Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.

Right to Access Information in Tunisia: Citizens' Guide

180 vues

Publié le

This document is a simplified guide on the law of access to information and is aimed to inform citizens and journalists in Tunisia. The guide was prepared in coordination with the Access to Information Commission and Article 19 as part of the OECD's support to Tunisia to promote open government reforms.

  • Soyez le premier à commenter

  • Soyez le premier à aimer ceci

Right to Access Information in Tunisia: Citizens' Guide

  1. 1. RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION The right to access information guarantees everyone the right of access to all information and documents related to the management of public affairs regardless of the status of the concerned person and the purpose for obtaining the required information.
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS WHY IS THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION IMPORTANT? WHAT LEGAL FRAMEWORK REGULATES THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION? WHAT INFORMATION CAN BE ACCESSED? DON’T BE SCARED OF EXCEPTIONS TO THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION! TO WHICH ENTITIES CAN AN APPLICATION FOR ACCESS INFORMATION BE SUBMITTED? HOW CAN ONE APPLY FOR ACCESS TO INFORMATION? HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO ACCESS INFORMATION? WHAT ARE THE DEADLINES FOR RESPONDING TO AN ACCESS TO INFORMATION APPLICATION? HOW THE CONCERNED ENTITY WILL RESPOND TO APPLICATION FOR ACCESS? WHAT SHOULD ONE DO IF ONE’S APPLICATION IS REJECTED? ACCESS TO INFORMATION: A RIGHT, NOT A PRIVILEGE! YOU CAN RE-USE ACCESSED INFORMATION FREELY! THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION IN A NUTSHELL! 2 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
  3. 3. WHY IS THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION IMPORTANT? The right to access information is one of the most important mechanisms in helping journalists gather the facts and data necessary to fulfil their professional function. The right to access information enables all citizens to know how the decisions that affect them are made, how public funds are handled and according to which criteria institutions act. It enables civil society organizations to acquire the information required to develop effective programs and strategies, and to perform their role as watch-dogs effectively. RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION A necessary condition to combat corruption and mismanagement of public funds Is necessary to detect violations and protect rights Contributes actively to the support of scientific research Establishes and supports the democratic and participatory practice of governance Helps individuals to make their decisions based on correct data Contributes to the stimulation of trade and the creation of a strong economy 1
  4. 4. WHAT LEGAL FRAMEWORK REGULATES THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION? These legal texts establish the basis of the right to access information and support the exercise of this right by adopting the following principles: 1946: Resolution No.59 of the General Assembly of the United Nations 1948: Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1966: Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 2017: Recommendation of the OECD Council on Open Government. Article 32 of the Constitution of the Republic of Tunisia. Organic Law No.22 dated March 24, 2016 on the Right to Access Information and its implementing regulations. Disclosure of maximum information Protect individuals who disclose information necessary to combat corruption The right of the person who accesses information to freely reuse it Impose the obligation of the proactive dissemination of information of the concerned entities Free access to information or non-imposition of excessive costs Narrow the scope of exceptions Facilitate the procedures of accessing information 2
  5. 5. DON’T BE SCARED OF EXCEPTIONS TO THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION! Exceptions to the right to access information are few, justified, and explicitly mentioned in the law. They are divided into: • Exceptions related to public security, national defense, international relations related to public security or national defense, the protection of public interest, personal data, and privacy; • Exceptions related to the protection of whistle-blowers. IN ORDER TO SUPPORT TRANSPARENCY AND PROTECT WHISTLE-BLOWERS, ACCESS TO WHISTLE-BLOWER IDENTIFICATION DATA CANNOT BE REQUESTED WHAT INFORMATION CAN BE ACCESSED? 3 4 You may request access to any recorded information, whatever its history, form or medium, which has been produced or obtained by the entities subject to the provisions of the Law on Access to Information during the exercise of their activities. You may request access to any information regardless of your status, your interest in obtaining such information, or your relationship to it. You may request access to any information you choose, and you are not to be questioned for making a request, no matter what information is being sought. DON’T BE AFRAID TO REQUEST INFORMATION… The entity concerned by the application for access to information shall under no circumstances respond to applications for the disclosure of data on whistle-blowers. Responding to these applications is considered administrative misconduct, resulting in disciplinary sanctions and severe penalties imposed on the perpetrator Source: Organic law 2017-10 on whistle-blowing protection YOUR RIGHT IS GUARANTEED, AND THE LAW PROTECTS YOU!!!
  6. 6. REJECTED EXCEPTIONS TO THE RIGHT OF ACCESS TO INFORMATION RELATED TO THE PROTECTION OF PUBLIC INTEREST AND PERSONAL DATA: If the application for access may be damaging to one of the following areas And the following conditions are met • Public Security • National Defense • International Relations regarding public security or national defense. • The rights of others to protect their private lives, personal data, and intellectual property. • The expectation that severe damage will be done to one of these areas, whether immediate or not (Examine damage) with a lack of public interest in providing access to the information (Examine the public interest). • The interests to be protected are deemed more important than the benefit to the public interest of making the information available. When access to the information covered by the exception is necessary to detect or investigate serious violations of human rights or war crimes, or to prosecute their perpetrators, unless this detrimental to the public interest When public interest is given priority over the damage that may be caused to the protected interests because of a serious threat to health, safety, the environment, or a criminal act. Upon the expiration of the deadlines stipulated by Law No. 95 dated August 2, 1988 on archives. EXCEPTIONS RELATED TO THE PROTECTION OF PUBLIC INTERESTAND PERSONAL DATAARE NOT TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT, AND THE REQUESTED INFORMATION SHOULD BE PROVIDED: THE RESULT Rejection of application for access.
  7. 7. TO WHICH ENTITIES CAN AN APPLICATION FOR ACCESS INFORMATION BE SUBMITTED? 5 You can request information held by public entities and corporate bodies governed by private law and operating a public facility, and by organizations, associations, and entities that benefit from public funding as shown in the following table: Presidency of the Republic and related entities Presidency of the Government and related entities Assembly of the Representatives of the People and related entities Ministries and entities under their supervision in Tunisia and abroad Central Bank Public institutions and establishments and their representations abroad Local and regional public entities: Regional Commissariats for Education, Agriculture, Culture, etc Local Communities: municipalities, regions, and provinces Judicial bodies, Supreme Judicial Council, Constitutional Court , and Court of Accounts Constitutional bodies: ISIE / HAICA and others Independent public bodies: Access to Information Authority/ National Authority for the Protection of Personal Data, and others Regulatory bodies: The National Telecommunications Commission / General Authority for Insurance and others Corporate bodies governed by private law Organizations, associations, and all entities that benefit from public funding
  8. 8. HOW CAN ONE APPLY FOR ACCESS TO INFORMATION? 6 The submission of an application to access information is a very easy process. Any natural or legal person can submit a written application to access the requested information, in accordance with a pre- established form provided by the concerned entity, via the website or on site. The application may also be submitted on ordinary paper, provided that it contains the obligatory references mentioned in Articles 10 and 12 of the Law on Access to Information. Be aware that you are not required to provide the number of your ID card, passport, or any other personal document. You do not need to use any of your personal documents to exercise your right to access information. TEMPLATE THAT CAN BE FOUND IN ALL PUBLIC ENTITIES
  9. 9. URGENT WHY NO NEED TO SAY WHY!!! FOR URGENT CASES: YOU MUST EXPLAIN WHY AND HOW!!! In principle, no matter what information is required, you do not need to state the reasons why you are requesting the information, nor your interest in obtaining it (Article 11 of the Law). The application for access must be submitted either directly to the relevant entity in exchange for a receipt, or by a secured mail, fax, or e-mail with notification of receipt. However, if you want to urge the relevant entity to respond to you within the shorter time limits set forth in Article 17 of the Law on Access to Information, estimated at no more than 48 hours from the date of the application’s submission, you must indicate why you urgently require the information and how this may affect the life or freedom of a certain person. You may even use a nickname or non-legal name in the application; however, this implies that you will lose your right to appeal the rejection of your application SO… WHO IS THE PERSON IN CHARGE OF ACCESS TO INFORMATION ??? The person in charge of access to information must provide the necessary assistance to the applicant for access in case of a disability or inability to write, and when the applicant is deaf or blind.
  10. 10. HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO ACCESS INFORMATION? 7 EXCEPTIONS • Access is provided in exchange for a small, pre-defined fee and the applicant is informed of this amount in advance upon requesting the information. • These fees shall not exceed the expenses incurred by the concerned entity in preparing a copy of the required information. IN ALL CASES, NO PAYMENT SHALL BE REQUIRED: • When the information is made available on site. • When the information is sent electronically or when it is uploaded to a device possessed by the applicant (CD, flash disk, memory card). If the application for access does not contain the required data, the person in charge of access to information shall inform the applicant, by any written means, of the deficiencies in the application and ask that it be corrected, within fifteen (15) days from the date of submission. • The person in charge of access to information is the employee appointed by every entity governed by the Law on Access to Information. • The data of the person in charge of access to information and his/her deputy (name, title, position, and job description), as well as the wayto contact them (workplace, telephone number and email address) must be available to the public and published on the concerned entity’s website. •The person in charge of access to information and his/her deputy in particular receive, process, and reply to the applications for access to information. FREEOFCHARGE PRINCIPLE: ACCESS TO INFORMATION IS
  11. 11. 10 DAYS 48 HOURS 10+ DAYS TWENTY DAYS | 20 DAYS In principle, the concerned entity shall respond to each application for access it receives at the earliest and not laterthan twenty (20) days from the date ofthe application’s submission orthe date of its correction. However, the terms of responding to applications for access are not fixed and vary according to the nature of the information requested and the means of its access, as shown in the following figure. IN ALL CASES, NON-RESPONSE BYTHE CONCERNED ENTITYTO AN APPLICATION FOR ACCESS WITHIN THE LEGAL DEADLINES REFERRED TO ABOVE SHALL BE CONSIDERED AS ATACIT REJECTION AGAINST WHICH A COMPLAINT OR AN APPEAL CAN BE FILED. A tacit rejection decision is a decision that results from the concerned entity’s silence in response to the application for access or the complaint submitted to it and the non-response to the application within the legal deadlines (20 days for an application for access and 10 days for a complaint). The applicant must keep evidence proving that he/she has applied for access or filed a complaint (direct deposit receipt, or a copy of the mail, fax, or e-mail) to prove the expiry of legal deadlines and thus exercise his/her right to file a complaint or appeal. WHAT ARE THE DEADLINES FOR RESPONDING TO AN ACCESS INFORMATION APPLICATION? 8 When an application for access to information has an impact on the life or freedom of a certain person, the concerned entity shall respond by any written means as soon as possible, and immediately if feasible, within a maximum period of forty-eight (48) hours from the date of the application’s submission. The terms of response shall be reduced to ten (10) days if the application for access relates to the review of information on the spot. If several documents from the same entity must be obtained or reviewed, the normal term estimated at twenty days shall be extended by another ten (10) days, and the entity shall inform the applicant of this.
  12. 12. REJECTED HOW THE CONCERNED ENTITY WILL RESPOND TO APPLICATION FOR ACCESS 9 Approval of application for access and provision of full information required Partial provision of the required information if one of the parts requested is covered by an exception Total rejection of application for access through a reasoned decision or the expiry of legal deadlines If the concerned entity approves your application for access without you being able to obtain the requested information, your application is then rejected and you may file a complaint or an appeal against this rejection. If the application for access is related to information previously published by the concerned entity, the person in charge of access must inform you of this and determine the location where it was published, its publication format, date, and the way to review it. If the information you received is found to be incomplete, the concerned entity must help you get the supplementary and necessary data and clarifications that you require. In this case, it shall not argue that the information has been given to you and that it has responded to your application. In the case of the rejection of the application for access based on a justified response, the effect of rejection ends with the disappearance of the reasons for rejection set forth in the response to the application.
  13. 13. WHAT SHOULD ONE DO IF ONE’S APPLICATION IS REJECTED? 10 SO, IF MY APPLICATION IS REJECTED IN WHOLE OR IN PART ... WHAT SHOULD I DO??? DON’T WORRY… YOU CAN SUBMITA COMPLAINT TO THE HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OR APPEAL THE DECISION OF ACCESS REJECTION… IT ISN’T UP TO THEM!!! COMPLAINT TO THE HEAD OF THE CONCERNED ENTITY In case of rejection, the applicant may submit a complaint to the head of the concerned entity. The “head of the entity” is the person holding the highest position at the entity to which the application is submitted (the governor for the governorate / the regional director for the regional departments/ the head or managing director for public establishments / the minister for the ministry / the head of an association receiving public funding / the head or general manager of the company that runs a public facility). YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO CHOOSE HEAD OF ENTITY The complaint shall be submitted to the head of the concerned entity within twenty days from the date of the rejection decision. The complaint shall be considered within a period of ten (10) days. INFORMATION ACCESS AUTHORITY The submission of a complaint to the head of the concerned entity is optional. The applicant may choose not to do so, and instead exercise his right to appeal the rejection decision directly before the Information Access Authority.
  14. 14. YOU MAY ALSO FILE A COMPLAINT OR APPEAL IN THE FOLLOWING CASES: • When the applicant does not receive a response to the application in due time or is not informed of the outcome of his/her application. • When the rejection of the application is not justified. • When the document specified in the application is not provided to the applicant. • When an unfounded fee is requested in exchange for the provision of the required document. APPEAL BEFORE THE ACCESS TO INFORMATION AUTHORITY: INFORMATI0N NEEDED HOW TO SUBMIT DIRECT SUBMISSION The headquarters of the Information Access Authority is located on Ahmed Al Gharbi Road No. 8, Al Manzah 1, 1004 The appeal must contain the exact identity and address of the appellant, a copy of the rejected application, a copy of the rejection decision and any evidence substantiating the rejection, as well as the legal and factual grounds supporting the application for access . The appeal shall be submitted directly to the Authority’s headquarters or sent by registered letter, fax, or e-mail, and the appellant shall receive a notification of receipt. You can appeal a decision rejecting access issued by the concerned entity before the Information Access Authority no later than twenty (20) days from the date of receiving notification of the explicit rejection decision or from the date of the tacit rejection decision.
  15. 15. 30 DAYS DO NOT HESITATE TO APPEAL THE DECISIONS OF ACCESS REJECTION BEFORE THE INFORMATION ACCESS AUTHORITY: •Because the Authority is independent of all other powers and is only governed by the law. •Because the members of the Authority are specialized in access to information, and they include judges, lawyers, and representatives of journalists and civil society. •Because the Council of the Authority has wide-ranging powers that enable it to carry out the necessary investigative work at the headquarters of the concerned entity impartially. •Because the Authority shall rule on the case as soon as possible, no later than within forty-five (45) days. •Because the Authority informs both the concerned entity and the applicant in person of its decision on the case, and it publishes this decision on its website. APPEAL BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE COURT: If the Information Access Authority supports the rejection of an application by the concerned entity, you can appeal the decision before the Administrative Court. The Authority’s decision may be appealed before the Appeals Chambers of the Administrative Court in accordance with the procedures set forth in Articles 59 to 66 of the Code of Administrative Procedure. This appeal must be filed within a period of 30 days from the date of notification of the Authority’s decision. The appeal against the Administrative Court’s decision may be filed by an attorney before either an Appeals Court or the Cassation Court.
