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Webinar: An introduction to Open Science: Why it’s important.

An introduction to Open Science and the connected OpenAIRE services

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Webinar: An introduction to Open Science: Why it’s important.

  1. 1. @openaire_eu An introduction to Open Science: Whyit’s important. A view on OpenAIRE services IngeVanNieuwerburgh GhentUniversityLibrary
  2. 2. Open revisited • RDM
  3. 3. Dissemination of results of research is an essential, inseparable component of the research process Open science is the movement to make scientific research, data and dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society, amateur or professional wikipediaSparc.org Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  4. 4. Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  5. 5. Context Open Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018 Source: http://www.rri-tools.eu/about-rri
  6. 6. Source:HackyourPHDhttp://hackyourphd.org/en/flyers/ Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  7. 7. Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018 Sharing ≠ open
  8. 8. Open means anyone can freely access, use,modify, and share for anypurpose (subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance andopenness).” “ Opendefinition.org
  9. 9. Open Access to publications Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  10. 10. Online, digital Peer-reviewed research results Freely accessible, ideally with re-use rights (withreference to source) No plagiarism or violationof copyright What is Open Access? Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  11. 11. - Enhance visibility and impact of research - Speeds up publicationprocess - Allows others to build on your work - Researchpaid for by public funds => innovation, prestige, funding Why Open Access? Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  12. 12. “self archiving”: The scientist archives a publication in an openly available repository.This is also known as “green road to open access”. Publish in an Open Access Journal, a freely available electronic journal. This is also known as “gold road to open access”. “Hybrid”: pay APC to open an articlein a subscription journal How Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  13. 13. = Self archiving • In an open repository/ open archive • Institutional/disciplinary:alwaysscholarly • Interoperable,openstandardsandprotocols • Deposit a version of your publication and open • Add links, eg project info, data sets Check policy publisher: Sherpa Romeo (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/index.php) Green OA Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  14. 14. Open archives – open repositories Idea of a research infrastructure Deposit a version of your publication and open Add links, eg project info, data sets / Repositories vs. social network Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018 ResearchGateandAcademia.edudonotpermittheiruserstotaketheirowndataandreuseit elsewhere,nordotheirtermsofservicepermitthelibrarytoextractthatdataontheauthors’ behalf. • ResearchGate:“UsersmustnotmisusetheService.MisuseoftheServiceincludes,without limitation:…automatedormassivemanualretrievalofotherUsers’profiledata(‘data harvesting’).” • Academia.edu:“Youagreenottodoanyofthefollowing:…Attempttoaccessorsearch theSite,…throughtheuseofanyengine,software,tool,agent,deviceormechanism (includingspiders,robots,crawlers,dataminingtoolsorthelike).” • Ontheotherhand,asKathleenFitzpatrickwrites,“everythingthat’swrongwithFacebook iswrongwithAcademia.edu.”Ifthetypicalbehaviorofcommercialsocialnetworkingsites bothersyou–gatheringusers’informationfortheirownpurposes–beaswaryofthose thattargetacademicsasyouareofthosewithamoregeneralaudience Source:“Asocialnetworkingsiteisnotanopenaccessrepository”http://osc.universityofcalifornia.edu/2015/12/a-social- networking-site-is-not-an-open-access-repository/
