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1
Pre-Shipment testing; a critical tool for
achieving sustainability
2
To simulate real life in
the lab under
controlled yet
accelerated
conditions.
3
Micom:
• Third party laboratory
• Dorval, QC
• 15 years in business
• 15 employees
• 15 000 sq feet
• ISTA accredited lab
...
Packaging Sustainability
• (2009) World food industry: $US: 4.2 trillions (USDA)
• Only 43 % of food calories produced are...
Packaging Sustainability
Environmental impacts
• Waste
• Product replacement (raw materials, extra manufacturing)
• Additi...
Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution:
LTL: E=MC2
=Expect Movement, Contact and
Compression
7
Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution:
Small parcel= MC2
+ Drops2
8
Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution:
Emerging Markets:
E= MC2
+ Drops2
+ Cultural shock
9
The Distribution Equation:
Distribution = Product + Packaging
Distribution = Product + Packaging
Distribution = Product + ...
Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution (3):
Distribution = Product + Packaging
• Product design should be done jointly w...
Test standards
ASTM D-4169
ISTA standards
Distribution Channel simulations:
Field measurements
observations
12
ASTM D-4169
Standard Practice for Performance testing of Shipping
Containers and Systems
• 18 Distribution cycles
• Genera...
ASTM D-4169
DC
Schedule (Hazard element)
Test
Level I = high intensity
Level III = low intensity
14
ISTA standards
• 1 Series: Non-Simulation integrity Performance Tests (7)
• 2 Series: Partial Simulation Performance tests...
ISTA standards
• 2C: Furniture Packages
• *3A: Small Parcel Delivery system
• *3B: LTL (standard, cylindrical, palletized)...
ISTA standards
Member performance tests
• ISTA 6-FEDEX
• ISTA 6-SamsClub
17
18
19
ISTA standards
Enhanced simulation
• 4AB Packaged-Products for Shipment in Known
Distribution Channels
• including vibrati...
Custom testing
• Data loggers
 3 axes
 Drop heights
 Vibrations
 Temperature
 Relative humidity
 Atmospheric pressur...
22
VALIDATE YOUR PACKAGING
TO TRUST IS GOOD, TO VALIDATE IS BETTER
23
Laboratory testing
• Controlled conditions =
• Reproducible
• Allows to break down complex distribution
dynamics into indi...
Damage probability during trial shipment:
Damage rate: 10% 3%
Success rate for first shipment: 90% 97%
Success rate for 2n...
SUMMARY:
• Rule #1: A sustainable package is package that allows the product to get
to the end user in good condition
• Di...
Michel Comtois, President
(mcomtois@micomlab.com)
1-888-99-MICOM
David Rousseau, Lab Manager
(drousseau@micomlab.com)
27
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Packaging testing to increase package sustainability

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Packaging testing standards use pass/fail criteria to establish package resistance. These standards can be used as design tools to establish desigh criteria when a package to be designed needs to be shipped through defined distribution pipelines

Publié dans : Sciences
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Packaging testing to increase package sustainability