  16. 16. 6’0” 5’6” 5’0” 4’6” 4’0” 3’6” 3’0” ACCESS TO INFORMATION: A RIGHT, NOT A PRIVILEGE! All citizens have the right to access information. Any employee working at entities governed by the Law on Access to information who infringes upon this right or disrupts its exercise is subject to severe disciplinary and criminal sanctions. 11 Failure to respect the provisions ofthis lawis a disciplinaryerrorresulting in disciplinaryconsequences. Intentionallydisrupting access to information is considered a criminal offense resulting in a criminal penalty,which consists ofa fine ranging from five hundred (500) dinars to five thousand (5,000) dinars. Anypersonwho intentionallydestroys information illegally, orinduces another person to do so, is subject to a penaltyofone yearimprisonment and a fine ofone hundred and twentythousand (120,000) dinars). YOU ARE FREE TO REUSE THE INFORMATION • If you receive information, you can freely re-use it in investigative press reports, association activities or to provide value-added services, etc. • There are no restrictions or limitations on the confidential nature of the information or the way it is obtained that restrict the right of its reuse. YOU CAN RE-USE ACCESSED INFORMATION FREELY! 12
  17. 17. DO NOT HESITATE… EXERCISE YOUR RIGHT OF ACCESS TO INFORMATION! Everyone has the right of access to all public information. The right is recognized in article 32 of the Constitution of the Republic of Tunisia and in the Organic Law No. 22 dated March 24, 2016. Access to any written information produced or obtained by the entities governed by the Law on Access to Information during the exercise of their activities may be requested. No matter which information you are requesting, you do not need to state the reasons why you are requesting the information, nor your interest in obtaining it. Exceptions to the right to access information are few, justified, and explicitly mentioned in the law. The submission of an application to access information is a very easy process. Principle: Access to information is free of charge. In principle, the concerned entity shall respond to each application for access it receives as early as possible, and no later than within twenty (20) days. If the application is rejected, a complaint can be submitted to the head of the department or an appeal can be made before the Access to Information Authority. THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION IN A NUTSHELL 13
  18. 18. ‫شخص‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫يضمن‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫الحق‬ ‫قة‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحصول‬ ‫إمكانية‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫لمقتضيات‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫وفق‬ ‫العام‬ ‫الشأن‬ ‫بإدارة‬ .‫الدليل‬ ‫بهذا‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫المبي‬ ‫النحو‬ ‫وعلى‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫يضمن‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫الحق‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫يضمن‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫الحق‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫يضمن‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫الحق‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫يضمن‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫الحق‬
  19. 19. ‫الفهرس‬ ‫مهم؟‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫عالش‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫لك‬ ‫تضمن‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫القوانين‬ ‫شنية‬ ‫المعلومة؟‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫تطلبها؟‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تنج‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫شنية‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫إستثناءات‬ ‫من‬ ‫تخافش‬ ‫ما‬ !‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫نفاذ؟‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫ملها‬ ّ‫تقد‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫شنية‬ ‫؟‬‫نفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تقد‬ ‫كيفاش‬ ‫؟‬‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫فلك‬ ّ‫يتكل‬ ‫اش‬ ّ‫قد‬ ‫النفاذ؟‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫على‬ ‫يجاوبوك‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫اش‬ ّ‫قد‬ ‫في‬ ‫؟‬‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫على‬ ‫يجاوبوك‬ ‫مو‬ ّ‫ينج‬ ‫كيفاش‬ ‫النفاذ؟‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫رفضولك‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫تشكي‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تنج‬ ‫وين‬ !‫مزية‬ ‫موش‬ ‫حق‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫تتحص‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫تستعمل‬ ‫تعاود‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تنج‬ !‫ية‬ ّ‫حر‬ ‫بكل‬ !‫باختصار‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫الحق‬ 2 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
  20. 20. 1 ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫عالش‬ ‫مهم؟‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫خاذ‬ ّ‫ات‬ ‫في‬ ‫األفراد‬ ‫يساعد‬ ‫على‬ ‫بناء‬ ‫قراراتهم‬ ‫صحيحة‬ ‫معطيات‬ ‫تنشيط‬ ‫في‬ ‫يساهم‬ ‫وخلق‬ ‫التجارية‬ ‫المبادالت‬ ‫قوي‬ ‫إقتصاد‬ ‫لمكافحة‬ ‫ضروري‬ ‫شرط‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫التصر‬ ‫وسوء‬ ‫الفساد‬ ‫العام‬ ‫المال‬ ‫في‬ ‫االنتهاكات‬ ‫لكشف‬ ‫ضروري‬ ‫الحقوق‬ ‫ولحماية‬ ‫في‬ ‫بفعالية‬ ‫يساهم‬ ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫دعم‬ ‫ويدعم‬ ‫س‬ ّ‫يؤس‬ ‫الديمقراطية‬ ‫الممارسة‬ ‫للحكم‬ ‫والتشاركية‬ ‫اآلليات‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫من‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ّ‫يعد‬ ‫الضرورية‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫للصحفي‬ ‫ر‬ ّ‫توف‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫على‬ ‫وباالعتماد‬ ‫حرفية‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫عمله‬ ‫لممارسة‬ .‫وصحيحة‬ ‫دقيقة‬ ‫معلومات‬ ‫مات‬ ّ‫منظ‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫ّن‬‫ك‬‫يم‬ ‫المعطيات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحصول‬ ‫من‬ ‫المدني‬ ‫المجتمع‬ ‫بإعداد‬ ‫لها‬ ‫تسمح‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الضرورية‬ ‫والمعلومة‬ ‫ممارسة‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫وناجعة‬ ‫علمية‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫خطط‬ ‫على‬ ‫واالجتماعي‬ ‫والرقابي‬ ‫التنموي‬ ‫دورها‬ .‫وصحيحة‬ ‫سليمة‬ ‫أسس‬ ‫معرفة‬ ‫من‬ ‫المواطنين‬ ّ‫كل‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫ّن‬‫ك‬‫يم‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫التصر‬ ‫وكيفية‬ ‫حياتهم‬ ‫في‬ ‫رة‬ ّ‫المؤث‬ ‫القرارات‬ ‫خاذ‬ ّ‫ات‬ ّ‫يتم‬ ‫كيف‬ .‫العمومية‬ ‫المرافق‬ ‫وإدارة‬ ‫العمومية‬ ‫األموال‬ ‫في‬
