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Cartoon analysis ppt

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Cartoon analysis ppt

  1. 1. What can we learn from a political cartoon? When trying to find out about experiences of people living in the past, images such as etchings, sketches, cartoons, photographs and paintings from time to time can be very useful. They are primary sources and have limitations, but they are also important sources of attitudes, fears, values and propaganda.
  2. 2. Persuasive techniques used in cartoons  Exaggeration  Symbolism  Labelling  Analogy  Irony
  3. 3. Exaggeration  Depiction of physical characters  How does this position the audience? - Depicts the character as foolish - Demeans power and authority - Take the characters less seriously - Doubt their power and authority  Strengthens argument at hand
  4. 4. Symbolism  Takes a simple or well-know object and creates them to stand as a larger concept or idea  Illuminates the foolishness of the ideas surrounding the issue
  5. 5. Labels  Often cartoonists lable specific elements  Signifies their importance  Identifies what the cartoonist wants the audience to understand  Includes names of people, places, objects  Can include speech bubbles and desrciptions
  6. 6. Analogy  Comparison between two things that are not alike  Complex issue that can be related to a more familiar concept and the ideas that are related to that concept  Helps the audience understand what values the cartoonist may be trying to depict
  7. 7. Irony  The difference between the way things are and the way things are supposed to be or are expected to be  Positions the readers to see the way that things actually are, despite what they’re expected to think or how they’re expected to react
  8. 8. Document Analysis Origin Where is the source from and who created it? Is it a cartoon or painting from a newspaper, a sketch from a book, a painting from a gallery or a photograph on a website? Context What was happening at the time the document was created? This is a description of the important people, values, policies and events at that time. Elements What are the parts of the document such as the caption, symbols or language used to get the main ideas across to the reader? Message What is the meaning of the document? What does the author want to say to the audience?
  9. 9. Purpose Why was the document created? This could be used to reinforce ideas from the time, convince people, promote political ideas or describe an experience. Point of View What were the attitudes and beliefs of the person who created the document? This is the perspective of the author, which can be biased towards or against a person or idea. Reliability Can the source be trusted as truthful? Who was the author? What was the purpose of the document? Is it biased? What are its limitations? What gaps exist? Has the document been censored, falsified or exaggerated?
  10. 10. Your turn  Using the worksheet provided, analyse the cartoons  The table provided in the worksheet will help you to analyse historical documents, both primary and secondary sources, to decide whether the sources are useful in providing information for your period of study
  11. 11. Briand, French Prime Minister Lloyd-George, British Prime Minister What is this referring to? What does the horse represent? Why is the cart up- ended? What is meant by the caption? Why is Lloyd-George holding a shovel? Why is Briand holding a whip? Why is a shovel left here? ‘Perhaps it would gee-up better if we let it touch earth.’ Cartoon 1

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