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Urban nodes of soft infrastructure in Amsterdam and Berlin

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A research study to the initiative, development, functioning, benefits and effects of vibrant social - urban places in Amsterdam and Berlin which stimulate the livability and vitality of neighborhoods, quarters and the city as a whole and are developed by local initiatives (artists, local entrepreneurs, local inhabitants)

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Urban nodes of soft infrastructure in Amsterdam and Berlin

  1. 1. 1 Urban nodes of soft infrastructure in Amsterdam and Berlin How bottom-up initiatives facilitate and stimulate vital and viable cities New Urban Language Conference June 25 - TU Delft
  2. 2. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 0. Structure: 1) Relevance: Academic and public demand for vital and viable neighborhoods and cities, adapted to the needs of (local) residents, developed by and with democratic involvement of the civic society and inhabitants 2) Research subject: Urban nodes of soft Infrastructure in Amsterdam and Berlin 3) Case Studies: Park Frankendeal (AMS) and ExRotaprint (BER) - Features, characteristics, functions and effects - Development process: actors, obstacles and barriers 4) Findings and Discussion: Characteristics, consequences and limits of civic driven urban development in European cities 2
  3. 3. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu Academic and public demand for vital and viable neighborhoods and cities, adapted to the needs of (local) residents, developed by and with democratic involvement of the civic society and inhabitants 1. Relevance: 3
  4. 4. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu Social, architectural and urban problems in older, pré and postwar (modernistic) neighborhoods, lack of spatial and social quality of new cities and new towns Banne Buiksloot Amsterdam © Janssen & Johann Transvaalbuurt Amsterdam © Janssen & Johann IJburg Amsterdam © Janssen & Johann 4
  5. 5. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu SfA Open Call (2010) Finding new answers and research on innovative urban arrangements and strategies that could respond to current and future economic and social issues, trends and conditions concerning the urban and social program of the city 5
  6. 6. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu SfA Open Call (2010) Background (findings): - A (growing) gap between the concerns and policies of urban planners and (local) authorities and the societal challenges and issues in the field of education, healthcare, welfare, sports, arts and culture, leisure, transportation and public space for meeting. - Lack of involvement of local social and civic organizations and citizens in urban planning and development and supply of local community services and facilities. - Lacking funds (partly due to the financial crises of 2008) with traditional parties responsible for urban development and a strong social and communal infrastructure. 6
  7. 7. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu The phenomenon of the informal city and organic (DIY) planning attracts more and more attention from the urban and spatial academic research community and urban research literature 7
  8. 8. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 8 2. Research subject: Bottom-up originated, developed and operated Urban nodes of soft infrastructure in Amsterdam and Berlin
  9. 9. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 9 Definition: 1) Urban nodes of soft infrastructure are local, community oriented urban initiatives that manifest themselves in unused locations and spaces, like wastelands, released plots, vacant offices, school buildings and abandoned factories. 2) On a structural basis they offer a broad and coherent mix of cultural, economic, recreational and social facilities, functions and services to the local neighborhood and broader city. 3) Attracted by their often appealing appearance and offered facilities and functions, local residents, city dwellers, tourists and other groups come to these places, to meet, work, recreate and make use of the offered facilities and services.
