapwa. It means 'togetherness', and refers to community, or not doing things alone. Kapwa has two categories, Ibang Tao (other people) and Hindi Ibang Tao (not other people). The Surface Values spin off of the Core Value through the Pivotal Aspect of Pakikiramdam, or shared inner perception ("Feeling for another").
  7. 7.  Other notable key elements or motivations are optimism about the future, pessimism with regards to present situations and events, the concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and friendliness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respectfulness to self and others, respect for the female members of society, the fear of God, and abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery.[5]
  8. 8.  The values of Filipinos specifically upholds the following items: solidarity of the family unit, security of the Philippine economy, orientation to small-groups, personalism, the concepts of "loob" or "kalooban" (meaning "what’s inside the self", the "inner-self", or the "actual personal feelings of the self"), existence and maintenance of smooth interpersonal relationships, and the sensing of the feelings or needs of others (known as pakikiramdam). In a larger picture, these values are grouped into general clusters or "macroclusters": namely, the relationship cluster, the social cluster, the livelihood cluster, the inwardness cluster, and the optimism cluster.[5]
  9. 9.  Pagkakabuklod-buklod The Filipinos recognize their family as an important social structure that one must take care of. They give importance to the safety and unity of one’s family. It is also common to find the whole clan living in the same area and have extended family structure.
  10. 10.  In relation to parenthood, bearing male and female children depends on the preferences of the parents based on the expected roles that each gender would assume once grown up. Both genders are expected to become responsible members of the family and their society. Women in the Philippines are expected to become caring and nurturing mothers for their own children.[12]  Female Filipinos are also expected to lend a hand in household work. They are even anticipated to offer assistance after being married. On the other hand, Filipino men are expected to assume the role of becoming the primary source of income and financial support of his family.[12] 
  11. 11.  According to everyculture.com: Filipinos believe in the need for social acceptance and feel that education can provide upward mobility. Color of skin, beauty, and money are the criteria that determine a person's social position. Light coloring is correlated with intelligence and a light-skinned attractive person will receive advancement before his or her colleagues. Family position and patron-client associations are useful in achieving success. Government officials, wealthy friends, and community leaders are sponsors at hundreds of weddings and baptisms each year. Those connections are of great importance. [Source: everyculture.com /=/]  Money to buy consumer goods is an indicator of power. Wealthy people lead western lifestyles.
  12. 12.  They travel abroad frequently and pride themselves on the number of Westerners they have as friends. Since few people outside Manila have a family car, owning a vehicle is a clear statement of a high social level. Houses and furnishings show a person's social position. Upholstered furniture instead of the traditional wooden couches and beds, rows of electrical appliances that are never used and area rugs are all important. Sending one's children to the best schools is the most important indicator of social position. The best schools often are private schools and are quite expensive. /=/
  13. 13.  There are three social classes in the country based on income and national wealth. The members of the rich class represent about 10 percent of the population but own or earn about 90 percent of the wealth of the country. They are composed of wealthy industrialists with big corporations and owners of large haciendas or plantations. The members of the middle class represent about 20 percent of the population. They are composed of professionals (doctors, lawyers, etc.). The members of the lower or poor class comprise about 70 percent of the population but they only earn or share 10 percent of the wealth. They often cannot earn enough to be able to buy necessities in life, save for emergencies or for future needs. The poor could become rich by education and by hard work. [Source: Canadian Center for Intercultural Learning+++]
  14. 14.  The extremely affluent and politically powerful elite still controls most of Filipino economy, business and political activities. The middle class is small and the lower middle class much larger. Its members live in urban areas and, typically, can only meet some of their extend family needs with no social safety net to fall back on. There are large numbers of urban poor who live in substandard dwellings on land they rarely have formal rights to use, who face food security problems and have serious deficiencies in meeting basic human needs. +++ 
  15. 15.  Four underlying principles[edit]  Four principles are posited to underlie social stratification. First, social stratification is socially defined as a property of a society rather than individuals in that society. Second, social stratification is reproduced from generation to generation. Third, social stratification is universal (found in every society) but variable (differs across time and place). Fourth, social stratification involves not just quantitative inequality but qualitative beliefs and attitudes about social status.[3]
  16. 16.  Communal society, cooperative group formed on the basis of shared interests (e.g., religious or political) and emphasizing the needs of the community above those of the individual. Read more: Communal society - Societies - JRank Articles http://www.jrank.org/encyclopedia/pages/cmc0puv3 mv/Communal-society.html#ixzz4nGNjHOHr

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