2. TEACHING PROFESSION 2
This piece of work is whole heartedly dedicated to our Almighty God our Creator for
his guidance, strength, knowledge, wisdom and faith that he gave to me in times of
difficulty while making this Teacher’s manual.
To my The Teaching Profession subject teacher, Dr. Vilma Andoy, for her
considerations, advices, and suggestion regarding this project;
To my loving parents who gave me support both morally and financially, to those
concern specifically in this subject, who become valuable part in the accomplishment
of this work and whose presence inspired me all the way.
3. TEACHING PROFESSION 3
Table of Contents
Part 1: The Teacher as a Person
REPUBLIC ACT 7836 (Philippine Teachers
Professionalization Act of 1994)
The Magna Carta for Public School Teachers
Code of Ethics For Professional Teachers
National Competency Based Teacher Standards (Teachers’
Strengths and Needs Assessment (NCBTS – TSNA)
Philosophy of Education
Sample Case Digest
Part 2: The Teacher in the Classroom
Classroom Management sketch
Tips on How to Manage Classroom Undesirable Student’s
Behaviour and Ways on How to Maintain Positive Learning
Different School Forms
Proposed programs for school home and community
Sample Training program for Pre-Service Teachers
4. TEACHING PROFESSION 4
The Teacher as a Person
This part consists of laws pertaining to the rights and benefits of a teacher.
These will serve as his/her guide if in case he/she will be put in a situation that is not
favour on him/her and need to defend his/her profession and his/her dignity as a
REPUBLIC ACT 7836
(Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994)
AN ACT TO STRENGTHEN THE REGULATION AND SUPERVISION OF THE
PRACTICE OF TEACHING IN THE PHILIPPINES AND PRESCRIBING A
LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
Short Title. — This Act shall be known as the "Philippine Teachers
Professionalization Act of 1994."
Statement of Policy. — The State recognizes the vital role of teachers in
nation-building and development through a responsible and literate citizenry.
Towards this end, the State shall ensure and promote quality education by proper
supervision and regulation of the licensure examination and professionalization of
the practice of the teaching profession.
REPUBLIC ACT 7836
5. TEACHING PROFESSION 5
Objectives. — This Act has the herein objectives:
a) The promotion, development and professionalization of teachers and
the teaching profession; and
b) The supervision and regulation of the licensure examination.
Definition of Terms. — For purposes of this Act, the following terms shall
A. "Teaching" — refers to the profession concerned primarily with
classroom instruction, at the elementary andsecondary levels in
accordance with the curriculum prescribed by the Department of
Education, Culture and Sports, whether on part-time or full-time basis
in the private or public schools.
B. "Teachers" — refers to all persons engaged in teaching at the
elementary and secondary levels, whether on full-time or part-time
basis, including industrial arts or vocational teachers and all other
persons performing supervisory and/or administrative functions in all
schools in the aforesaid levels and qualified to practice teaching under
C. "Board" — refers to the Board for Professional Teachers duly
established and constituted under this Act.
D. "Commission" — refers to the Professional Regulation Commission.
ARTICLE II BOARD FOR PROFESSIONAL TEACHERS
Creation and Composition of the Board. — There is hereby created under this
Act a Board for Professional Teachers, hereinafter called the Board, a collegial body
under the general supervision and administrative control of the Professional
Regulation Commission, hereinafter referred to as the Commission, composed of
five (5) members who shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines from
among the recommendee’s chosen by the Commission. The recommendees shall be
chosen from the list of nominees selected by the accredited association of
teachers, who duly possess all the qualifications prescribed in Section 8 of this Act.
6. TEACHING PROFESSION 6
The chairman and the voice-chairman of the Board shall be appointed from
these five (5) members by the President: Provided, That the members of the first
Board appointed under this Act shall be automatically registered as professional
teachers and issued with the certificate of registration and professional license upon
payment of the fees for examination, registration, and other fees prescribed by the
Duties and Function of the Board. — The Board shall have the following
duties and functions:
a. Promulgate, administer and enforce rules and regulations necessary for
carrying out the provisions of this Act in accordance with the charter of
the Professional Regulation Commission;
b. Determine and fix the frequency, dates, and places of examination,
appoint supervisors, proctors, and other personnel as needed who shall
be entitled to a daily allowance to be fixed by the Board for every
examination day actually attended, use buildings and facilities of public
or private schools for examination purposes;
c. Issue, suspend, or revoke the certificate of registration for the practice of
the teaching profession;
d. Prescribe and collect examination and other fees as it may deem proper;
e. Prescribe and/or adopt a code of ethical and professional standards for
the practice of the teaching profession.Such ethical standards, rules and
regulations to take effect sixty (60) days after its publication in the Official
Gazette or in any newspaper of general circulation;
f. Administer oaths in connection with the administration of this Act;
g. Supervise and regulate the registration, licensure and practice of
professional teachers in the Philippines;
h. Adopt an official seal of the Board;
i. Look into the conditions affecting the practice of the teaching profession
and whenever necessary, adopt such measures as may be deemed
proper for the enhancement and maintenance of high professional and
ethical standards of the profession;
7. TEACHING PROFESSION 7
j. Ensure that all educational institutions offering elementary and
secondary education comply with the essential requirements for
curricula, faculty and facilities for the elementary and secondary levels;
k. Investigate such violations of this Act, the rules and the code of ethical
and professional standards for professional teachers as it may come to
the knowledge of the Board, and for this purpose, to issue subpoena and
subpoena duces tecum to secure the appearance of witnesses and the
production of documents in connection therewith; and
l. Discharge such other powers, duties and functions as the Board may
deem necessary for the practice of the teaching profession and the
upgrading, enhancement, development and growth of education in the
Term of Office. — The members of the Board shall hold office for a term of
three (3) years from the date they assume office: Provided, That the first
appointees to the Board under this Act shall hold office according to the following
terms: one (1) member shall serve for one (1) year; one (1) member for two (2)
years; the chairman, vice-chairman, and one (1) member for three (3) years.
Vacancies shall be served for the unexpired term only. No person who has served
for two (2) consecutive terms shall be eligible for reappointment. Appointment to fill
an unexpired term shall be considered an appointment to a complete term. The
chairman or any member shall take his oath of office prior to the performance of his
Qualification of Board Members. — Each Board member must at the time of
a. Be a citizen and resident of the Philippines;
b. Be at least thirty-five (35) years of age, of proven integrity, and
possessed of high moral values in his personal as well as professional
conduct and has not been convicted of any offense involving moral
8. TEACHING PROFESSION 8
c. Be a holder of the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in
Education and preferably a holder of a master's or doctorate degree in
education, or their equivalents, from a university, school, college,
academy or institute duly constituted, recognized and/or accredited by
the Philippine government;
d. Be a professional teacher with a valid certificate of registration and
valid professional license, save those members who shall compose the
first Board for Professional Teachers;
e. Has been a professional teacher in the active practice of the teaching
profession for at least ten (10) years in the elementary and secondary
f. Not be an official or member of the faculty of, nor have pecuniary
interest in any university, college, school, or institution conferring a
bachelor's degree in education or its equivalents for at least three (3)
years prior to his appointment, and neither connected with a review
center or with any group or association where review classes or
lectures in preparation for the licensure examination are offered or
conducted. Provided, however, that, the membership to the Board shall
be evenly distributed to cover all levels of education, including
equitable representation of the different fields of specialization.
Compensation of the Board. — The chairman, vice-chairman, and members
of the Board shall receive compensation comparable to the compensation received
by existing regulatory boards under the Professional Regulation Commission,
computed on the basis of the number of examinees/candidates.
Supervision of the Board and Custodian of its Records. — The Board shall be
under the supervision and control of the Commission. All records, including
applications for examination, examination papers and results, minutes of
deliberation, administrative cases and investigative cases and investigations
involving professional teachers shall be kept by the Commission.
9. TEACHING PROFESSION 9
Secretariat and Support Services. — The Professional Regulation
Commission, through its chairman, shall provide the secretariat and other support
services to implement effectively the provisions of this Act.
Removal of a Board Member. — The chairman or any member of the Board
may be removed by the President of the Philippines upon recommendation of the
Commission for neglect of duty, incompetence, unprofessional, unethical, immoral or
dishonourable conduct, commission or toleration of irregularities in the examination,
after having been given the opportunity to defend himself in a proper administrative
In the course of investigation, the President may preventively suspend the
ARTICLE III EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION
Examination, Registration and License Required. — Except as otherwise
specifically allowed under the provisions of this Act, all applicants for registration as
professional teachers shall be required to undergo a written examination which shall
be given at least once a year in such places and dates as the Board may determine
upon approval by the Commission. A valid certificate of registration and a valid
professional license from the Commission are required before any person is allowed
to practice as a professional teacher in the Philippines, except as otherwise allowed
under this Act.
Scope of Examination. — The examinations for the elementary and
secondary school teachers shall be separate. The examination for teachers in the
elementary level shall consist of two (2) parts, namely: professional education and
general education. The examination for teachers in the secondary level shall consist
10. TEACHING PROFESSION 10
of three (3) parts, namely: professional education, general education, and field of
Qualification Requirements of Applicants. — No applicant shall be admitted to
take the examination unless, on the date of filing of the application, he shall have
complied with the following requirements:
a. A citizen of the Philippines or an alien whose country has reciprocity
with the Philippines in the practice of the teaching profession;
b. At least eighteen (18) years of age;
c. In good health and of good reputation with high moral values;
d. Has not been convicted by final judgment by a court for an offense
involving moral turpitude;
e. A graduate of a school, college or university recognized by the
government and possesses the minimum educational qualifications, as
1. For teachers in preschool, a bachelor's degree in early childhood
education (BECED) or its equivalent;
2. For teachers in the elementary grades, a bachelor's degree in
elementary education (BSEED) or its equivalent;
3. For teachers in the secondary grades, a bachelor's degree in
education or its equivalent with a major and minor, or a bachelor's
degree in arts and sciences with at least ten (10) units in
professional education; and
4. For teachers of vocational and two-year technical courses, a
bachelor's degree in the field of specialization or its equivalent, with
at least eighteen (18) units in professional education.
Report of the Results of the Examination. — The Board shall, within one
hundred twenty (120) days after the examination, report the ratings obtained by
each candidate to the Professional Regulation Commission for approval and
11. TEACHING PROFESSION 11
Issuance of Certificate of Registration and Professional License. — The
registration of a professional teacher commences from the date his name is enrolled
in the roster of professional teachers.
Every registrant who has satisfactorily met all the requirements specified in
this Act shall, upon payment of the registration fee, be issued a certificate of
registration as a professional teacher bearing the full name of the registrant with
serial number and date of issuance signed by the chairman of the Commission and
the chairman, vice-chairman, and members of the Board, stamped with the official
seal, as evidence that the person named therein is entitled to practice the profession
with all the rights and privileges appurtenant thereto. The certificate shall remain in
full force and effect until withdrawn, suspended and/or revoked in accordance with
A professional license signed by the chairman of the Commission and bearing
the registration number and date of issuance thereof and the month of expiry or
renewability shall likewise be issued to every registrant who has paid the annual
registration fees for three (3) consecutive years. This license shall serve as evidence
that the licensee can lawfully practice his profession until the expiration of its validity.
Oath Before Practice. — Every registrant shall be required to take his
professional oath before practicing as a professional teacher.
Periodic Merit Examination of Teachers. — To encourage continuing
professional growth and development and to provide additional basis for merit
promotion, in addition to their performance rating, teachers may take an oral and
written examination at least once in five (5) years as basis for merit promotion. In
taking this examination, no fee shall be required.
Failure to Pass the Merit Examination. — If a teacher fails to pass the merit
examination, he or she shall be allowed to take the examination for a second time.
Should he or she fail to pass the merit examination for the second time, then he or
12. TEACHING PROFESSION 12
she shall be required to take a DECS accredited refresher course or program before
being allowed to retake the examination.
Failure of any permanent teacher to pass the merit examination shall not,
however, be used as a ground for his/her dismissal or demotion.
Incentives. — Teachers who pass the merit examination shall:
a. Be awarded a diploma of merit by the Board;
b. Earn merit points for purposes of promotion in salary or to a higher
position or grade level;
c. Be placed in the priority list for government scholarship; and
d. Enjoy such other benefits as may be promulgated by the Board.
Similar incentives shall be given to teachers who make inventions, develop
new methods of teaching, write a book or books and create works of artistic merit.
Integration of the Teaching Profession. — The teaching profession shall be
integrated into one national organization which shall be recognized by the Board and
the Commission as the one and only integrated and accredited association of
professional teachers. Upon registration with the Board, every professional teacher
shall be encouraged to become a member of the integrated national organization.
Those who have been registered with the Board but are not members of the said
integrated organization shall be allowed to register as members of the said
integrated organization within three (3) years after the effectivity of this Act.
Membership in the integrated organization shall not be a bar to membership in other
associations of the teaching profession. The professional teachers shall receive the
benefits and privileges appurtenant to their membership in the said integrated and
accredited organization of professional teachers only upon payment of the required
membership fees and dues.
Revocation of the Certificate of Registration, Suspension from the Practice of
the Teaching Profession, and Cancellation of Temporary or Special Permit. — The
13. TEACHING PROFESSION 13
Board shall have the power, after due notice and hearing, to suspend or revoke the
certificate of registration of any registrant, to reprimand or to cancel the
temporary/special permit of a holder thereof who is exempt from registration, for any
of the following causes:
a. Conviction for any criminal offense by a court of competent jurisdiction;
b. Immoral, unprofessional or dishonorable conduct;
c. Declaration by a court of competent jurisdiction for being mentally
unsound or insane;
d. Malpractice, gross incompetence, gross negligence or serious
ignorance of the practice of the teaching profession;
e. The use of or perpetration of any fraud or deceit in obtaining a
certificate of registration, professional license or special/temporary
f. Chronic inebriety or habitual use of drugs;
g. Violation of any of the provisions of this Act, the rules and regulations
and other policies of the Board and the Commission, and the code of
ethical and professional standards for professional teachers; and
h. Unjustified or wilful failure to attend seminars, workshops, conferences
and the like or the continuing education program prescribed by the
Board and the Commission.
The decision of the Board to revoke or suspend a certificate may be appealed
to the regional trial court of the place where the Board holds office within fifteen (15)
days from receipt of the said decision or of the denial of the motion for
reconsideration filed in due time.
Registration by Reciprocity. — No teacher of a foreign nationality shall be
admitted to the examination, or be given a certificate of registration or be entitled to
any of the rights and privileges provided under this Act; unless the country or state of
which he is a subject permits Filipino professional teachers to practice within its
territorial limits on the same basis as subjects or citizens of said country or state:
Provided, that the requirements of certification of teachers with said foreign state or
country are substantially the same as those required and contemplated under this
Act: Provided, further, That the laws of such state or country grant the same privilege
14. TEACHING PROFESSION 14
to Filipino professional teachers on the same basis as the subject or citizens of such
foreign country or state.
Roster of Professional Teachers. — A roster of professional teachers
containing the names and addresses of professional teachers, date of registration or
issuance of certificate, and other data which in the opinion of the Board may appear
pertinent shall be maintained. Copies of the roster shall be provided by the
Commission to the Board, the Department of Education, Culture and Sports, and the
integrated and accredited organization of professional teachers.
Registration and Exception. — Two (2) years after the effectivity of this Act,
no person shall engage in teaching and/or act as a professional teacher as defined
in this Act, whether in the preschool, elementary or secondary level, unless he is a
duly registered professional teacher, and a holder of a valid certificate of registration
and a valid professional license or a holder of a valid special/temporary permit.
Upon approval of the application and payment of the prescribed fees, the
certificate of registration and professional license as a professional teacher shall be
issued without examination as required in this Act to a qualified applicant, who at the
time of the approval of this Act, is:
a. A holder of a certificate of eligibility as a teacher issued by the Civil
Service Commission and the Department of Education, Culture and
b. A registered professional teacher with the National Board for Teachers
under the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS)
pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 1006; or
c. Not qualified under paragraphs one and two but with any of the
following qualifications. to wit:
1. An elementary or secondary teacher for five (5) years in good
standing and a holder of Bachelor of Science in Education or its
15. TEACHING PROFESSION 15
2. An elementary or secondary teacher for three (3) years in good
standing and a holder of a master's degree in education or its
Provided, That they shall be given two (2) years from the organization of the
Board for professional teachers within which to register and be included in the roster
of professional teachers: Provided, further, That those incumbent teachers who are
not qualified to register without examination under this Act or who, albeit qualified,
were unable to register within the two-year period shall be issued a five-year
temporary or special permit from the time the Board is organized within which to
register after passing the examination and complying with the requirements provided
this Act and be included in the roster of professional teachers: Provided, furthermore,
That those who have failed the licensure examination for professional teachers shall
be eligible as para-teachers and as such, shall be issued by the Board a special or
temporary permit, and shall be assigned by the Department of Education, Culture
and Sports (DECS) to schools as it may determine under the circumstances.
ARTICLE IV PROVISIONS RELATIVE TO THE PRACTICE OF THE TEACHING
Inhibition Against the Practice of the Teaching Profession. — Except as
otherwise allowed under this Act, no person shall practice or offer to practice the
teaching profession in the Philippines or be appointed as teacher to any position
calling for a teaching position without having previously obtained a valid certificate of
registration and a valid professional license from the Commission.
Penal Provisions. — The following shall be punishable by a fine of not less
than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) nor more than Twenty thousand pesos
(P20,000.00) or imprisonment of nor less than six (6) months nor more than five (5)
years, or both, at the discretion of the court:
16. TEACHING PROFESSION 16
a. Any person who practices the teaching profession in the Philippines
without being certified in accordance with the provisions of this Act;
b. Any person who represents or attempts to use as his own certificate of
registration that of another;
c. Any person who gives any false, or fraudulent evidence of any kind to
the Board or any member thereof in obtaining a certificate of
registration as teacher;
d. Any person who impersonates any registrant of the same or different
e. Any person who uses a revoked or suspended certificate of
f. Any person who, in connection with his name, otherwise assumes,
uses or advertises any title or description t ending to convey or
conveys the impression that he is a teacher without holding a valid
g. Any person who violates or who abets the violation of any of the
provisions of this Act.
The penalty of fine or imprisonment or both, as provided in this section, shall
also apply to any school official who shall cause or be responsible for the
commission of any of the above-enumerated acts.
Appropriations. — Such sums as may be necessary to carry out the
provisions of this Act shall be included in the 1996 General Appropriations Act and
Implementing Guidelines. — The Board shall formulate and adopt the
necessary guidelines for the effective implementation of the provisions of this Act
within sixty (60) days of its approval.
