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  2. Outline of Seminar Career Highlight of Key Note Speaker Pharmacy Education Pharmacists and Pharmaceutical Industry Overall Job Scopes of Pharmacist Window of Opportunity for the Pharma Industry Conclusion & Remarks Pharmacy Education at a Glance Pharma Vs Healthcare Pharmacists’ job Satisfaction in Professional Life Discussion on Pharma Industry Page 2 of 46
  3. Presented by: MD ZAKARIA FARUKI Manager & Head of Quality Assurance Silva Pharmaceuticals Limited For more information please visit: Page 3 of 46  uweytk_GYS61Iw     Date: March 20, 2022
  4. Career Highlight of the Speaker MS in Pharmaceutical Technology, Managerial Communication, IBA, DU Total Experience in Pharmaceutical sector is more than 15 years Registration No. of Pharmacy Council of Bangladesh : A-4350 Professional Details: Organization Designation Location Silva Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Manager & Head of QA (QA & QC) Noakhali, Bangladesh Prime Pharmaceuticals Ltd Manager & Head of Quality (QA, QC, PD) Gazipur, Dhaka, Bangladesh Orion Pharma Limited Asst. Manger to In-charge, QA (Tejgaon, Plant) Tejgaon, Dhaka Healthcare Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Senior Officer to Sr. Executive Gazipur, Dhaka, Bangladesh The White Horse Pharma Ltd. Officer to Executive, QA Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh Page 4 of 46
  5.  Trained on-  WHO Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)  Self Inspection & Internal Quality Audit  Pharmaceutical Development (Formulation & Process)  Total Quality Management (TQM) for Pharmaceuticals  Method Development Validation & Verification  Managerial Communications & Organizational Behaviors Career Highlight Continued…  Quality Assurance for Pharmaceuticals  Statistical Process Control  7 Habits For High Effectiveness  Leadership for Excellence  ISO 9001: 2015 Standards Quality Management System  Leadership & Change Management  International Regulatory Affairs Page 5 of 46  Technical Expertise Have adequate knowledge in WHO cGMP, GLP, ISO 9001: 2015 Standards and PICS regulations & have expertise to play key role at Product Development, Production, Quality Control and Quality Assurance Department in different reputed leading Pharmaceuticals Company of Bangladesh. Have good knowledge in Qualification of Machineries & Facilities, Calibration of instruments & Validation of Systems, Manufacturing Process and Test Methods. Have good experienced in writing Site Master File, Quality Manual, SOP, Validation Master Plan, Validation Protocols , Stability Study Protocol, CTD for Product Dossier. Skilled in conducting Self Inspection / Internal Quality Audits. Have practical experience of developing more than 300 pharmaceutical New Products of different types of dosage forms like Tablet, Capsule, Soft Capsule, Dry Syrup, Oral Liquid, Topical Liquid, Antiseptic Solution, Parenteral (SVPL & LVPL), Nasal Spray, Eye & Ear Drops, Cream, Ointment, Gel, Suppository, Lyophilized products.
