OECD TSI EU mining regions presentation.pdf

OECDregions
OECDregionsOECDregions
@OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe
KICK-OFF - ENHANCING EU
MINING REGIONAL
ECOSYSTEMS
Evora, Portugal
22 September 2023
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
1. Context
2. The 10 EU mining regions
3. The support OECD-DG-Reform
Project
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 3
Expected growth in demand for minerals, amid a
highly concentrated supply
Mineral requirements for clean energy technologies by
scenario, 2021 and 2030
Notes: Mt = million tonnes; EVs = electric vehicles. Includesmost of the mineralsused in various clean energy technologiesbut does not includesteel and
aluminium..
STEPS= Stated PoliciesScenario; APS= Announced Pledges Scenario [world’s collectiveambition, as it stands today]; NZE= Net Zero Emissions [cap global
warming to 1.5 °C ]
Source: IEA (2022), World Energy Outlook,
Share of the top three producing countries of
selected minerals, 2022
Extraction Processing
Moreover, many mineral-rich nations are increasing exports
restrictions
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 4
Exploration spending is also concentrated:
Americas and Australia
Exploration spending for selected nonferrous mineral resources
Notes: Excludes budgets for iron ore, coal, aluminium, gold and diamonds. Others comprise rare earth elements,
potash/phosphate and many other minor metals. Source: IEA analysis based on S&P Global
By Region By commodity
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Mining interaction with the territory is crucial for
regional development and the mineral supply
High Salaries - jobs
Innovation/
technology
Investments:
services,
infrastructure
Environmental/
social impacts
Economic
Volatility
Local inequality
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 6
Strengths and challenges in the well-being of OECD
mining regions
https://oecd-main.shinyapps.io/mining-regions-wellbeing/
Similar unemployment rates, but lower
employment growth and innovation
Younger and well educated, but with lower
population growth and women participation in
the workforce
Greater growth of green land cover and lower
risks of drought from water depletion, but
greater GHG emissions per capita and CO2
emitted from electricity generation
Normalised
Well-being
index,
100=
OECD
rural
regional
average
At a different territorial level, mining regions
outperform in labour productivity and GDP per capita
(Annex).
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
1. Context
2. The 10 EU mining regions
3. The support OECD-DG-Reform
Project
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
The 10 EU mining regions have strengths and challenges
to make to most of mining development
Education Institutions
Public sector support
Industrial capacity
Diversified economy
Ageing population/
outmigration
Enabling
Infrastructure
Geological
information
Access to skills for
mining
Coordination: mining
and Env. policies
Deposits of critical
minerals
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
The relevance of the 10 EU mining regions for the
mineral supply in the EU.
Region Mineral deposits Production and assets (examples)
Lapland: Iron ore, gold, copper, cobalt, phosphorus,
platinum, nickel, and chromite.
5% of Europe’s iron ore- modern mining.
North Karelia: Gold, Copper, Talc, Kyanite, Uranium,
Molybdenum, Nickel, Zinc, Dolomite, Iron
Hautalampi nickel-cobalt-copper mine is being developed.
Oulu: Copper, zinc, lead Tailings recovery (Pyhäsalmi mine), University-research capacity.
Kainuu: Nickel, cobalt, zinc, copper, gold, silver Around 2% of EU Zinc. Unique production of green Nickel
Central
Ostrobothnia:
Lithium One of the most significant lithium deposits in Europe.
Central Greece: Bauxite (aluminum), nickel, goal, lead, silver,
zinc.
Largest EU Bauxite producer, 12th largest worldwide.
Centro Portugal: Tungsten, tin, copper, uranium and lithium. 2nd largest producer of tungsten in the EU.
Alentejo: Copper, Zinc, Lead 6th largest copper producer in the EU, Zin producer, Marble
Andalusia: Copper, tin, gold. lead, mercury, silver. 2nd largest copper producer in the EU, smelter, non-metallic mining
capacity.
Örebro: Copper, Zinc, Lead, Silver. About 10% of EU Zinc, world-class mining providers
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Benchmarking the 10 EU mining regions with OECD
mining regions - Demography
• Only three regions have a higher population growth than the
OECD average (Orebro, North Ostrobothnia and Andalusia)
0.94
0.96
0.98
1.00
1.02
1.04
1.06
1.08
OECD average Rural average OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions 10 EU Mining Regions
Population
growth
2007-2020
• Population is less male dominated than other OECD Mining
Regions, but still higher than OECD average (Only Portuguese
regions experience a female majority)
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
OECD 50 Mining bechmark
Regions
10 EU Mining Regions Rural average OECD average
Sex
ratio
working
age
population
15-64
(%)
Male
dominated
Female
dominated
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Benchmarking the 10 EU mining regions with OECD
mining regions- Economy
$30,000
$32,000
$34,000
$36,000
$38,000
$40,000
$42,000
OECD average OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions 10 EU Mining Regions
GDP
per
capita
in
$
• Lower GDP per capita than the OECD average and OECD mining
regions (except Orebro, Lapland and Central Ostrobothnia)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
OECD average 10 EU Mining Regions Rural average OECD 50 Mining bechmark
Regions
Patents
per
million
inhabitants
• But more patents per million inhabitants than OECD rural
and mining regions
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Benchmarking the 10 EU mining regions with OECD
mining regions
• All regions have a lower emissions intensity than the OECD average
and OECD mining regions
150
170
190
210
230
250
270
290
310
330
350
OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions OECD average Rural average 10 EU Mining Regions
GHG
per
unit
of
electricity
generated
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Central
Ostrobothnia
Kainuu Lapland North Karelia North Ostrobothnia Alentejo Central Portugal Andalusia
Renewable Nuclear Fossil Fuels Coal
• Significant proportion of their electricity produced from renewable
sources
Note: Orebro and Central Greece had no availability on this data.
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
1. Context
2. The role of EU mining regions
3. The TSI support to EU mining
regions
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
OECD’s work on Rural and Regional Development
Indigenous communities in
regional development
Rural Manufacturing
Demographic change
The Well-being rural framework
Rural Innovation
Mining Regions
Rural climate agenda
“Across the OECD, rural regions make up
80% of all the territory and are home to
30% of the population”
“Rural places are sources of wealth and
opportunity to mobilise endogenous
assets and increase people’s well-being”
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 15
OECD Mining Regions and Cities initiative
Events
Studies
Karratha,
Australia
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Antofagasta,
Chile
Darwin, Northern
Territory, Australia
Skellefteå,
Västerbotten,
Sweden (June)
Greater
Sudbury,
Canada
North Karelia,
Finland
Västerbotten &
Norrbotten, Sweden
Toolkit
(policy
and data)
Statistical toolkit on well-being
2022
Andalucía, Spain
Pilbara,
Australia
2023
Antofagasta
Chile
2024
EU mining regions in the
Green deal (10 regions)
2025
Lapland,
Finland
(tbc)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Enhancing role of EU mining regions: the green transition,
EU strategic mineral autonomy and well-being
Goals:
•Improve policy coordination to address the priorities of mining regional ecosystems
•Improve enabling factors for mining development: labour markets / inter-regional networks.
•Promote sustainable mining practices, including circularity
•Enhance the narrative on mining and social perception.
Improve well-being in mining regions
 Secure a more reliable and sustainable mineral raw materials supply in EU
How?
-Regional profiles with framework for action and thematic focus:
• Well-functioning and innovative ecosystems:
• Environmental and economic sustainability of mining- Circular economy:
• Social acceptance/ license to operate:
-Synthesis report wth general framework for action.
-Capacity building/ peer learning opportunities.
