EMPOWERMENT:-It refers to increasing
the spiritual, political, social, educational
or gender strength of individual and
Increasing the spiritual, political, social or
economic strength of individuals and
communities and often involves developing
confidence in one’s own capacities.
It is ability of women to
exercise full control over
Women empowerment is to
empowering the women to
participate fully in economic
life across all sectors.
1)Welfare:- Welfare means an
improvement in social economic status,
such as improved nutritional status,
shelter & income. Here it is a Zero level of
2)Access to resource:- Access to resource
& services stands for the first level of
empowerment. Since women improve their
own status by their own work &
3) Conscientization:- It is define as the
process by which women collectively
urge to act to remove one or more
discriminatory practice that impact their
access to resources.
Here women form groups to
understand the cause of their problem &
to identify strategy for action for gender
4) Mobilization:- It is the action level of
empowerment by forming links with
large women’s movement & to connect
with wider network.
5) Control:- It is the level of
empowerment when women have taken
action so that there is gender equality in
decision making over access of
resources, so the women achieve direct
control over their resources.
Social & economical development.
Income generating activities.
Vocational training programme
Skill developing programme
International women day
(IWD),originally called international
working women’s day. It is celebrated
on 8 March (1914) . The main aim
behind this international women’s day
is to empower the women. This day is
an official holiday in Afghanistan,
Angola and Armenia and some other
countries but not in India.
REPRODUCTIVE AND CHILD HEALTH
SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM
INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICE
Government has passed many laws so as
to empower the women. The rules have
empowered them socially, economically,
Not only the Government but
various non Government organisation
have done a lot so as to improve the
status of women in our society.
Mahatma Gandhi gives
statement “ If you educate a men you
educate an individual but if you educate a
women you educate an entire family”.
Girls should be motivated to take up
higher education. Universal education
for all below 14years should be strictly
3)Occupation:- Women should be
allowed to work & should be provided
enough safety & support to work.
4)Political:- Increased the
participation of Women in the political
system. In Panchayat Raj system where
Women have been given representation
as a sign of political empowerment.
5) Tamil Nadu GOVERNMENT:-
Mahalir Thittam is based on self health
groups (SHG) approach & is implemented
in partnership with non Government
organization & community based
TOP NINE INTERVENTION FOR
1) Gender analysis:- Women should be
allowed only to do work that enable her
to develop her skill, power & income. No
extra burden should be put on Women
that she cant handle & increase anxiety.
2) Rights awareness:- Many of world’s
most improverished Women’s are confined
their household. They lack mobility &
freedom of association & have no
opportunity for learning their rights, so
appropriate action is taken to improve
3) Leadership:- The best way to transform
previous condition is to uncompromisingly
require that at least 50% of leadership
position be reserved for Women.
4) Organization:- “In unity, there is
strength” (economical, political &
social). So involvement of Women in
various organization provide Women
5) Financial services:- Women need to
credit not only for starting or
supporting small enterprises but also
for coping with great seasonal
fluctuation in family income.
6) Adult literacy:- Hundreds of millions of
women have never had the opportunity of
formal education. Women are twice as
likely to be non literate as men. It means
they can be avoided being cheated in the
market place, learn for more rapidly &
contact them self in a great currents of
7)Health services:- Affordable health
services is a fundamental human right for
Women & their children’s.
8)Stop child marriages:- Many before age
18 is a profound violence of human rights.
9)Prosecuting gender based violence:-
In many culture, domestic violence
(including rape, murder etc) is endemic.
Women’s faces are burned with acids.
Owner killing occur if Women fall in
In now a days Women can act
collectively demand justice from police.
Women are connected to network that
can draw pubic attention to cases.
A. Systemic reinforcement of traditional
& male dominent.
B. Attitude by most of sub system of
society, education, law.
C. Men are only one who can earn a
living for the family.
D. Women have unequal access to basic
health resources & lack of adequate