The Board shall submit to both Committees on Education, Arts, and Culture; and the
Committees on Civil Service and Professional Regulation of the Senate and House
17. TEACHING PROFESSION 17
of Representatives, copies of the implementing rules and guidelines within thirty (30)
days after its promulgation.
Any violation of this section shall render the official/s concerned liable under
Republic Act No. 6713, otherwise known as the "Code of Conduct and Ethical
Standards for Public Officials and Employees" and other pertinent administrative
and/or penal laws.
Transitory Provision. — All incumbent teachers in both the public and private
sector not otherwise certified as professional teachers by virtue of this Act, shall be
given (5) years temporary certificates from the time the Board for Professional
Teachers is organized within which to qualify as required by this Act and be included
in the roster of professionals.
Provided, however, That the Professional Board Examination for Teachers
(PBET) shall still be administered by the Civil Service Commission and the
Department of Education, Culture and Sports for the year 1995.cralaw
Separability Clause. — If, for any reason, any section or provision of this Act
or the application of such section or provision to any person or circumstance is
declared unconstitutional or invalid, no other section or provision of this Act shall be
Repealing Clause. — All laws, presidential decrees, executive orders, rules
and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are
hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
Effectivity Clause. — This Act shall take effect after fifteen (15) days following
its complete publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) newspapers of general
Signed: December 16, 1994
18. TEACHING PROFESSION 18
THE MAGNA CARTA FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS
I. DECLARATION OF POLICY COVERAGE
Declaration of Policy. It is hereby declared to be the policy of this Act to
promote and improve the social and economic status of public school teachers, their
living and working conditions, their terms of employment and career prospects in
order that they may compare favorably with existing opportunities in other walks of
life, attract and retain in the teaching profession more people with the proper
qualifications, it being recognized that advance in education depends on the
qualifications and ability of the teaching staff and that education is an essential factor
in the economic growth of the nation as a productive investment of vital importance.
Title Definition. This Act shall be known as the "Magna Carta for Public School
Teachers" and shall apply to all public school teachers except those in the
professorial staff of state colleges and universities.
As used in this Act, the term "teacher" shall mean all persons engaged in
classroom teaching, in any level of instruction, on full-time basis, including guidance
counselors, school librarians, industrial arts or vocational instructors, and all other
persons performing supervisory and/or administrative functions in all schools,
colleges and universities operated by the Government or its political subdivisions;
but shall not include school nurses, school physicians, school dentists, and other
THE MAGNA CARTA FOR
PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS
19. TEACHING PROFESSION 19
II. RECRUITMENT AND CAREER
Recruitment and Qualification. Recruitment policy with respect to the selection
and appointment of teachers shall be clearly defined by the Department of
Education: Provided, however, That effective upon the approval of this Act, the
following shall constitute the minimum educational qualifications for teacher-
a. For teachers in the kindergarten and elementary grades, Bachelor's
degree in Elementary Education (B.S.E.ED.);
b. For teachers of the secondary schools, Bachelor's degree in Education
or its equivalent with a major and a minor; or a Bachelor's degree in
Arts or Science with at least eighteen professional units in Education.
c. For teachers of secondary vocational and two years technical courses,
Bachelor's degree in the field of specialization with at least eighteen
professional units in education;
d. For teachers of courses on the collegiate level, other than vocational,
master's degree with a specific area of specialization;
Provided, further, That in the absence of applicants who possess the
minimum educational qualifications as hereinabove provided, the school
superintendent may appoint, under a temporary status, applicants who do not meet
the minimum qualifications: Provided, further, That should teacher-applicants,
whether they possess the minimum educational qualifications or not, be required to
take competitive examinations, preference in making appointments shall be in the
order of their respective ranks in said competitive examinations: And provided,
finally, That the results of the examinations shall be made public and every applicant
shall be furnished with his score and rank in said examinations.
Probationary Period. When recruitment takes place after adequate training
and professional preparation in any school recognized by the Government, no
probationary period preceding regular appointment shall be imposed if the teacher
possesses the appropriate civil service eligibility: Provided, however, That where,
20. TEACHING PROFESSION 20
due to the exigencies of the service, it is necessary to employ as teacher a person
who possesses the minimum educational qualifications herein above set forth but
lacks the appropriate civil service eligibility, such person shall be appointed on a
provisional status and shall undergo a period of probation for not less than one year
from and after the date of his provisional appointment.
Tenure of Office. Stability on employment and security of tenure shall be
assured the teachers as provided under existing laws.
Subject to the provisions of Section three hereof, teachers appointed on a
provisional status for lack of necessary civil service eligibility shall be extended
permanent appointment for the position he is holding after having rendered at least
ten years of continuous, efficient and faithful service in such position.
Consent for Transfer Transportation Expenses. Except for cause and as
herein otherwise provided, no teacher shall be transferred without his consent from
one station to another.
Where the exigencies of the service require the transfer of a teacher from one station
to another, such transfer may be effected by the school superintendent who shall
previously notify the teacher concerned of the transfer and the reason or reasons
therefor. If the teacher believes there is no justification for the transfer, he may
appeal his case to the Director of Public Schools or the Director of Vocational
Education, as the case may be. Pending his appeal and the decision thereon, his
transfer shall be held in abeyance: Provided, however, that no transfers whatever
shall be made three months before any local or national election.
Necessary transfer expenses of the teacher and his family shall be paid for by the
Government if his transfer is finally approved.
Code of Professional Conduct for Teachers. Within six months from the
approval of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall formulate and prepare a Code
of Professional Conduct for Public School Teachers. A copy of the Code shall be
21. TEACHING PROFESSION 21
furnished each teacher: Provided, however, That where this is not possible by
reason of inadequate fiscal resources of the Department of Education, at least three
copies of the same Code shall be deposited with the office of the school principal or
head teacher where they may be accessible for use by the teachers.
Safeguards in Disciplinary Procedure. Every teacher shall enjoy equitable
safeguards at each stage of any disciplinary procedure and shall have:
a. the right to be informed, in writing, of the charges;
b. the right to full access to the evidence in the case;
c. the right to defend himself and to be defended by a representative of
his choice and/or by his organization, adequate time being given to the
teacher for the preparation of his defense; and
d. the right to appeal to clearly designated authorities.
No publicity shall be given to any disciplinary action being taken against a
teacher during the pendency of his case.
Administrative Charges. Administrative charges against a teacher shall be
heard initially by a committee composed of the corresponding School Superintendent
of the Division or a duly authorized representative who should at least have the rank
of a division supervisor, where the teacher belongs, as chairman, a representative of
the local or, in its absence, any existing provincial or national teacher's organization
and a supervisor of the Division, the last two to be designated by the Director of
Public Schools. The committee shall submit its findings and recommendations to the
Director of Public Schools within thirty days from the termination of the
hearings:Provided, however, That where the school superintendent is the
complainant or an interested party, all the members of the committee shall be
appointed by the Secretary of Education.
No Discrimination. There shall be no discrimination whatsoever in entrance to
the teaching profession, or during its exercise, or in the termination of services,
based on other than professional consideration.
22. TEACHING PROFESSION 22
Married Teachers. Whenever possible, the proper authorities shall take all
steps to enable married couples, both of whom are public school teachers, to be
employed in the same locality.
Academic Freedom. Teachers shall enjoy academic freedom in the discharge
of their professional duties, particularly with regard to teaching and classroom
III. HOURS OF WORK AND REMUNERATION
Teaching Hours. Any teacher engaged in actual classroom instruction shall
not be required to render more than six hours of actual classroom teaching a day,
which shall be so scheduled as to give him time for the preparation and correction of
exercises and other work incidental to his normal teaching duties: Provided,however,
That where the exigencies of the service so require, any teacher may be required to
render more than six hours but not exceeding eight hours of actual classroom
teaching a day upon payment of additional compensation at the same rate as his
regular remuneration plus at least twenty-five per cent of his basic pay.
Additional Compensation. Notwithstanding any provision of existing law to the
contrary, co-curricula and out of school activities and any other activities outside of
what is defined as normal duties of any teacher shall be paid an additional
compensation of at least twenty-five per cent of his regular remuneration after the
teacher has completed at least six hours of actual classroom teaching a day.
In the case of other teachers or school officials not engaged in actual
classroom instruction, any work performed in excess of eight hours a day shall be
paid an additional compensation of at least twenty-five per cent of their regular
The agencies utilizing the services of teachers shall pay the additional
compensation required under this section. Education authorities shall refuse to allow
23. TEACHING PROFESSION 23
the rendition of services of teachers for other government agencies without the
assurance that the teachers shall be paid the remuneration provided for under this
Criteria for Salaries. Teacher's salaries shall correspond to the following
a. they shall compare favorably with those paid in other occupations
requiring equivalent or similar qualifications, training and abilities;
b. they shall be such as to insure teachers a reasonable standard of life
for themselves and their families; and
c. they shall be properly graded so as to recognize the fact that certain
positions require higher qualifications and greater responsibility than
others: Provided, however, That the general salary scale shall be such
that the relation between the lowest and highest salaries paid in the
profession will be of reasonable order. Narrowing of the salary scale
shall be achieved by raising the lower end of the salary scales relative
to the upper end.
Salary Scale. Salary scales of teachers shall provide for a gradual
progression from a minimum to a maximum salary by means of regular increments,
granted automatically after three years: Provided, That the efficiency rating of the
teacher concerned is at least satisfactory. The progression from the minimum to the
maximum of the salary scale shall not extend over a period of ten years.
Equality in Salary Scales. The salary scales of teachers whose salaries are
appropriated by a city, municipal, municipal district, or provincial government, shall
not be less than those provided for teachers of the National Government.
