2. What is teacher education?
– Teacher education is a program.
– It is related to the development of teachers.
– It is related to the teachers proficiency and competency.
– It enable and empower the teacher to meet the requirements of the profession
and face the challenges.
– Teacher education means all the formal and non- formal activities and
experiences that help to qualify a person.
3. – National curriculum Framework for Teacher education NCFTE (2010),
described that teaching is a profession and teacher education is a process of
professional preparation of teachers.
– “If you educate a boy, you educate one individual, If you educate a girl, you
educate a teacher, If you educate a teacher, you educate a community.
– “Knowledge is power” implies that teaching is an art that can be acquired
through a series of well- designed activities, its imperative, therefore due
emphasis should be laid on the education of the teachers.
4. – Teacher education program that it should prepare good teachers by providing
them with a sound foundation of the theoretical knowledge, understanding,
skills, attitudes and interests. It should enable the trainees to acquire
knowledge, skills and techniques for effective teaching and to inculcate in the
trainees the desired ideals and behavioral patterns of the society in which we
5. Teaching Skills
– Teaching Skills It provide training and practice in different;
– Techniques, approaches, and strategies that help the teachers to plan and
– It include;
– Effective classroom management skills
– Use of instructional materials
– Effective use of communication skills
6. Pedagogical Theory
– Pedagogical theory includes the philosophical, sociological and psychological
– It enable the teachers to have a sound basis for practicing the teaching skills in
– The theory is stage specific and is based on the needs and requirements that
are characteristic of that stage.
7. Professional Skills
Professional skills include;
– Techniques, strategies and approaches that would help teachers to grow in the
– It includes;
– Soft skills, Counseling skills, Interpersonal skills,
– Computer skills, Information retrieving,
– Management skills and above all life long learning skills.
8. General Aims of Teacher
The general aims of teacher education are as follow:
1. To enable the teachers to solve the problems of students.
2. To create a suitable type of discipline in the mind of the teachers.
3. To familiarizes the teachers with the latest knowledge to fulfill the existing
need of the society.
4. To give knowledge about the broad objectives of teaching such as knowledge,
understanding, application etc.
5. To develop fundamental skills in the teachers.
9. 6. To develop a sense of appreciation of cultural arts.
7. To prepare the teachers for elementary as well as higher education in science,
8. To develop the habit of concentration, self- confidence, self-reliance and
9. To develop scientific and realistic attitude towards life.
10. To give practical knowledge to face the day- to - day problems.
10. 11. To bring an all-round and harmonious development in the personality of the
12. To develop the skills to use the modern devices like computer etc.
13. To develop the abilities of analysis, synthesis, reasoning, computation etc.
14. To develop interest in teaching.
11. Pre - Service Teacher
– Teaching is always a dynamic activity. It unfolds a world of knowledge and
information , experience . Creative and critical appreciation to everyone
devoted to teachers education. It indicates how far a teacher is justified to the
profession and how far pupils respond to learning in the best possible manner.
– The teacher education system through its initial teacher education especially,
has a major part to play in the making of a teacher.
12. Elementary Education
– Elementary teachers lay the foundation of the progress of a country. Elementary
school students belong to the age group of 6-14, is being the critical time of a
growing child, giving right direction plays a vital role. Every child is different,
every age is different and every child can be molded to be a better and a
smarter human being. This is the very important age that a child gains his
personality. Grooming a child in this period will develop his personality and give
him perspective on life.
13. Diploma in Elementary Education
– Right of children of free and compulsory education Act (2009), increases the
demand manifold for qualified elementary school teachers. The country has to
address the need of supplying well qualified and professionally trained teachers
in larger numbers in the coming years (NCFTE, 2010).
14. – National curriculum framework ,NCF (2005), recommended that the elementary
teacher should be prepared to care for children and also to understand diversity
in their social, cultural and political contexts. Pre-service teacher training
assumes great significance as a result of the above by providing Diploma in
Elementary Education (D.El.Ed.) Programmes to prepare elementary teachers.
15. Objectives of D.El.Ed program
The following are the objectives of teacher education at the elementary level. At
the end of the program the trainees will be able,
– To understand the nature, purpose, problems and issues of elementary
– To evolve need – based, community – specific and child – centerd pedagogy
including indigenous learning systems.
16. – To understand the nature and maturity level of children for imparting education
for their many sided development.
– To mobilize and manage community resources for development of school
– To use the constructivist pedagogy and evaluation techniques.
– To understand the advantages of ICT and use the same for facilitating student
– To participate in the effective management of the school.