  10. 10. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 10 Examples: ExRotaprint (BER): Former printing machine factory in a monumental (modernistic) complex which now contain studios, offices, craft businesses, childcare, training centers, a neighborhood canteen, a conference and debate space and several community projects HC AthenA (AMS): New clubhouse from a large, young hockey club, in which the building contains a rehabilitation and physiotherapy practice, a joint gym, club canteen, a homework school, sports BSO, a Cancer Care Center and open house for elderly and cancer patients Timorplein complex (AMS): Large former (historical) school complex that now houses a hostel, an educational and conference organization, craft businesses, offices for creatives, a movie theater and restaurants with art and culture stage and large terrace and public playground Park Frankendael (AMS): Large ecological park with several particular historical gardens, plenty of space for water (storage), several (ecological) playgrounds, scouting and childcare organizations and two special hospitality establishments with fidelity capability, focus on art & culture, et cetera ……… …… ufaFabrik (BER): A large former film studio site with art and culture stage, catering, hotel, conference center, sports and games facilities, a petting zoo, crafts, shopping, festivals, community center and various forms of renewable energy Brotfabrik (BER): The Brotfabrik is a cinema-cum-art and cultural center in an old, converted and extended baker shop / bakery, with various community events and a neighborhood cafe, a beer garden and a large terrace on the self-designed square in front of the door
  11. 11. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 11 1) What are the (specific) features and characteristics of bottom- up originated and developed Urban nodes of soft infrastructure? 2) How do these urban nodes emerge, develop and work and what drives and motivates their initiators? 3) Which stakeholders (actors) are closely involved in the genesis, functioning and success of these vital urban nodes? 4) What are the benefits of these bottom-up Urban nodes and what is their impact on the viability and vitality of the district, neighborhood, or city as a whole? 5) What sort of problems are encountered when setting up and operating bottom-up (Urban) nodes and what sort of resistance and obstacles are met? Research Questions:
  12. 12. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 12 Researched nodes in Amsterdam
  13. 13. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 13 Researched nodes in Berlin
  14. 14. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 14
  15. 15. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 15
  16. 16. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 16 3. Case study (detailed) examples: Park Frankendael (Amsterdam - Oost) ExRotaprint (Berlin - Wedding) - Features, characteristics, functions and effects - Development process: actors, obstacles and barriers
  17. 17. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 17 Park Frankendael (Amsterdam - Oost)
  18. 18. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 18 Park Frankendael: Functions and facilities Kunst- en cultuurgebouw Moes- en kruidentuin Hondenuitlaatzone Waterberging Cultureel erfgoed Ecologische hoofdzone Rococo tuin Volkstuinencomplex Schoolwerktuinen
  19. 19. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 19 Park Frankendael: Development process
  20. 20. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 20 Idea and initiation phase Exploitation and (regular) operation phase Realization phase Concept, design, finance and acceptance phase Neighbor- hood, civil society Users Real estate parties Financiers Politics Media Government admini- stration Initiators Park Frankendael: Actor involvement / activity
  21. 21. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 21 Leisure activities and facilities Employment and local economy Livability neighborhood Local real-estate value Imago & popularity Art & cultural activities Park Frankendael: Benefits and revenues Health & wellbeing Environment and ecology
  22. 22. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 22 Park Frankendael: Benefits and revenues => Employment (direct and induced): about 45 fte => Induced tax revenues: about 1 million euro per annum => Long term social, ecological and economic value: about 45 million euro => uplift in real-estate value (neighborhood): more then 100 million euro => Significant positive effects on physical and mental health and wellbeing of visitors => Significant positive effects on wellbeing and physical health of inhabitants of East Amsterdam => Significant positive effects on the livability of surrounding neighborhoods => Ranks fifth in most popular parks of Amsterdam => Yearly around 250.000 visitors => Amongst the highest valued parks of Amsterdam => Several popular catering places => Several popular playgrounds => Culture and heritage centre en historical monuments => Several extraordinary (historical) gardens and wandering areas => Important role as storage area and bufferzone for water (flood) and rain => Part of the ecological main structure of Amsterdam, nesting of several protected birds => Important function in lowering high city temperatures and the level of particulates
  23. 23. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 23 ExRotaprint (Berlin - Wedding)
  24. 24. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 24 ExRotaprint: Functions and facilities
  25. 25. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 25 ExRotaprint: Development process
