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Smart grid
Smart grid
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Smart grid

  1. 1. TOPIC:-SMART GRID NAME:-NITESH ARUN KAMBLI
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION:- • A smart grid is an electrical grid which includes a variety of operational and energy measures including smart meters, smart appliances, renewable energy resources, and energy efficient resources. • Electronic power conditioning and control of the production and distribution of electricity are important aspects of the smart grid. • Roll-out of smart grid technology also implies a fundamental re- engineering of the electricity services industry, although typical usage of the term is focused on the technical infrastructure.
  3. 3. ELECTRICITY FORCASTING IN INDIA:-
  4. 4. • Electricity required:- 1167731Gwh. • Electricity Generated:- 1068943Gwh. • Electricity Deficit:-98788Gwh.
  5. 5. WHAT IS SMART GRID? • The digital technology that allows for two-way communication between the utility and its customers, and the sensing along the transmission lines is what makes the grid smart. • Like the Internet, the Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment working together, but in this case, these technologies will work with the electrical grid to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand.
  6. 6. SMART GRID FUNTION:-
  7. 7. COMPONENT FO THE SMART GRID:-
  8. 8. INTELIGENT APPLIANCE:- • Intelligent Appliance is a Designer and Manufacturer specializing in Industrial Data Acquisition and Control, Communication, Peer to Peer, Digital and Analog I/O modules, USB Relay board Controllers, RS-232 and Motion Control building blocks. • Products:- 1. Automatic Data Acquisition Systems. 2. Green Energy and Solar Panel Controlling. 3. Smart Home Systems, Multi Room and Home Control Systems so on.
  9. 9. SMART POWER METER:- • Smart meters are the new generation of gas and electricity meters being installed by energy suppliers in every home in Britain. • Smart meters come with an in- home display screen that show you exactly how much energy you are using in pounds and pence, in near real time and will bring an end to estimated bills.
  10. 10. SMART SUBSTATION:- • The number of distributed energy resources and new appliances with power electronics in the distribution grid rapidly grows. This leads to power quality problems and power flow fluctuations. • To manage these fluctuations while maintaining power quality and reliability, a Smart MV/LV-station has been designed by a Dutch consortium. • A prototype of this station has been built and is being tested. Tests will take place both in the Flex Power Grid Lab in Arnhem. First simulation results show a significant reduction of harmonic voltages and resonances, as well as a peak load reduction of 30%.
  11. 11. SMART DISTUBUTION:- • Basic objectives are improved reliability, promote high penetration of renewable sources, dynamic islanding, and improved generation efficiencies through the use of waste heat. • The best way to manage such a system is to break the distribution system down into small clusters or microgrids, with distributed optimizing controls coordinating multi microgrids. • Most emerging technologies such as micro turbines, photovoltaic systems, fuel cells and ac storage have an inverter to interface with the electrical distribution system. • These emerging technologies have lower emissions and the potential to have lower cost negating traditional economies of scale.
  12. 12. SMART GENERATION:- • Smart Power Generation plants can use any gaseous and liquid fuels, including biofuels. • They can even switch from one fuel to another without stopping. 1. Gain fuel security Use. 2. The cheapest and the cleanest fuels available.
  13. 13. ADVANTAGE:- • Improved distribution system efficiency. • Reduced distribution line losses . • Improved voltage profile along feeder. • Improved system stability and capacity. • Reduced energy demand . • Reduction of environmentally harmful emissions.
  14. 14. APPLICATION:- • They improve the adeptness of transmission lines. • Quick recovery after any sudden breakage/disturbance in lines and feeders. • Cost Reduction. • Reduction of peak demand. • They possess the ability to be integrated with renewable energy sources on a large level which leads to sharing of load and reduction of load on large scale.
  15. 15. The Future of Smart Grid • The Department of Energy proposed an investment of $3.5 billion from the year 2016 to 2026 to promote innovation in the smart grid technology industry. • Research will focus primarily on machine learning, plug and play technology, self-healing grid and total automation of the grid.
  16. 16. SMART GRID:-
  17. 17. CONCLUSION • Smart Grid is a concept designed to provide electricity in more efficient way by better allocating electricity according to consumer’s wants. • It integrated multiple energy sources and avoid over-generation as well. In foreign countries, namely the UK and USA, started to implement as they see it as a solution of energy and environment pressure in their own country. • By analyzing arguments for and against Smart Grid deployment, we concluded that Smart Grid is worth doing because of the benefits of energy saving, positive environmental impact and long-term economic outcome.

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