3. INTRODUCTION TO NEOCLASSICISM
in its purest form, it is a style principally derived from
the architecture of Classical Greece & the architecture of
Italian Andrea Palladio
4. INTRODUCTION TO NEOCLASSICISM
intellectually Neoclassicism was characteristic of a desire to return to the
perceived "purity" of the arts of Rome, the
more vague perception ("ideal") of Ancient Greek arts and, to a
lesser extent, sixteenth-century Renaissance Classicism
13. The Seven Key Characteristics of Gothic Architecture
1. Grand, Tall Designs, Which Swept
Upwards With Height and Grandeur
The magnificent gothic exterior of York Minster in the UK
2. The Flying Buttress
St Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle
16. 6. The Gargoyles of Gothic Architecture
7. The Emphasis Upon the Decorative Style
and the Ornate
17. Gothic Revival was a Victorian style inspired by Gothic
cathedrals and other medieval architecture.
In the early twentieth century, Gothic Revival ideas were
applied to modern skyscrapers.
Twentieth Century Gothic Revival buildings are often
Neo- Gothic/ Gothic Revival
18. Strong vertical lines and a sense of
Pointed windows with decorative
Gargoyles and other carving
20. • Built in 1924.
• The architects - Raymond Hood and
• Their Neo-Gothic design may have
appealed to the judges because it
reflected a conservative (some critics
said "regressive") approach.
• The facade of the Tribune Tower is
studded with rocks collected from great
buildings around the world.
MAJOR STRUCTURE BUILT IN THIS PERIOD
The Chicago Tribune Tower
21. Victorian Gothic Revival
Between 1855 and 1885, John Ruskin and other critics
and philosophers stirred interest in recreating a more
authentic Gothic architecture, like buildings from
centuries before. The 19th century buildings, called High
Gothic Revival, High Victorian Gothic, or Neo-Gothic,
were closely modeled after the great architecture of
22. Perhaps the most famous example of High Victorian Gothic
architecture is Victoria Tower (1860) at the royal Palace of
Westminster in London, England.
A fire destroyed most of the original palace in 1834. After lengthy
debate, it was decided that architects Sir Charles Barry and A.W.
Pugin would rebuild Westminster Palace in a High Gothic Revival
style that imitated 15th century Perpendicular Gothic styling.
Victoria Tower is named after the reigning Queen Victoria, who took
delight in this new Gothic vision.
24. Masonry construction
Patterned brick and multi-colored stone
Stone carvings of leaves, birds, and gargoyles
Strong vertical lines and a sense of great height
Realistic recreation of authentic medieval styles