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
How? Outcomes and timeline
17
Jun-25
Feb-25
Dic-24
Oct-24
July-24
May-24
Oct -23 –
April-24
Sept-23
Kick-off
event
Missions to
10 regions
Events- missions
Reports
EU mining regions
workshops
Regional profiles
Final draft synthesis
report+ updated
regional profiles
EU and regional
policy workshop
Launching
event
Approval
synthesis report
(end March)
1 sur 17

Contenu connexe

Similaire à OECD TSI EU mining regions presentation.pdf(20)

Road show presentationRoad show presentation
Road show presentation
NCVO - National Council for Voluntary Organisations1.2K vues
ESIF Annual Event 2018ESIF Annual Event 2018
ESIF Annual Event 2018
2014-2020 ESIF Programmes Scotland462 vues
Future of CAP in a Nutshell Future of CAP in a Nutshell
Future of CAP in a Nutshell
Tassos Haniotis1.6K vues
XVI Foro del Futuro: Mauro MarianiXVI Foro del Futuro: Mauro Mariani
XVI Foro del Futuro: Mauro Mariani
Centro Nacional de Planeamiento Estratégico - CEPLAN1.3K vues
2010 Invest In Macedonia2010 Invest In Macedonia
2010 Invest In Macedonia
filippetkov1.2K vues
Maritime Safety and Risks Prevention in the European Atlantic CoastMaritime Safety and Risks Prevention in the European Atlantic Coast
Maritime Safety and Risks Prevention in the European Atlantic Coast
ILS - International Life Saving Federation799 vues

OECD TSI EU mining regions presentation.pdf

  • 1. @OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe KICK-OFF - ENHANCING EU MINING REGIONAL ECOSYSTEMS Evora, Portugal 22 September 2023
  • 2. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 1. Context 2. The 10 EU mining regions 3. The support OECD-DG-Reform Project
  • 3. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 3 Expected growth in demand for minerals, amid a highly concentrated supply Mineral requirements for clean energy technologies by scenario, 2021 and 2030 Notes: Mt = million tonnes; EVs = electric vehicles. Includesmost of the mineralsused in various clean energy technologiesbut does not includesteel and aluminium.. STEPS= Stated PoliciesScenario; APS= Announced Pledges Scenario [world’s collectiveambition, as it stands today]; NZE= Net Zero Emissions [cap global warming to 1.5 °C ] Source: IEA (2022), World Energy Outlook, Share of the top three producing countries of selected minerals, 2022 Extraction Processing Moreover, many mineral-rich nations are increasing exports restrictions
  • 4. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 4 Exploration spending is also concentrated: Americas and Australia Exploration spending for selected nonferrous mineral resources Notes: Excludes budgets for iron ore, coal, aluminium, gold and diamonds. Others comprise rare earth elements, potash/phosphate and many other minor metals. Source: IEA analysis based on S&P Global By Region By commodity
  • 5. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Mining interaction with the territory is crucial for regional development and the mineral supply High Salaries - jobs Innovation/ technology Investments: services, infrastructure Environmental/ social impacts Economic Volatility Local inequality
  • 6. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 6 Strengths and challenges in the well-being of OECD mining regions https://oecd-main.shinyapps.io/mining-regions-wellbeing/ Similar unemployment rates, but lower employment growth and innovation Younger and well educated, but with lower population growth and women participation in the workforce Greater growth of green land cover and lower risks of drought from water depletion, but greater GHG emissions per capita and CO2 emitted from electricity generation Normalised Well-being index, 100= OECD rural regional average At a different territorial level, mining regions outperform in labour productivity and GDP per capita (Annex).
  • 7. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 1. Context 2. The 10 EU mining regions 3. The support OECD-DG-Reform Project
  • 8. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | The 10 EU mining regions have strengths and challenges to make to most of mining development Education Institutions Public sector support Industrial capacity Diversified economy Ageing population/ outmigration Enabling Infrastructure Geological information Access to skills for mining Coordination: mining and Env. policies Deposits of critical minerals
  • 9. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | The relevance of the 10 EU mining regions for the mineral supply in the EU. Region Mineral deposits Production and assets (examples) Lapland: Iron ore, gold, copper, cobalt, phosphorus, platinum, nickel, and chromite. 5% of Europe’s iron ore- modern mining. North Karelia: Gold, Copper, Talc, Kyanite, Uranium, Molybdenum, Nickel, Zinc, Dolomite, Iron Hautalampi nickel-cobalt-copper mine is being developed. Oulu: Copper, zinc, lead Tailings recovery (Pyhäsalmi mine), University-research capacity. Kainuu: Nickel, cobalt, zinc, copper, gold, silver Around 2% of EU Zinc. Unique production of green Nickel Central Ostrobothnia: Lithium One of the most significant lithium deposits in Europe. Central Greece: Bauxite (aluminum), nickel, goal, lead, silver, zinc. Largest EU Bauxite producer, 12th largest worldwide. Centro Portugal: Tungsten, tin, copper, uranium and lithium. 2nd largest producer of tungsten in the EU. Alentejo: Copper, Zinc, Lead 6th largest copper producer in the EU, Zin producer, Marble Andalusia: Copper, tin, gold. lead, mercury, silver. 2nd largest copper producer in the EU, smelter, non-metallic mining capacity. Örebro: Copper, Zinc, Lead, Silver. About 10% of EU Zinc, world-class mining providers
