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Fira 2018 John deere

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"From self-steering tractors towards autonomous field robots" by Dr Thomas Engel - Manager Technology Innovation Strategy - John Deere

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Fira 2018 John deere

  1. 1. From self-steering tractors towards autonomous field robots Dr. Thomas Engel Manager Technology Innovation Strategy
  2. 2. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20182 Agenda • John Deere • Automatic Steering Solutions • Autonomous Vehicles • Drivers • Challenges • Applications • Swarm Technologies • Role of Electrification • Outlook & Summary
  3. 3. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20183 –Headquarters: Moline, Illinois, United States –Employees worldwide: 60,480 –Total net sales and revenues: 29,738 BN US-$ –Net income: 2,159 BN US-$ –Samuel R. Allen has been CEO and chairman since 2010 JOHN DEERE AT A GLANCE 2017
  4. 4. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20184 Agricultural Equipment Construction Equipment Turf Equipment Forestry Equipment Financial Services Power Systems Intelligent Solutions Worldwide Parts Services PORTFOLIO
  5. 5. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20185 Agenda • John Deere • Automatic Steering Solutions • Trend towards Autonomous Vehicles • Drivers • Challenges • Applications • Swarm Technologies • Role of Electrification • Outlook & Summary
  6. 6. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20186 Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Use of GNSS is key for successful future farming Ø Acquisition of NavCom Technologies in late 1990s Ø Development of Dual Frequency StarFire Receiver and StarFire Correction Data Network
  7. 7. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20187 GNSS-based automatic steering systems Ø Nearly standard on larger agricultural machines Ø Trend towards higher accuracy (RTK)
  8. 8. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20188 Agenda • John Deere • Automatic Steering Solutions • Autonomous Vehicles • Drivers • Challenges • Applications • Swarm Technologies • Role of Electrification • Outlook & Summary
  9. 9. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 20189 Field Robots Source: University of Helsinki Source: Robotics Business review Source: Hochschule Osnabrück Source: University of Sidney
  10. 10. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201810 Source: CNHI Trend towards fully autonomous (driverless) tractors? Source: Kubota Source: AGCO/Fendt
  11. 11. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201811 Autonomous Tractors in Test
  12. 12. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201812 Is this the future?
  13. 13. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201813 Ø Shortage and cost of educated labor • Large arable farming vs. specialty crops Ø Cost reduction of unmanned machine • No cab needed Ø Soil compaction reduction • Controlled traffic farming vs. light weight robots Ø Reduction of input cost through precise placement/single plant treatment Ø Autonomous cars & trucks • Strong cost reduction of safeguarding sensors • Facilitates legal approval discussion Ø Educational focus on robotics Ø Strong focus of venture capital and startup companies on agricultural robotics Drivers for autonomous vehicles
  14. 14. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201814 Ø Product liability Ø Legal situation • Driving on public roads Ø Safeguarding sensors • Challenging environment (dust, dirt, fog, vibrations) Ø Monitoring of other machine functionality Ø Logistics • Handling of harvested material or inputs (seed, fertilizer) • Transport to/from field Ø Complete re-design of machines • Optimal machine size depends on application Ø Development of totally new cropping systems Ø Availability of robotics/AI engineers Challenges for autonomous vehicles
  15. 15. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201815 Agenda • John Deere • Automatic Steering Solutions • Autonomous Vehicles • Drivers • Challenges • Applications • Swarm Technologies • Role of Electrification • Outlook & Summary
  16. 16. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201816 Weeding Source: Naio Technologies Source: FarmWise Source: EcoRobotix Source: Carré
  17. 17. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201817 Spraying Source: GUSS Source: SwarmFarm Robotics Source: Jacto
  18. 18. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201818 Harvesting Source: FFRobotics Source: HandsFree Hectare Source: Harvest CROO Robotics
  19. 19. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201819 Agenda • John Deere • Automatic Steering Solutions • Autonomous Vehicles • Drivers • Challenges • Applications • Swarm Technologies • Role of Electrification • Outlook & Summary
  20. 20. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201820 Trend towards swarm technologies? Source: SwarmFarm Robotics Source: AGCO/Fendt
  21. 21. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201821 Autonomous field swarms Goals: • Swarm of autonomous and semi-autonomous operating implements • Electrically driven units • Higher automation level with lower specific power requirements
  22. 22. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201822 Agenda • John Deere • Automatic Steering Solutions • Autonomous Vehicles • Drivers • Challenges • Applications • Swarm Technologies • Role of Electrification • Outlook & Summary
  23. 23. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201823 Role of Electrification • Too low power density of batteries • Applications with short durations • Not usable for 24h operations on large farms • Potential Solutions • Fast exchange of battery packs • Solar panels for low power applications • Fuel cells • Connecting to the grid
  24. 24. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201824 Connecting to the grid
  25. 25. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201825 Agenda • John Deere • Automatic Steering Solutions • Autonomous Vehicles • Drivers • Challenges • Applications • Swarm Technologies • Role of Electrification • Outlook & Summary
  26. 26. | International Forum of Agricultural Robotics, Toulouse, December 201826 Outlook and Summary • GNSS-based steering solutions are mainstream. • Growing interest and research and venture capital in fully autonomous (unmanned) vehicles. • A lot of drivers towards autonomous vehicles, but a lot of challenges still ahead of us. • Field robots will be introduced first in specialty crops due to labor cost and labor shortage. • Swarm technologies and alternative energy concepts seem to be necessary for introduction in large arable farming.

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