Cost of Living Allowance. Teacher's salaries shall, at the very least, keep
pace with the rise in the cost of living by the payment of a cost-of-living allowance
24. TEACHING PROFESSION 24
which shall automatically follow changes in a cost-of-living index. The Secretary of
Education shall, in consultation with the proper government entities, recommend to
Congress, at least annually, the appropriation of the necessary funds for the cost-of-
living allowances of teachers employed by the National Government. The
determination of the cost-of-living allowances by the Secretary of Education shall,
upon approval of the President of the Philippines, be binding on the city, municipal or
provincial government, for the purposes of calculating the cost-of-living allowances of
teachers under its employ.
Special Hardship Allowances. In areas in which teachers are exposed to
hardship such as difficulty in commuting to the place of work or other hazards
peculiar to the place of employment, as determined by the Secretary of Education,
they shall be compensated special hardship allowances equivalent to at least twenty-
five per cent of their monthly salary.
Salaries to be Paid in Legal Tender. Salaries of teachers shall be paid in legal
tender of the Philippines or its equivalent in checks or treasury
warrants. Provided, however, that such checks or treasury warrants shall be
cashable in any national, provincial, city or municipal treasurer's office or any
banking institutions operating under the laws of the Republic of the Philippines.
Deductions Prohibited. No person shall make any deduction whatsoever from
the salaries of teachers except under specific authority of law authorizing such
deductions: Provided, however, That upon written authority executed by the teacher
concerned, (1) lawful dues and fees owing to the Philippine Public School Teachers
Association, and (2) premiums properly due on insurance policies, shall be
25. TEACHING PROFESSION 25
IV. HEALTH MEASURES AND INJURY BENEFITS
Medical Examination and Treatment. Compulsory medical examination shall
be provided free of charge for all teachers before they take up teaching, and shall be
repeated not less than once a year during the teacher's professional life. Where
medical examination show that medical treatment and/or hospitalization is
necessary, same shall be provided free by the government entity paying the salary of
In regions where there is scarcity of medical facilities, teachers may obtain
elsewhere the necessary medical care with the right to be reimbursed for their
traveling expenses by the government entity concerned in the first paragraph of this
Compensation For Injuries. Teachers shall be protected against the
consequences of employment injuries in accordance with existing laws. The effects
of the physical and nervous strain on the teacher's health shall be recognized as a
compensable occupational disease in accordance with existing laws.
V. LEAVE AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS
Study Leave. In addition to the leave privileges now enjoyed by teachers in
the public schools, they shall be entitled to study leave not exceeding one school
year after seven years of service. Such leave shall be granted in accordance with a
schedule set by the Department of Education. During the period of such leave, the
teachers shall be entitled to at least sixty per cent of their monthly
salary: Provided, however, That no teacher shall be allowed to accumulate more
than one year study leave, unless he needs an additional semester to finish his
thesis for a graduate study in education or allied courses: Provided, further, That no
compensation shall be due the teacher after the first year of such leave. In all cases,
the study leave period shall be counted for seniority and pension purposes.
26. TEACHING PROFESSION 26
The compensation allowed for one year study leave as herein provided shall
be subject to the condition that the teacher takes the regular study load and passes
at least seventy-five per cent of his courses. Study leave of more than one year may
be permitted by the Secretary of Education but without compensation.
Indefinite Leave. An indefinite sick leave of absence shall be granted to
teachers when the nature of the illness demands a long treatment that will exceed
one year at the least.
Sec. 26. Salary Increase upon Retirement. Public school teachers having fulfilled the
age and service requirements of the applicable retirement laws shall be given one
range salary raise upon retirement, which shall be the basis of the computation of
the lump sum of the retirement pay and the monthly benefits thereafter.
VI. TEACHER'S ORGANIZATION
Freedom to Organize. Public school teachers shall have the right to freely and
without previous authorization both to establish and to join organizations of their
choosing, whether local or national to further and defend their interests.
Discrimination Against Teachers Prohibited. The rights established in the
immediately preceding Section shall be exercised without any interference or
coercion. It shall be unlawful for any person to commit any acts of discrimination
against teachers which are calculated to
a. make the employment of a teacher subject to the condition that he shall
not join an organization, or shall relinquish membership in an
b. to cause the dismissal of or otherwise prejudice a teacher by reason of
his membership in an organization or because of participation in
organization activities outside school hours, or with the consent of the
proper school authorities, within school hours, and
27. TEACHING PROFESSION 27
c. to prevent him from carrying out the duties laid upon him by his position
in the organization, or to penalize him for an action undertaken in that
National Teacher's Organizations. National teachers' organizations shall be
consulted in the formulation of national educational policies and professional
standards, and in the formulation of national policies governing the social security of
VII. ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Rules and Regulations. The Secretary of Education shall formulate and
prepare the necessary rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this Act.
Rules and regulations issued pursuant to this Section shall take effect thirty days
after publication in a newspaper of general circulation and by such other means as
the Secretary of Education deems reasonably sufficient to give interested parties
general notice of such issuance.
Budgetary Estimates. The Secretary of Education shall submit to Congress
annually the necessary budgetary estimates to implement the provisions of the Act
concerning the benefits herein granted to public school teachers under the employ of
the National Government.
Penal Provision. A person who shall wilfully interfere with, restrain or coerce
any teacher in the exercise of his rights guaranteed by this Act or who shall in any
other manner commit any act to defeat any of the provisions of this Act shall, upon
conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred pesos nor more than
one thousand pesos, or by imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.
If the offender is a public official, the court shall order his dismissal from the
28. TEACHING PROFESSION 28
Repealing Clause. All Acts or parts of Acts, executive orders and their
implementing rules inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed,
amended or modified accordingly.
Separability Clause. If any provision of this Act is declared invalid, the
remainder of this Act or any provisions not affected thereby shall remain in force and
This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Approved: June 18, 1966
29. TEACHING PROFESSION 29
CODE OF ETHICS FOR PROFESSIONAL TEACHERS
Pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (e), Article 11, of R.A. No. 7836,
otherwise known as the Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994
and paragraph (a), section 6, P.D. No. 223, as amended, the Board for
Professional Teachers hereby adopt the Code of Ethics for Professional
Teachers are duly licensed professionals who possess dignity and reputation with
high moral values as well as technical and professional competence in the practice
of their noble profession, and they strictly adhere to, observe, and practice this set of
ethical and moral principles, standards, and values.
Article I: Scope and Limitations
The Philippine Constitution provides that all educational institution shall offer
quality education for all competent teachers. Committed to its full realization, the
provision of this Code shall apply, therefore, to all teachers in schools in the
This Code covers all public and private school teachers in all educational
institutions at the preschool, primary, elementary, and secondary levels whether
academic, vocational, special, technical, or non-formal. The term “teacher” shall
include industrial arts or vocational teachers and all other persons performing
supervisory and /or administrative functions in all school at the aforesaid levels,
whether on full time or part-time basis.
Article II: The Teacher and the State
CODE OF ETHICS FOR
30. TEACHING PROFESSION 30
The schools are the nurseries of the future citizens of the state; each teacher
is a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is under
obligation to transmit to learners such heritage as well as to elevate national
morality, promote national pride, cultivate love of country, instil allegiance to the
constitution and for all duly constituted authorities, and promote obedience to the
laws of the state.
Every teacher or school official shall actively help carry out the declared
policies of the state, and shall take an oath to this effect.
In the interest of the State and of the Filipino people as much as of his own,
every teacher shall be physically, mentally and morally fit.
Every teacher shall possess and actualize a full commitment and devotion to
A teacher shall not engage in the promotion of any political, religious, or other
partisan interest, and shall not, directly or indirectly, solicit, require, collect, or receive
any money or service or other valuable material from any person or entity for such
Every teacher shall vote and shall exercise all other constitutional rights and
A teacher shall not use his position or official authority or influence to coerce
any other person to follow any political course of action.
31. TEACHING PROFESSION 31
Every teacher shall enjoy academic freedom and shall have privilege of
expounding the product of his researches and investigations; provided that, if the
results are inimical to the declared policies of the State, they shall be brought to the
proper authorities for appropriate remedial action.
Article III: The Teacher and the Community
A teacher is a facilitator of learning and of the development of the youth; he
shall, therefore, render the best service by providing an environment conducive to
such learning and growth.
Every teacher shall provide leadership and initiative to actively participate in
community movements for moral, social, educational, economic and civic
Every teacher shall merit reasonable social recognition for which purpose he
shall behave with honour and dignity at all times and refrain from such activities as
gambling, smoking, drunkenness, and other excesses, much less illicit relations.
Every teacher shall live for and with the community and shall, therefore, study
and understand local customs and traditions in order to have sympathetic attitude,
therefore, refrain from disparaging the community.
Every teacher shall help the school keep the people in the community
informed about the school’s work and accomplishments as well as its needs and
Every teacher is intellectual leader in the community, especially in the
barangay, and shall welcome the opportunity to provide such leadership when
needed, to extend counselling services, as appropriate, and to actively be involved in
matters affecting the welfare of the people.
32. TEACHING PROFESSION 32
Every teacher shall maintain harmonious and pleasant personal and official
relations with other professionals, with government officials, and with the people,
individually or collectively
A teacher possesses freedom to attend church and worships as appropriate,
but shall not use his positions and influence to proselyte others.
Article IV: A Teacher and the Profession
Every teacher shall actively insure that teaching is the noblest profession, and
shall manifest genuine enthusiasm and pride in teaching as a noble calling.
Every teacher shall uphold the highest possible standards of quality
education, shall make the best preparations for the career of teaching, and shall be
at his best at all times and in the practice of his profession.
Every teacher shall participate in the Continuing Professional Education
(CPE) program of the Professional Regulation Commission, and shall pursue such
other studies as will improve his efficiency, enhance the prestige of the profession,
and strengthen his competence, virtues, and productivity in order to be nationally
and internationally competitive.
Every teacher shall help, if duly authorized, to seek support from the school,
but shall not make improper misrepresentations through personal advertisements
and other questionable means.
Every teacher shall use the teaching profession in a manner that makes it
dignified means for earning a decent living.
Article V: The Teachers and the Profession
33. TEACHING PROFESSION 33
Teachers shall, at all times, be imbued with the spirit of professional loyalty,
mutual confidence, and faith in one another, self-sacrifice for the common good; and
full cooperation with colleagues. When the best interest of the learners, the school,
or the profession is at stake in any controversy, teachers shall support one another.
A teacher is not entitled to claim credit or work not of his own, and shall give
due credit for the work of others which he may use.
Before leaving his position, a teacher shall organize for whoever assumes the
position such records and other data as are necessary to carry on the work.
A teacher shall hold inviolate all confidential information concerning
associates and the school, and shall not divulge to anyone documents which has not
been officially released, or remove records from files without permission.
It shall be the responsibility of every teacher to seek correctives for what may
appear to be an unprofessional and unethical conduct of any associate. However,
this may be
done only if there is incontrovertible evidence for such conduct.
A teacher may submit to the proper authorities any justifiable criticism against
an associate, preferably in writing, without violating the right of the individual
A teacher may apply for a vacant position for which he is qualified; provided
that he respects the system of selection on the basis of merit and competence;
provided, further, that all qualified candidates are given the opportunity to be
Article VI: The Teacher and Higher Authorities in the Profession
Every teacher shall make it his duty to make an honest effort to understand
and support the legitimate policies of the school and the administration regardless of
personal feeling or private opinion and shall faithfully carry them out.
34. TEACHING PROFESSION 34
A teacher shall not make any false accusations or charges against superiors,
especially under anonymity. However, if there are valid charges, he should present
such under oath to competent authority.
A teacher shall transact all official business through channels except when
special conditions warrant a different procedure, such as when special conditions are
advocated but are opposed by immediate superiors, in which case, the teacher shall
appeal directly to the appropriate higher authority.
Every teacher, individually or as part of a group, has a right to seek redress
against injustice to the administration and to extent possible, shall raise grievances
within acceptable democratic possesses. In doing so, they shall avoid jeopardizing
the interest and the welfare of learners whose right to learn must be respected.
Every teacher has a right to invoke the principle that appointments,
promotions, and transfer of teachers are made only on the basis of merit and needed
in the interest of the service.
A teacher who accepts a position assumes a contractual obligation to live up to his
contract, assuming full knowledge of employment terms and conditions.
Article VII: School Officials, Teachers, and Other Personnel
All school officials shall at all times show professional courtesy, helpfulness
and sympathy towards teachers and other personnel, such practices being
standards of effective school supervision, dignified administration, responsible
leadership and enlightened directions.
School officials, teachers, and other school personnel shall consider it their
cooperative responsibility to formulate policies or introduce important changes in the
system at all levels.
35. TEACHING PROFESSION 35
School officials shall encourage and attend the professional growth of all
teachers under them such as recommending them for promotion, giving them due
recognition for meritorious performance, and allowing them to participate in
conferences in training programs.
No school officials shall dismiss or recommend for dismissal a teacher or
other subordinates except for cause.
School authorities concern shall ensure that public school teachers are
accordance with pertinent civil service rules, and private school teachers are issued
contracts specifying the terms and conditions of their work; provided that they are
given, if qualified, subsequent permanent tenure, in accordance with existing laws.
Article VIII: The Teachers and Learners
A teacher has a right and duty to determine the academic marks and the
promotions of learners in the subject or grades he handles, provided that such
determination shall be in accordance with generally accepted procedures of
evaluation and measurement. In case of any complaint, teachers concerned shall
immediately take appropriate actions, observing due process.
A teacher shall recognize that the interest and welfare of learners are of first
and foremost concern, and shall deal justifiably and impartially with each of them.
Under no circumstance shall a teacher be prejudiced or discriminate against a
A teacher shall not accept favours or gifts from learners, their parents or
others in their behalf in exchange for requested concessions, especially if
36. TEACHING PROFESSION 36
A teacher shall not accept, directly or indirectly, any remuneration from
tutorials other what is authorized for such service.
A teacher shall base the evaluation of the learner’s work only in merit and
quality of academic performance.
In a situation where mutual attraction and subsequent love develop between
teacher and learner, the teacher shall exercise utmost professional discretion to
avoid scandal,gossip and preferential treatment of the learner.
A teacher shall not inflict corporal punishment on offending learners nor make
deductions from their scholastic ratings as a punishment for acts which are clearly
not manifestation of poor scholarship.
A teacher shall ensure that conditions contribute to the maximum
development of learners are adequate, and shall extend needed assistance in
preventing or solving learner’s problems and difficulties.
Article IX: The Teachers and Parents
Every teacher shall establish and maintain cordial relations with parents, and
shall conduct himself to merit their confidence and respect.
Every teacher shall inform parents, through proper authorities, of the progress
and deficiencies of learner under him, exercising utmost candour and tact in pointing
out the learner's deficiencies and in seeking parent’s cooperation for the proper
guidance and improvement of the learners.
37. TEACHING PROFESSION 37
A teacher shall hear parent’s complaints with sympathy and understanding,
and shall discourage unfair criticism.
Article X: The Teacher and Business
A teacher has the right to engage, directly or indirectly, in legitimate income
generation; provided that it does not relate to or adversely affect his work as a
A teacher shall maintain a good reputation with respect to the financial
matters such as in the settlement of his debts and loans in arranging satisfactorily his
private financial affairs.
No teacher shall act, directly or indirectly, as agent of, or be financially interested in,
any commercial venture which furnish textbooks and other school commodities in the
purchase and disposal of which he can exercise official influence, except only when
his assignment is inherently, related to such purchase and disposal; provided they
shall be in accordance with the existing regulations; provided, further, that members
of duly recognized teachers
cooperatives may participate in the distribution and sale of such commodities.
Article XI: The Teacher as a Person
A teacher is, above all, a human being endowed with life for which it is the
highest obligation to live with dignity at all times whether in school, in the home, or
A teacher shall place premium upon self-discipline as the primary principle of
personal behaviour in all relationships with others and in all situations.
38. TEACHING PROFESSION 38
A teacher shall maintain at all times a dignified personality which could serve
as a model worthy of emulation by learners, peers and all others.
A teacher shall always recognize the Almighty God as guide of his own
destiny and of the destinies of men and nations.
Article XII: Disciplinary Actions
Any violation of any provision of this code shall be sufficient ground for the
imposition against the erring teacher of the disciplinary action consisting of
revocation of his Certification of Registration and License as a Professional Teacher,
suspension from the practice of teaching profession, or reprimand or cancellation of
his temporary/special permit under causes specified in Sec. 23, Article III or R.A. No.
7836, and under Rule 31, Article VIII, of the Rules and Regulations Implementing
Article XIII: Effectivity
This Code shall take effect upon approval by the Professional Regulation
Commission and after sixty (60) days following its publication in the Official Gazette
or any newspaper of general circulation, whichever is earlier.
39. TEACHING PROFESSION 39
National Competency-Based Teacher Standards -
Teachers’ Strengths and Needs Assessment (NCBTS-TSNA)
Basis of the NCBTS-TSNA
The Department of Education is presently pursuing a package of policy
reforms that seeks to improve the quality of basic education. These policy reforms
are expected to create the critical changes necessary to further accelerate, broaden,
deepen and sustain the improved education effort already started. This package of
policy reforms is referred to as the Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda
One key element in the reform agenda is the establishment of the National
Competency-Based Teacher Standards (NCBTS). This is a framework that identifies
the competency standards for teacher performance so that teachers, learners and
stakeholders are able to appreciate the complex set of behaviours, attitudes and
skills that each teacher must possess in order to carry out the satisfactory
performance of their roles and responsibilities.
In response to the need for an instrument that identifies the professional
strengths and development needs of the teachers, the NCBTS -TSNA was
developed and validated through the AusAID-funded Project Strengthening the
Implementation of Basic Education in Selected Provinces in the Visayas (STRIVE).
This initiative was undertaken in coordination with the Educational Development
Project Implementing Task Force (EDPITAF) and Regions VI, VII and VIII, Divisions
of Negros Occidental, Bohol/Tagbilaran and Northern Samar, and further validated
by the Teacher Education Development Program-Technical Working Group (TEDP-
TWG) at the national level.
NATIONAL COMPETENCY-BASED TEACHER
Teachers’ Strengths and Needs Assessment
NCBTS – TSNA
40. TEACHING PROFESSION 40
The NCBTS- TSNA System Framework
The NCBTS-TSNA adopts the TDNA System Framework. The process
determines the differences between the actual situation (what is) and the desired
condition (what should be) in terms of teacher professional competencies. In the
NCBTS-TSNA, the actual situation is described by the current competencies as
perceived by the teacher. The profile of the teacher’s current competencies is
compared to the NCBTS standards for effective teaching. This NCBTS-TSNA,
therefore, identifies both the competency strengths and needs as a result of
determining the difference between the expected and the current teacher’s
competencies. These competencies are translated in terms of Knowledge, Skills,
and Attitudes (KSAs) that actually define the domains, strands and performance
indicators of the NCBTS.