  21. 21. ‫ك‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫لك‬ ‫تضمن‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫القوانين‬ ...‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫أقصى‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الكشف‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫من‬ ‫قدر‬ ‫عن‬ ‫يكشفون‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫األفراد‬ ‫حماية‬ ‫لمكافحة‬ ‫الضرورية‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫الفساد‬ ‫الفسادلمكافحة‬ ‫االستثناءات‬ ‫نطاق‬ ‫تضييق‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مجانية‬ ‫باهظة‬ ‫تكاليف‬ ‫فرض‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫إجراءات‬ ‫تيسير‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫على‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫المتحص‬ ‫حق‬ ‫حرية‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫إستخدامها‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫في‬ ‫المعنية‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫إلزام‬ ‫التلقائي‬ ‫بالنشر‬ ‫للمعلومات‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫لألمم‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫للجمعية‬ 59 ‫عدد‬ ‫القرار‬ :1946 ‫اإلنسان‬ ‫لحقوق‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫اإلعالن‬ ‫من‬ 19 ‫الفصل‬ :1948 ‫والسياسية‬ ‫المدنية‬ ‫بالحقوق‬ ‫الخاص‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫العهد‬ ‫من‬ 19 ‫الفصل‬ :1966 .‫المفتوحة‬ ‫الحكومة‬ ‫حول‬ ‫اإلقتصادية‬ ‫والتنمية‬ ‫التعاون‬ ‫مة‬ ّ‫منظ‬ ‫مجلس‬ ‫توصيات‬ :2017 .‫التونسية‬ ‫الجمهورية‬ ‫دستور‬ ‫من‬ 32 ‫الفصل‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ 2016 ‫مارس‬ 24 ‫في‬ ‫خ‬ ّ‫والمؤر‬ 2016 ‫لسنة‬ 22 ‫عدد‬ ‫األساسي‬ ‫القانون‬ .‫التطبيقية‬ ‫ونصوصه‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫بالحق‬ ‫النصوص‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫كل‬ ‫وتهدف‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫تكريس‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫من‬ ‫وذلك‬ ‫ممارسته‬ ‫ودعم‬ :‫التالية‬ ‫المبادئ‬ ‫إقرار‬ ‫خالل‬ 2
  22. 22. 34 ‫من‬ ‫تخافش‬ ‫ما‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫استثناءات‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ...‫المعلومة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫أطلب‬ ...‫تخافش‬ ‫وما‬ ‫مضمون‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫حق‬ !‫يحميك‬ ‫والقانون‬ ‫أي‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫المطالبة‬ ‫يمكنك‬ ‫تاريخها‬ ‫كان‬ ‫مهما‬ ‫نة‬ ّ‫مدو‬ ‫معلومة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫تنتجها‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫وعاؤها‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شكلها‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ألحكام‬ ‫الخاضعة‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫تتحص‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫القانون‬ .‫نشاطها‬ ‫ممارسة‬ ‫إطار‬ ‫في‬ ‫رة‬ ّ‫ومبر‬ ‫قليلة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫استثناءات‬ ‫وتنقسم‬ ،‫القانون‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحصر‬ ‫وجه‬ ‫على‬ ‫ومذكورة‬ : ‫صنفين‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الوطني‬ ‫والدفاع‬ ‫العام‬ ‫األمن‬ ‫بحماية‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫تتعل‬ ‫استثناءات‬• ‫المصلحة‬ ‫وبحماية‬ ‫بهما‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫يتعل‬ ‫فيما‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫والعالقات‬ .‫الخاصة‬ ‫والحياة‬ ‫الشخصية‬ ‫والمعطيات‬ ‫العامة‬ .‫الفساد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫غين‬ ّ‫المبل‬ ‫بحماية‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫تتعل‬ ‫استثناءات‬ • ‫وحماية‬ ‫الشفافية‬ ‫دعم‬ ‫إطار‬ ‫في‬ ‫طلب‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الفساد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫غين‬ ّ‫المبل‬ ‫بهوية‬ ‫الخاصة‬ ‫البيانات‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ .‫الفساد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫غين‬ ّ‫المبل‬ ‫للهيكل‬ ‫األحوال‬ ‫من‬ ‫حال‬ ‫بأي‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫بطلب‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫عن‬ ‫بالكشف‬ ‫قة‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫للمطالب‬ ‫يستجيب‬ ‫بل‬ ‫الفساد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫غين‬ ّ‫بالمبل‬ ‫الخاصة‬ ‫البيانات‬ ‫خطأ‬ ‫تعتبر‬ ‫المطالب‬ ‫لهذه‬ ‫اإلستجابة‬ ّ‫إن‬ ‫وجريمة‬ ‫تأديبية‬ ‫لعقوبات‬ ‫موجب‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫تأديبي‬ .‫شديدة‬ ‫جزائية‬ ‫لعقوبات‬ ‫مرتكبها‬ ‫ض‬ ّ‫تعر‬ ‫معلومة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫طلب‬ ‫يمكنك‬ ‫مصلحتك‬ ‫وعن‬ ‫صفتك‬ ‫عن‬ ‫النظر‬ ‫بغض‬ ‫وعن‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحصول‬ ‫في‬ .‫بها‬ ‫عالقتك‬ ‫أي‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫المطالبة‬ ‫يمكنك‬ ‫بأي‬ ‫مؤاخذتك‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫وال‬ ‫تريدها‬ ‫معلومة‬ ‫الطلب‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫من‬ ‫األشكال‬ ‫من‬ ‫شكل‬ .‫المطلوبة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫مهما‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫شنية‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تنج‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫تطلبها؟‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫والمتعل‬ 2017 ‫مارس‬ 7 ‫في‬ ‫خ‬ ّ‫المؤر‬ 2017 ‫لسنة‬ 10 ‫عدد‬ ‫القانون‬ :‫المصدر‬ .‫الفساد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫غين‬ ّ‫المبل‬ ‫بحماية‬
  23. 23. ‫المصلحة‬ ‫بحماية‬ ‫قة‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫استثناءات‬ :‫الشخصية‬ ‫والمعطيات‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫بحماية‬ ‫قة‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫االستثناءات‬ ‫استبعاد‬ ‫يتم‬ ‫الشخصية‬ ‫والمعطيات‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫المصلحة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫لمطلب‬ ‫واالستجابة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫من‬ ‫يخشى‬ ‫عندما‬ ‫التالية‬ ‫المواضيع‬ ‫بأحد‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫ضرر‬ ‫يلحق‬ ‫أن‬ ‫العام‬ ‫األمن‬ • ‫الوطني‬ ‫الدفاع‬ • ‫العام‬ ‫باألمن‬ ‫قة‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫العالقات‬ • .‫الوطني‬ ‫بالدفاع‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الخاصة‬ ‫حياته‬ ‫حماية‬ ‫في‬ ‫الغير‬ ‫حقوق‬ • .‫الفكرية‬ ‫وملكيته‬ ‫الشخصية‬ ‫ومعطياته‬ ‫النتيجة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫التالية‬ ‫الشروط‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫وتتحق‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫آني‬ ‫كان‬ ‫سواء‬ ‫جسيم‬ ‫ضرر‬ ‫حصول‬ ‫ع‬ ّ‫توق‬ • )‫الضرر‬ ‫(اختبار‬ ‫المواضيع‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫بأحد‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫الحق‬ ‫أو‬ ‫إتاحة‬ ‫من‬ ‫عامة‬ ‫مصلحة‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫تحق‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫مع‬ )‫العامة‬ ‫المصلحة‬ ‫(اختبار‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫من‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫حمايتها‬ ‫المراد‬ ‫المصالح‬ ّ‫أن‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫ويتبي‬ • ‫النفاذ‬ ‫لمطلب‬ ‫االستجابة‬ ‫عن‬ ‫للكشف‬ ‫ضرورية‬ ‫باالستثناء‬ ‫المشمولة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إتاحة‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫عندما‬ ‫ع‬ ّ‫تتب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الحرب‬ ‫جرائم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اإلنسان‬ ‫لحقوق‬ ‫الفادحة‬ ‫االنتهاكات‬ .‫العامة‬ ‫بالمصلحة‬ ‫مساس‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫في‬ ‫يكن‬ ‫لم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫مرتكبيها‬ ‫يلحق‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ذي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الضرر‬ ‫على‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫المصلحة‬ ‫تغليب‬ ‫وجوب‬ ‫عند‬ ‫السالمة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ة‬ ّ‫للصح‬ ‫خطير‬ ‫تهديد‬ ‫لوجود‬ ‫حمايتها‬ ‫المزمع‬ ‫المصلحة‬ .‫إجرامي‬ ‫فعل‬ ‫حدوث‬ ‫جراء‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المحيط‬ ‫أو‬ 1988 ‫لسنة‬ 95 ‫عدد‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫المنصوص‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫انقضاء‬ ‫عند‬ .‫باألرشيف‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫والمتعل‬ 1988 ‫أوت‬ 2 ‫في‬ ‫خ‬ ّ‫المؤر‬ ‫ض‬‫و‬‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬
  24. 24. 5 ‫م‬ ّ‫تقد‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫شنية‬ ‫نفاذ؟‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫لها‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مرفق‬ ‫ر‬ ّ‫تسي‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الخاص‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫أشخاص‬ ‫ولدى‬ ‫العمومية‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫كل‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫رة‬ ّ‫المتوف‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫المطالبة‬ ‫يمكنك‬ :‫التالي‬ ‫الجدول‬ ‫نه‬ ّ‫يبي‬ ‫مثلما‬ ‫عمومي‬ ‫بتمويل‬ ‫تنتفع‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫والهياكل‬ ‫والجمعيات‬ ‫مات‬ ّ‫المنظ‬ ‫ولدى‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫عام‬ ‫وهياكلها‬ ‫الجمهورية‬ ‫رئاسة‬ ‫وهياكله‬ ‫الشعب‬ ‫نواب‬ ‫مجلس‬ ‫المركزي‬ ‫البنك‬ :‫والجهوية‬ ‫ية‬ ّ‫المحل‬ ‫العمومية‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫والفالحة‬ ‫للتربية‬ ‫الجهوية‬ ‫المنددوبيات‬ ‫وغيرها‬ ‫والثقافة‬ ‫للقضاء‬ ‫األعلى‬ ‫والمجلس‬ ‫القضائية‬ ‫الهيئات‬ ‫المحاسبات‬ ‫ومحكمة‬ ‫الدستورية‬ ‫والمحكمة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ :‫ة‬ ّ‫المستقل‬ ‫العمومية‬ ‫الهيئات‬ ‫لحماية‬ ‫الوطنية‬ ‫الهيئة‬ /‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫وغيرها‬ ‫الشخصية‬ ‫المعطيات‬ ‫ر‬ ّ‫تسي‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الخاص‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫أشخاص‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫عام‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مرفق‬ ‫وهياكلها‬ ‫الحكومة‬ ‫رئاسة‬ ‫إلشرافها‬ ‫الخاضعة‬ ‫والهياكل‬ ‫الوزارات‬ ‫والخارج‬ ‫بالداخل‬ ‫العمومية‬ ‫والمنشآت‬ ‫المؤسسات‬ ‫بالخارج‬ ‫وتمثيلياتها‬ ‫وغيرها‬ ISIE/ HAICA :‫الدستورية‬ ‫الهيئات‬ ‫الوطنية‬ ‫الهيئة‬ :‫التعديلية‬ ‫الهيئات‬ ‫وغيرها‬ ‫للتأمين‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫الهيئة‬ /‫صاالت‬ ّ‫لإلت‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ّ‫وكل‬ ‫والجمعيات‬ ‫مات‬ ّ‫المنظ‬ ‫عمومي‬ ‫بتمويل‬ ‫تنتفع‬ ‫والجهات‬ ‫البلديات‬ :‫ية‬ ّ‫المحل‬ ‫الجماعات‬ ‫واألقاليم‬ ‫الحكومة‬ ‫رئيس‬ ‫رئيس‬
  25. 25. 6 ‫نفاذ؟‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تقد‬ ‫كيفاش‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫تقديم‬ ّ‫يعد‬ ‫الناحيتين‬ ‫من‬ ‫ومتاحة‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫جد‬ ‫سهلة‬ ‫عملية‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫واإلجرائية‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫كتابي‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مطلب‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫يقد‬ ‫أن‬ ‫معنوي‬ ‫أو‬ ‫طبيعي‬ ّ‫معد‬ ‫لنموذج‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫وفق‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫ته‬ ّ‫ذم‬ ‫على‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫يضعه‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مسبق‬ .‫المكان‬ ‫عين‬ ‫على‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الواب‬ ‫بموقع‬ ً‫سواء‬ ‫عادي‬ ‫ورق‬ ‫على‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫الواردة‬ ‫التنصيصات‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫وجوب‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫يتضم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫على‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫من‬ 12‫و‬ 10 ‫بالفصلين‬ .‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الوجوبية‬ ‫التنصيصات‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫العثور‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫نموذج‬ ‫المعنية‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫جميع‬ ‫عند‬ ‫عليه‬ :‫الطبيعي‬ ‫للشخص‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫والعنوان‬ ‫واللقب‬ ‫االسم‬ )‫تونس‬ 2005 ،‫الشهداء‬ ‫شارع‬ 13 ،‫اليحياوي‬‫(زهير‬ ‫بالنسبة‬‫والمقر‬ ‫االجتماعية‬ ‫التسمية‬ :‫المعنوي‬ ‫للشخص‬ 2011 ،‫ية‬‫ر‬‫الح‬ ‫شارع‬ 14 ،‫األمل‬ ‫(جمعية‬ )‫المستقبل‬ ‫مدينة‬ :‫بتقديمها‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫والهيكل‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫تحديد‬ ‫نسخة‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحصول‬ :‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫كيفية‬ ‫تحديد‬ ‫إلكترونية‬ ‫نسخة‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحصول‬ / ‫ورقية‬ ‫الحصول‬ / ‫اإلمكان‬ ‫عند‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫من‬ /‫المعلومة‬ ‫من‬ ‫مقتطفات‬ ‫على‬ ‫تحط‬ ‫باش‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫كش‬ ‫ما‬ ‫بالك‬ ‫رد‬ ‫السفر‬ ‫جواز‬ ‫أو‬ ‫التعريف‬ ‫بطاقة‬ ‫رقم‬ .‫أخرى‬ ‫شخصية‬ ‫وثيقة‬ ‫أية‬ ‫أو‬ ‫من‬ ‫نسخة‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫تعطيش‬ ‫ما‬ ‫تمارس‬ ‫باش‬ ‫الشخصية‬ ‫وثائقك‬ .‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫حق‬
  26. 26. ‫ل‬‫ج‬‫ا‬‫ع‬ ‫ش‬‫ال‬‫ع‬ ‫مستعار‬ ‫اسم‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫يمكنك‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫لكن‬ ،‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫صحيح‬ ‫غير‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫في‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫المقابل‬ ‫في‬ ‫تفقد‬ .‫المطلب‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫صورة‬ ‫في‬ ‫على‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ّ‫حث‬ ‫تريد‬ ‫كنت‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫لكن‬ ‫المنصوص‬ ‫المختصرة‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫في‬ ‫إجابتك‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫من‬ 17 ‫بالفصل‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ساعة‬ 48 ‫بـــ‬ ‫رة‬ ّ‫والمقد‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫عليك‬ ‫أقصىى،فيجب‬ ٍّ‫كحد‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫وكيفية‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫للمعلومة‬ ‫حاجتك‬ ‫مدى‬ ‫بيان‬ ‫يته‬ ّ‫حر‬ ‫على‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫حياة‬ ‫على‬ ‫تأثيرها‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫ومهما‬ ‫المبدأ‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫من‬ ‫األسباب‬ ‫بذكر‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مطالب‬ ‫لست‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫فإن‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫ضمن‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫الحصول‬ ‫من‬ ‫المصلحة‬ ‫أو‬ )‫القانون‬ ‫من‬ 11 ‫(الفصل‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫ر‬ ّ‫تفس‬ ‫زمك‬‫ال‬ !‫وكيفاش‬ ‫عالش‬ !‫عالش‬ ‫تقولش‬ ‫ما‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫مباشرة‬ ‫إما‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫إيداع‬ ‫يتم‬ ‫عن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الغرض‬ ‫في‬ ‫وصل‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تسل‬ ‫مقابل‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الفاكس‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الوصول‬ ‫مضمون‬ ‫البريد‬ ‫طريق‬ .‫بالبلوغ‬ ‫اإلعالم‬ ‫مع‬ ‫اإللكتروني‬ ‫البريد‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫المكل‬ ‫على‬ ‫ويجب‬ ‫الضرورية‬ ‫المساعدة‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫يقد‬ ‫أن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫العجز‬ ‫حالة‬ ‫في‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫لطالب‬ ‫وكذلك‬ ‫الكتابة‬ ‫على‬ ‫القدرة‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫فاقد‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫طالب‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫عندما‬ .‫والبصر‬ ‫السمع‬ ‫لحاسة‬ ‫أما‬ ،‫برشة‬ ‫باهي‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫المكل‬ ‫شكونو‬ ‫بالنفاذ؟‬
