The word neoclassic came
from the Greek word neos
Latin word classicus which is
similar in meaning to the
English phrase first class.
The Western movement in
decorative and visual arts
was called Neoclassicism.
Age of Reason also known as
the Age of Enlightenment.
• Portrayal of Roman history
• Formal composition
• The use of diagonals to show
the peak of an emotion or
moment (versus a regular
• Local color
• Overall lighting
• Classic geo-structure
• Renewed interest in classical ideals
and forms that influenced European
and American society through idea,
politics and fine arts during the 18th
and 19th century.
• It also refers to the art forms created
after but inspired by the ancient
• This period was derived from the
• Inspired by ancient times, but
• The period in which Greek and
Roman principles and styles were
reflected in society.
Neoclassical artists embraced the
ideals of order and moderation in
which artistic interpretations of
classic Greek and Roman history
were restored to realistic portrayals
They gave great importance to the
costumes, settings and details of
classical subject-matter without
adding distracting details but with
as much historical accuracy as
The Death of Marat (J.David)
• Shows the portrayal of a revolutionary martyr.
• This is a painting of the murdered French revolutionary
leader Jean-Paul Marat.
Napoleon Crossing the Alps
The painting that showed
a strongly idealized view
of the real crossing that
Napoleon and his army
made across the Alps
through the Great St.
Bernard Pass in May 1800.
Oath of the Horatii (J. David)
▪ It was a large painting that
depicts a scene from a
Roman legend about the
dispute between Rome
and Alba Longa.
▪ The three brothers, all of
whom appear willing to
sacrifice their lives for the
good of Rome, are shown
saluting their father who
holds their swords out for
Presentation slides are only made meaningful
with your narration.
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (Aang-gruh)
▪ Ingres was a pupil of Jacques-Louis
▪ He was influenced by Italian
Renaissance painters like Raphael,
Nicolas Pousin, Botticelli, and his
mentor, Jacques-Louis David.
▪ His paintings were usually nudes,
portraits and mythological themes.
Portrait of Napoleon on the
Imperial Throne (J.Ingres)
The painting depicts
Napoleon in his decadent
seated upon his golden-
encrusted throne, hand
resting upon smooth ivory
The Apotheosis of Homer
The painting was a state-
commission by Charles X to
have him remembered in the
building works of the Louvre.
The painting depicts an
image of Homer, receiving
all the brilliant men of Rome,
Greece, and contemporary
▪ What can you say about neoclassical
▪ What are the characteristics of the
Antonio Canova (1757-1822) Italy
Canova was a prolific Italian artist
and sculptor who became famous
for his marble sculptures that
delicately rendered nude flesh.
He opened the idea for portraying
discrete sexual pleasures by using
pure contours with his
TYPES OF NEOCLASSICAL
▪ Temple style building was
based on an ancient temple.
▪ These buildings were
uncommon during the
Renaissance as architects of
that period focused mainly on
applying classical elements to
churches and modern buildings
like palazzos and villas.
The Great Palazzo and Villa Hotels in Italy
Many temple style buildings feature a peristyle (a continuous line
of columns around a building), a rare feature of Renaissance
Most famous Temple Style buildings of the Neoclassical age:
British museum, london
La madeleine de paris
▪ Palladian buildings were based on Andrea Palladio’s style of
▪ Some of the buildings feature a balustrade which is a railing
with vertical supports along the edge of the roof.
▪ There are vertical supports within a balustrade known as
“balusters” or “spindles”.
▪ It is also a classical method of crowning a building that has a
flat or low lying roof.
Robert Adam (1728-1792) Britain
▪ He was known as the
Palladian architect of the
Neoclassical who designed
two well-known American
civic buildings – The White
House and the United
▪ He had also designed
many country houses.
Classical Block Style
▪ The building features a rectangular or square plan, with a flat roof and an exterior
rich in classical detail.
▪ The exterior feature a repeated classical pattern or series or arches and/or columns.
▪ The overall impression of such a building was a huge, classically-decorated
▪ Classical block aesthetic was also known as “Beaux-Arts Style”
FAMOUS ARCHITECTS OF THIS ARCHITECTURAL STYLE WERE:
A.HENRI LABROUSTE – his masterpiece is the Library of Sainte-Genevieve.
B.CHARLES GARNIER – he designed the most famous classical block of all
which is the Palais Garnier
Library of sainte-genevieve Palais garnier “paris opera house”