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AT A GLANCE:
FURTHER IMPORTANT AI TERMS TO UNDERSTAND
Algorithms
are unambiguous specifications or rules to follow in order to solve a problem.
Almost everything can be reduced to an algorithmic function. Algorithms
perform calculation, data processing and reasoning tasks.
Models
in the context of artificial intelligence describe systems that use mathematical
concepts and language such as statistics, game theory, logic etc. Models are
usually composed of variables and equations to describe relationships
between those variables. This happens in the form of mathematical functions.
15
Supervised learning
describes a machine learning model design that is suitable for categorization,
classification and regression analysis (determination of the relation between
variables). The method requires labeled input data. The labeling process
normally has to happen upfront and oftentimes requires manual effort.
With a training and validation data subset, an algorithm is then trained to
produce sophisticated output results. Another testing data subset finally
assesses the model fit. For every supervised learning task the output
characteristics are known beforehand.
Unsupervised learning
describes a machine learning model design that is suitable for clustering and
reduction of dimensionality. The method works with unlabeled and often
dynamically changing input data. The model learns relationships between
elements of the input data by itself by searching for patterns.
Deep Learning
is a machine learning method using artificial neural networks with multiple
hidden layers as its core framework to process data and predict outputs based
on the goal function.

AT A GLANCE:
FURTHER IMPORTANT AI TERMS TO UNDERSTAND
Algorithms
are unambiguous specifications or rules to follow in order to solve a problem.
Almost everything can be reduced to an algorithmic function. Algorithms
perform calculation, data processing and reasoning tasks.
Models
in the context of artificial intelligence describe systems that use mathematical
concepts and language such as statistics, game theory, logic etc. Models are
usually composed of variables and equations to describe relationships
between those variables. This happens in the form of mathematical functions.
15
Supervised learning
describes a machine learning model design that is suitable for categorization,
classification and regression analysis (determination of the relation between
variables). The method requires labeled input data. The labeling process
normally has to happen upfront and oftentimes requires manual effort.
With a training and validation data subset, an algorithm is then trained to
produce sophisticated output results. Another testing data subset finally
assesses the model fit. For every supervised learning task the output
characteristics are known beforehand.
Unsupervised learning
describes a machine learning model design that is suitable for clustering and
reduction of dimensionality. The method works with unlabeled and often
dynamically changing input data. The model learns relationships between
elements of the input data by itself by searching for patterns.
Deep Learning
is a machine learning method using artificial neural networks with multiple
hidden layers as its core framework to process data and predict outputs based
on the goal function.

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