  6. Pharmacy is a multi- disciplinary subject History of the subject Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Industries Future Opportunities IN broad, it composed of Drugs manufacturing, discovery & synthesis, quality control and quality assurance, product development, marketing, PPIC, handling safety matters, patients care, invention, and public awareness for the rational utilization of drugs. About 300 pharmaceutical companies are operating at the moment. Only 3% of the drugs are imported, the remaining 97% come from local companies. In Bangladesh, more than 95% opportunities for pharmacists are prevailing in pharmaceutical industries. Bangladesh started its journey in 1964 after the establishment of Department of Pharmacy in the University of Dhaka with 24 students. At present there are 13 public & 28 private Universities offering pharmacy education. Government has set local target to earn $5 billion from the pharmaceuticals by 2021. Export forecast is set more than 1000 core in 2019. Pharmacy Education It is the Art and Science of Manufacturing and dispensing Drugs and Biologicals to prevent or cure disease there by preserving the Health of Humanity. Page 6 of 46
  7. Pharmacy Education in Public Universities SL Name of Universities Location Year of Estd. Approved Seats Per year 1 University of Dhaka Dhaka. 1964 70 2 Jahangirnagar University Savar 1985 55 3 Jagannath University Dhaka 2009 35 4 Comilla University Cumilla 2014 40 5 University of Rajshahi Rajshahi 1990 50 6 Khulna University Khulna 1997 45 7 Jessore University of Science & Technology Jashore 2010 40 8 Pabna University of Science & Technology Pabna 2015 40 9 Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science & Technology University Gopalganj 2012 70 10 University of Chittagong Chattogram 2012 30 11 Mawlana Bhashani Science & Technology Tangail 2014 35 12 Noakhali Science & Technology University Noakhali 2006 50 13 Islamic University, Bangladesh Kushtia 2018 50 Total number of graduates passing per Year (Approx) = 610 Page 7 of 46
  8. Pharmacy Education in Private Universities (Accreditation) SN Name of Universities Location Estd. Seats/Semester Seats/ Year 1 ASA University Bangladesh (ASAUB) Dhaka 2011 25 50 2 Atish Dipankar University of Science and Technology Dhaka 2005 50 100 3 Bangladesh University Dhaka 2004 50 100 4 BGC Trust University Bangladesh Ctg 2006 50 100 5 BRAC University Dhaka. 2010 80 160 6 City University Dhaka 2015 40 80 7 Daffodil International University Dhaka. 2005 80 160 8 Dhaka International University Dhaka. 2006 50 100 9 East West University Dhaka 2003 100 200 10 Gono Bishwabidyalay Savar, 1998 75 150 11 Independent University, Bangladesh Dhaka 2017 50 100 12 International Islamic University Chittagong (IIUC) Ctg 2006 50 100 13 Khwaja Yunus Ali University Sirajganj 2014 30 60 14 Manarat International University Dhaka 2003 50 100 SN Name of Universities Location Estd. Seats/Semester Seats/ Year 14 Manarat International University Dhaka 2003 50 100 15 North South University Dhaka 2005 100 200 16 Northern University, Bangladesh Dhaka 2003 50 100 17 Primeasia University Dhaka 2003 50 100 18 Ranada Prasad Shaha University Narayangan j 2014 50 100 19 Southeast University Dhaka 2003 80 160 20 Southern University Banglades Chattogram 2006 50 100 21 Stamford University Bangladesh Dhaka 2003 50 100 22 State University of Bangladesh Dhaka 2003 100 200 23 University of Asia Pacific Dhaka 1996 100 200 24 University of Development Alternative Dhaka 2002 50 100 25 University of Information Technology & Sciences Dhaka 2014 70 140 26 University of Science and Technology Chittagong Chattogram 1994 100 200 27 World University of Bangladesh Dhaka 2004 50 100 28 Varendra University Rajshahi 2017 50 100 Total number of graduates passing per Year (Approx)- 3460 Page 8 of 46
  9. Preliminary Educational requirement of Entry in Pharmacy Education Course Grade Entry level education Duration Regulation D. Pharm C 10 years 3 months PCB D. Pharm. B 10 years 3 years PCB B. Pharm. A 10+2 years 4 years UGC, PCB M. Pharm. A B. Pharm. 1 year UGC, PCB Pharm. D A B. Pharm. M. Pharm. 1 year UGC, PCB Page 9 of 46
  10. Pharma Vs Healthcare  Please Watch the Video Page 10 of 46
  11. Pharmacists and Pharmaceutical Industry  Today’s pharmacy graduates can have used their technical knowledge in pharmaceutical industries, community and hospital pharmacies, research and academic arena.  A pharmacist is required to  Explain the mode and precautions regarding the use of medicines dispensed in a hospital pharmacy,  Prepare special formulations normally not available in the market,  Assist the physician in rendering necessary information about various drugs, Adverse effects, Drug interactions, their contra-indications, incompatibility etc.  The extensive clinical training provided by the Pharm.D. degree program has helped to expand the pharmacist’s roles and responsibilities within the industry, hospitals & clinical Lab etc. Page 11 of 46
