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Thrissur temple architecture

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Kerala temple architecture
Thrissur vadakkunathan temple

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Thrissur temple architecture

  1. 1. z THRISSUR
  2. 2. Kerala temple architecture • Temple architecture in Kerala is different from that of other regions in India. • The roofs are steep and pointed, and covered with copper sheets. • The shape of the roof is in circular plan, one sees a conical roof, while with a square plan the roof is pyramidal. • The roof is constructed with wood and is covered with copper plates. • The Keralite temple is an amalgam of stonework, wood work, stucco work and painting - harmoniously blended into a structure vibrant with traditions of the region. • The wood work here is of great importance • The Kerala temple walls are of coursed laterite stone masonry plastered in mud and lime. Murals are seen on several of these temple walls.
  3. 3. • An architectural marvel in wood and stone, the Vadakkumnathan Temple, one of the oldest in the state • Vadakkumnathan Shiva Temple in Thrissur, a classic example of the Kerala style of architecture. • The temple is situated in an elevated hillock in the centre of Thrissur City • Surrounded by an Enormous stone wall enclosing an area of about 9 acres. • There are four gopurams inside this fortification, each facing north, south, east and west directions. • Dedicated to Lord Shiva as Vadakkunnathan Vadakkunnathan Temple
  4. 4. • Temple has all the features attributable to a temple which has all the elements of the panchaprakara scheme In the Vadakkumnatha complex the three independent srikovils in  North-south axis, are being dedicated respectively to Siva, Sankaranarayana and Rama. These are enclosed by a common enclosure (nalambalam).  The circular srikovil of Siva, northern most of the row has its garbhagriha divided by a transverse diagonal wall.  The western half dedicated to Siva has its own door opening and flight of steps in front with a detached namaskara mandapam.  The eastern half is dedicated to Parvati, with the door opening on the east. The northern and southern cardinal points have ghanadwaras.
  5. 5. • Display of rows of brass oil lamps around the outer walls of the shrines. • The architectural plan of these shrines is peculiar, with the ‘Vritta' plan and conical brass plated superstructure over it. The conical roof is distinct architectural idium neccessitated bythe heavy rainfall in the west coast. • The tall and spacious Kootambulam (Temple theatre) is an impressive structure, containing exquisite vignettes of wood carving and interesting bracket figures. • Kootambulam Used for staging Koothu, NangyarKoothu and Koodiyatta m, an ancient ritualistic art forms of Central Kerala Kootambulam (Dance hall)
  6. 6. Documented by Faculty of Architecture, CEPT University
  7. 7. MURALS • The temple is famous for the rarity of the temple murals, of which the Vasukishayana and Nrithanatha murals are of great importance and are worshipped daily. The temple also houses a museum of ancient wall paintings, wood carvings and art pieces of ancient times. • Has four magnificent gateways called Gopuram sand the lofty masonry wall around the temple quadrangle are imposing pieces of craftsmanship and skill. Gopuram
  8. 8. • The slopy conical roof of metal sheet covers these by its over-hanging caves supported by brackets sprung from the walls at intervals. • The inner wall, rising further above the outer wall, carries the immense conical roof or sikhara with a single metal stupi on the top. Square garbhagiha cell in circular shrine ,Vadakkunathan temple plan Conical roof with circular plan
  9. 9. Inside the temple Gateway
  10. 10. Punkunnam Shiva Temple- Located in the Thrissur district of Kerala, the Poonkunnam Shiva Temple, a good model of the Kerala style of architecture with slanting roof-With the main idol positioned in the central area of the temple(garbhagriha), the Punkunnam Shiva Temple offers tourists a glimpse of other deities like Parvathi, Ganapathi, Sastha, Nagaraj, and Parthasarathi. Thiruvambady Sri Krishna Temple. – The Thiruvambady temple was originally situated in a village 15 km away from Thrissur and the main deity Lord Krishna, was, some five centuries ago, brought to Thrissur. This caused the establishment of Thiruvambady Temple at Thrissur.-One of the two rival groups (the other being Paramekkavu Temple) that participate in the Thrissur Pooram.-

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