As in the TDNA Framework, the NCBTS-TSNA involves three essential
stages of strengths and needs analysis: Phase I (Job Analysis for Effective
Performance) is actually done by analyzing nationally set teacher standards in
behavioral terms or by identifying effective teaching competencies. The DepED
Central Office and Regional Offices are tasked to do this phase of the TSNA
process. Phase II (Individual Training Needs Analysis) is the instrumentation to
determine the current teacher competency levels in KSA terms which is done by the
individual teacher at the school level. Phase III (Strengths-Needs analysis) is the
analysis of the discrepancies between the standards set and the current teachers’
data on their competencies. Minimal discrepancies indicate strengths while big
discrepancies indicate learning needs. The consolidation of results is carried out at
the school, cluster, District, Division or Region level for their respective purposes
related to identifying teacher training and development needs.
An important aspect of the NCBTS-TSNA process is the utilization of its
results that will serve as inputs in the preparation of Individual Plan for Professional
Development (IPPD) and in designing programs and activities for teachers at the
school, district and division levels. The consolidated NCBTS-TSNA results at the
school, division, and regional level inform the School Improvement Plan (SIP), the
Division Education Development Plan (DEDP) and the Regional Education
Development Plan (REDP), with respect to the plans for professional development at
the school, division and the regional levels.
41. TEACHING PROFESSION 41
When established, the NCBTS-TSNA system ensures that “teachers routinely
use CBTS in making self-assessments of their current practices to identify their
individual development needs, and that school heads, division and regional offices
also routinely use CBTS in identifying teacher performance factors that affect school-
wide learning outcomes” (BESRA PIP, 2006 Version (PIP V.1, p. 21).The framework
is illustrated below.
Purpose of the NCBTS-TSNA
To realize the provision of quality Professional Development of Teachers, the
NCBTS-TSNA is conducted to gather data on the competency strengths and needs
of teachers that serve to inform the design and conduct of continuing training and
development programs for the improvement of teaching-learning practice.
Specifically, the NCBTS-TSNA intends to:
1. Determine the competency strengths and learning needs in terms of KSAs of
individual teachers vis-à-vis the standards set by the NCBTS in the seven
42. TEACHING PROFESSION 42
2. Consolidate the NCBTS-TSNA results at the school, district, division, and
Based on the purpose stated above, the NCBTS-TSNA is expected to yield the
following specific outputs:
A. At the individual level:
An Individual Teacher Summary of NCBTS-TSNA Results indicating the
strengths and learning needs in each of the seven domains and 23 strands.
B. At the school level:
Consolidated NCBTS-TSNA results that reflect the general strengths and
learning needs of the teachers in the school
C. At the cluster/district /division/region level:
Consolidated NCBTS-TSNA results of participating school teachers in a given
The NCBTS and the KSAs Developed for the NCBTS-TSNA
The NCBTS-TSNA tool is anchored on the NCBTS Framework set by the
Department of Education. This contains seven integrated domains for effective
teaching which are:
Domain 1–Social Regard for Learning;
Domain 2–Learning Environment;
Domain 3–Diversity of Learners;
Domain 5– Planning, Assessing and Reporting;
Domain 6–Community Linkages; and
Domain 7–Personal Growth and Professional Development.
43. TEACHING PROFESSION 43
Each domain has its corresponding strands and each strand has performance
indicators. A total of seven domains, 23 strands and 80 performance indicators make
up the NCBTS competency standards set by the DepED.
The domains, strands and performance indicators were translated to specific
KSAs to compose the NCBTS-TSNA Tool with 270 KSAs in the various clusters as
described in the table below:
The NCBTS-TSNA Tool content and methodology were validated by various
groups at different levels across Regions VI, VII, and VIII and at the Central Office
level. The validation process involved the following:
1) Preliminary Content Validation: The validation group included the STRIVE2
Project Component Team composed of 34 educators with 4 Regional
Supervisors, 6 Division Supervisors, 22 Principals, 1 Administrative Officer V
(former HRMO3), and 1 District ALS Coordinator. The process reduced the
original 375 items to 260 items.
Domain 1: Social Regard for Learning 2 5 18
Domain 2: Learning Environment 5 17 59
Domain 3: Diversity of Learners 1 8 27
Domain 4: Curriculum 7 22 78
Domain 5: Planning, Assessing and
4 12 40
Domain 6: Community Linkages 1 6 18
Domain 7: Personal and Professional
3 10 30
Total -7 Domains 23 80 270
44. TEACHING PROFESSION 44
2) Region, and Division Level Content Validation: Six Regional Education
Division Chiefs; 16 Division Supervisors; 13 District Supervisors; 27 School
Heads, 27 Elementary School Master Teachers and 27 High School Master
Teachers were selected to review the tool for content and language used.
They submitted their comments and marginal notes for the refinement of the
3) Field Process Validation: Sixty In-service Teachers were asked to respond to
the tool with two versions. Thirty (30) teachers used the manual version and
30 teachers used the electronic version. Results showed that it was more
efficient to complete the electronic version. Time spent in accomplishing both
versions were recorded to be on average two hours for the manual and one
hour for the electronic. There were refinements done for the electronic tool
related to the programming of results per domain and strand.
4) Validation by six of the STRIVE project’s Technical Advisers: TDNA and SBM
Adviser, the National and International T&D Advisers, the National and
International ICT Advisers and the SBM-QAAF Adviser. There was a
recommendation to include items specific to ICT competencies submitted by
the LRMDS Advisers. The ICT4E standards were studied and ten items were
added to the four original items tocompose the ICT “domain”. This made the
total of items 270 in all.
5) Experts’ Validation at the Central Office Level: The TEDP who was
responsible in formulating the NCBTS was consulted to review the tool. The
TEDP group included: the Director of the Teacher Education Council (TEC), a
Professor and former Vice-President for Academics of West Visayas State
University, the Associate College Dean of Arts and Sciences of the University
of the Philippines, the College Dean of Centro Escolar University and National
President of PAFTE, a School Head and the President of NAPSSHI, a School
Head and President of PESPA, and a SPED specialist and Assistant Chief of
the Bureau of Elementary Education. Together with the T&D Team and the
ICT and T&D Technical Advisers, they reviewed the manual and thoroughly
45. TEACHING PROFESSION 45
inspected the 270 items, item by item. As a result, further refinements were
incorporated to the Tool. Additionally, the TEDP expressed appreciation for
the developed NCBTS tool and for the addition of a set of 14 items that
composed an “ICT domain”.
6) Presentation of the Guide and Tools to a national group of teacher educators:
Comments and points for refinement were gathered from the participants of
the First National Conference of Centers of Training Institutions, attended by
Heads and Deans of 82 Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs), including a few
RDs, ARDs, and SDSs, held at the Development Academy of the Philippines,
Tagaytay City. Points considered for the improvement of the Guide and tool
were the inclusion of the PSDS’s to be co-responsible with the School Heads
for the administration of the NCBTS Tool to teachers in their clusters, the
inclusion of an item for guided reflection as a competency, reconsideration of
the length of the Tool, among others.
7) Preparation of the NCBTS-TSNA Orientation Package: In the course of doing
the steps mentioned above, there was a clear recognition that teachers must
have an adequate understanding of the NCBTS Framework and the standard
competencies that are expected from them before the NCBTS needs
assessment process is done. To address this need, the T&D Team developed
a resource package that aimed to orient the implementers such as the ES,
PSDS and School Heads and NCBTS Coordinators on the BESRA and the
NCBTS. The NCBTS-TSNA Orientation Package, which consists of a series
of Structured Learning Episodes (SLEs), was also to be conducted to
teachers prior to the initial administration of the NCBTS-TSNA Tool.
8) Process Try-out of the NCBTS-TSNA Guide and Tools, including the NCBTS-
TSNA Orientation Package: The NCBTS-TSNA system, procedures were
tried out in a one-school sample that involved all the teachers and the School
Head of the Tabalong National High School, Dauis, Division of Bohol. The
content and processes of conducting the SLEs, the tool administration,
scoring, individual and school consolidation profiling, and the M&E
mechanisms were tried with 33 teachers. Refinements were done following
46. TEACHING PROFESSION 46
the try-out based on the observations of the T&D Team and feedback from
the teacher respondents. The Pilot Version of the NCBTS-TSNA Guide and
Tools, and NCBTS-TSNA-Orientation Package was then prepared for a
bigger sample of schools.
9) Division Pilot-Test of the NCBTS-TSNA Guide and Tools, including the
NCBTS-TSNA Orientation Package: The pilot-testing of the NCBTS-TSNA
system using the NCBTS-TSNA Guide and Tools and the NCBTS-TSNA
Orientation Package was done in the 300 pilot schools in the Divisions of
Bohol, Negros Occidental and Northern Samar. This expanded to include the
six hundred twenty (620) non-pilot schools in the division of Negros
Occidental. Technical reports were developed to document the process and
were the basis for the finalization of the NCBTS-TSNA Guide and Tool and
NCBTS-TSNA Orientation Package. This was turned-over to the central office
which further validated the Guide and Tools and the Orientation package to
six regions outside the STRIVE sites.
