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Drinking
Alcohol
+
Respiratory
system

Design by : Maryam
AL-Qhatany
Present by :
Maryam AL-Qhatany.
Esra Takrouni
Zainab ...
Learning Objectives
• The effect of alcohol in the body.
• Alcohol and brain.
• Definition of coma and Vegetative State
(V...
Introduction

Alcohol and depression are among the
most prevalent mental health
conditions in the United States
Alcoholism...
A 22-year-old man is in the coffee
shop with his friends. When he
gets up to leave at 2 a.m., he
blacks out and falls, ban...
Side effect of Alcohol .
Hangovers
effects of alcohol on the respiratory system

Cancer.
Liver disease.

Depressed immune system.
Heart failure

Brain Damage
Neuropathy
(neuromuscular)

respiratory failure
and
the Brain
Alcohol(not like any
food it is not digestive )

Absorption

Bloodstream
Neurotransmitters are
chemical messengers that
transmit the signals
throughout the body that
control thought processes,
be...
• In this region, where thought processing and
consciousness are centered, alcohol depresses the
Cerebral behavioralitinhi...
A 22-year-old man is in the coffee
shop with his friends. When he
gets up to leave at 2 a.m., he
blacks out and falls, ban...
Case analysis
• Coma:

• A coma is a prolonged state of unconsciousness.
• During a coma, a person is unresponsive to his ...
Case analysis
• Vegetative State (VS):

• Arousal is present, but the ability to interact with the
environment is not.
• E...
Case analysis
• Wheezing
• is a high-pitched whistling sound during breathing.
Shallow breathing
•
•
•
•

shallow breathing:
Breathing with abnormally low tidal volume.
The normal tidal volume is about...
Shallow breathing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Caused by:
Asthma.
pneumonia.
congestive heart failure
chronic obstructive pulmonary dise...
Minimum movement
of the lung

Minimum
movement of the
lung caused by:

The effect of a
trauma

Pathological
effect
Pneumot...
Pneumothorax
• Pneumothorax
• laterally means (air in the chest).

• There are many type of pneumothorax:
• Traumatic pneu...
Rib Fracture
A 22-year-old man is in the coffee
shop with his friends. When he
gets up to leave at 2 a.m., he
blacks out and falls, ban...
GAS

Arterial Values Venous Values

alveoli

PH

7.35-7.45

7.31-7.41

7.37-7.43

PO2

100

40

104

PCO2

40

46

40
relation between Co2and the PH
CO2 forms carbonic acid when dissolved in
water
H+
ions

HCO3
ions

Carbonic acid is an aci...
effect of high level of Co2 in the
respiratory center in the medulla
the respiratory drive is controlled by the
central ch...
References
http://www.med.unc.edu/alcohol/prevention/health.html
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/alcohol-side effects.html
...
Thank you
Drinking alcohol + respiratory system
Drinking alcohol + respiratory system
Drinking alcohol + respiratory system
Drinking alcohol + respiratory system
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Drinking alcohol + respiratory system

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Drinking alcohol + respiratory system