  • 10. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Benchmarking the 10 EU mining regions with OECD mining regions - Demography • Only three regions have a higher population growth than the OECD average (Orebro, North Ostrobothnia and Andalusia) 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.06 1.08 OECD average Rural average OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions 10 EU Mining Regions Population growth 2007-2020 • Population is less male dominated than other OECD Mining Regions, but still higher than OECD average (Only Portuguese regions experience a female majority) 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions 10 EU Mining Regions Rural average OECD average Sex ratio working age population 15-64 (%) Male dominated Female dominated
  • 11. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Benchmarking the 10 EU mining regions with OECD mining regions- Economy $30,000 $32,000 $34,000 $36,000 $38,000 $40,000 $42,000 OECD average OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions 10 EU Mining Regions GDP per capita in $ • Lower GDP per capita than the OECD average and OECD mining regions (except Orebro, Lapland and Central Ostrobothnia) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 OECD average 10 EU Mining Regions Rural average OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions Patents per million inhabitants • But more patents per million inhabitants than OECD rural and mining regions
  • 12. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Benchmarking the 10 EU mining regions with OECD mining regions • All regions have a lower emissions intensity than the OECD average and OECD mining regions 150 170 190 210 230 250 270 290 310 330 350 OECD 50 Mining bechmark Regions OECD average Rural average 10 EU Mining Regions GHG per unit of electricity generated 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Central Ostrobothnia Kainuu Lapland North Karelia North Ostrobothnia Alentejo Central Portugal Andalusia Renewable Nuclear Fossil Fuels Coal • Significant proportion of their electricity produced from renewable sources Note: Orebro and Central Greece had no availability on this data.
  • 13. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 1. Context 2. The role of EU mining regions 3. The TSI support to EU mining regions
  • 14. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | OECD’s work on Rural and Regional Development Indigenous communities in regional development Rural Manufacturing Demographic change The Well-being rural framework Rural Innovation Mining Regions Rural climate agenda “Across the OECD, rural regions make up 80% of all the territory and are home to 30% of the population” “Rural places are sources of wealth and opportunity to mobilise endogenous assets and increase people’s well-being”
  • 15. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 15 OECD Mining Regions and Cities initiative Events Studies Karratha, Australia 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Antofagasta, Chile Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia Skellefteå, Västerbotten, Sweden (June) Greater Sudbury, Canada North Karelia, Finland Västerbotten & Norrbotten, Sweden Toolkit (policy and data) Statistical toolkit on well-being 2022 Andalucía, Spain Pilbara, Australia 2023 Antofagasta Chile 2024 EU mining regions in the Green deal (10 regions) 2025 Lapland, Finland (tbc)
  • 16. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Enhancing role of EU mining regions: the green transition, EU strategic mineral autonomy and well-being Goals: •Improve policy coordination to address the priorities of mining regional ecosystems •Improve enabling factors for mining development: labour markets / inter-regional networks. •Promote sustainable mining practices, including circularity •Enhance the narrative on mining and social perception. Improve well-being in mining regions  Secure a more reliable and sustainable mineral raw materials supply in EU How? -Regional profiles with framework for action and thematic focus: • Well-functioning and innovative ecosystems: • Environmental and economic sustainability of mining- Circular economy: • Social acceptance/ license to operate: -Synthesis report wth general framework for action. -Capacity building/ peer learning opportunities.
  • 17. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | How? Outcomes and timeline 17 Jun-25 Feb-25 Dic-24 Oct-24 July-24 May-24 Oct -23 – April-24 Sept-23 Kick-off event Missions to 10 regions Events- missions Reports EU mining regions workshops Regional profiles Final draft synthesis report+ updated regional profiles EU and regional policy workshop Launching event Approval synthesis report (end March)