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20170303 CLSTL ORCID

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Presentation by Nobuko Miyairi for CLSTL 2017, Gandhinagar, India, March 4, 2017 http://events.iitgn.ac.in/2017/CLSTL/

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20170303 CLSTL ORCID

  2. 2. WHO WE ARE • Founded in 2010; service started in 2012 • Non-profit, non-proprietary, open • Global, interdisciplinary • Independent, community-driven • Provide 16-digit persistent identifier for researchers to disambiguate
  3. 3. BEFORE • First name • Last name • Middle name • Transliteration • By affiliation • By field • By journal • By co-authors … AFTER 3 WHY NAME DISAMBIGUATION?
  4. 4. One researcher may have many profiles or identifiers 4
  5. 5. PERSISTENT IDENTIFIERS The term "persistent identifier" is usually used in the context of digital objects that are accessible over the Internet. Typically, such an identifier is not only persistent but actionable: you can plug it into a web browser and be taken to the identified source. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persistent_identifier
  6. 6. EXAMPLE: DOI 6http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms11605 Institutional repository news article
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10 In EuroPMC, clicking on the author name linked with his/her ORCID will show the researcher profile with the number of publications & citations, and search results correctly.
  11. 11. 11 • The author Chengshu Wang is often listed as Wang C in his publications. • He uses ORCID so he is distinguished from other Wang C in databases. • His publications are searchable by his ORCID (not by name) in EuroPMC, • … and links back to his ORCID record to show his bio, and more publications.
  12. 12. • Individuals can register and use ORCID for free of charge whether or not their employer is a member • ORCID is an opt-in system. The researcher controls their record: registration, linked information, privacy and access settings • ORCID member organizations use ORCID API and help to maintain ORCID records by getting permissions from each researcher 12 ORCID IS OPT-IN
  13. 13. 13 Researchers can • create, edit and maintain an ORCID record • for free of charge • control privacy settings for every item
  14. 14. USER PRIVACY Information in an ORCID Record has a privacy setting, which is set by the account owner (yourself) LIMITED Accessible by anyone Accessible by Account Owner + Trusted Organization(s) Accessible by Account Owner only 14
  15. 15. Researcher university Permissions to use ORCID record Register & Manage ORCID record • Basic information • Name • Email addresses etc. • Account settings xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx Employment: XXX University Source: XXX University ORCID record This researcher works at: 15 funder This researcher was awarded: Funding: YYY Foundation, Grant #123 Source: YYY Foundation This researcher contributed as: Peer Review: Journal ZZZ, vol. 45, 2016 Source: ZZZ Publishing publisher
  16. 16. ORCID @ REPOSITORIES Example: King Abdullah University of Science & Technology 16
  17. 17. 17 COLLECT, CONNECT, AND UPDATE http://orcid.kaust.edu.sa/
  18. 18. 18 ORCID AUTHORIZATION Submission systems can prompt authors to log in with their ORCID, and populate authors’ basic information (bio, email address etc), and embed ORCID iDs when the article is accepted.
  20. 20. ORCID AUTO-UPDATE 20 Author • Link own ORCID to author profile • Add ORCID to co-authors too Publisher Embed authors’ ORCID in the metadata when the manuscript is accepted Check authors’ ORCID in the metadata when assigning DOIs to new publications Receive new publication info from Crossref and add to authors’ ORCID records Notified by email
  21. 21. 21 Give permissions to Crossref so your new publications will be automatically added to your ORCID record
  22. 22. http://orcid.org/content/requiring-orcid-publication-workflows-open-letter ORCID PUBLISHER MANDATES More and more publishers are providing options to link authors’ and reviewers’ ORCID in manuscript submission systems. Some publishers are starting to mandate ORCID. • 22
  23. 23. 23 CREDIT PEER REVIEW Publishers can credit peer reviewers by inserting to one’s ORCID record
  24. 24. 24 DISPLAY • In metadata • On sites • In publications CONNECT • Affiliations (employers) • Works (publishers) • Awards (funders) COLLECT & CONNECT
  25. 25. ORCID @ FUNDERS • Funders are starting to adopt ORCID in funding application process • They can inject funding information to ORCID records with its source clearly indicated = evidence • 25 • Request permission during grant application • Collect identifier • Display in internal systems • Assert funding in ORCID record • Information available to reuse in other systems
  26. 26. 26 ORCID @ INSTITUTIONS Research institutions offer personal homepages where researchers can link their ORCID iDs and showcase their research output globally.