10)Finalization of the NCBTS-TSNA Guide and Tool and NCBTS-TSNA
Orientation Package: Based on the national validation conducted by the
TEDP-TWG in Luzon and Mindanao, further revisions were made such as the
renaming of the package to NCBTS-TSNA (Teachers Strengths and Needs
Assessment), the clustering of 10 ICT items under a new STRAND (4.7),
addition of a performance indicator on ICT (4.7.1). The 10 of the 14 ICT items
found in different strands in the original tool were selected and finally
classified under this performance indicator and ICT strand.
2. Establishment of Regional and Division TDNA-Working Groups
The Regional and Division TDNA Working Groups (TDNA-WGs) may be
convened to take responsibility for the management of the NCBTS-TSNA
process. The Regional TDNA-WG members (representing the elementary and
the secondary levels who are preferably Education Supervisors), would be
designated by the Regional Director. The Division TDNA-WG is organized by the
Schools Division Superintendent (SDS). Both Regional and Division TDNA-WG
47. TEACHING PROFESSION 47
members are chosen based on experiences in assessment and in the training of
teachers. Chairs and Co-Chairs may be assigned to lead the working groups.
TDNA-WG Roles and Responsibilities
The TDNA-WG’s have overall responsibility for the management of the
NCBTS-TSNA process. They should be familiar with the process for orienting groups
of School Heads with their NCBTS Coordinators at the cluster/district level on the
process for conducting the NCBTS-TSNA, and ensure they are then able to
administer the tools to the teachers at the school level. The TDNA-WG members
are expected to play a key role in the preparation, administration, monitoring, data
consolidation and reporting the results of the NCBTS-TSNA. The general flow of
processes related to the NCBTS-TSNA across the Regional, Division/District and
School levels is seen in the diagram below.
NCBTS- TSNA Structural Process Flow
Note: The Orientation Package only needs to be delivered when first
introducing the NCBTS-TSNA.
RD issues memo
SDS instructs the TDNA-
WG to commence the
NCBTS- TSNA for teachers,
specifying among others,
structure, functions, and
Div TDNA-WG monitors
Reg & Div TDNA-WG
and conduct a walkthrough
of the NCBTS-TSNA
in hard copy or
SDS submits NCBTS-TSNA
report to RD
meets with Div
orient and plan
SH and NCBTS
48. TEACHING PROFESSION 48
Roles and Responsibilities to Support the Orientation on the NCBTS-TSNA
To support and monitor the Division in the implementation of the NCBTS-
TSNA Orientation and the administration of the NCBTS-TSNA Tool
To attend an orientation on the National Competency-Based Teacher
Standards and the Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment Tool
To provide assistance to Lead School Heads in coordinating clusters to meet
to undertake an orientation on the National Competency-Based Teacher
Standards and the Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment Tool
To assist in generating resources for the Division NCBTS-TSNA activities
To actively support School Heads and NCBTS Coordinators in the conduct of
the orientation of all teachers regarding the NCBTS
To actively support School Heads and NCBTS Coordinators in the
administration of the NCBTS-TSNA Tool to all teachers
To support the consolidation of the results of the teacher NCBTS-TSNA at the
school level and the incorporation of findings into School Improvement
Plans(SIP) and School Plans for Professional Development (SPPD)
To consolidate district NCBTS-TSNA results and incorporate findings into
plans for District level training
To monitor and evaluate the conduct of the orientation and administration on
To give feedback and recommendation on the conduct of orientation and
administration of the NCBTS-TSNA
Lead School Heads
To orient all School Heads and NCBTS Coordinators within their cluster to the
National Competency-Based Teacher Standards and the Teachers Strengths
and Needs Assessment Tool
49. TEACHING PROFESSION 49
To assist Schools Heads in identifying/organizing different working groups for
the school level orientation on the National Competency-Based Teacher
Standards and the Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment Tool
Support schools within their clusters with resources to support the NCBTS-
TSNA Orientation and the electronic consolidation of NCBTS-TSNA results
To attend an orientation on the National Competency-Based Teacher
Standards and the Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment Tool
To identify/organize different working groups for the orientation on the
National Competency-Based Teacher Standards and the Teachers Strengths
and Needs Assessment Tool
To orient all teaching staff within their school on the National Competency-
Based Teacher Standards
To administer the NCBTS-TSNA Tool to all teachers within their school
To consolidate the school level NCBTS-TSNA results electronically
To identify the strengths and needs of teachers based on the NCBTS-TSNA
To submit consolidated NCBTS-TSNA Results to the District Supervisor and
the Division TDNA-WG
To attend an orientation on the National Competency-Based Teacher
Standards and the Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment
To assist the School Head to orient all teaching staff within their school on the
National Competency-Based Teacher Standards
To assist the School Head in the administration of the NCBTS-TSNA to all
teachers within their school
To assist in the electronic consolidation of the school level NCBTS-TSNA
50. TEACHING PROFESSION 50
Attend an orientation on the National Competency-Based Teacher Standards
and the Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment Tool
To read and reflect on every item of NCBTS-TSNA Tool
To answer every item based on an honest assessment of oneself to inform
future professional development activities
Complete a Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment including the
development of an Individual Teacher Summary of NCBTS-TSNA Results
To use the results in developing an Individual Plan for Professional
Criteria for the Selection of School NCBTS Coordinators
The orientation on the National Competency-Based Teacher Standards and
the Teachers Strengths and Needs Assessment to teachers in all schools is the
responsibility of the School Heads and their respective NCBTS School Coordinators.
The designation of the NCBTS School Coordinator is at the discretion of the School
Head taking into consideration the following criteria.
NCBTS Coordinator should have:
at least 3 years of teaching experience;
knowledge and experience in facilitating training activities;
computer skills in Word, Excel and PowerPoint;
good communication and leadership skills;
willingness and commitment in completing NCBTS related tasks to support
on-going teacher development.
3. Orientation of Supervisors, School Heads and NCBTS School Coordinators
The principle of school-based management empowers the School Heads to
provide instructional leadership and therefore in order for them to support
teachers, School Heads must be aware of the framework of the NCBTS that
defines the concept of effective teaching. In addition, School Heads can only
effectively support the professional development of the teachers when they have
51. TEACHING PROFESSION 51
the first-hand information about the training and development needs of teachers.
School Heads and Schools Supervisors need to be oriented so they are
knowledgeable of the NCBTS and the features of the NCBTS-TSNA tool and its
proper administration and results utilization if they are to provide effective
The Division TDNA-WG is responsible for the orientation of all School
Supervisors and School Heads with their respective NCBTS School Coordinators
on the NCBTS and the TSNA. The NCBTS-TSNA Orientation Package serves
as a guide and resource for the introduction of the NCBTS and the initial
administration of the self-assessment tool. The package with accompanying
resource materials is designed for knowledge building and advocacy on the
NCBTS and for the transfer of the technology to conduct NCBTS-TSNA to the
School Heads. The package can also be used to provide teacher beneficiaries
with a deep understanding of the NCBTS and its relationship to in-service
teachers’ professional development and to introduce the NCBTS-TSNA tool, with
consideration of the tool’s proper administration with teachers and how results
can be utilized.
The NCBTS-TSNA Orientation Package aims to:
enhance implementers’ understanding of BESRA and the significance of
teacher development in achieving its goals;
introduce the NCBTS and its relevance to teacher in-service development;
deepen implementers’ understanding of the seven domains, strands and
performance indicators of the NCBTS;
introduce the NCBTS-TSNA Tool and consider guidelines for its
prepare School Heads, NCBTS Coordinators and Supervisors to implement
the NCBTS-TSNA to teachers.
The NCBTS-TSNA Orientation Package consists of resource materials for the
conduct of orientation of the NCBTS to those responsible for implementing the
52. TEACHING PROFESSION 52
NCBTS-TSNA (e.g. School heads, NCBTS Coordinators and Supervisors) as well as
to teachers. There are five Structured Learning Episodes (SLEs). Each SLE sets out
the specific key understanding to be developed, the specific learning objectives to be
achieved, the recommended duration, and the detailed description of the procedural
flow of the session e.g. the core activities to be delivered. Accompanying
PowerPoint’s and handouts are included in the package.
The content of the SLEs and corresponding elements are summarized in the matrix
SLEs/Title Objectives Key Understandings
1. Understand the
objectives of the
2. Define and
3. Identify the
4. Appreciate the
value of sharing
An understanding of the
objectives of the NCBTS-
TSNA orientation will ensure
participants are aware of the
purpose for the training.
expectations will ensure
participants and facilitators
are working towards the
A set of ‘House Rules’ will
support the smooth conduct
of the training.
KRT 2 and
1. Discuss the
2. Understand how
the KRTs of
BESRA lead to
the attainment of
EFA goals and
Basic Education Reform
Agenda (BESRA) is a
package of policy reforms
expected to create the
critical changes necessary to
accelerate, broaden, deepen
and sustain the improved
education effort already
started by the Department of
- Handout on
53. TEACHING PROFESSION 53
3. Understand how
vision can be
To achieve the desired
educational outcomes for all
Filipinos, BESRA focuses on
specific policy action within
five Key Reform Thrusts
(KRTs) including KRT2
As the instructional leader of
the school, the School Head
should support, encourage
and motivate the teachers’
NCBTS – A
Guide for all
1. Explain the
features of the
2. Explain the
the NCBTS and
its target users
3. Discuss the use
of the NCBTS
and how it can
4. Appreciate the
value of the
The NCBTS is an integrated
theoretical framework that
defines the different
dimensions of effective
teaching, where effective
teaching means being able
to help all types of students
achieve the various learning
goals in the curriculum.