  26. 26. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 26 ExRotaprint: Actor involvement / activity Idea and initiation phase Exploitation and (regular) operation phase Realization phase Concept, design, finance and acceptance phase Neighbor- hood, civil society Users Real estate parties Financiers Politics Media Government admini- stration Initiators
  27. 27. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 27 Local economy Employment (direct and indirect) Livability neighborhood Local real-estate value Imago & popularity Art & cultural activities ExRotaprint: Benefits and revenues Health & wellbeing Emancipation and empowerment
  28. 28. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 28 ExRotaprint: Benefits and revenues => Employment (direct and induced: artists, entrepreneurs, et cetera): about 304 fte => Direct and induced tax revenues: about 3,4 million euro per annum => Long term social, ecological and economic value of ExRotaprint: tens of millions (euro) => Uplift in real-estate value (neighborhood): more then 70 million euro => Strong improvement of job opportunities for drop-outs and non German speaking inhabitants of Wedding => Small but significant positive effects on physical and mental health and wellbeing of visitors and users => Strong positive effects on the livability of surrounding neighborhoods in the district Wedding => Important role in emancipation and empowerment of people living in the district Wedding => Important role in educating people in the district Wedding => driver of growing popularity of Wedding and real-estate in Wedding and improved imago of Wedding => Yearly around 150.000 visitors (10.000 unique), many of them from abroad => Amongst the highest ranked modernistic monuments in Berlin => Large playground / green field: meeting place for the neighborhood => Popular canteen for workers and local inhabitants => Cultural and debating centre => Important (modernistic) architectural and urban monument => not applicable
  29. 29. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 29 Kunstquartier Bethanien (Berlin - Kreuzberg)
  30. 30. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 30 Kunstquartier Bethanien: Functions and facilities
  31. 31. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 31 Kunstquartier Bethanien: Development process
  32. 32. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 32 Characteristics, consequences and limits of civic driven development of Urban nodes of soft infrastructure in European cities 4. Findings and Discussion:
  33. 33. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 33 1) Successful Urban nodes of soft infrastructure are conspicuous places with a broad and eclectic offer of community oriented functions and facilities, including attractive cheap catering and place for meeting 2) Bottom-up initiated Urban nodes of soft infrastructure often have considerable (local) economic, social and cultural impact and are important drivers of innovation 3) Origination and succes of bottom-up initiated Urban nodes of soft infrastructure cannot be planned by politics, planners or developers 4) Initiators of Urban nodes are barely noted or acknowledged by politics and traditional stakeholders involved in urban planning and development 5) Origination of urban nodes is often hindered by planners and politics 6) German initiators generally operate much looser and independent from (local) authorities then their Dutch counterparts. Findings:
  34. 34. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 34 Hard / physical infra- structure Neigh- borhood / civil society Real estate parties Users Traditional urban development actors Soft infrastructur e parties Urban development Commercial companies Soft infra- structure Spaces (housing, working) Media Financiers Politics Government (admini- stration)
  35. 35. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 35 Real estate parties Users Bottom-up urban development (actors) Politics Media Neigh- borhood civil society Urban node (places) Government (admini- stration) Financiers Soft infra- structure Initiators
  36. 36. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 36 Urban node Users Initiators Actors involved (detail) Voorziening aanbieders Buurt bewoners (groepen) ParticipantenHuurder - aanbieders Kleine ondernemers freelancers Reïntegratie aanbieders Huurders ontmoeten en maken gebruik van voorzieningen huren ruimte bieden diensten en voorzieningen aan Kunstenaars huren ateliers en studioruimte investeren en organiseren mee laten er mensen reïntegreren huren huren werkruimte Maat- schappelijke organisaties huren kantoorruimte Neigh- borhood civil society Buurt bewoners Buurt bewoners / ondernemers (lokale) Experts Sym- pathisanten Vrijwilligers maken gebruik van lobbyen tegen helpen, ondersteunen lobbyen voor schenken geld adviseren (vrijwillig) gaan mee- participeren Tegen standers Sym- pathisanten
  37. 37. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 37 Government (admini- stration) Urban node (location) Initiators Financiers Groter publiek Banken Overheid Fondsen MVO Stichtingen Participanten Beleggers lenen kopen en verpachten lenen, investeren investeren, co-financieren crowdfunden (investeren, schenken) schenken subsidiëren, lenen, investeren Bestuurders Ambtelijke diensten Centraal stedelijke bestuurdersLokale (stadsdeel) bestuurders Gemeentelijk grondbedrijf Gemeentelijk ontwikkelings bedrijf Advies- en expertise centrum Vrienden, familie en relaties lenen, investeren Provinciale bestuurders Actors involved (detail) adviseert bepalen en voeren beleid uit adviseert, zet standaarden, verkoopt - verhuurt dragen visie uit, bepalen beleid adviseert, ontwikkelt, financiert dragen visie uit, bepalen beleid dragen visie uit, bepalen beleid dragen visie uit, bepalen beleid
