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Robots

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Robots

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Robots

  1. 1. What is a robot? All robots are intelligent machines. They are made up of two elements: 1. They have got a body. 2. When you programme them, they work automatically.
  2. 2. The most common types of robots are… 1. Mobile Robots. 2. Stationary Robots. 3. Autonomous Robots. 4. Remote- controlled Robots 5. Virtual Robots.
  3. 3. Mobile Robots Mobile Robots are of two types…. Rolling Robots Rolling robots have wheels to move around. They can quickly and easily search. However they can only be useful in flat areas. Walking Robots Robots on leg are usually used when the terrain is rocky. Most robots have at least 4 legs; usually they have 6 or more.
  4. 4. Stationary Robots Robots are not only used to explore areas or copy a human being. Most robots perform repeating tasks without moving. Most robots are ‘working’ in industry settings and are stationary . Autonomous Robots Autonomous robots are self supporting or in other words self contained. In a way they rely on their own ‘brains’.
  5. 5. Remote- controlled Robots A person can guide a robot by remote controls. A person can perform difficult and usually dangerous tasks without being there. Virtual Robots Virtual robots don’t exits in real life. Virtual robots are just programs, building blocks of software inside a computer.
  6. 6. Advantages… They can travel through space, work on the bottom of the ocean, or go inside volcanoes. They are useful for this kind of work as it is ‘’dull, dirty and dangerous and where a specific action needs to be repeated. They can work 24/7 without salary and food. Plus they don’t get tired and bored. They can perform tasks faster than human and much more consistently and accurately. Most of them work automatically.
  7. 7. Disadvantages… People can lose jobs in factories. They need a supply of power. They need maintenance to keep it running. It lost lots of money to make or buy a robot.
  8. 8. History of robots: 1400 BC Babylonians develop the clepsydra, a clock that measures time using the flow of water. It's considered one of the first "robotic" devices in history
  9. 9. Leonardo da Vinci drew plans for a mechanical man in 1495. This robot is based on drawings by Leonardo da Vinci
  10. 10. The word robot comes from the Czech word robota, meaning compulsory labor. It was first used to describe fabricated workers in a fictional 1920s play by Czech author Karel Capek called Rossum’s Universal Robots (R.U.R).
  11. 11. The first industrial robots were Unimates developed by George Devol and Joe Engelberger in 1961.
  12. 12. Public fascination with robotics peaked in 1977 in Star Wars films, which featured robots C3-PO and R2-D2 as helpful sidekicks to the their human masters.
  13. 13. Honda introduced robot ASIMO in 2000.
  14. 14. Most robots today industrial robots. Humans use them to make work easier and quicker. You often see them in car factories where they put the cars together. They are useful for this kind of work as it is ‘dull, dirty and dangerous’- DDD. Robots are often used for DDD jobs and where a specific action needs to be repeated. It is very difficult for humans to do this.
  15. 15. There are many different types of robots. Some robots travel through space, work on the bottom of the ocean, or go inside volcanoes. They do the work of people, but for a different reason this time: these are places that are very dangerous for people, or impossible for people to go to.
  16. 16. Robots are everywhere. Most people don’t know that robots help us every day and in many different ways. In most houses there are robots. For example, in some houses today there is a washing machine in the kitchen. Washing machines are robots. People can programme them and then they wash clothes automatically.
  17. 17. Some scientists make robots for fun. For example, the dogs in this photo. Japan produces the most robots. Every year in the capital, Tokyo, there is a robot exhibition called Robodex. It is the largest robot exhibition in the world.
  18. 18. Use the words below to make a sentence. 1. easier/ Robots/ make/ quicker 2. do/ difficult/ people/ ‘dull, dirty and dangerous jobs’. 3. robots/ types/ different 4. People/ programme/ robots / do/ work/ autimatically. 5. Robodex/ exhibition/ largest/ the world. Robots make work/life easier and quicker. It is difficult for people to do ‘dull, dirty and dangerous jobs’. There are many different types of robots. People can programme robots to do work automatically. Robodex is the largest robot exhibition in the world.
  19. 19. Industrial /ɪnˈdʌs.tri.əl/ (a) connected to industry
  20. 20. dull /dʌl/ (a) lacking brightness
  21. 21. dangerous /ˈdeɪn.dʒər.əs/ (a) likely to injure or harm sb
  22. 22. space/ speɪs/ (n) an empty area that available to be used
  23. 23. Bottom of the ocean: the lowest part of the sea
  24. 24. inside volcanoes: the inner part of the mountain with lava
  25. 25. washing machine/ ˈwɒʃ.ɪŋ məˈʃiːn/ (n) the machine for washing clothes
  26. 26. programme /ˈprəʊ.ɡræm/(v) to give a machine instructions to do a particular task
  27. 27. automatically/ˌɔː.təˈmæt.ɪ.kəl.i/ (adv): work without controlling of people
  28. 28. scientist /ˈsaɪən.tɪst/ (n) a person who studies about science
  29. 29. produce/prəˈdjuːs/ (v) to make things to be sold, especially in large quantities
  30. 30. exhibition/ˌek.sɪˈbɪʃ.ən/ (n) a collection of things
  31. 31. Do you use ... in the morning?/on the way to school?/at school? Do you think a ... is a robot? How many robots do you use in the morning?/.../all day? Yes, I do. I think that a ... is a robot. We can programme it and it works automatically. No, I don’t. I think that a ... is not a robot. We cannot programme it to work automatically.
  32. 32. Do you use ... in the morning?/on the way to school?/at school? Do you think a ... is a robot? How many robots do you use in the morning?/.../all day? Yes, I do. I think that a ... is a robot. We can programme it and it works automatically. No, I don’t. I think that a ... is not a robot. We cannot programme it to work automatically.
  33. 33. Most incredible robots!

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