2. GOVERNMENT COLLEGE WOMEN
COURSE TITLE: ENGLISH ll:
COURSE CODE : ENG-322
PROGRAM : BS
TOPIC: ORAL PRESENTATION SKILLS
LECTURE PART 2
4. PREPARING AN ORAL
Oral presentations have three
compulsory elements that clearly define
the oral exchange of information.
These elements are:
• The presenter
• The audience
• The specific content and definite
objective to be achieved
5. Steps For Preparation
A presenter should undertake the following
steps to prepare for the presentation:
1. Identify the purpose and goal of the
2. Analyze the audience and their needs
3. Collate the relevant information
4. Design and organize the information
5. Time the presentation
6. Decide on the medium of presentation and
7. Become familiar with the location of the
6. Defining the Purpose of
Before making a presentation, the presenter
should ask himself or herself : Why am I
giving this presentation?
The presenter may be giving the presentation
Sell something or persuade people to follow
a course of action that they may not be
Inform people about an idea or describe a
business opportunity to gain support for
some course of action or to suggest a likely
course of action for the future.
7. • Gather people’s views on new plan
products or proposals to introduce
• Put across a problem to seek a solution
or to minimize people’s reaction to it.
• Create awareness by sharing information,
without requiring any action or response.
• Motivate, educate or impart training to
promote a more productive work culture.
After identifying his or her objectives, the
presenter should outline it in a single
8. Organize the Contents
An oral presentation needs:
1. Introduction: 3 minutes
• The introduction indicates the main idea of the
• This helps the audience know the subject and focus
on the presentation.
2. Main body: 15minutes
• The main part of the presentation informs the
audience about the advantages of the proposal.
• This section would include findings of the survey
and analysis of the data.
• It should be divided into sub-sections.
9. 3. Conclusion: 2 minutes
• The conclusion summarizes the presenter’s main
• Repeat the main idea of your presentation.
• Restate the most important points with supporting
• Thank your audience.
• Invite questions.
4.Question-answer session: 10 minutes
• This is an important opportunity for audience
• The presenter should encourage questions.
• The presenter should answer each question seriously
and with honesty.
Know your audience
Use structure to build on ideas
Repetition is your friend
Have a story to tell
Be relatable and authentic
Build your confidence with practice
14. 1.Take your time getting
ready to speak.
• Don’t rush to the podium.
• Walk slowly to your mark.
• Being relaxed and deliberate.
• Stretch the time you have and use it to
• Consider what your opening lines will be.
• Buy some extra time by shaking hands or
adjusting the microphone stand before
15. 2.Calm Your Nerves
Take deep breaths to calm yourself.
Let your mind settle, so you can concentrate on the
Shut out all unnecessary distractions that might
steal your attention.
stifle anxious thoughts that might cause you to
Assume that everyone around you wants to see
Confront the reality of your situation to avoid being
blindsided by panic.
Accept that you have to give a speech and then
focus all your resources on giving a good one.
16. 3. Project a Confident Aura
Face your audience boldly and smile.
Make eye contact with those closest to you.
Display confident body language-try not to
tremble or arrange yourself awkwardly.
Think positive thoughts to reassure
The more confident you make yourself
appear, the more confident you’ll feel.
Relax! Speaking in front of a crowd is not
that big a deal.
17. 4. Make a Short
Don’t just jump right into the main idea of
First, introduce yourself to them.
Tell them your name and your relation to
the event or role as a speaker.
Don’t avert to the fact that you’re
unprepared or try to cushion their
acceptance of your speech.
Talk frankly and energetically.
18. 5. Speak Fluidly and
Have a clear subject in your mind.
Keep yourself focused on conveying your
Talk about what you know.
Avoid topics you’re uninformed or ambivalent
Don’t overcomplicate the structure of your speech.
Use simple sentences that follow a logical
Enunciate your words carefully to keep yourself
from getting shy.
Slowing yourself down a little will give your mind
19. 6. Keep it Brief
An impromptu speech should be short
It’s best to limit your address to right
around or just under two minutes.
Be considerate of your audience’s
If you draw things out for too long, they’ll
start to grow disinterested and your
speech will lose gumption.
Two minutes will fly by once you start
20. 7. Have an endpoint in
In the few moments you have before
you go on, get an idea of how you’re
going to finish your presentation.
Keep your conclusion brief.
Repeat the main idea of your
It’s alright to sign off with a simple
“thank you for your time”.