  27. 27. MEMBERS BUILD TRUST • ORCID member organizations can facilitate and receive electronic permissions from researchers so that they can help manage their ORCID records. For example: • Universities can assert their researcher’s affiliation • Publishers can add review contributions for their reviewers • Funding organizations can add funding awards to their winner’s ORCID • DOI agencies automatically add new publications as ORCID works • In addition to the information added by researchers themselves, ORCID member organizations add and update researchers’ activities on their ORCID and build academic trust in the ORCID registry • 27
  28. 28. AUTHENTICATION? 28 Use an authenticated API to collect iD (username & password) to ensure the person and the iD belong together, the iD is correct (no typos), and that privacy is respected. For more info on membership, visit http://orcid.org/about/membership
  29. 29. Researcher Register & Manage ORCID record • Basic information • Name • Email addresses etc. • Account settings xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx Employment: XXX University Source: me ORCID record 29 Funding: YYY Foundation, Grant #123 Source: me Peer Review: Journal ZZZ, vol. 23, 2016 Source: me It’s another chore for researchers unless your system is connected.
  30. 30. ORCID • Open • Managed by researchers + ORCID community Profile systems • Proprietary & closed • Managed by researchers themselves 30 ORCID IS NOT A PROFILE SYSTEM
  31. 31. Librarian: “All our researchers should sign up for an ORCID iD, and we teach them how. We also encourage Google Scholar, ResearchGate, etc.” It’s another chore for researchers unless your system is connected.
  32. 32. 32 ORCID SAVES TIME University Library Funde rs Faculty Profiles Researcher Publishers • Create, edit, and maintain free ORCID record • Give explicit permissions for services to use iD • Control privacy settings, and read/write access • Change settings and access privileges at any time
  34. 34. ORCID TODAY • Over 3.0 million researchers • 650+ members from 40 countries, including national consortia in the UK, Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Taiwan, Australia, New Zealand and 4 regional consortia in the US • Over 300 integrations with another 200 in the pipeline
  35. 35. Asia Pacific 15% Europe 50% Latin America 1% Middle East & Africa 4% North America 30% Publisher/ Association 14% Funder 3% Governme nt 2% Repository /Profile Org 6% Research Institute 75% MEMBER BREAKDOWN By region By sector
  36. 36. HOLDERS (& MEMBERS) IN APAC 36 China 117,052 (3) India 37,095 (1) Japan 53,631 (9) South Korea 32,271 (1) Taiwan 17,197 (8) Hong Kong 10,085 (8) Malaysia 11,350 (1) Singapore 7,184 (2) Indonesia 7,138 (0) Vietnam 2,054 (0) Thailand 4,024 (0) Philippines 2,198 (0) Australia 58,550 (44) New Zealand 8,378 (43) ORCID holders by email domain as of Jan 2017
  37. 37. 37 Slide created by Natasha Simons, ANDS
  38. 38. 38 Slide created by Natasha Simons, ANDS
  39. 39. NZ JOINT STATEMENT New Zealand is joining the wave of countries to support and adopt ORCID. On July 26 New Zealand's peak bodies representing the scientific and research community, along with funding agencies, released a joint statement of principle supporting the adoption and use of ORCID identifiers across the research and science system. 39 http://orcid.org/blog/2016/08/17/orcid-new-zealand-update
  40. 40. NATIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS • Austria: Funder requirement 2016 • Italy: National consortium 2015 • Finland: National recommendation 2015 • Australia: National recommendation 2015 • Denmark: University launch 2014 • Spain: Launched 2 consortia in 2014 • Portugal: Funder requirement 2013 • Sweden: National recommendation 2013 • UK: National recommendation 2013, pilot 2014, consortium 2015 40
  41. 41. It’s a community effort! ORCID is a community effort
  42. 42. ORCID PROVIDES: Plumbing for research information Tools to build trust in digital information
  43. 43. 43 EXAMPLE: INDIA
  44. 44. PUBLIC AND MEMBER APIS 44 API Features Public API Freely available to anyone • Sandbox test environment freely available • Create: Facilitate creation of new ORCID records (via on-demand process) • Authenticate: Get a user’s authenticated ORCID iD • Read (Public): Search/retrieve public data • No personalized support Member API ORCID member organizations All of above, and: • Read (Limited): Search/retrieve “limited-access” data • Add: Post new items to a record • Update: Edit or delete items you previously added • Personalized support, member newsletter, etc. http://orcid.org/about/membership
  45. 45. • Researchers can save time if the organizations they interact with become ORCID members, connect iDs and their publications, funding, and other research activity records • We look forward to more Indian organizations to join the ORCID community so that together we can help them spend LESS time on admin process, and MORE on research activities 45
  46. 46. 46 THANKS! Nobuko Miyairi ORCID Regional Director, Asia Pacific n.miyairi@orcid.org