  15. 15. How to assess the quality? Are article processingcharges in place? Sometips • Positivelist of Open Access journals: http://DOAJ.org • Is the journal member of Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association(http://oaspa.org/) • More tips: http://thinkchecksubmit.org/check/ Gold: Open Access Journals Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  16. 16. Crowdfunding: OpenLibraryof Humanities Membershipjournal: PeerJ Freemium:Basic free, servicespaid OpenEdition Overlayjournals doesnotproduceitsowncontent,butselectsfromtextsthatarealreadyfreelyavailableonline derivetheircontentfrompreprintservers e.g.http://discreteanalysisjournal.com/ Alternative publishing models Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  17. 17. Open Access publication: process Research results Decision on IP protection In open access journal Dissemination: publication Exploitation: commercialisation In toll access journal Deposit and access repository - Embargo? - Version? http://www.sherpa. ac.uk/romeo/ Immediate Transfer copyright - APC or free - Retain copyright: CC http://creativecomm ons.org/ Green road Gold road
  18. 18. Necessarytoindicatepermissions Alsomachine-readable,API’s E.g.creativecommons ‒ Since2002 ‒ Upfront ‒ Non-exclusivelicence ‒ Onlyeconomicrights,notmoralrights ‒ Conditionsmayapply http://creativecommons.org/worldwide/be/ Open Licences Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  19. 19. • Research data management: FAIR data, DMP, data repository “As open as possible, as closed as necessary” • Open peer review: away fromdouble blind peer review. Different flavours • Knowthereviewers • Seefullreviewonline • Everyonecanreview Other “open” Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  20. 20. H2020 policy Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  22. 22. Eachbeneficiarymustensureopenaccess(freeofcharge,onlineaccessforanyuser)toallpeer- reviewedscientificpublicationsrelatingtoitsresults. Inparticular,itmust: • (a)assoonaspossibleandatthelatestonpublication,depositamachine-readableelectroniccopyof thepublishedversionorfinalpeer-reviewedmanuscriptacceptedforpublicationinarepositoryfor scientificpublications. • Moreover,thebeneficiarymustaimtodepositatthesametimetheresearchdataneededtovalidate theresultspresentedinthedepositedscientificpublications. • (b)ensureopenaccesstothedepositedpublication—viatherepository—atthelatest: • (i)onpublication,ifanelectronicversionisavailableforfreeviathepublisher,or • (ii)withinsixmonthsofpublication(twelvemonthsforpublicationsinthesocialsciencesandhumanities)inanyothercase. • (c)ensureopenaccess—viatherepository—tothebibliographicmetadatathatidentifythe depositedpublication,whichmustincludeapersistentidentifier. SeeGAartikel29.2https://erc.europa.eu/funding-and-grants/managing-project/open-access Open Access to publications Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  23. 23. • Source:HackyourPHDhttp://hackyourphd.org/en/flyers/
  24. 24. Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  25. 25. • A pilot will ensure OA to somedata, on a voluntary basis and with opt-out safeguards • Beneficiaries will accept to: • depositinanopenaccessrepository: • thedata,includingassociatedmetadata,neededtovalidatetheresultspresentedin scientificpublicationsassoonaspossible; • otherdata,includingassociatedmetadata,asspecifiedandwithinthedeadlineslaid downinthedatamanagementplan; Research data pilot Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  26. 26. • (i) required to deposit the research data, preferably in a research data repositoryand (ii), as far as possible, take measures to enable third parties to access, mine, exploit, reproduce and disseminatethis research data. • At the same time, projects should provide information about tools and instruments at the disposal of the beneficiaries and necessary for validating the results, for instance specialised softwareor softwarecode. Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  27. 27. Frompilottodefault GéantwebinarFeb.2nd2018 • DMP/Dataset Costs eligible (Article 6.2.D.3 of the Model Grant Agreement) Projects started in 2014-2016 Limited ORD Pilot From 2017 Extended ORD Pilot • Limited ORD pilot: some areas: Check Article 29.3 • Participating is default option for all projects • Possibility to opt-out• Possibility to opt-in or opt-out • 1 DMP/Project
  28. 28. (Open) Data Metadata Other tools Open Research Data Pilot Data Repositories • EC guidelines • OpenAIRE.eu • dcc.ac.uk • Standard File Formats • Standards metadata schema • (Open) Licences • 6 months • Periodic evaluation • Final review STEP 1 WRITE A DMP dmponline.dcc.ac.uk Update at FIND REPOSITORY DEPOSIT DATA Supporting infrastructure and information STEP 2 STEP 3 SUPPORT • discipline/institutional • www.re3data.org • Zenodo Matches data needs Designed by Freepik Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  29. 29. What is OpenAIRE?
  30. 30. Fosters the social and technical links to facilitate the shift of scholarly communication towards making science open and reproducible Science.SetFree.
