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MEN NEED TO CHANGE THEIR IDEOLOGY TOO

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MEN NEED TO CHANGE THEIR IDEOLOGY TOO by Dr. Narendra Malhotra

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MEN NEED TO CHANGE THEIR IDEOLOGY TOO

  1. 1. MEN NEED TO change THEIR IDEOLOGY TOO THE PROBLEM OF GENDER BIAS IN INDIA WHERE HAVE ALL THE DAUGHTERS GONE?
  2. 2. “Women are not dying because of the diseases we cannot treat, they are dying because societies have yet to make the decision that their lives are worth saving” “Prof Fathallah”. INDIA IS THE 125TH HAPPIEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD WHY ? WHY NOT NO 1 OR NO 2 OR 3 ? BECOS WE HAVE NO WOMEN EMPOWERMENT WOMEN PROBLEM IS “WEEEEP” MEN DON’T UNDERSTAND YET AND ARE NOT WILLING TO CHANGE THEIR IDEOLOGY
  3. 3. SURVEY ON PREFERENCE OF SON IN THE WORLD (WEB SEARCH) • Only Major Son Preference: India,Bangladesh,Jordon,Nepal, Pakistan,South Korea,Syria • Moderate Preference: Egypt,Mexico,Senegal, Turkey,Tunesia, Yemen • GIRL PREFERENCE: Jamaica,Venezuala • One of each gender : Other countries usa uk europe singapore etc
  4. 4. HOW AND WHY SEX RATIO CHANGES ? • MALES OUT NUMBER FEMALES AT BIRTH • MALES HAVE A HIGHER MORTALITY AT BIRTH THAN EARLY NEONATAL PERIOD • IN INDIA FEMALE MORTALITY AS INFANT AND CHILD IS MUCH HIGHER(AS SEEN IN INFANT AND CHILD SEX RATIO AND FEW EXILE SEX RATIO) • THE LEVEL OF EDUCATION IN INDIAN WOMEN IS LOWEST IN THE WORLD • LEVELS OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IS THE HIGH AS COMAPRED IN THE WORLD • BIG GENDER BIAS IN INDIAN WOMAN AND NO POWER OF MAKING DECISION • GIRLS AND WOMEN HAVE LESS ACCESS TO FOOD AND HEALTH CARE THAN BOYS AND MEN • SATI AND DOWRY DEATHS WERE AND IN SOME AREAS STILL A MAJOR SOCIAL HAZARD • PURDAH AND CHILD MARRAIGES AND NO CHOICE TO WOMEN TO REGULATE THEIR OWN FERTILITY • MALE CHILD IS DESIGNATED AS HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD • PREFERENCE FOR A SON • ONLY SONS CAN PRAY FOR RELEASE OF SOULS OF DEAD PARENTS
  5. 5. EFFECTS OF SON PREFERENCE IN INDIA most families keep having children till they get a son benefits of sons in indian society 1.ECONOMIC UTILITY 2.SOCIO-CULTURAL UTILITY 3.RELIGIOUS UTILITY 4.DAUGHTERS ARE CONSIDERED ECONOMIC LIABILITY,DOWRY AND SYSTEM OF HEAVY COSTS WEDDINGS
  6. 6. WEEEEP ENVIORNMENT EDUCATION EMPLOYMENT EMPOWERMENT
  7. 7. WHO WILL TACKLE “WEEEEP” • GOVT OF INDIA • MEDIA • NGO’S • DOCTORS • SOCIETY • SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES • FOGSI • OTHER PROFESSIONAL ORGANISATIONS •MEN • YOU AND ME
  8. 8. EDUCATION Government of India, NGO’s and all are working overtime on the projects of educating women in India, primary school education is free, Secondary school education is free for girls or highly subsidized and lots of scholarships are available, yet we appear to have failed –She is educated now even in village but she still does not matter and she still cannot decide and HER problems of W.E.E.E.E.P are still the same in 2018. All HER problems are being improved these days but yet below par FOGSI in 2008 realized that just academics updating is not enough to bring about a change in MMR hence the slogan BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO was coined and was FOGSI ‘ s theme with the FOGSI daughter parked with 7 ribbons to highlight the problems of girls and women in India. Today we FOGSIANS feel it is a great pride that government of India under a very progressive forward looking dynamic leader Shri Narendra Modiji adopted this slogan as a national movement, So yes EDUCATE (first E ) the girls we must.
  9. 9. EMPLOYMENT After education what ! These girls of India even from rural backgrounds are now clearing graduation and pursuing post-graduation courses, but, BUT! A very small percentage of these girls are working or get employment worth their education so the Govt. of India has to provide ample jobs and equal opportunity to girls and women on all post. Yes Indian air force now has women fighter pilot but only a handful (2-3to be exact), why not 30% at least. So the 2nd “E” of WEEEEP has to be addressed on a war footing if we want to be near S.D.Gs till 2030.
  10. 10. ENVIROMENT the 3rd “E” of women‘s WEEEEP problems is the environment. India still struggles for potable water, hunger, clean air, toilets: the list is endless. yes we have started on many fronts and Swach Bharat and Toilets India are two great initiatives BUT! It’s the people of India who need to be educated on civic sense, clean water ,hand hygiene ,menstrual hygiene and food hygiene ,toilet hygiene and environmental hygiene. Living CLEAN is our only hope of living HEALTHY Diseases need to be prevented not treated so tackling 3rd “E” of WEEEEP is very -very Important.
  11. 11. EMPOWERMENT The 4th “E” of WEEEEP is empowerment itself what is empowerment is the question and how can we empower our women .Broadly women empowerment means there should be no discrimination between men and women .Women when they are born in India should be able to enjoy the same social rights H.E.R( Health Empowerment Respect) which is the FOGSI THEME OF 2018 depicting that a professional organization is so sensitive to women’s need and will go all out to work with all stake holders to empower women so that she remains healthy and can work and live with respect.
  12. 12. The points for tackling the 4th E’ …….one BIG WISH LIST 1.There should be respect and dignity towards woman. 2.Woman should have independence of their lives inside and outside their home and at work. 3.They should be able to make their own decision by their own choice. SHE DECIDES and HE HELPS 4.Society and MEN should hold woman in high social respect. 5. Equal rights in society and legally. 6. No discrimination of any type of education. 7.Should be able to select their own economic and financial choices on their own. 8.No discrimination in jobs and equal pay. 9. Safe and secure working location and environment with proper privacy. 10.Should be able to freely live their life with a sense of self worth, respect and dignity.
  13. 13. How do we empower women? 1.Change the prespective towards women. 2.Overcome the patriarchate bottlenecks. 3.Implement the GAP`s. 4.Block the loopholes in legal structure. 5.Have a strong political will. SENSITISE AND EDUCATE MEN TO RESPECT WOMEN BOYS IN SCHOOL TO BE EDUCATED ABOUT GIRLS
  14. 14. 202008
  15. 15. NATIONAL WALK FOR HER ON 2ND JAN 2019…FOGSI WILL WALK
  16. 16. Traditional Roles Are Changing • All cultures promote a set of behaviors for boys and a set for girls • Roles learned by age 5 • Reinforced throughout life – Teachers – Parents – Authority figures – The media Traditional roles can be harmful to men and women due to biases in expectations Assumes men should be aggressive and unemotional impacts sensitivity and creativity Assumes women are emotional and weak impacts leadership positions
  17. 17. Changes in the Roles of Women • Challenges still exist – Balancing career with family – When and for how long to leave the workforce – Reentering the workplace – Limited access to top-level jobs Changes in the Roles of Men Many boys have been conditioned to be competitors and to win! They have been urged to Be tough and aggressive Learn teamwork Select traditional male pastimes Enter masculine professions
  18. 18. Changes in the Roles of Men • Girls could be tomboys, but a boy could not be a “sissy” • A man was under pressure to prove himself and keep moving up the career ladder Problems Facing Women When women pursue careers, they often face three challenges: The Wage Gap The Glass Ceiling Balancing career and family(THE MOMMY TRACK)