  12. Pharmacy and pharmacists in context of Bangladesh  Pharmaceuticals products of our country is exported in about 160 counties of the word including America, England, middle east countries after filling the demand of people of our country.  Herein before, the honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has declared the Pharmaceuticals Products as the Product of the Year.  The pharmaceutical industry now offers a wide variety of comprehensive experiences set in a dynamic corporate environment that allow pharmacists to apply clinical skills in innovative and exciting ways to improve patient healthcare.  Employment in the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industries setting provides opportunities for professional development and growth, lateral and upward mobility, and the opportunity to display and be recognized for one’s unique professional expertise.  Opportunities to collaborate with experts in multidisciplinary project teams further enhance the value and scope of the pharmacist’s role.  With advances in medical technology, the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industries are constantly expanding efforts to discover, develop, and market new medicines, thereby creating more employment opportunities for pharmacists. This brochure provides information regarding some of today’s popular industry career paths for pharmacists. Page 12 of 46
  13. The main work of pharmacists is to research, manufactures, improvement, Quality Assurance storage, proper usage, marketing of medicine. In hospital pharmacy, there is the great scope to provide health care service to the patient by consulting with doctor, nurse and patient. The pharmacy graduates can also build their career as high officials in the department of Drug Administration and Bangladesh Pharmacy council.. Producing medicines when ready-made ones aren't available, for example, diabetes, and hypertension & other life seving treatments etc. Pharmacists have a wide range of activities Page 13 of 46
  14. Quality testing and distributing medicines throughout the hospital. Hospital pharmacists have to visit wards and patients to talk about medicines and dosages and the duration of dosage. The pharmacists can also choose teaching profession in different public and private universities. If our government takes necessary steps for increasing the working activities of pharmacists, the healthcare service of Bangladesh will be improved at a remarkable way. Over and above a large number of Bangladeshi pharmacy graduates are working with good name in America, Japan, Canada and many Middle East counties. Pharmacists have a wide range of activities… Page 14 of 46
  15. Overall Job Scopes of Pharmacist Site of Division Area of employment Manufacturing Industries Production, Quality Control (QC), Quality Assurance (QA), Product Development (PD), cGMP Training, Warehouse, Drug Research and Invention, Production planning & Inventory Control (PPIC), Global Regulatory Compliance Pharmaceutical Marketing Product Management Department (PMD), International Marketing Department (IMD). Medical Services Department (MSD), Sales Promotion/ Medical Promotion, Clinical Services, Training for field forces, Commercial & TSD Commercial & Technical Services Department (TSD) Drug Regulatory Affairs In pharmacy council, Drug Super & Inspector at DGDA Pharmacy Council of Bangladesh Pharmacy Council of Bangladesh (PCB) is an Autonomous Organization that can provide scope for the graduate pharmacists Huge opportunities in abroad Hospital, Clinical, Community, Retail & Industrial & Regulatory Pharmacist, Research, and Academic Career etc. Page 15 of 46
  16. Overall Job scopes of Pharmacist… Type of Institution Area of employment Community Pharmacy Different private and public pharmacy to dispense and compounding drugs according to doctors prescriptions Retail & Chain Pharmacy Public pharmacy to dispense and compounding drugs according to doctors prescriptions Research & Development in Pharma Industries, educational and research institutes Research for new drug molecules, Novel Drug Delivery Systems, Improved Healthcare, Clinical aspects at BCSIR, DTL, CRO, Academic & research Lab etc. Adverse drug (ADR)reaction monitoring In the hospital & Pharmacovigilance in association with DGDA Bulk compounding and dispensing in hospital setup In the hospital both Public & Private sector API Park Huge opportunities will be create if we able to manufacture Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in Bangladesh Page 16 of 46