  31. 31. Who we are A50partners’partnership In24x7operationsince2010 Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018 Open Access / Science experts Information & Computer Science experts Legal experts Data communities Open Innovation experts Citizen Science (schools)
  32. 32. OpenAIRE - what we do Support – Accelerate – Monitor Open ScienceSupport – Accelerate – Monitor Open Science Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  33. 33. Research Communities Libraries Researchers Funders OpenAIREtargetgroups&stakeholders Research administration InnovatorsCitizens Contentproviders NOADs Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  34. 34. Network Training Helpdesk Communicati on strategy Services Guidelines Sync infrastructures Tenders, datathons Statistics and Analytics OA & repo Global alignment Political advise … How?
  35. 35. OpenAIRE’s e-infrastructure Commons Publications repositories Research Data repositories CRIS systems Registries (e.g. projects) OA Journals Software Repositories Validation Cleaning De-duplication Enrichment By inference Funders, research admins, research communities • Research impact • Project reporting and monitoring • Open Access trends Content providers • Repository validation • Repository notification broker • Repository analytics and usage stats Researchers • Claim publications, datasets, software • Deposit publications, datasets, software • Search & browse: interlinked publications, datasets, projects • Open Access & DMP Helpdesk • End-User feedback CONTENT PROVIDERS INFO SPACE SERVICES KEY STAKEHOLDERS SERVICES ProjectProject initiativeinitiative FunderFunderFundingFunding ResultResult PublicationPublication DataData SoftwareSoftware OrganizationOrganization GUIDE LINES TERMS OF USE
  36. 36. RESEARCHERS& RESEARCH COMMUNITIES CONTENT PROVIDERS MANAGERS FUNDERS& RESEARCH ADMINISTRATORS 3rdparty SERVICE PROVIDERS Key to Open Science uptake: services for all Dashboards for funders, content providers,Dashboards for funders, content providers, research communities and institutions. Services all levels of e-Infrastructure.Services at all levels of e-Infrastructure. Services that cover all research life-cycle. Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  37. 37. Key to Open Science uptake: services for all Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  38. 38. Support and Helpdesk Support info FAQ GUIDES Info pages Factsheets Helpdesk system Categories Topics Guidelines team NOADs & RCs Events & meetings Webinars Workshops Presentations Outputs (recordings, slides) Additional support info Newsletter Slides, Videos Leaflets Other materials Content and resources available for NOADs 39
  39. 39. Multi-module Open Science Toolkit •Targeted towards researchers •Progress from being aware of OS to putting OS into practice •Develop and/or reuse intermediate level and interactive content •Disciplinary examples in collaboration with CRG, GESIS, DARIAH •Quizzes will assess competence and a badge will award successful completion
  40. 40. Network is our super power
  41. 41. Zenodo.org Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  42. 42. • Catch-allrepositoryforEUfundedresearch • Up to 50GBper upload • Data storedinthe CERNData Center • Persistentidentifiers(DOIs)foreveryupload • Includesarticlelevelmetrics • Freeforthelongtail of Science • Opento allresearchoutputsfrom alldisciplines • Easilyadd ECfundinginformationandreportviaOpenAIRE Short Facts about Zenodo Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  43. 43. Benefits Open Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  44. 44. PROJECT PUBLICATIONS AND DATASETS Automatically Deposit once!
  45. 45. Example IIIF • Machine driven, not user driven • Programmable • Accessible(liveontheweb) • Compliant with standards • Requires persistent identifiers • Reproducablescience • Size,Quality,FormatRequests {scheme}://{server}{/prefix}/{identifier}/{region}/{size}/{rotation}/{quality}.{format} Tekst & Data Mining (TDM) Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  46. 46. Géant webinar Feb. 2nd 2018
  47. 47. Source: “From vision to action. Next steps on the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) and more”, Jean-Claude Burgelman, et all., International Open Science Conference 2017, March 21- 22, 2017, BerlinGéantwebinarFeb.2nd2018
  48. 48. www.openaire.eu @openaire_eu facebook.com/groups/openaire linkedin.com/groups/OpenAIRE-3893548 Inge.Vannieuwerburgh@ugent.be