  19. 19. As we enter the new millennium, we believe that it is time for new metaphors to capture the subtle, systemic forms of discrimination that still linger. It’s not the ceiling that’s holding women back; it’s the whole structure of the organizations in which we work: the foundation, the beams, the walls, the very air. Debra E. Meyerson and Joyce K. Fletcher Professors, Center for Gender in Organizations, Simmons Graduate School of Management
  20. 20. Generalizations Concerning Gender- Specific Communication Men • More direct • Dominate discussions • Interrupt to take turns • Work our solutions alone Women • Emphasize politeness • Work out solutions with others • Speak with frequent pauses which are used for taking turns
  21. 21. Generalizations Concerning Gender- Specific Communication Men • Speak in a steady flow, free of pauses • Humor based on banter, teasing, witty exchange • Minimize doubts Women • Humor based on anecdotes • More likely to make fun of self than others • Downplay their certainty
  22. 22. Men and women should learn from one another without abandoning successful traits they already possess. Men can learn to be more collaborative and intuitive, yet remain result-oriented. Women need not give up being nurturing in order to learn to be comfortable with power and conflict. Alice Sargeant Author, The Androgynous Manager
  23. 23. Summary • Gender bias is discrimination based on beliefs about men’s and women's – Abilities – Characteristics – Behaviors • Traditional roles assigned to both genders can limit their opportunities to choose best career or lifestyle
  24. 24. Summary • Many men and women are breaking out of traditional roles • More women have entered the workplace and in nontraditional jobs over the last few decades
  25. 25. Summary • Men and women have a wider range of options regarding marriage and children • Organizations are responding by offering more flexible scheduling options address family concerns
  26. 26. Summary • Women are still subject to – The wage gap – The glass ceiling • Men are choosing new roles for themselves
  27. 27. Summary • Formerly rigid male roles are recognized as restrictive and perhaps having adverse effects on health • Men are learning to make conscious choices about marriage, children, and career paths
  28. 28. Summary • Sexual harassment may be a problem for men and women • There are two forms – Quid pro quo – Hostile work environment • Most organizations have taken steps to develop guidelines to help employees avoid harassment or fight it when it occurs
  29. 29. . Summary • Methods of coping with gender-biased behavior include – Learning the communication differences between men and women – Observing new rules of etiquette in the workplace
  30. 30. It took a revolution to get women where they are in business today. But now, to push hard-won gains wider and deeper, a different approach is necessary. It is a strategy based on small wins—incremental changes that have the power to transform organizations positively for both men and women. Debra E. Meyerson and Joyce K. Fletcher Professors, Center for Gender in Organizations, Simmons Graduate School of Management
  31. 31. MEN NEED TO CHANGE FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTS BOYS NEED TO BE TAUGHT Gender norms and behaviours are taught and learned How to Work with Men & Boys
  32. 32. Men & Boys as Agents of Change • Dispel the “boys will be boys” perspective • Provide learning opportunities that help them resist the norms that encourage violence (ie. TV, movies, games)
  33. 33. “There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved, it is not possible for a bird to fly on one wing”. “Swami Vivekanand” MEN NEED TO BE THE SECOND WING
  34. 34. We are living at an important and fruitful moment now, for it is clear to men that the images of adult manhood given by the popular culture are worn out; a man can no longer depend on them. By the time a man is thirty-five he knows that the images of the right man, the tough man, the true man which he received in high school do not work in life. Robert Bly Author, Iron John
  35. 35. SHE DECIDES……and HE HELPS

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