  17. Discussion on Pharma Industry  In Bangladesh the pharmaceutical sector is one of the most developed hi-tech sectors which is contributing in the country's economy.  After the promulgation of Drug Control Ordinance - 1982, the development of this sector was accelerated.  The professional knowledge, thoughts and innovative ideas of the pharmacists working in this sector are the key factors for this development. Page 17 of 46
  18. Research & Development  R&D is the “backbone” for success in any drug discovery program. Thus, the extent of pharmaceutical R&D spending serves as an important metric to show a company’s commitment to finding new drugs. At present, the global pharmaceutical industry has the second highest R&D intensity (expenditure as a share of sales) measures of any sector.  R&D activities may take on many forms ranging from the development of new chemical/drug entities to the evaluation as well as existing products for alternative indications in both Formulation & Analytical sides.  Presently R & D / PD offers prestigious position & with good remuneration for the Pharmacist in Formulation & Analytical sections. Page 18 of 46
  19. R&D PHASES OF NEW MEDICINE Page 19 of 46
  20. Pharmaceutical Production Department  The pharmaceutical sector has already been declared as the thrust sector by the government of Bangladesh. Bangladesh has built a strong baseline and going towards the self-sufficiency for the production of medicine.  Presently we are successfully producing various life saving medicine of Solid (Tablets & Capsules), Liquid, PFS, Cream-ointment, Injectables, MDI, DPI, Vaccine, Insulin, anticancer drugs, hormone, etc.  Pharmacy Graduates have significant roles & wide rage of career scopes in the Production Department. Page 20 of 46
  21. Adequate facilities, trained personnel and approved procedures must be available for sampling, inspecting and testing starting materials, packaging materials, intermediate, bulk, and finished products, Samples of starting materials, packaging materials, intermediate products, bulk products and finished products are taken by personnel according to the methods approved by Quality Control. The finished products contain active ingredients complying with the qualitative and quantitative composition, their storage in proper containers must be done. The containers must be labelled. Quality Control (QC) is concerned with sampling, specifications and testing as well as the organization, documentation and release of the product procedures Quality Control Records are made, manually and/or by recording data on- line. This should demonstrate that all the required sampling, inspecting and testing procedures were actually carried out. Inspection and the date of testing of materials, intermediate, bulk, and finished products should be formally assessed. The products deviations from specified procedures must be checked. No batch of product is released for sale or supply prior to certification by a qualified person, which is in accordance with the requirements of the marketing authorization. Page 21 of 46
  22. In a pharmaceutical operation process, QA is involved in several activities such as: purchasing, dispatching, warehousing, operational protocols, manufacturing, training, quality control, validation and packaging. A quality assurance is considered by merging a series of actions. These actions collectively ensure product quality. As a result, the quality assurance system must establish specific activities before the start of production. All necessary controls or intermediate products, and any other in-process controls and validations must be carried out. Finished product should be correctly processed and checked according to the defined documented procedures. It includes the control factors and product evaluation before formation of final product. QA ensure IPC, compliance & Regulatory requirements that the products are designed and developed in a way that follows the requirements of GMP and GLP. The satisfactory arrangements exist to ensure that the medicinal products are stored, distributed and subsequently handled so that quality is maintained throughout their shelf life. Finally, It is important to mention that the medicinal products are not distributed, sold or supplied before maintaining Safety, Quality & Efficacy by QA Head with certification for each commercial production batch. Quality Assurance is a wide ranging concept which covers all matters individually or collectively that influence the quality of a product. Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of intelligent efforts Quality Assurance Page 22 of 46
