3. Self-Esteem, Self-Confidence, Self-
Efficacy and Self-Image Differentiated
Self-esteem is our sense of self-worth. It
is how we view and judge ourselves.
When we have healthy self-esteem we
accept ourselves and know that we are
worthy, valuable, likeable or loveable.
Self-esteem is essential to our
5. Self-Esteem, Self-Confidence, Self-
Efficacy and Self-Image Differentiated
Self-efficacy is the confidence you have to
carry out a specific task. Someone may
have generally lower self-confidence
but have self-efficacy in certain areas of
his or her life.
8. 1. Identify and challenge your Inner Critic
The following ideas are some ways
we can nourish a positive self-esteem.
What I say
How I feel
is this self-
talk and how
realistic is this
What is more
talk that I
How I feel
when I hear
9. 2. Replace your Inner Critic
with an Inner Supporter
As we learn to
identify your Inner Critic,
experiment with ways to
block and silence it. Some
people find a phrase they
can use to silence it like
‘get off my back’ or ‘stop
it – that's poison’.
10. 3. Treat yourself like a best friend
This includes how you talk to yourself
about yourself and how you behave.
You might also say ‘It's OK to feel
sad/angry/ fearful’ and not make them feel
bad because they have feelings.
11. 4. Set realistic goals
• Work out what is important to you.
• long-term goals - write yourself a letter from
the future saying what you have achieved),
• medium term goals - what do I want to achieve
for myself over the next semester/month or
even the next week) and
• short-term goals. When thinking about a short
term goal, ask yourself: ‘What do I want to do
TODAY that will lead me to feeling good about
myself and in control of my life?’
12. 5. Time for self-care
Care for yourself and nurture yourself each
day, especially if you are going through a difficult
For example, take a long warm bath, play
your favorite music, watch a funny film, spend
time with a friend. When you do this, watch out
for your Inner Critic who might say you don't
deserve this. You do!
13. 6. Create your own powerful affirmations
Affirmations are powerful antidotes to
negative self-talk and your Inner Critic. Create
them in the first person, present tense and in
the most positive way you can. For example ‘I
am a worthwhile person’ or ‘I am capable’. Write
them down and/or repeat them to yourself
many times a day.
16. SELF MOTIVATION
Self-motivation is complex. It's linked
to your level of initiative in setting
challenging goals for yourself; your belief
that you have the skills and abilities
needed to achieve those goals; and your
expectation that if you put in enough hard
work, you will succeed (or at least be in the
running, if it's a competitive situation).
17. Four factors are necessary to build the
strongest levels of self-motivation:
1. Self-confidence and self-efficacy.
2. Positive thinking, and positive thinking about
3. Focus and strong goals.
4. A motivating environment.
18. Self-motivation is important for
achieving success in work and personal
The central idea behind need
theory is that unsatisfied needs motivate
us until they become satisfied. After
satisfaction of one need, the person
usually pursues satisfaction of another,
19. According to Maslow's need hierarchy,
people have an internal need pushing
them on toward self-actualization.
However, needs are arranged into a five-
step ladder. Before higher-level needs are
activated, certain lower-level needs must
be satisfied. In ascending order, the groups
of needs are physiological, safety, social,
esteem, and self-actualization (such as self-
20. GOAL and GOAL SETTING
Goals are valuable because they
(1) focus effort in a consistent direction,
(2) improve your chances for success, and
(3) improve motivation and satisfaction.
21. Goals can be aimed at either,
• A learning-goal orientation means that
an individual is focused on acquiring new
skills and mastering new situations.
• A proving-goal orientation is aimed at
wanting to demonstrate and validate the
adequacy of your competence by seeking
favorable judgments of competence.
22. Goal setting
Goal setting is widely used on the job.
Goals set by employees at lower levels in an
organization are supposed to contribute to goals
set at the top.
To increase the motivational impact of
goals, some managers encourage workers to
track their own performances.
23. Goal setting in personal life can
contribute to life satisfaction.
Areas of life in which personal goals
may be set include
(1)social and family,
(2) hobbies and interests,
(3) physical and mental health,
(4) career, and
24. Key techniques of self-motivation
(1) Setting goals for yourself,
(2) engaging in intrinsically motivating work,
(3) getting feedback on your performance,
(4) applying behavior modification to yourself,
(5) improving your skills relevant to your job,
(6) raising your level of self-expectation, and
(7) developing a strong work ethic.
25. The Five Golden Rules
1. Set Goals that Motivate You
2. Set SMART Goals
3. Set Goals in Writing
4. Make an Action Plan
5. Stick With It!