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How to Truly Understand a Text - The Reading Process

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The #1 mistake people make when reading is approaching a text with the wrong mindset. They are looking to react to or critique what is presented. Reactions and critiques are valuable, but they are an entirely different process that follows reading. In fact, they are dependent on it.

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How to Truly Understand a Text - The Reading Process

  1. 1. How To Truly Understand a Text - The Reading Process 1
  2. 2. Reading Is one of the most Deceptively challenging skills to master. 2
  3. 3. To learn to read properly, you must understand: The toolsThe goal The process 3
  4. 4. THE GOALOf reading 4
  5. 5. #1 MistakePeople make when reading is approaching the text with the wrong mindset. 5
  6. 6. They are looking to react to or critique the text. 6
  7. 7. “To understand the goal of reading, you have to understand the goal of writing. 7
  8. 8. Every writer wants to change your mind. How? By communicating new information to you. 8
  9. 9. 9 Your goal as a reader Is to understand what is being communicated to you. How? By knowing the tools the writer has at his disposal.
  10. 10. THE TOOLS The basic tool of the writer is the word. 10
  11. 11. A WORD Is more than a collection of sounds. It is a SYMBOL. 11
  12. 12. “A writer uses symbols to make you think of the world in a specific way to show you new parts of it that will change your concepts. 12
  13. 13. 13 The challenge of reading Is to understand all of the information being presented To you and how it is both different and the same as the information you already have.
  14. 14. Every writer has one Overall piece of information He is trying to communicate to you - usually called the Main Idea, Point, or Argument. 14
  15. 15. Once you find the main idea ▸ It can become your Touchstone or Key. ▸ It will help you understand everything else the writer shows you in the same piece of writing. The challenge is that you are shown everything else first and can’t be sure of the Overall until you’ve read it. 15
  16. 16. THE PROCESS Reading process. 16
  17. 17. 1 Ask a Question 17
  18. 18. 18 You have to understand Why you are reading what you are reading.
  19. 19. Ask How does the text reflect your values, interests, beliefs, tastes, and goals? 19
  20. 20. Once you understand the context, you can open the cover. 20
  21. 21. 2 Research 21
  22. 22. “Gather all the background information you can to have an idea what the text is about. 22
  23. 23. Ask yourself: ▸ What is the title? ▸ Who is the author? ▸ When did he write the tet? ▸ What content does it contain? ▸ How long is it? ▸ What sections is the text divided into? 23
  24. 24. 24 Don’t miss Gathering any general information about the book’s subject when completing the previous step.
  25. 25. Once you answer the questions, you can go to the next step. 25
  26. 26. 3 Hypothesize 26
  27. 27. Based on all your knowledge of the book and subject Come up with a proposed Main Idea, Point, Argument, or Theme of the text. 27
  28. 28. 28 This proposed Overall Piece of information will be the umbrella under which you try to fit every other piece of information you learn while reading it.
  29. 29. “It is the starting point that you will slowly craft into your end point over the course of your consumption of the text. 29
  30. 30. 4 Experiment + Analyze 30
  31. 31. Experimentation and Analysis Often occur at the same time making reading challenging. 31
  32. 32. When reading, you are collecting data and analyzing it at the same time 32
  33. 33. “As you consume each new word, sentence, paragraph, and chapter, you try to fit it into your hypothesis. 33
  34. 34. 34 If you can explain How it fits into your hypothesis, you can move one. If not, you must change your hypothesis or create a new one.
  35. 35. There are two important guidelines for this step 1. Your hypothesis is always in flux until you finish the text. 2. Set up checkpoints for yourself to stop consuming new data and think about the date you have. 35
  36. 36. Once your read the first word of the text You enter into a loop of Experiment + Analysis and Hypothesis until you read the last word of the text. 36
  37. 37. CONCLUSION Reading process. 37
  38. 38. “Now, you should have a hypothesis that explains why the author included everything in the text. 38
  39. 39. 39 The key Is being able to explain the hypothesis and how it explains everything.
  40. 40. Write a one sentence summary Of what you think the Main Idea, Point, Argument, or Theme is. 40
  41. 41. When something is brought up about the text Compare it to you conclusion And use it as the foundation of any thinking you do. 41
  42. 42. “Comprehending what the author is showing you can improve your life by helping you to consider complexities that you may never have before. 42
  43. 43. Oxford Tutoring 43 (949) 681-0388
  44. 44. Credits Special thanks to all the people who made and released these awesome resources for free: ▸ Presentation template by SlidesCarnival ▸ Photographs by Startupstockphotos 44