  1. 1. Drinking Alcohol + Respiratory system Design by : Maryam AL-Qhatany Present by : Maryam AL-Qhatany. Esra Takrouni Zainab AL-kamise
  2. 2. Learning Objectives • The effect of alcohol in the body. • Alcohol and brain. • Definition of coma and Vegetative State (VS). • Define wheezing, shallow breathing and shortness of breath (SOB). • Path physiology of pneumothorax and rib fracture.
  3. 3. Introduction Alcohol and depression are among the most prevalent mental health conditions in the United States Alcoholism has the potential to impact on the quality of life (QOL) of an `alcoholic,' their family, healthy , and friends in both the short and long term
  4. 4. A 22-year-old man is in the coffee shop with his friends. When he gets up to leave at 2 a.m., he blacks out and falls, banging his chest on the corner of a table. He is brought to the A&E for examination immediately. On arrival, he smells of alcohol and only reacts to strong pain stimuli. He is wheezing and his breathing is shallow and slow. The left side of his thorax only moves minimally. Arterial blood gases are follows: PaO2 = 60 mmHg, PaCO2= 50 mmHg and pH = 7.3. further examination shows that several ribs on the left side of his body are fractured.
  5. 5. Side effect of Alcohol .
  6. 6. Hangovers effects of alcohol on the respiratory system Cancer.
  7. 7. Liver disease. Depressed immune system.
  8. 8. Heart failure Brain Damage
  9. 9. Neuropathy (neuromuscular) respiratory failure
  10. 10. and the Brain
  11. 11. Alcohol(not like any food it is not digestive ) Absorption Bloodstream
  12. 12. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that transmit the signals throughout the body that control thought processes, behavior and emotion. Neurotransmitters are either excitatory, or inhibitory, increase inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA (slows down the activity of nerve cells in the brain) Brain altering levels affects the brain and central nervous system. Neurotransmitter inhibits excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate (learning and memory)
  13. 13. • In this region, where thought processing and consciousness are centered, alcohol depresses the Cerebral behavioralitinhibitory centers, making the person less inhibited; slows down the processing of information cortex: from the eye , ear ,mouth and other senses. • Alcohol affects this center of movement and balance, resulting in the staggering, offCerebellum balance the so-called "falling-down drunk." Medulla • This area of the brain handles such automatic functions as breathing, consciousness and body temperature.. It can also slow breathing and lower body temperature, which can be life threatening
  14. 14. A 22-year-old man is in the coffee shop with his friends. When he gets up to leave at 2 a.m., he blacks out and falls, banging his chest on the corner of a table. He is brought to the A&E for examination immediately. On arrival, he smells of alcohol and only reacts to strong pain stimuli. He is wheezing and his breathing is shallow and slow. The left side of his thorax only moves minimally. Arterial blood gases are follows: PaO2 = 60 mmHg, PaCO2= 50 mmHg and pH = 7.3. further examination shows that several ribs on the left side of his body are fractured.
  15. 15. Case analysis • Coma: • A coma is a prolonged state of unconsciousness. • During a coma, a person is unresponsive to his or her environment. The person is alive and looks like he or she is sleeping. • The individual responds minimally or not at all to stimuli, and initiates no voluntary activities.
  16. 16. Case analysis • Vegetative State (VS): • Arousal is present, but the ability to interact with the environment is not. • Eye opening can be spontaneous or in response to stimulation • General responses to pain exist. • Sleep-wakes cycles, respiratory functions, and digestive functions return
  17. 17. Case analysis • Wheezing • is a high-pitched whistling sound during breathing.
  18. 18. Shallow breathing • • • • shallow breathing: Breathing with abnormally low tidal volume. The normal tidal volume is about 500 ml. a respiration pattern marked by slow, shallow, and generally ineffective inspirations and expirations. • hypopnea: • shortness of breath (SOB)
  19. 19. Shallow breathing • • • • • • • Caused by: Asthma. pneumonia. congestive heart failure chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Many other causes. Usually the shallow breathing or shortness of breath is associated with rabid breathing .
  20. 20. Minimum movement of the lung Minimum movement of the lung caused by: The effect of a trauma Pathological effect Pneumothorax
  21. 21. Pneumothorax • Pneumothorax • laterally means (air in the chest). • There are many type of pneumothorax: • Traumatic pneumothorax :is that results from injury to the pleura, with air introduced into the pleural space .
  22. 22. Rib Fracture
  23. 23. A 22-year-old man is in the coffee shop with his friends. When he gets up to leave at 2 a.m., he blacks out and falls, banging his chest on the corner of a table. He is brought to the A&E for examination immediately. On arrival, he smells of alcohol and only reacts to strong pain stimuli. He is wheezing and his breathing is shallow and slow. The left side of his thorax only moves minimally. Arterial blood gases are follows: PaO2 = 60 mmHg, PaCO2= 50 mmHg and pH = 7.3. further examination shows that several ribs on the left side of his body are fractured.
  24. 24. GAS Arterial Values Venous Values alveoli PH 7.35-7.45 7.31-7.41 7.37-7.43 PO2 100 40 104 PCO2 40 46 40
  25. 25. relation between Co2and the PH CO2 forms carbonic acid when dissolved in water H+ ions HCO3 ions Carbonic acid is an acid CO2 HP
  26. 26. effect of high level of Co2 in the respiratory center in the medulla the respiratory drive is controlled by the central chemoreceptor in the hypothalamus These receptors are sensitive to changes in pH. causing a desire to breath
  27. 27. References http://www.med.unc.edu/alcohol/prevention/health.html http://www.buzzle.com/articles/alcohol-side effects.html http://www.addiction411.com/alcoholism-health-abuse-issues/ http://www.oregoncounseling.org/articlespapers/documents/etohbiofx. htm http://www.physioweb.org/respiration/control_breath.html http://www.brooksidepress.org/Products/OperationalMedicine/DATA/operationalm ed/Lab/ABG_ArterialBloodGas.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003070.htm http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/wheezing http://www.webmd.com/brain/coma-types-causes-treatments-prognosis http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/respiratory+failure http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/fractured-rib-topic-overview Hard copy pneumothorax.
  28. 28. Thank you

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