  27. 27. ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫يتضم‬ ‫لم‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫يتولى‬ ،‫الوجوبية‬ ‫البيانات‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫المكل‬ ‫عشر‬ ‫خمسة‬ ‫يتجاوز‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫في‬ ‫له‬ ّ‫توص‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ )‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ 15( ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ ‫بأي‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫طالب‬ ‫إبالغ‬ ‫بالمطلب‬ ‫بالنقائص‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫كتابي‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫أثر‬ ‫تترك‬ ‫وسيلة‬ ‫ودعوته‬ ‫بمطلبه‬ ‫الموجودة‬ .‫لتصحيحه‬ ‫العون‬ ‫هو‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫المكل‬ • ‫لقانون‬ ‫خاضع‬ ‫هيكل‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫وجوب‬ ‫نه‬ ّ‫يعي‬ ‫ذي‬ ّ‫ال‬ .‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫بالمكل‬ ‫الخاصة‬ ‫البيانات‬ ‫وجوبا‬ ‫توضع‬ • ‫ة‬ ّ‫والخط‬ ‫والرتبة‬ ‫واللقب‬ ‫(اإلسم‬ ‫وبنائبه‬ ‫للنفاذ‬ ّ‫(مقر‬ ‫بهما‬ ‫صال‬ ّ‫اإلت‬ ‫وبطريقة‬ )‫الوظيفية‬ )‫اإللكتروني‬ ‫والعنوان‬ ‫الهاتف‬ ‫ورقم‬ ‫العمل‬ ‫الواب‬ ‫بموقع‬ ً‫خاصة‬ ‫وتنشر‬ ‫العموم‬ ‫ذمة‬ ‫على‬ .‫المعني‬ ‫بالهيكل‬ ‫الخاص‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫المكل‬ ‫يتولى‬ • ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫تلقي‬ ‫بالخصوص‬ ‫ونائبه‬ .‫عليها‬ ّ‫والرد‬ ‫ومعالجتها‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫يتكل‬ ‫اش‬ ّ‫قد‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫المعلومة؟‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ :‫المبدأ‬ ‫بالاااااش‬ :‫مجاني‬ :‫االستثناء‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫بسيطة‬ ‫معاليم‬ ‫مقابل‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫النفاذ‬ • ‫بها‬ ‫علم‬ ُ‫وي‬ ‫مسبقة‬ ‫بصفة‬ ‫دة‬ ّ‫محد‬ ‫المتناول‬ .‫اإلبان‬ ‫في‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫طالب‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫المصاريف‬ ‫المعاليم‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫تتجاوز‬ ‫ال‬ • ‫من‬ ‫نسخة‬ ‫إلعداد‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫لها‬ ّ‫تحم‬ .‫لطالبها‬ ‫وإتاحتها‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الحاالت‬ ّ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ :‫مالي‬ ‫مقابل‬ ‫طلب‬ .‫المكان‬ ‫عين‬ ‫على‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫على‬ ‫االطالع‬ ‫عند‬ • ‫تحميلها‬ ‫عند‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الكترونيا‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫ارسال‬ ‫عند‬ • CD, FLASH( ‫الطالب‬ ‫ملك‬ ‫على‬ ‫حامل‬ ‫على‬ )DISQUE, CARTE MÉMOIRE 7
  28. 28. 10 4810+ ‫يجاوبوك‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫اش‬ ّ‫قد‬ ‫في‬ ‫النفاذ؟‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫على‬ ‫يوم‬ 20 | ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ ‫عشرين‬ ‫على‬ ‫الرد‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫على‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مبدئي‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫أقرب‬ ‫في‬ ‫يصله‬ ‫نفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫كل‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ )20( ‫عشرون‬ ‫أقصاه‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫على‬ ّ‫الرد‬ ‫آجال‬ ّ‫أن‬ ‫غير‬ .‫تصحيحه‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫طبيعة‬ ‫حسب‬ ‫ر‬ ّ‫وتتغي‬ ‫ثابتة‬ ‫ليست‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫نه‬ ّ‫يبي‬ ‫مثلما‬ ‫إليها‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫وطريقة‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ .‫الموالي‬ ‫الرسم‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫لمطلب‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫عندما‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫حياة‬ ‫على‬ ‫تأثير‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫على‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫يتعي‬ ،‫حريته‬ ‫على‬ ‫أو‬ ‫يترك‬ ‫بما‬ ‫الرد‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحرص‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫وبصفة‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫أسرع‬ ‫في‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫كتابي‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫أثر‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫على‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫أمكن‬ ‫إن‬ ‫فورية‬ ً‫أجال‬ ‫الحاالت‬ ‫أقصى‬ ‫في‬ ‫يتجاوز‬ ‫من‬ ‫ساعة‬ )48( ‫وأربعين‬ ‫ثمان‬ ‫قدره‬ .‫المطلب‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫صمت‬ ‫عن‬ ‫ينتج‬ ‫ذي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫القرار‬ ‫هو‬ ‫الضمني‬ ‫الرفض‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫إجابة‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫وعدم‬ ‫إليه‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫يقد‬ ‫ذي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫إزاء‬ ‫أو‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫إزاء‬ ‫أيام‬ 10‫و‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫لمطلب‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ 20( ‫القانونية‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫في‬ ‫بشأنه‬ .)‫م‬ ّ‫للتظل‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫لتظل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫نفاذ‬ ‫لطلب‬ ‫تقديمه‬ ‫يثبت‬ ‫بما‬ ‫االحتفاظ‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫طالب‬ ‫على‬ ‫ويجب‬ ‫نسخة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫بالفاكس‬ ‫اإلرسال‬ ‫جذر‬ ‫أو‬ ‫البريد‬ ‫عبر‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المباشر‬ ‫اإليداع‬ ‫(وصل‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫انقضاء‬ ‫إثبات‬ ‫من‬ ‫ّن‬‫ك‬‫يتم‬ ‫كي‬ )‫اإللكتروني‬ ‫البريد‬ ‫من‬ .‫الطعن‬ ‫في‬ ‫أو‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫في‬ ‫ه‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫ممارسة‬ ‫من‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ )10( ‫عشرة‬ ‫إلى‬ ّ‫الرد‬ ‫آجال‬ ‫تختصر‬ ‫الع‬ ّ‫باإلط‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫طلب‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫تعل‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫أيام‬ .‫المكان‬ ‫عين‬ ‫على‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫على‬ ‫أو‬ ‫بالحصول‬ ‫األمر‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫يتعل‬ ‫عندما‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫معلومات‬ ‫ة‬ ّ‫عد‬ ‫على‬ ‫الع‬ ّ‫باإلط‬ ‫في‬ ‫التمديد‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫نفس‬ ‫بعشرون‬ ‫ر‬ ّ‫المقد‬ ‫العادي‬ ‫األجل‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫أيام‬ )10( ‫عشرة‬ ‫بإضافة‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ .‫بذلك‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫طالب‬ ‫إعالم‬ ‫مع‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫على‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ّ‫رد‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫يعتبر‬ ،‫الحاالت‬ ّ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫ضمني‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫رفض‬ ،‫أعاله‬ ‫إليها‬ ‫المشار‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫في‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫بشأنه‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تظل‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫أيام‬ ‫ساعة‬‫أيام‬ 8
