The Standards and Recommended Practices (SAPRs) for “Personnel Licensing”
Annex 1 of the
Chicago 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation were first accepted by the
Council on April 14, 1948.
Effective on 15 September 1948.
It provides standards and recommended practices for the licensing of those who
Operate and maintain aircraft, such as pilots, flight engineers, and air traffic controllers.
4. DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL RULES
• This section provides clear definitions of key terminologies used within Annex 1 of
• The definitions ensure a common understanding of these terms and their meaning within
the context of the Standards and Recommended Practices outlined in Annex 1.
• It makes it easier to interpret and apply licensing rules and helps prevent ambiguity.
2. General Rules Concerning Licences:
• This section covers the general rules and principles that govern the licensing of two
categories of personnel
Flight Crew and Other Personnel.
• The rules outlined in this section are based on Standards and Recommended Practices
(SARPs) defined by ICAO.
5. GENERAL RULES
It states who is in charge of giving out licenses and making sure there is an organization or
authority overseeing the process.
It highlight and evaluate carefully applicants to make sure only qualified and capable
individuals are granted licenses.
This rule covers what license holders are allowed to do in their roles and what the tasks,
functions, and responsibilities they have …
Medical Fitness: It highlights the importance of being physically and mentally fit to obtain
and keep a license
6. LICENCES AND RATINGS FOR PILOTS
It focuses on the licensing requirements for pilots and provides detailed information on
different types of licenses and ratings.
Such pilot licences are :
• SPL : Student Pilot License
• PPL : Private Pilot Licence
• CPL : Commercial Pilot Licence
• ATPL : Airline Transport Pilot Licence
• MPL : Multi-crew Pilot Licence
• GPL : Glider Pilot Licence
• FBPL : Free Balloon Pilot Licence
7. LICENCES AND RATINGS FOR REMOTE PILOTS
• It also includes a section on licenses and ratings for remote pilots, addressing the
requirements for operating remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS).
• Like age, qualifications, training, and experience to operate RPAS, and
limitations associated with remote pilot licenses
• STUDENT REMOTE PILOT
• REMOTE PILOT LICENCE
• RPAS INSTRUCTOR RATING
8. LICENCES FOR FLIGHT CREW MEMBERS OTHER
THAN LICENCES FOR PILOTS
• Certifications to enable individuals in to fulfill their responsibilities in navigation,
aircraft systems, and radio communication which are varying by country or aviation
• Flight navigator licence : A flight navigator plans and monitors the aircraft's
navigation, assisting the pilot in determining routes, fuel requirements, and maintaining
course during a flight.
• Flight navigator licence
• Flight engineer licence
• Flight radiotelephone operator
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• Flight engineer licence :A flight engineer monitors and operates aircraft systems to
assist the pilot in safe and efficient aircraft operation.
• Flight radiotelephone operator : A flight radiotelephone operator maintains
communication between the aircraft and ground stations, operating radio systems for
voice and data transmissions.
10. LICENCES AND RATINGS FOR PERSONNEL OTHER
THAN FLIGHT CREW MEMBERS
Licenses and ratings for personnel other than flight crew members refer to the qualifications
and certifications required for individuals who work in various roles within the aviation
• Air Traffic Controller License: Certification allowing individuals to
coordinate aircraft movements in controlled airspace through specialized training
in air traffic control procedures, communication techniques, and radar systems.
• Aircraft Maintenance License: Certification enabling individuals
to inspect, maintain, and repair aircraft by completing approved training programs
accumulating practical experience, and passing written and practical examinations
11. Flight Dispatcher License/ Flight
Operations Officer License
• Certification authorizing individuals to assist in flight planning and
management, requiring completion of a certified training program, passing written
exams, and demonstrating proficiency in flight planning, weather analysis, and em
• Certification enabling individuals to support flight planning and coordination
through training programs, practical experience, and knowledge assessments
related to scheduling, aircraft routing, and monitoring flight progress.
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• Aeronautical Station Operator Licence: An aeronautical station operator
operates and maintains aviation communication systems to ensure effective
communication between aircraft and ground stations, requiring training in
communication procedures, radio equipment operation, and aviation regulations.
• Aeronautical Meteorological Personnel: Aeronautical meteorological
personnel provide tailored weather information and forecasts for aviation,
collecting data, analyzing weather patterns, and issuing reports and forecasts with
specialized training in meteorology, weather observation, and aviation forecasting.
13. SPECIFICATIONS FOR PERSONNEL
A Contracting State issuing a license must ensure that other states can easily
determine the license privileges and validity of ratings.
• Material: First-quality paper or other suitable material, including plastic
cards, should be used for the license, ensuring that the items mentioned in are
• Language: When licenses are issued in a language other than English, the
license must include an English translation of at least items I), II), VI), IX),
XII), XIII), and XIV).
• Arrangement of items: The item headings on the license should be
uniformly numbered in Roman numerals.This numbering system ensures that
the same item heading is referenced consistently regardless of the arrangement
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The following details should appear on the license:
I) Name of the issuing State (in bold type).
II) Title of the license (in very bold type).
III) Serial number of the license in Arabic numerals, provided by the issuing authority.
IV) Full name of the license holder (including Roman alphabet if the national language
script is different).
IVa) Date of birth.
V) Address of the license holder (if desired by the State).
VI) Nationality of the license holder. VII) Signature of the license holder.
VIII) Authority and, if necessary, conditions under which the license is issued.
IX) Certification of validity and authorization for the license holder to exercise privileges
appropriate to the license.
X) Signature of the officer issuing the license and the date of issue.
XI) Seal or stamp of the authority issuing the license.
XII) Ratings, such as category, class, type of aircraft, airframe, aerodrome control, etc.
XIII) Remarks, including special endorsements for limitations, privileges, language
proficiency, and other required information according to Article 39 of the Chicago
XIV) Any other details required by the issuing State.
15. MEDICAL PROVISIONS FOR LICENSING
This section provides general information about medical assessments for licensing
• The purpose of this section is to provide a broad understanding of the importance
and role of medical assessments in the licensing process.
• This section outlines the specific requirements that individuals must meet to
undergo a medical assessment for obtaining a license.
• By meeting these requirements, individuals demonstrate their capability to handle
the physical and mental demands of their respective roles.
Here are different classes of medical assessments
• Class 1 Medical Assessment
• Class 2 Medical Assessment
• Class 3 Medical Assessment
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1. Class 1 Medical Assessment:
This is a thorough medical evaluation required for professional pilots and air traffic
2. Class 2 Medical Assessment:
Class 2 assessment is required for licenses such as private pilots and flight engineers.
3. Class 3 Medical Assessment:
Class 3 assessment applies to licenses with less demanding medical requirements,
such as air traffic control officers and flight service specialists.
• These all assessments includes examinations related to physical fitness, vision,
hearing, and specific medical conditions.