2. • Introduction to space research
• History of space research
• Space race
• How space research helps mankind
• Indian’s work in space
• Benefits of space research
• Disadvantages of space research
3. Introduction to space research
• Space research is scientific study carried out in outer space, and by studying outer space. From the
use of space technology to the observable universe, space research is a wide research field.
Earth science, materials science, biology, medicine, and physics all apply to the space
4. History of space research
# NASA space research
• NASA is a U.S. government agency that is responsible for science and
technology related to air and space. The Space Age started in 1957 with the
launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik. NASA opened for business on Oct.
The agency was created to oversee U.S. space exploration and
5. # Events in Germany
• DLR's mission comprises the exploration of the Earth and the solar system,
as well as research aimed at protecting the environment and developing
environmentally compatible technologies, and at promoting mobility,
communication and security
# Events in Soviet union
• The Soviet space program pioneered many aspects of space exploration:
1957: First intercontinental ballistic missile and orbital launch vehicle, the
R-7 Semyorka. 1960: First animals to safely return from Earth orbit, the
dogs Belka and Strelka on Sputnik 5. 1961: First probe launched to Venus,
6. Space Race
# V-2 Rocket
• As we know that the first rocket that was able to fly high enough to be considered in
space was the v-2 rocket
• Sputnik-1 was the first artificial Earth satellite.
• The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth
orbit on 4 October 1957.
7. # Explorer-1
• Explorer-I was the first satellite of the United States
• launched on January 31, 1958
# First Life In Space
• Just a few weeks after the successful launch of Sputnik 1. the
Soviet Union launched another satellite, Sputnik-2. Sputnik 2
had a passenger for its journey: a dog named Laika
8. # First human in space
• On April 12 1961, Russian astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space,
orbiting the Earth once.
• Gagarin traveled in a spacecraft named Vostok 1.
# First man in moon
Neil Armstrong Michael Collins Buzz Aldrin
9. How space research helps mankind
# Satellites Telecommunication
# Earth’s Observation Satellites
• it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and
a receiver at different locations on Earth
• An Earth observation satellite or Earth remote sensing satellite is
a satellite used or designed for Earth observation (EO) from orbit
10. # Navigation Satellites
A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system that
uses satellites to provide autonomous geo-spatial
# Meteorological Satellite
The weather satellite is a type of satellite that is primarily
used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth.
11. Indian’s work in space
# Mars object mission
• Aryabhata is the first man made (artificial) Indian satellite.
• Chandrayaan-1 was India's first lunar probe. It was launched
by the Indian Space Research Organization in October 2008,
• It is India’s first interplanetary mission
• It is the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit
12. Benefits of space research
# Improving health care
• Experiments performed in space help us understand health
problems on Earth
# Protecting our planet and our
• Satellites provide data on climate change, measure pollution,
and help protect our planet.
13. # Improving our day-to-day lives
• Space technologies improve products we use every day,
weather forecasts, and communications worldwide.
# Enhancing safety on Earth
• Satellites data can be used to predict natural disasters
and to support emergency relief efforts
14. Disadvantages of space research
# It can be expensive
• Space exploration is undeniably costly
• Training and educating astronauts, building rockets and space shuttles, developing new
technology for space missions all of these costs a substantial amount of money
# Risks: Known and Unknown
• The space shuttle Challenger exploded during launch in 1986, killing seven astronauts
15. • What we leave behind in space, known as space junk or space debris, leads to space pollution.
# Space junk
• The debris include coolant droplets, dust, non-functional spacecraft, old satellites, and pieces of
any man-made objects that continue to orbit the Earth.
In conclusion, I finely believe that space program should be supported financially as there is need to
get together the whole world to improve the communication and fight against the environmental