The NCBTS provides a clear
guide for all teacher
development programs and
projects from school level up
to the national level.
Various stakeholders and
institutions use the NCBTS
in their roles to maintain
quality education through
effective teaching and
- Handout on the
54. TEACHING PROFESSION 54
A Closer Look
1. Define the
3. Appreciate the
value of NCBTS
The NCBTS defines seven
domains within which
teachers can develop
professionally. The seven
domains are closely
connected to each other in
very meaningful ways, and
that the seven domains are
best understood as
constituting an integrated
The seven domains can be
classified into two broad
categories. The first
category can further be
divided into two sub-
1. Domains that relate to
the teacher as a
facilitator of learning
(Domains 2 to 6)
1.1: Domains on
related to the technical
aspect of the teaching
and learning processes
(Domains 3, 4 and 5)
1.2: Domains on
teaching practices that
embed the learning
process in an
List of NCBTS
55. TEACHING PROFESSION 55
(Domains 2 & 6)
2. Domains that relate to
the teacher as a learner
(Domain 1 & 7)
of the NCBTS -
1. Be familiar
with the NCBTS-
TSNA Tool and
the guidelines for
2. Practice the
and profiling of
TSNA Tool (hard
the importance of
TSNA Tool in the
The NCBTS-TSNA tool is
anchored on the NCBTS
Framework set by the
Department of Education.
This contains the seven
integrated domains for
The domains, strands and
performance indicators are
translated to specific
Knowledge, Skills, and
Attitudes (KSAs) to compose
the NCBTS-TSNA Tool with
District Supervisors, School
Heads and their respective
become the “Implementers”
of the NCBTS-TSNA across
the schools within their
The NCBTS-TSNA Tool is
available in an electronic
format with an auto-scoring
system or in hard copy with
a separate answer sheet
- Teacher Profile
of TSNA Tool
56. TEACHING PROFESSION 56
and Individual Teacher’s
The Individual Teacher’s
Summary Template is used
for the development of the
1. Make a plan
for cluster and
made on the
An Action Plan will support
the implementation of the
NCBTS-TSNA at the cluster
and school level
An action plan should be
complete and doable.
An action plan should suit
the cluster/school setting.
An action plan should be
- Action Plan
The package can be accessed through the Training Development Information
System (TDIS) which is an element of the Enhanced Basic Education Information
System (EBEIS) at http://beis.deped.gov.ph/ or through the Learning Resource
Management and Development System (LRMDS) Portal at
4. Schools-Cluster NCBTS-TSNA Implementation
Schools within the Division are expected to form clusters. Each cluster
should designate a Leader School. Leader School Heads and their respective
NCBTS Coordinators become the “Implementers” of the NCBTS-TSNA across
the schools within their clusters. School Heads from within each cluster are
57. TEACHING PROFESSION 57
convened to go through parallel knowledge building and to conduct the NCBTS-
TSNA for their own teachers. The District Supervisors will take the role of guiding
and monitoring the NCBTS-TSNA orientation and administration procedures
within the cluster or district.
The Electronic and Hard Copy Versions of the NCBTS-TSNA Tool
The NCBTS-TSNA Tool is a self-assessment procedure that is introduced by
the School Head/NCBTS Coordinator through an orientation process in order for the
teacher-respondents to see its importance and thus reflectively respond to the tool.
The NCBTS-TSNA Tool is available in an electronic format with an auto-scoring
system, or in a hard copy with a separate scoring and results summary template. If
the electronic version is used, each teacher responds to the NCBTS-TSNA tool from
a file installed on a common computer in the school. It takes approximately one-and-
a-half hours to accomplish the instrument, although no time limit should be imposed.
The scores and individual profile of the teacher in the seven domains with the
corresponding strands are electronically generated instantly upon completion of the
instrument. All schools are encouraged to use the e-version of the tool for easy
profiling and consolidation.
Schools that have no access to the technology required for use of the e-
version of the NCBTS-TSNA tool, or where teachers are not computer literate, may
use the hard copy version for implementation. The hard copy version takes
approximately 2 hours to accomplish plus one hour for scoring and developing an
individual teacher results summary. The hard copy version can be found in
Attachment 1 along with the separate Answer Sheet, a Teacher Profile and an
Individual Teacher’s Summary of NCBTS-TSNA Results Template.
To support school, district and division level consolidation of the NCBTS-
TSNA results, it is recommended that the School Head, with the assistance of the
NCBTS Coordinator, ensure that all hard copies of teachers NCBTS-TSNA results
are entered into the electronic version of the tool.
It should be noted that DepED Central has distributed the NCBTS Tool Kit for the
TSNA and IPPD which contains the Teacher’s Profile, the NCBTS-TSNA Tool, the
58. TEACHING PROFESSION 58
Answer Sheet and the Individual Results Template to all regions and divisions with
the expectation that all teachers would be provided with a copy.
Self-Administration of the NCBTS-TSNA Tool
The NCBTS- TSNA Responses
The instrument contains clusters of KSAs specific to a particular performance
indicator with a common stem: “At what level do I…” Considering that the NCBTS-
TSNA tool is intended for self-assessment and not for performance ratings, the
responses to the items are expressed qualitatively i.e. High (H), Satisfactory (S), Fair
(F), and Low (L). However, quantitative data are easier to interpret and relied upon
for decisions, thus, in the response analysis, the numerical equivalent is assigned for
each descriptor; H - 4; S - 3; F - 2; L - 1.
The reference codes presented below guides the respondent in registering
her/his self-assessment for each KSA:
Code of Competency
H- (High) I am very competent in the KSA and this is not my
priority training need
S- (Satisfactory) I am competent in the KSA but I would benefit from
F-(Fair) I am fairly competent in the KSA but need further
L- (Low) I have low competence in the KSA and require
59. TEACHING PROFESSION 59
Upon completion of the instrument, the respondent using the electronic
version can automatically generate his/her Summary of NCBTS-TSNA Results. The
Summary of NCBS-TSNA Results Template is in printable format and each teacher
is advised to print a copy for her/his own record. An interpretation of the results for
each domain and strand is also provided.
For the hard copy version, the steps for scoring and summarizing the results are:
A. Scoring is completed on the individual answer sheet.
1. Get the equivalent score for each KSA using the numerical equivalent for
the descriptor of the response e.g. H - 4; S - 3; F - 2; L - 1. Do this per
cluster of KSAs in a particular performance indicator (e.g. for Box 1.1.1 or
Box 1.1.2 and so on)
2. Compute the sum of the scores for each cluster of KSAs. Write the sub-
scores on the cells beside each cluster in the last column.
3. Compute the sum of all the scores within each Strand (S). Write the sub-
score on the cell beside each strand.
4. Compute the sum of all the S’s within each Domain. Write the sub-scores
on the cell beside each Domain.
B. Transfer all the sub-scores for the Strands and Domains to the Individual
Teachers Summary of NCBTS-TSNA Results Template. Use the row for Raw
1. Compute the percentage score for each of the sub-scores by dividing the
raw score by the highest possible score (HPS).
2. Plot the percentage scores on the bar graph provided in the template.
Interpretation of the NCBTS-TSNA Results
Upon completion of the NCBTS-TSNA Tool, an obtained score whether an
average of the domain or strand is interpreted using the appropriate indices in the
60. TEACHING PROFESSION 60
Range Description of the Level of Teaching Competence
(Referred to as Teacher Professional Development Index
inDepED NCBTS-TSNA Primer)
3.51- 4.00 87.51 - 100% Expert
Very competent and can support other teachers’
Teacher has almost all the competencies for effective
teaching at high level. These are the identified strengths.
Strengths have to be sustained and enhanced; however
professional development needs have to be continuously
2.51-3.50 62.51 -
Competent in the KSA but would benefit from further
training and development
Teacher has the majority of the competencies at high
level for effective teaching. Strengths have to be
enhanced. Training and development needs have to be
1.51-2.50 37.51 –
Fairly competent in KSA and need further training and
Teacher has average of all the competencies at high level
of effective teaching. These strengths have to be
enhanced; however, training needs have to be addressed
61. TEACHING PROFESSION 61
1.00-1.50 25.00 –
Lacking competence in the KSA and require urgent
training and development
Teacher has very few of the competencies at high level
for effective teaching. Training needs have to be given
priority and addressed urgently*.
*Description used in the DepED NCBTS-TSNA Primer and NCBTS Toolkit
Consolidation of NCBTS-TSNA Results
As a component of the Training and Development Information System (TDIS)
a database was developed to support the consolidation of the NCBTS-TSNA results.
The TDNA Consolidation Database allows schools to upload their electronic versions
of the accomplished NCBTS-TSNA tool and automatically generate individual
teacher and school level results. An individual summary result as well as a school
profile can be generated identifying a single teacher’s or a school’s strengths and
priority training and development needs according to the NCBTS domains and
strands. Data can be analyzed and used to inform the teacher’s development of an
Individual Professional Development Plan (IPPD) and the School Plan for
Professional Development (SPPD).
Similarly, the database can be used to support the consolidation and analysis
of NCBTS-TSNA results at the district, division and regional level.
The TDNA Database at the school and district level is a stand alone database
that does not require access to the internet. The database can be obtained from the
Division along with an accompanying TDNA Consolidation Database Manual. The
TDNA database that supports the Division and Regional consolidation of data is
linked to the web-based TDIS and can be accessed through the EBEIS at
School Heads, supported by their NCBTS Coordinators are responsible for
the management of the database at the school level. The Division will be responsible