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Open data is only the beginning

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Presentation by Johan Janssens at Open Belgium 2017.

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Open data is only the beginning

  1. 1. Open Data is only the Beginning An Open City Government talk beyond Open Data on Open Development & Open Source. Open Belgium 6 March 2017, Brussels
  2. 2. Johan Janssens Make.Good.Code http://timble.net - @johanjanssens I'm a Belgian web developer, free software advocate, chief breaker of things @Timble.
  3. 3. 3% of the internet build solely by volunteers
  4. 4. An open source web publishing platform used by 65 local police forces & federal police. Open Police
  5. 5. Making a city open beyond data ... https://flic.kr/p/nDzaE3
  6. 6. http://opendefinition.org/ The Open Definition initially derived from the Open Source Definition. “Open data and content can be freely used, modified, and shared by anyone for any purpose”
  7. 7. Open City Government https://flic.kr/p/9KR59t
  8. 8. [City] is committed to: ● Transparency ● Meaningful public participation ● Collaborating with public and across government ● Sharing best practices, software and resources http://opengovernmentinitiative.org/declaration-of-local-open-government-principles/
  9. 9. A open city must create a legal framework that will institutionalize the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration into it’s culture and work. http://opengovernmentinitiative.org/declaration-of-local-open-government-principles/ Open City Directive
  10. 10. Why? https://flic.kr/p/eQtasQ
  11. 11. Builds trust Being open about code, and the processes which lead to coding decisions, are vital parts of building trust in government.
  12. 12. Increases transparency Coding in the open allows the public to see how public money is being spent.
  13. 13. Potential for reuse Work together and reuse solutions from other government services rather than re-writing the wheel.
  14. 14. Makes it better The more eyes there are on a service the better it gets. Howlers are spotted, better alternatives are pointed out, the bar is raised.
  15. 15. Helps to find great people Developers can see the quality and style of code produced, the types of technologies, and the kinds of services delivered.
  16. 16. How? https://flic.kr/p/qhd2dh
  17. 17. www.gov.uk/service-manual/service-standard & www.dta.gov.au/standard/ Create a 'Digital Service Standard' Set of criteria to create and run digital services.
  18. 18. Digital Service Standard of GOV.UK: 1. Understand user needs 4. Use agile methods 5. Iterate and improve frequently 8. Make all new source code open 9. Use open standards and common platforms www.gov.uk/service-manual/service-standard
  19. 19. www.cgi-group.co.uk/cgi-successfully-awarded-a-place-on-the-governments-digital-services-framework Outsourcing suppliers must comply with the Digital Service Standard It took us 6 months to negotiate a contract to deliver open source software to the Belgian Police.
  20. 20. https://github.com Use GitHub The largest open source community in the world.
  21. 21. government.github.com/community/ Who’s using GitHub? Add your organisation ...
  22. 22. https://pages.18f.gov/open-source-guide/making-readmes-readable/ Start with a README The first thing a user will see when encountering your code.
  23. 23. https://github.com/tinkkit/tink-core/blob/master/README.md
  24. 24. https://pages.18f.gov/open-source-guide/writing-clear-and-concise-issues/ Create issues Tasks that need to be completed or discussed are added to repositories as issues.
  25. 25. https://github.com/Fedict/eid-viewer/issues
  26. 26. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coding_conventions Use coding standards Reduce the cost of maintenance and improve code readability.
  27. 27. https://github.com/timble/openpolice-platform/blob/master/application/site/component/districts/view/relations/html.php
  28. 28. The Gitflow workflow defines a strict branching model designed around the project release. Use a branching model nvie.com/posts/a-successful-git-branching-model/
  29. 29. https://github.com/timble/openpolice-platform
  30. 30. https://www.vagrantup.com/ & https://www.docker.com/ Have a virtual development environment Lower development environment setup time, increase development/production parity, and make the "works on my machine" excuse a relic of the past.
  31. 31. https://github.com/timble/openpolice-platform/blob/master/README.md
  32. 32. Examples https://flic.kr/p/bwHCXU
  33. 33. https://www.boston.gov
  34. 34. https://github.com/CityOfBoston/boston.gov
  35. 35. https://github.com/CityOfBoston/boston.gov/issues
  36. 36. https://analytics.usa.gov/
  37. 37. https://github.com/18F/analytics.usa.gov
  38. 38. https://www.govcms.gov.au
  39. 39. https://github.com/govCMS/govCMS
  40. 40. https://www.kanooh.be/nl/raamcontract/abonnementen-websites
  41. 41. https://tweakers.net/nieuws/85895/vlaamse-overheid-kiest-voor-drupal-as-a-service-aanbieder-kanooh.html Built with Drupal but source code is not open Funded by us, the taxpayer, for 9 million
  42. 42. We’re lagging behind https://flic.kr/p/o3ZQHn
  43. 43. http://www.feweb.be/sites/default/files/FEDERAALREGEERAKKOORD_09102014.PDF No mention of open source in the federal coalition agreement
  44. 44. 75 countries endorsed the Open Government Declaration since 2011. Belgium hasn’t.
  45. 45. https://governmenttechnology.blog.gov.uk/2016/12/14/our-commitment-to-better-open-source-practices/ Others already have a commitment to make source code open by default.
  46. 46. I have a “simple” dream ...
  47. 47. I dream of living in a truly open city where I can access, use, modify the code of city’s website. You?
  48. 48. We build things for the web www.timble.net Thank you tom.janssens.me - @JanssensTom