  29. 29. ‫ض‬‫و‬‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ً‫فعال‬ ‫ّنك‬‫ك‬‫يم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫دون‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫على‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫وافق‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫رفض‬ ‫يعتبر‬ ‫ذلك‬ ّ‫فإن‬ ،‫المطلوبة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحصول‬ ‫من‬ .‫فيه‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫منه‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫لمطلب‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫يتعي‬ ،‫نشرها‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫للهيكل‬ ‫سبق‬ ‫بمعلومة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫تعل‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫تم‬ ‫ذي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الموقع‬ ‫وتحديد‬ ‫بذلك‬ ‫إعالمك‬ ‫بالنفاذ‬ ‫ف‬ ّ‫المكل‬ ‫على‬ .‫عليها‬ ‫الع‬ ّ‫اإلط‬ ‫وكيفية‬ ‫وتاريخه‬ ‫النشر‬ ‫وصيغة‬ ‫نشرها‬ ‫على‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫منقوصة‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫لت‬ ّ‫تحص‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ّ‫أن‬ ‫ثبت‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫والتوضيحات‬ ‫التكميلية‬ ‫المعطيات‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمكينك‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫بسبق‬ ‫محاججتك‬ ‫الحالة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫وال‬ ‫تطلبها‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الالزمة‬ .‫ل‬ ّ‫األو‬ ‫وبالرد‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إتاحة‬ ‫الرفض‬ ‫مفعول‬ ّ‫فإن‬ ،‫ل‬ ّ‫معل‬ ‫بجواب‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫صورة‬ ‫في‬ .‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫على‬ ‫الجواب‬ ‫في‬ ‫نة‬ ّ‫المبي‬ ‫أسبابه‬ ‫بزوال‬ ‫ينتهي‬ ‫يجاوبوك‬ ‫مو‬ ّ‫ينج‬ ‫كيفاش‬ ‫النفاذ؟‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫على‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫على‬ ‫الموافقة‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫كامل‬ ‫وإتاحة‬ ‫للمعلومة‬ ‫الجزئية‬ ‫اإلتاحة‬ ‫أجزائها‬ ‫أحد‬ ‫كان‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫إستثناءات‬ ‫بأحد‬ ً‫مشموال‬ ‫بقرار‬ ‫يا‬ ّ‫كل‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫بانقضاء‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫معل‬ 9
  30. 30. ‫رفضولك‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫تشكي‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تنج‬ ‫وين‬ ‫النفاذ؟‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫باهي‬ ‫يترفض‬ ‫وكي‬ ‫أو‬ ‫يا‬ ّ‫كل‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫شنوة‬ ...‫ا‬ ً‫جزئي‬ ‫نعمل؟‬ ... ‫تخافش‬ ‫ما‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تتظل‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تنج‬ ّ‫وإال‬ ‫اإلدارة‬ ‫لرئيس‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫في‬ ‫تطعن‬ .‫النفاذ‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫على‬ ‫موش‬ !‫كيفهم‬ :‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫رئيس‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫لطالب‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫صورة‬ ‫في‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫رئيس‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫يتظل‬ ‫أن‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫المسؤول‬ »‫الهيكل‬ ‫بــــــــــ»رئيس‬ ‫ويقصد‬ .‫باألمر‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫تقديم‬ ّ‫تم‬ ‫ذي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫عن‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫األو‬ ‫الجهوي‬ ‫المدير‬ /‫للوالية‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫(الوالي‬ ‫إليه‬ ‫العام‬ ‫المدير‬ ‫الرئيس‬ /‫الجهوية‬ ‫لإلدارات‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫/الوزير‬ ‫العمومية‬ ‫للمنشآت‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫تمويل‬ ‫على‬ ‫لة‬ ّ‫المتحص‬ ‫الجمعية‬ ‫رئيس‬ /‫للوزارة‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫للشركة‬ ‫العام‬ ‫المدير‬ ‫الرئيس‬ /‫عمومي‬ .)‫ا‬ ً‫عمومي‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مرفق‬ ‫ر‬ ّ‫تسي‬ ‫تختار‬ ‫بش‬ ‫حقك‬ ‫من‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫رئيس‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫يكتسي‬ ‫للمعني‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫إذ‬ ‫إختيارية‬ ‫صبغة‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫ه‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫يمارس‬ ‫وأن‬ ‫به‬ ‫يقوم‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫باألمر‬ ‫مباشرة‬ ‫الرفض‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫في‬ .‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫رئيس‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫رئيس‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ 20 ‫عشرون‬ ‫قدره‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫في‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫وينظر‬ .‫الرفض‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ .‫أيام‬ )10( ‫عشرة‬ ‫قدره‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫في‬ ‫األخير‬ 10
  31. 31. :‫التالية‬ ‫الحاالت‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫يمكنك‬ ‫كما‬ .‫المطلب‬ ‫بمآل‬ ‫اإلبالغ‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫في‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫على‬ ‫الرد‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫عند‬ • .‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫تعليل‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫عند‬ • .‫المطلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫تحديدها‬ ّ‫تم‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫الصورة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الوثيقة‬ ‫إتاحة‬ ‫عدم‬ ‫عند‬ • .‫المطلوبة‬ ‫الوثيقة‬ ‫على‬ ‫للحصول‬ ‫مجحف‬ ‫مبلغ‬ ‫دفع‬ ‫اشتراط‬ ‫عند‬ • ‫أحمد‬ ‫بنهج‬ ‫الهيئة‬ ّ‫مقر‬ ‫يقع‬ ،1 ‫المنزه‬ ،8 ‫عدد‬ ‫الغربي‬ ‫تونس‬ 1004 :‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫مباشر‬ ‫طعن‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫المعنية‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الصادرة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫قرارات‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫يمكنك‬ • ‫بقرار‬ ‫إعالمك‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ )20( ‫عشرون‬ ‫أقصاه‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫في‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ .‫الضمني‬ ‫الرفض‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫د‬ ّ‫تول‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الصريح‬ ‫الرفض‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫كيفية‬ ‫عن‬ ‫ترسل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الهيئة‬ ّ‫بمقر‬ ‫مباشرة‬ ‫تودع‬ ‫عريضة‬ ‫بمقتضى‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫يتم‬ • .‫بالبلوغ‬ ‫اإلعالم‬ ‫مع‬ ‫اإللكتروني‬ ‫البريد‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الفاكس‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الوصول‬ ‫مضمون‬ ‫البريد‬ ‫طريق‬ ‫الالزمة‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫من‬ ‫ونسخة‬ ‫دقة‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫الطاعن‬ ‫وعنوان‬ ‫هوية‬ ‫بالضرورة‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫عريضة‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫تتضم‬ • ‫ويستحسن‬ .‫حصوله‬ ‫يثبت‬ ‫ا‬ ّ‫مم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الرفض‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫من‬ ‫ونسخة‬ ‫المرفوض‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ .‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫تؤيد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الواقعية‬ ‫والمعطيات‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫الحجج‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫ن‬ ّ‫تتضم‬ ‫أن‬