  23. Quality Management System Quality Management System consulting services of quality following PDCA methodology to implement all the 10 principles of QMS and all the clauses of ISO 9001:2015 standard. Page 23 of 46
  24. Window of Opportunity for the Pharma Industry  The pharmaceutical sector of Bangladesh, on all counts, is one of the most prospective sectors which can grow close to 15 per cent for the next five years riding on the expanded domestic market as well ass new foreign markets.  Pharmaceutical export is contributing to the GDP of the country and every year this contribution is positively growing In the meantime, Pharma sector has become the 2nd largest potential sector in Bangladesh to earn foreign currency. At present, about 30 pharmaceutical companies have started their export activities.  Many smaller companies are on the verge of entering highly regulated overseas markets. Bearing in mind its successful past endeavors, the  According to the Export Promotion Bureau, pharmaceutical exports between July-December rose by 17.225% year-on-year in the current fiscal year, and in FY 2014-15 amounted to USD 72.64 million. However, these sales are tiny compared to the vast world market, estimated to be worth more than USD 520 billion in 2014.  The Bangladesh pharma industry churns out about 8,000 generic drugs under 26,813 registered brands in different dosages and strengths. The government controls the price of 209 generic drugs in specified dosage forms, along with 41 APIs produced in the country and medicine imports. Page 24 of 46
  25. Window of Opportunity for the Pharma Industry  In a major development, the US Food and Drug Administration approved Square Pharmaceuticals and Beximco Pharmaceuticals, the two top companies in the country, after inspecting the oral solid dosage facilities of the two companies in Bangladesh last year. It has not only paved the way for the companies to export medicines to the US market, which is known for stringent regulations and quality standards, but it is a game-changer for the industry as a whole.  On 6th November last year, the WTO-TRIPS Council granted the least developed countries, which include Bangladesh, an exemption from obligations to implement patents and data protection for pharmaceutical products until 2033. The Trade- Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) decision of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has important implications for the economies of all 34 least developed member countries, as the waiver provides them with an opportunity to provide low-cost medicine to their own people, besides significant export opportunities for pharmaceutical enterprises.  With costs low thanks to the waiver, the competitive strength of LDC producers will be enhanced in both domestic and export markets. Producers, consumers and LDC economies in general should ideally reap substantial benefits as a result of this decision. But the decision has particular significance for Bangladesh. According to Mustafizur Rahman, Executive Director of the think-tank Centre for Policy Dialogue, among all the LDCs, Bangladesh is one of the few which are actually in a position to reap the benefits of this decision.  The patent exemption means the local pharmaceuticals sector is set to register a compound annual growth rate of 10% in terms of local curreny and 8.9% in terms of USD, said London-based industry analyst firm BMI Research. The report added that local firms that will benefit include key players such as Beximco, Square and Eskayef. Muktadir, however, looked at the domestic benefits of the patent waiver. He stated that we will be able to provide high-quality drugs at a very low price.  Sales of generic drugs in Bangladesh will treble to BDT 30,300 crore per year by 2024, thanks in part to the extension of the medicine patent waiver, which will make quality products more accessible. However, Bangladesh's goal of growing its pharmaceuticals sector by becoming a key medicine exporter to frontier markets will be difficult. Page 25 of 46
  26. Window of Opportunity For The Pharma Industry  While there is a latent demand for medicines in the LDCs, transforming these opportunities into revenue growth has its fair share of challenges. Distribution of medical facilities remains skewed towards the urban economic centres, according to the BMI report. It added that the greatest commercial opportunities for generic drugs will lie in emerging markets. This happens as countries such as China, the Philippines and Malaysia are set to see significant improvements in healthcare access, backed by substantial public sector investment for the roll-out of universal healthcare.  In addition, regulatory standards will become stricter with time. This falls in line with the broader development of the regulatory bodies in these markets.  There is growing demand for Bangladeshi medicines in Southeast Asia, Asia Pacific and Africa. At present, around 30 Bangladeshi pharmaceutical companies export medicines to 90 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America. Bangladeshi companies are now focusing on developed markets such as Europe, Australia, Latin America and the Gulf countries. Top companies have already started exporting to stringently regulated markets and are getting very good responses. Page 26 of 46
