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C Session 1 - Ta Dinh Thi - Viet Nam

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C Session 1 - Ta Dinh Thi - Viet Nam

  1. 1. TACKLING MARINE PLASTIC POLLUTION IN SOUTH EAST ASIA: POLICY COHERENCE FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMET VIETNAM ADMINISTRATION OF SEAS AND ISLANDS Dr. TA Dinh-Thi Director General Vietnam Administration of Seas and Islands Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment VIETNAM
  2. 2. Question 1: How is the Viet Nam’s National Action Plan for Management of Marine Litter by 2030 and the National Strategy on Integrated Solid Waste Management to 2025, vision to 2050 contributing to enhance policy coherence across all levels of government?
  3. 3. 3 NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS MANAGEMENT BY 2030 Objectives Marine plastic waste reduction Marine plastic waste reduction Collect of abandoned fishing gear Marine protected area without plastic waste Single-use plastic reductiom Status assessment Evaluation the current situation of plastic waste every 5 years in 11 main river basins & 12 islands OBJECTIVES 2025-2030
  4. 4. 5 GREAT SOLUTIONS 4 NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON MARINE PLASTIC LITTER MANAGEMENT Tasks Propaganda Raising awareness and changing behavior Processs Collecting, sorting, transporting, and handling plastic waste in coastal and marine areas Control Controling plastic waste from sources Cooperation International cooperation, scientific research and technology transfer on plastic waste treatment Investigate Investigating, surveying, building plastic waste management mechanism
  5. 5. 5 NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE By 2025: 1. Using 100% eco-friendly plastic bags in trade centers and supermarkets for domestic purposes as a substitute for non-biodegradable plastic bags; 2. 80% of daily solid waste generated in rural residential areas is collected, stored, transported, self-treated and centrally treated to meet environmental protection requirements. Main target
  6. 6. 6 NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE 1. Building socialization models in collecting, transporting, storing and treating rural domestic solid waste; 2. Raising awareness and responsibility of the community on prevention, reduction, reuse, recycling, and treatment of solid waste, forming an environmentally friendly lifestyle; 3. Complete the system of legal documents and mechanisms and policies on solid waste management; 4. Strengthen scientific research, modernize technology and produce solid waste recycling and treatment equipment. Basic tasks and solutions
  7. 7. 7 CONFORMITY IN IMPLEMENTATION POLICY AT THE GOVERNMENT LEVEL 1. One of the goals of the National Action Plan on Marine Plastic Debris Management “Contribute to the successful implementation of the National Strategy for integrated management of solid waste to 2025, with a vision to 2050”, thus ensuring the consistency and efficiency of state management on environmental pollution control caused by solid wastes and plastic wastes. 2. The content of the National Action Plan on Plastic Waste Management focuses on minimizing the generation of plastic waste in coastal areas; The national strategy for integrated solid waste management focuses on minimizing environmental pollution caused by solid waste. Therefore, creating synchronization in minimizing marine plastic waste from continental sources. 3. The National Action Plan for Plastic Waste Management and the National Strategy for Integrated Management of Solid Waste is complementary and consistent to increase awareness and effectively implement the sorting program. domestic solid waste at source.
  8. 8. Question 2: How is the Government of Viet Nam involving sub-national governments in executing its action plans for managing marine plastics litter?
  9. 9. 9 IMPLEMENT NAP ON MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL 1. A number of ministries and agencies have also issued plans to implement the National Action Plan (the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is drafting an action plan for marine plastic waste management of the fisheries sector for the period 2020-2025). 2. 11 constal provinces and cities directly under the Central Government have issued action plans on marine plastic waste management, some localities are preparing to issue them (Hai Phong, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh, Thanh Hoa, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan, Ho Chi Minh City, Ben Tre ...) 3. 02 localities (Ben Tre and Ca Mau) issued the implementation plan of Directive No. 33/ CT-TTg dated August 20, 2020 of the Prime Minister: On strengthening management, reuse, recycling, and treatment. management and minimization of plastic waste.
  10. 10. 10 IMPLEMENT NAP ON MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL Main tasks and solutions of the NAP on Marine Plastic Debris Management in localities: 1. The implementation tasks and solutions is based on the National Action Plan on marine plastic waste management with specific goals by 2025-2030, adjusted in accordance with local conditions. 2. The localities have implemented many initiatives and movements to classify, collect, recycle and treat plastic waste, and use environmentally friendly materials; Raising public awareness about using disposable plastic.
  11. 11. 11 Advantages: 1. Coordination and guidance of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in developing and implementing the Action Plan in the locality; 2. Support from domestic and international organizations in the implementation of programs and projects related to marine plastic waste (Eg: WWF Vietnam, UNDP, USAID) IMPLEMENT NAP ON MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL
  12. 12. 12 Difficulties: 1. Only 11 out of 28 coastal provinces and cities have issued the local action plan, leading to lack of synchronization in management because plastic waste is an inter- regional and inter-local issue; 2. Lack of Background Data on the current status of plastic waste to assess the effectiveness of the local action plan implementation; 3. Lack of human resources and financial mechanism to handle the marine plastic waste in localities IMPLEMENT NAP ON MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL
  13. 13. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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