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SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
Vaajoki, A., Kankkunen, P., Pietila, A. M., & Vehvilainen-Julkunen, K. (2011). Music as a nursing intervention:
Effects of music listening on blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate in abdominal surgery patients.
Nursing and Health Sciences, 13, 412-418. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00633
Binns-Turner, P. G., Wilson, L. L., Pryor, E. R., Boyd, G. L., & Prickett, C. A. (2011). Perioperative music and its
effects on anxiety, hemodynamics, and pain in women undergoing mastectomy. American Association of
Nurse Anesthetists Journal, 79(4), 21-27.
Ni, C. H., Tsai, W. H., Lee, L. M., Kao, C. C., & Chen, Y. C. (2011). Minimizing preoperative anxiety with music
for day surgery patients—a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21, 620-625. doi: 10.1111/j.
Comeaux, T., & Steele-Moses, S. (2013). The effect of complementary music therapy on the patient’s
postoperative state anxiety, pain control, and environmental noise satisfaction. MEDSURG Nursing, 22(5),
In patients undergoing surgery, does the use of music therapy as a nursing
intervention reduce anxiety and physiologic responses to stress in the
perioperative setting compared to only offering pharmacological interventions?
Nora VanderPal, BSN
RecommendationsPatients undergoing surgery and other significant medical
procedures have high levels of stress and anxiety related
to several different factors. These feelings and their
corresponding physiologic responses may be caused by
the surgical experience, coping with acute pain, treatment
regimens, financial burdens of care, and disruptions of
their personal and professional lives. Traditional methods
of reducing anxiety in presurgical patients have been
focused primarily on the use of pharmacologic
interventions. However, such interventions may result in
delayed awakening and subsequent late discharge from
postoperative care and sometimes even an adverse
reaction to the medication itself.
Moreover, unrelieved postoperative pain can lead to
complications, such as ineffective breathing patterns and
delayed ambulation resulting in increased postoperative
morbidity, delayed recovery and reduced patient
satisfaction. Music listening is a non-pharmacological
method that can focus attention, facilitate breathing, and
stimulate the relaxation response.
Summary of Findings
Search for Evidence
Evidence Based Practice nursing research articles were found using CINAHL
Plus with Full Text from EBSCOhost.
Music is a non-invasive low cost intervention that can
easily be implemented in the perioperative setting of any
• Music therapy should be offered to patients in the
• Music acts as an anxiolytic diversion from negative
stimuli and an integrated hypothalamic relaxation
response resulting in reduced heart rate and blood
• Music therapy provides distraction, promotes
relaxation, and decreases anxiety
• Music therapy should be offered to patients in the
• Distraction from negative experiences through the
use of music therapy can increase satisfaction,
enhance pain management and decrease anxiety
in patients recovering from surgery.
Research indicates that music therapy provides distraction,
promotes relaxation, and decreases anxiety. Music therapy
has a beneficial effect on a patient’s perceived pain,
relaxation, respiratory rate, self-reported anxiety level, and
the amount of analgesia required for effective pain
management. When used in conjunction with
pharmacologic pain management strategies, music therapy
promotes a sense of well-being and an overall positive
experience. Although there was minor evidence suggesting
that music has a significant influence on physiologic
parameters indicative of stress and anxiety, such as heart
rate and blood pressures alone, when used in conjunction ,
music therapy can produce positive effects on individuals
experiencing stress and medically-induced anxiety.
Evaluation of the long term effects of music therapy during
the perioperative period include a significantly lower
respiratory rate and a decrease in mean arterial pressure.
Several participants receiving music volunteered comments
postoperatively about how much they enjoyed hearing the
music and that it provided comfort to them. As healthcare
providers search for ways to provide services to their
clients that can produce greater satisfaction, perioperative
music may be an efficacious and cost effective intervention.
1. In some studies, participants knew their levels of pain and anxiety were being studied
2. The 20 minute music intervention in one study may have been insufficient to produce
physiologically measurable effects.
3. Music responses might have been more significant if subjects brought their own music
selections from home.
4. The studies should be replicated with a larger sample size and with different patient
populations to validate findings.
Individuals in the perioperative setting experience high
levels of anxiety and stress with consequent physiologic
responses. Even patients with a low predisposition to
anxiety may become apprehensive in this setting and
show physical and psychological changes including
increased heart rate, blood pressure, palpitations,
vasoconstriction, nausea, vomiting and gastric stasis.
Music as a therapeutic intervention has been recognized
for its ability to modify the limbic system to provide pain
relief, relaxation, and reduction in psychological stress.
Therefore the question begs asking: Does the use of
music therapy as a nursing intervention in conjunction
with pharmacologic therapies effectively reduce anxiety
and physiologic responses to stress in the perioperative
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