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David Winickoff, Session 1

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Presentation by David Winickoff at the OECD Global Conference on Governance Innovation which took place in Paris on 13-14 January 2020. Further information is available at http://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/oecd-global-conference-on-governance-innovation.htm.

David Winickoff, Session 1

  1. 1. MOVING “UPSTREAM” FOR GOVERNANCE INNOVATION David Winickoff Senior Policy Analyst Division of Science and Technology Policy OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation Global Conference on Governance Innovation OECD 13 January 2020
  2. 2. 2 create the conditions for the development and diffusion of trusted and trustworthy technology for governance and for people. Disruptive to economy and society (e.g. Uber) Pacing. Rapidly evolving with unclear impacts (e.g. AI) Governance Challenges Enabling larger areas of work (e.g. NPR) Misfits existing legal categories (e.g. neurotech) Goals and challenges for governance innovation
  3. 3. The “Collingridge Dilemma” Regulate later • changing course may become expensive, difficult and time- consuming because tech is built in • “End-of-pipe” solutions might be too late Regulate earlier • full consequences of the technology might not be fully apparent • danger of misguided or inadequate regulation • unnecessary regulation can constrain innovation “Code is law” (Lessig) = technology is built-in governance 3
  4. 4. • New forms of energy, mobility and IT solutions, blending technology creation in end-use environments “Upstream” model to governance that engages the innovation process itself Test-beds and living laboratories • Co-develops, tests and demonstrates technology and governance mechanisms European Energy Forum in Berlin 4 OECD soft law
  5. 5. 5 Brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) • Prevention and neuronal rehabilitation for serious injuries; chips with data feeds, Internet of Things; behavior control? Brain imaging technologies new measures for diagnosis / outcome in chronic pain; use/misuse in medical and legal settings to predict behavior OECD Recommendation on Responsible Innovation in Neurotechnology Importance of biotechnology, biometrics, and “technologies of the human” for governance innovation • Key ethical, legal and social implications • Diverse ways to leverage neurotech and other biometrics, especially in health, insurance, security, biosafety regulation • This regards careful planning and architecture Prioritising safety assessment Promoting inclusivity Enabling societal deliberation Enabling capacity of oversight and advisory bodies Safeguarding personal brain data and other information Promoting cultures of stewardship and trust across the public and private sector Anticipating and monitoring potential unintended use and/or misuse.
  6. 6. Anticipation • Update the arts of foresight and technology assessment • Building governance into systems – engineering and design standards • Soft law tools to avoid regulatory lock-in but to guide Future directions in upstream governance: building cases and experiments in… Inclusivity • multi-stakeholder models to collectively shape technological developments • New inter-disciplinarity in R & D across natural, engineering, social, humanities, policy science • Interface with the private sector on governance Directionality • Steering technological governance through societal deliberation 6

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