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Pre-Shipment testing; a critical tool for achieving sustainability 2
  3. 3. To simulate real life in the lab under controlled yet accelerated conditions. 3
  4. 4. Micom: • Third party laboratory • Dorval, QC • 15 years in business • 15 employees • 15 000 sq feet • ISTA accredited lab • ISTA technical council member • Transport Canada • Standards Council of Canada • CGSB • PAC member 4
  5. 5. Packaging Sustainability • (2009) World food industry: $US: 4.2 trillions (USDA) • Only 43 % of food calories produced are consumed (International Waste Management Institute) • Damage to products in distribution within Europe estimated to be: $US 3 billion (EU, SRETS, final report1999). • Worldwide annual losses in distribution: > $US 100 billions $$$ 5
  6. 6. Packaging Sustainability Environmental impacts • Waste • Product replacement (raw materials, extra manufacturing) • Additional distribution Initiatives • ISTA –Responsible Packaging by Design Guide • PAC-NEXT • ASTM D-6198 – Standard Guide for Transport Packaging Design • Large Retailers 6
  7. 7. Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution: LTL: E=MC2 =Expect Movement, Contact and Compression 7
  8. 8. Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution: Small parcel= MC2 + Drops2 8
  9. 9. Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution: Emerging Markets: E= MC2 + Drops2 + Cultural shock 9
  10. 10. The Distribution Equation: Distribution = Product + Packaging Distribution = Product + Packaging Distribution = Product + Packaging 10
  11. 11. Packaging Sustainability vs Distribution (3): Distribution = Product + Packaging • Product design should be done jointly with pkg design (team) • The design should be done with the distribution environment in mind • A well optimized design for one distribution channel may not work well for a different distribution channel How do we define the stress levels? 11
  12. 12. Test standards ASTM D-4169 ISTA standards Distribution Channel simulations: Field measurements observations 12
  13. 13. ASTM D-4169 Standard Practice for Performance testing of Shipping Containers and Systems • 18 Distribution cycles • General - undefined distribution cycle • Single package without pallet or skid • Motor freight LTL unitized • Rail, TOFC and COFC • Air (Intercity) and motor freight (local) over 150 lb or unitized • … 13
  14. 14. ASTM D-4169 DC Schedule (Hazard element) Test Level I = high intensity Level III = low intensity 14
  15. 15. ISTA standards • 1 Series: Non-Simulation integrity Performance Tests (7) • 2 Series: Partial Simulation Performance tests (3) • 3 Series: General Simulation Performance Tests (6) • 4 Series: Enhanced Simulation Performance Test (1) • 5 … • 6 Series: Member Performance Tests (3) • 7… 15
  16. 16. ISTA standards • 2C: Furniture Packages • *3A: Small Parcel Delivery system • *3B: LTL (standard, cylindrical, palletized) • *3E: Unitized loads (truck loads) • 3F: Packaged Products for Distribution Center to Retail Outlet Shipment (100 lb) • 3H: Products or Packaged-Products in Mechanically Handled Bulk Transport Containers • 3K: Fast Moving Consumer Goods in the European Retail Supply Chain 16
  17. 17. ISTA standards Member performance tests • ISTA 6-FEDEX • ISTA 6-SamsClub 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. ISTA standards Enhanced simulation • 4AB Packaged-Products for Shipment in Known Distribution Channels • including vibration spectra for China and India 20
  21. 21. Custom testing • Data loggers  3 axes  Drop heights  Vibrations  Temperature  Relative humidity  Atmospheric pressure  GPS (link with Google Earth) • Resonance search 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. VALIDATE YOUR PACKAGING TO TRUST IS GOOD, TO VALIDATE IS BETTER 23
  24. 24. Laboratory testing • Controlled conditions = • Reproducible • Allows to break down complex distribution dynamics into individual test parameters • Allows to observe in real time how the packaging reacts to the applied stress. • More accurate assessment of the packaging design which can prevent over packaging. • Representative results with limited number of samples. Real Shipping Test • Easy design of experiment • Easy to carry • Apparently cheap • False feeling of security • Uncontrolled conditions • No real time information. • Limited reproducibility 24
  25. 25. Damage probability during trial shipment: Damage rate: 10% 3% Success rate for first shipment: 90% 97% Success rate for 2nd shipment: 81% 94% “ “ “ 3rd : 73% 91% “ “ “ 4th : 66% 89% “ “ “ 5th : 59% 86% “ “ “ 6th : 53% 83% “ “ “ 22nd : 10% 51% 25
  26. 26. SUMMARY: • Rule #1: A sustainable package is package that allows the product to get to the end user in good condition • Distribution: E = MC2 + other distribution hazards • Product and packaging development should be done concurrently, not sequentially, as a function of the expected distribution channel(s) Distribution = Product + Packaging • Test standards can be used as design criteria for product/packaging designs 26
  27. 27. Michel Comtois, President (mcomtois@micomlab.com) 1-888-99-MICOM David Rousseau, Lab Manager (drousseau@micomlab.com) 27

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