  32. 32. 30 ‫قرارات‬ ‫في‬ ‫تطعن‬ ‫باش‬ ‫دش‬ ّ‫تترد‬ ‫ما‬ :‫الهيئة‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫رفض‬ .‫القانون‬ ‫سوى‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫سلطان‬ ‫وال‬ ‫األخرى‬ ‫السلطات‬ ‫بقية‬ ‫عن‬ ‫ة‬ ّ‫مستقل‬ ‫الهيئة‬ ّ‫ألن‬ • ‫لين‬ ّ‫وممث‬ ‫ومحامين‬ ‫قضاة‬ ‫وفيهم‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫ون‬ ّ‫مختص‬ ‫الهيئة‬ ‫أعضاء‬ ّ‫ألن‬ • .‫المدني‬ ‫المجتمع‬ ‫وعن‬ ‫الصحفيين‬ ‫عن‬ ‫يات‬ ّ‫وبالتحر‬ ‫الضرورية‬ ‫التحقيق‬ ‫بأعمال‬ ‫القيام‬ ‫ويمكنه‬ ‫واسعة‬ ‫بصالحيات‬ ‫ع‬ ّ‫يتمت‬ ‫الهيئة‬ ‫مجلس‬ ّ‫ألن‬• .‫سماعه‬ ‫في‬ ‫فائدة‬ ‫يرى‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫كل‬ ‫وسماع‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫المكان‬ ‫عين‬ ‫على‬ ‫الالزمة‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫الممكنة‬ ‫اآلجال‬ ‫أقرب‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدعوى‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫تبت‬ ‫الهيئة‬ ّ‫ألن‬ • ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ )45( ‫وأربعون‬ ‫خمسة‬ ‫أقصاه‬ ‫خذ‬ ّ‫المت‬ ‫بالقرار‬ ‫شخصية‬ ‫بصفة‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫وطالب‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫من‬ ‫كل‬ ‫اعالم‬ ‫تتولى‬ ‫الهيئة‬ ّ‫ألن‬ • .‫بها‬ ‫الخاص‬ ‫الواب‬ ‫بموقع‬ ‫بنشره‬ ‫وتقوم‬ ‫الدعوى‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدوائر‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫يتم‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫المنصوص‬ ‫لإلجراءات‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫وفق‬ ‫اإلدارية‬ ‫للمحكمة‬ ‫اإلستئنافية‬ .‫اإلدارية‬ ‫بالمحكمة‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫من‬ 66 ‫إلى‬ 59 ‫بالفصول‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ 30 ‫قدره‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫يرفع‬ .‫الهيئة‬ ‫بقرار‬ ‫اإلعالم‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫قرارات‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫يقد‬ .‫اإلستئناف‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫أو‬ ‫التعقيب‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫محام‬ ‫بواسطة‬ ،‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫خذه‬ ّ‫ات‬ ‫ذي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫دت‬ ّ‫أي‬ ‫إذا‬ .‫اإلدارية‬ ‫المحكمة‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫القرار‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫يمكنك‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ :‫اإلدارية‬ ‫المحكمة‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫الطعن‬
  33. 33. 6’0” 5’6” 5’0” 4’6” 4’0” 3’6” 3’0” 1112 ‫ه‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫ممارسة‬ ‫مواطن‬ ‫كل‬ ‫حق‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫حقك‬ ‫من‬ ‫يعتدي‬ ‫من‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫بالهياكل‬ ‫العاملين‬ ‫األعوان‬ ‫من‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫على‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫يعط‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫لقانون‬ ‫الخاضعة‬ ‫لعقوبات‬ ‫نفسه‬ ‫ض‬ ّ‫يعر‬ ،‫الحق‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫ممارسة‬ .‫شديدة‬ ‫وجزائية‬ ‫تأديبية‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫استخدام‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫في‬ ‫حر‬ ‫أنت‬ ،‫نة‬ ّ‫معي‬ ‫معلومة‬ ‫على‬ ‫لت‬ ّ‫تحص‬ ‫إذا‬ • ‫تقارير‬ ‫في‬ ‫حرية‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫استعمالها‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫يمكنك‬ ‫جمعياتية‬ ‫أنشطة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أو‬ ‫استقصائية‬ ‫صحفية‬ ‫مضافة‬ ‫قيمة‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫خدمات‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫في‬ ‫أو‬ .‫ذلك‬ ‫غير‬ ‫في‬ ‫أو‬ ‫بالطابع‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫تتعل‬ ‫قيود‬ ‫أو‬ ‫تضييقات‬ ‫توجد‬ ‫ال‬ • ّ‫تحد‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫الحصول‬ ‫وبطريقة‬ ‫للمعلومة‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫السر‬ .‫استعمالها‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحق‬ ‫من‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫حق‬ ‫المعلومة‬ !‫مزية‬ ‫موش‬ ‫تعاود‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫تنج‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫تستعمل‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫تتحص‬ ‫ي‬ ّ‫ال‬ !‫ية‬ ّ‫حر‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫تأديبي‬ ً‫خطأ‬ ّ‫يعد‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫أحكام‬ ‫احترام‬ ‫عدم‬ .‫تأديبية‬ ‫عات‬ ّ‫لتتب‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫موجب‬ ‫جريمة‬ ‫يعتبر‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫تعطيل‬ ‫د‬ ّ‫تعم‬ ‫مالية‬ ‫خطية‬ ‫في‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫يتمث‬ ‫جزائي‬ ‫لعقاب‬ ‫موجبة‬ ‫وخمسة‬ )‫(000،005د‬ ‫دينار‬ ‫خمسمائة‬ ‫بين‬ ‫تتراوح‬ .)‫(000،000.5د‬ ‫دينار‬ ‫آالف‬ ‫غير‬ ‫بصفة‬ ‫معلومة‬ ‫إتالف‬ ‫د‬ ّ‫يتعم‬ ‫من‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫ارتكاب‬ ‫على‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫شخص‬ ‫حمل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫قانونية‬ ‫قدرها‬ ‫مالية‬ ‫وبخطية‬ ‫عام‬ ‫ة‬ ّ‫لمد‬ ‫بالسجن‬ ‫يعاقب‬ .)‫(000.021د‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫دينار‬ ‫وعشرون‬ ‫مائة‬
  34. 34. 13 ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫الحق‬ ‫باختصار‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ....‫تتردد‬ ‫ال‬ ....‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫مارس‬ .‫العام‬ ‫بالشأن‬ ‫قة‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ّ‫كل‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫ك‬ ّ‫حق‬ ‫ من‬ ‫الجمهورية‬ ‫دستور‬ ‫من‬ 32 ‫بالفصل‬ ‫س‬ ّ‫مكر‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫ الحق‬ 2016 ‫لسنة‬ 22 ‫عدد‬ ‫األساسي‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫لمقتضيات‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫وفق‬ ‫ويمارس‬ ‫التونسية‬ .2016 ‫مارس‬ 24 ‫في‬ ‫خ‬ ّ‫المؤر‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الخاضعة‬ ‫الهياكل‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫تتحص‬ ‫أو‬ ‫تنتجها‬ ‫نة‬ ّ‫مدو‬ ‫معلومة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫ يمكنك‬ .‫بمهامها‬ ‫قيامها‬ ‫بمناسبة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ‫بالحق‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫أسباب‬ ‫عن‬ ‫باإلفصاح‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫مطالب‬ ‫لست‬ ‫فأنت‬ ‫تطلبها‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫ مهما‬ .‫ذلك‬ ‫من‬ ‫مصلحتك‬ ‫بإثبات‬ ‫أو‬ ‫علىيها‬ ‫الحصول‬ ‫في‬ ‫رغبتك‬ .‫بالقانون‬ ‫والحصر‬ ‫ة‬ ّ‫الدق‬ ‫وجه‬ ‫على‬ ‫دة‬ ّ‫ومحد‬ ‫رة‬ ّ‫ومبر‬ ‫قليلة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫ استثناءات‬ .‫وبسيطة‬ ‫سهلة‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫ إجراءات‬ .‫المبدأ‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫من‬ ‫مجاني‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ النفاذ‬ ‫نفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫كل‬ ‫على‬ ‫يجيب‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫على‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫ مبدئي‬ .‫به‬ ‫له‬ ّ‫توص‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫يوم‬ 20 ‫أقصاه‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫أقرب‬ ‫في‬ ‫المعني‬ ‫الهيكل‬ ‫رئيس‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫م‬ ّ‫التظل‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫رفض‬ ‫صورة‬ ‫ في‬ .‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫هيئة‬ ‫أمام‬ ‫الرفض‬ ‫قرار‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطعن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫إلجراءات‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫وفق‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫تتحص‬ ‫تي‬ ّ‫ال‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫ يمكنك‬ .‫ية‬ ّ‫حر‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫المعلومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫النفاذ‬ ‫في‬ ّ‫بالحق‬ ‫ق‬ ّ‫المتعل‬ ‫القانون‬

×