  38. 38. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 38 Knooppunt (locatie) Real-estate parties Initiatief nemer(s) Vastgoed beheerders Gemeentelijk vastgoed adviseurs Vastgoed eigenaren Ontwik- kelaars Gemeentelijk vastgoed of grondbedrijf Media verkopen of verhuren faciliteren verhuur, beheer of overname van vastgoed nemen vastgoed in beheer kopen vastgoed en ontwikkelen bepaalt erfpacht, grond- en vastgoedprijs of verkooppropcedure Centrale stad politici Lokale (stadsdeel) politici steunen of verwerpen steunen of verwerpen Politics besteden aandacht aan Landelijke politici steunen of verwerpen Actors involved (detail)
  39. 39. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 39 Discussion: Key issues - There is still a large gap between the informal (civic) actors and the complex, official urban planning regime with its formal procedures, goals, language, et cetera - Governmental and urban planning practice still are mainly focussed on top- down (blueprint) planning and involvement of traditional urban development stakeholders - Politics, planners, developers, architects and users are mainly focussed on products (buildings, square meters) and financial outcomes, instead of dynamic processes, soft outcomes and facilities and (soft) infrastructure promoting the vitality and viability of neighborhoods and cities - Governmental and urban planning practice still are mainly sectoral organized which hinders initiatives and integral policy development focussed on viable and vital cities and neighborhoods
  40. 40. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 40 Urban node (Place) Neigborhood civil society Initiators Soft infrastructure parties Users Traditional vs bottom-up development Media Traditional urban development (facilities, services, infrastructure, public space and buildings) Gap Politics Real-estate parties Financiers Government (admini- stration)
  41. 41. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu Discussion: Issues that need attention - The legal form of Urban node initiatives (in the Netherlands) - The valuation and transfer of communal land and buildings on Urban node initiators / local community and civic initiatives - Valuation and acknowledgment of the importance of the proceeds, effects and impact of bottom-up initiated Urban nodes of soft infrastructure on the vitality and viability of neighborhoods and cities - Financing / funding the development of Urban nodes; specifically the purchase of land and buildings - Financing / subsidizing Urban node exploitation - Mobilization of sufficient financial and real-estate expertise to create a good plan and build a solid business case for development of the Urban node - Cooperation between local (urban) authorities, traditional urban development parties and bottom-up initiators of Urban nodes of soft infrastructure 41
  42. 42. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 42 Discussion: Conclusion Instead of thinking in financial soundness and financial results of plans, in bricks, volume and involvement of professional parties, local authorities should put more trust in passionate, often highly skilled citizens who want to improve and develop the local urban environment and social infrastructure. More attention should given by (local) authorities in creating circumstances and a planning and development structure that stimulates the arise and development of sustainable, vital, viable neighborhood and city quarters through local, urban bottom-up initiatives.
  43. 43. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 43 Acknowledgements 1) The Creative Industries Fund NL, formerly the Netherlands Architecture Fund (SfA), especially Maarten Tas and Tim de Boer 2) All those who have contributed with their knowledge, input and enthusiasm to the success of this research project. Special thanks goes to the interviewees; founders of urban nodes and other stakeholders like, administrators, civil servants, experts, et cetera 3) Members of the consultative group: Vincent Kompier, Stefan Metaal, Jan Poolen and Eric Frijters 4) Jeroen Bakker for ICT support 5) Yvonne Siegmund for designing schemes and diagrams
  44. 44. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 44 Website: www.vitaleknooppunten.nl
  45. 45. Janssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.euJanssen & Johann | Research for Urbanism | Amsterdam - Berlin | info@janssen-johann.eu 45 Researchers: Rainer Johann (Master of Science and Doctorate) works as an urbanist in research, teaching and practice. Former visiting Professor at Bauhaus-University Weimar (2007). Since 2008 assistant professor at HCU Hamburg, department of Urban and Neighborhood Planning. Studied Architecture in Cologne (2000) and Urban planning in Delft (2002). Worked with ASTOC (Cologne), UrbanUnlimited (Rotterdam), De Architekten Cie (Amsterdam) and with The Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (Den Haag). Since 2012 partner at Janssen & Johann, Studio for Urbanism (Amsterdam - Berlin). Nico Janssen (Master of Science and Arts) works as an independent researcher, strategist and policy-adviser specialized in scenarioplanning, innovation and the creative and cultural industries. Studied Management and Engineering and Applied Psychology at the University Twente in Enschede. Former councillor at the district Amsterdam East and strategist and partner at The Ruijter Strategy (Amsterdam), Consultant at The Dutch Municipality Bank (The Hague) and lecturer and researcher at the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. Since 2012 partner at Janssen & Johann, Studio for Urbanism (Amsterdam - Berlin).

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