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Massachusetts Bay Colony
✣ The location of the Colony
✣ Three geographic areas
✣ The establishment of the Massachusetts Bay
✣ First exploratory in 1498
✣ In 1620 the Mayflower ship transported 102
✣ Origin of the Name
✣ Massachusetts Nickname
✣ Names meaning
✣ Natural resources
✣ The social status of these people
✣ The Native American Indians of Massachusetts
✣ He was one of the leading figures in the founding of the Colony
✣ led the first large wave of immigrants from England in 1630
✣ His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan "city upon a
hill" dominated New England colonial development.
Climate & Geology
✣ Colonists in the New England colonies endured
bitterly cold winters and mild summers.
✣ According to the documents Black Death rates in
Massachusetts were twice as whites.
✣ Race slavery was not feasible on a large scale
✣ Cold winters reduced the spread of disease.
✣ Land was flat close to the coastline but became
hilly and mountainous farther inland.
✣ Soil was generally rocky, making farming difficult.
✣ Pilgrims came for religious freedom and
✣ They did not tolerate any other form of religion
✣ The Puritans of Massachusetts rejected of those
✣ Very strict rules
✣ Town centered around the church
✣ No celebrations of holidays/weddings
✣ Heavy emphasis on reading the Bible, so education
✣ Religious freedom was virtually non-existent
✣ Anyone who believed differently could be
✣ Colonial Massachusetts
became a Charter Colony
✣ The charter established the
rules of government
✣ John Haynes was elected as
the first Governor
✣ The Governor of Colonial
Massachusetts held the
✣Basketball was invented in 1891
by James Naismith in Springfield.
✣Volleyball was invented in 1895
by William Morgan in Holyoke.
✣The Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (MIT) invented the
first computer in Cambridge in
✣The first public school system
was founded in Boston in 1635
✣The first American lighthouse
was built in the Boston Harbor
✣Harvard University was
founded in 1636
The male was the head of the house hold
Women did not have the vote and could not, in most cases,
Their opportunities were severely restricted.
Some practiced a trade, such as blacksmithing or printing,
but almost none made a name in business.
Women were in great demand, not only as companions or
to satisfy sexual appetites, but as partners in the enterprise
The History of Massachusetts, Volume I; Thomas Hutchinson; 1764
The Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company; Barbara A. Moe; 2003
Disguised as the Devil: A History of Lyme Disease and Witch Accusations; M. M.
Politics and Religion in the United States; Michael Corbett, Julia Corbett-Hemeyer, J.
Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History : Rare and Unusual Maps;
Vincent Virga, Dan Spinella; 2011
Building the Bay Colony: Local Economy and Culture in Early Massachusetts; James
E. McWilliams; 2007
Encyclopedia Britannica: Massachusetts Bay Colony:
Citizen Information Service: Historical Sketch: