knowledge management and school libraries and information center support. types of knowledge. what is knowledge management. advantages and barriers of knowledge management. knowledge management in school libraries.
• Data, information and knowledge.
• Types of knowledge.
• What is Knowledge Management ?
• Advantages of Knowledge Management
• Barriers of Knowledge Management
• Solutions to the barriers of KM
• Knowledge Management in SLICs
• Advantages on Knowledge Management in SLICs
WHAT IS DATA, INFORMATION AND
• Data is raw facts that have not been interpreted to become information. Data does not have meaning
and can be regarded as “information about information”.
• Information is data that has been interpreted and processed and is used to guide a decision making
• Knowledge is information that has been gathered for a specific purpose and use.
• All these three work together to form a complete package. For example; 500 is a number, this is raw
data. When interpreted it is the number of people infected with COVID 19, this is information. The
health department will then use this number to decide how many bed units it needs to purchase for a
hospital, this then becomes knowledge.
• The simplified process therefore becomes: Data InformationKnowledge
TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE
• Tacit Knowledge- stored in a persons
mind and hard to share/communicate
• Organizational- information relevant to an
organisation and it is owned and
controlled by that particular organisation.
When correctly interpreted, it leads to the
• Formal knowledge- knowledge that is easily
accessible and it is stored in books,
WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE
• Knowledge management (KM) is
the process of creating, sharing,
using and managing the knowledge
and information of an organization
• It refers to a multidisciplinary
approach to achieve organisational
objectives by making the best use
of knowledge (Ikujiro, 1991)
ADVANTAGES & BARRIERS OF KM
• Improved organizational agility.
• Improved decision-making and
problem solving skills.
• Higher rate of innovation.
• Development and growth of
• improved communication.
• Little to no capital
• Little to no incentives
• The absence of the culture of sharing
• Inadaptability to change.
• Organizational goals aren’t clear
SOLUTIONS TO THE BARRIERS OF KM
• Knowledge management needs to be integrated into all economies, including that of the
healthcare enterprise, including clinical and financial systems, procurement and the supply chain,
and scheduling applications.
• Knowledge workers need to be trained more effectively and investment into their training and
education is needed
• Knowledge workers need to work together to find creative solutions in knowledge creation and
• New skills and tools in ICT.
• Knowledge workers have to extend their expertise in selecting, organizing, and preserving
information must be willing to move outside the walls of the traditional library and work
assiduously with technologists, faculty, and students.
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN SLICs
• A knowledge management initiative in libraries becomes imperative in order to harness the
wealth, wisdom, expertise, and experiences embedded in the heads of such employees
before they leave the library. This can be achieved through brainstorming, open discussions,
and provision of fertile ground for creativity, sharing of ideas, organizing workshops,
conferences, mentoring, web archiving, digitization, and identification and collectively
addressing problems and finding solution (Poonkothai, 2016)
• Knowledge Management in an academic library therefore is to ensure an all-round
improvement of library staff’s capacity; promotion of relationships between libraries and
library users; it promotes knowledge innovation, strengthening knowledge internetworking
and quickens knowledge flow (Roknuzzaman et al, 2009).
ADVANTAGES OF KM IN SLICs
• Knowledge Management will help to increase libraries’ operational efficiency
and cater to the ever-increasing needs of its clientele.
• . Knowledge management in Academic Institutions can be applied in five key
areas such as research, curriculum development, alumni services
administrative services and strategic planning (Kidwell et al. 2000).
• It promotes an easy flow of information, strengthening the knowledge
economy in the process.
• Library professionals believe that professional education and training programs,
community of practices, information technology and knowledge sharing are the
important tools of knowledge management for academic libraries. Lack of
knowledge sharing culture, top management commitment, incentives and rewards,
financial resources and IT infrastructure are the major constraints for the
implementation of knowledge management in academic libraries. Libraries, with
limited budget and human resources, should utilize the current management
structure and technology to implement Knowledge Management, either bottom-up
or top-down (Chidambaranathan, 2015)