  27. Present Future Around 80% of the world's population consumes generic products. Moreover, in many countries, new government provisions, changing demographics and lifestyle will continue to increase the use of global generic medicines. India and China are the major players in the world generic market. Our country still buys most of its raw materials from abroad. But developments are underway, with a number of firms now manufacturing raw materials locally. For example, the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Park in Munshiganj, around 40 km from the capital, is under construction at present. Once complete, the park will help the sector manufacture at an economy rate. With plans to establish around 40 API industries inside the park, including a central effluent treatment plant and incinerator amongst many other facilities, Bangladesh is surely on the road to attaining self-sufficiency and stellar export growth in the days to come. Window of Opportunity For The Pharma Industry ? Page 27 of 46
  28. Local Pharma market set to hit $5.11b by 2023 Page 28 of 46
  29. Pharmacists’ Satisfaction in Professional Life in Bangladesh (Pharma Mirror Research)  Proclamation of The Pharmacy Ordinance 1976 recognized Pharmacy as a profession in Bangladesh. Pharmacy is the health profession that links the health sciences with the chemical sciences and it is charged with ensuring the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs [2] and Pharmacist means a person who, for a fee, salary or other compensation paid to him or to another person on his behalf manufactures, prepares, distributes, sells or serves any prescription for any medicine, drug or pharmaceutical preparation.  Bangladeshi pharmacists are working in different practice settings with dominance in pharmaceuticals manufacturing and marketing over the second highest recruiting academic sector. A very few number of Pharmacists are engaged in research organizations and administration. Although Clinical Pharmacy and Community Pharmacy have not breathed yet while Hospital Pharmacy is crawling ahead in a limited settings.  The survey was run for 3 months from 5 Nov 2012 to 5 February 2013 based on Among 125 participants 107(87%) were men and 18(14%) were women, total of them 76(61%) and 49(39%) graduated from private and public university respectively. There were 36 (29%) B.Pharm, 72 (57%) M.Pharm and 8 (6%) pharmacists who hold M.Pharm & MBA both degree.  Forty-two percent of respondents worked in pharmaceutical manufacturing plant; 38%, in pharmaceutical marketing; and 8%, in academic settings; 5%, in hospital pharmacy. Those in the other category worked in research organization (2%), and (1%) in training, clinical trials, sales, indenting firms each. Page 29 of 46
  30. Job Satisfaction Pharma Mirror Research Page 30 of 46
  31. Job Satisfaction Pharma Mirror Research Page 32 of 46
  32. Job Satisfaction Pharma Mirror Research Page 32 of 46
  33. Job Satisfaction Pharma Mirror Research Page 33 of 46
  34. Job Satisfaction Pharma Mirror Research Page 4of 46
  35. Job Satisfaction Pharma Mirror Research Page 35 of 46
  36. Job Satisfaction Pharma Mirror Research Page 36 of 46
  37. TOP 10 Pharma in Local & Global Page 37 of 46
  38. Global Pharmaceutical Market by 2023 Page 38 of 46
  39. Challenges of the Pharmacist in the Professional Sector  Job crisis in the Pharmaceutical industries: Few years ago, students of pharmacy got job during final year of their bachelor degree. The number of pharmacy graduate increasing day by day. After that student finishing bachelor degree got job after the bachelor course. Now a days, number of pharmacy students became so high that even  they are not getting job after their master degree. Besides, job sector for the pharmacist also increased but not sufficient. They are working in Product Development, Quality Assurance, Quality Control, Production, Marketing, Sales, Training, Regulatory Affairs, Commercial department etc. Few years ago, many pharmaceutical company assigned chemist to perform laboratory work but now  pharmacist start to replace chemist from pharmaceutical industry. Pharmacists are also working in veterinary industries. Today new job area for Bangladeshi pharmacist is Hospital Pharmacist and Clinical Pharmacist. Their working place is the hospital and deals with the patients and help the doctors to prescribe medicine. Thus error in prescribing wrong medicine and miss-dose also reduced. New opportunity in another sector is cosmetic industry. Bangladesh is a land of medicinal plants. Thus, herbal medicinal industry also developing day by day. Some giant groups focusing their concentration in herbal industry. So, the demands of pharmacist in herbal industry are increasing day by day. Though food is one of the important part of our daily life, one of the main cause of disease development is food habit. But pharmacist is not part of this industry.  ‘Pharmacist should develop their career in food industry. Teaching of pharmacy is increasing now days, so pharmacy students are coming to teaching profession. Many pharmacist of Bangladesh has been migrated to different countries of the world and working there successfully. The pharmaceutical sector of Bangladesh has developed in the manufacturing of finished pharmaceutical products; the API and Excipients based industries have not yet remarkably advanced in this country. So, Bangladeshi Pharmacists have job scope limited to pharmaceutical finished products manufacturing industries. At present, industrial jobs also are saturated or will saturate soon. Therefore, getting entrance of new Pharmacists to Pharmaceutical Industries become quite tough or have narrow scope for new Pharmacists and also the Problems to be faced for new pharmacist if having poor training, lack of in depth knowledge of fundamental concepts and practical skills. Eligibility Problem of Bangladeshi Pharmacists in abroad: Eligibility challenge of Pharmacists to work in APIs and Excipients manufacturing industries: Jobs of Pharmacists in abroad becoming tough day by day. Page 39 of 46
  40. Updating of knowledge and skill of Pharmacists Knowledge and skill 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 Page 40 of 46
  41. Conclusion & Remarks  Pharmacists have the expertise in drug management and dispensing, monitoring of drug- drug interactions, and clinical research.  Moreover, reschedule of dosage regimen to individual patient can only ensure the rational prescribing and use of medicines and this is the prime task of clinical pharmacists.  It is really unfortunate to mention that no pharmacists at present are doing these jobs, because there is no position for hospital pharmacists in Bangladesh. Therefore, in every year huge numbers of patients are suffering from different abnormalities and toxicities due to irrational use of drugs and medicines and even many patients are dying due to drug intoxications.  The practice of pharmacy in Bangladesh will become ever more important as in the developed and developing country with more potent drugs coming to the market.  Pharmacy is a very important profession, which deals with the manufacturing, handing, proper utilization, dispensing, and administration of life saving drugs.  Individuals interested in a career in industry are encouraged to research and consider carefully the available postgraduate training program options to help them make informed career choices with respect to the pharmaceutical industry.  Thus, the role of Pharmacists will never be ended as long as drugs will exist in this world. Page 41 of 46
  42. References  Directorate General of Drug Administration of Bangladesh, web:, accessed on 01- 06-2011  Rakesh Patel, Present and Future of Pharmaceutical Education and Pharmacy Profession in India. IJPTP, 2012,3(4),384-386  ,, , ,  Azad AK, Pharmacy Education in Bangladesh: Past, Present and Future, BAPA Convention, New York, August 8-9, 2008.  Dr. Md. Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Pharmacy Profession in Bangladesh: Future Prospects and Challenges, pharma  Ahmed, S.I. and Hassali, M.A.A. 2008, The Controversy ofPharm. D. Degree (letter). Am J Pharm Edu. 72(3), Article71.  Annual Report (87th), University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2007-2008.  Chowdhury, A.K.A. 2007. Pharmacy education in Bangladesh: past, present and future. BAPA Journal, Aug, 10-14.  Babar, Z.U. 2005, Pharmacy education and practice in Pakistan [letter], Am J Pharm Educn. 69(5), Article 105.  Zubair Khalid labu, Present Status of Pharmacy Education and Future Prospects and Challenge of Pharmacy Practice in Bangladesh; Journal of Drug Discovery and Therapeutics 1 (3) 2013, 01-09  M. A. Mazid and M. A. Rashid, Pharmacy Education and Career Opportunities for Pharmacists in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal, Vol. 14, No. 1, January 2011 ISSN 0301-4606 Page 42 of 46
  43. Important Life Lesson: You Must Learn Before It's Too Late Page 43 of 46
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