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Climate Change: A Business Guide to Action Planning

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Today, businesses struggle to adapt their policies and operations to the reality of a changing climate. More than ever, it is critical for organizations to make informed decision-making on the best actions to take to ensure their long-term viability and success.

In this webinar, we will review the state of climate action planning for the business. We will start off with a review of current (as well as foreseeable future) mandatory governmental policies and legislation, before moving on to action planning strategies for business organizations. We will look at some of the important benefits of climate action planning (innovation, opportunity, risk reduction, cost savings, efficiency). We will review the important concept of "carbon footprint": how to calculate it, and the how-to's of carbon reporting using major international protocols (such as GRI, CDP, GRESB, etc.). We will take a quick look at various mitigation and adaption measures that organizations may undertake, before closing out the session with some tips for success.

Main points covered:

• What is Climate Change?
- Definitions
- major contributors and effects

• Climate Action Planning
- Government legislation and policies
- Business approaches
- Benefits (innovation, opportunity, cost savings, efficiency)
- Carbon Footprint (measurement and reporting)
- Mitigation and adaptation measures

• Tips for Success
- how and where to start
- Setting priorities
- Communications


Our presenter for this webinar, Jessica Mann is the CEO and founder of Green Futures Unlimited, a sustainability consultancy, and an instructor at the University of California San Diego extension's sustainable business program. With over 30 years of experience in the fields of environmental health & safety and sustainability, she previously served in leadership roles at several international corporations. Currently specializing in carbon accounting and climate action planning, Jessica is a regular speaker and author on the subject. She holds a BS in Environmental Science and an MPH in Occupational and Environmental Health (University of Michigan), and is a LEED Accredited Professional, ISO 14001 & OHSAS 45001 Auditor, Greenhouse Gas Verifier, Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH), and Certified Safety Professional (CSP).

Date: April 11th, 2019

Recorded Webinar: https://youtu.be/cMKXPoepF3k

Publié dans : Formation
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Climate Change: A Business Guide to Action Planning

  1. 1. TODAY’S AGENDA I. Climate Change: The Basics o The Greenhouse Effect o Impacts of Climate Change o Main Sources of Emissions II. Climate Action Planning: Setting the Stage o Governments and Legal Framework o Carbon Pricing o Responsible Investment o Sustainability and Carbon Reporting III. Climate Action Planning for Business o Why Plan? Benefits o What Is It? Definitions o All About Carbon Footprint o Taking Action o Major Topic Areas for Action IV. A Few Tips for Success o Where to Start o How to Communicate
  3. 3. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Climate change is caused by CO2 and other greenhouse gases that trap the sun’s heat (just like the glass in a greenhouse)
  4. 4. MAJOR IMPACTS of CLIMATE CHANGE  Higher temperatures (global warming)  Greater fluctuations in temperature (hot/cold extremes)  Extreme weather events and storms  Sea level rise (coastlines)  Ocean heating and acidification (marine food chain)  Droughts  Loss of fresh water (evaporation; intrusion of salt water)  Agricultural disruptions (crop damage)  Changes in plant and animal communities (pests and disease) Earth’s climate is a complex and interrelated system, and therefore climate change impacts can vary greatly by location. What is happening in your locale?
  5. 5. CLIMATE vs. WEATHER: A Matter of Time Weather: Atmospheric conditions that occur locally over short periods of time (minutes, hours or days) Climate: Regional or global average temperature, humidity and rainfall patterns over long periods of time (seasons, years or decades) “If you don’t like the weather in New England, just wait a few minutes.” - Mark Twain
  8. 8. LEGAL FRAMEWORK: GOVERNMENTS AND LAWS “In 2017 there are more than 1,200 climate change laws and executive policies across 164 countries (accounting for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions).” Climate Change Laws of the World database, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and Sabin Center for Climate Change Law http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/legislation/
  9. 9. CARBON PRICING "74 jurisdictions (46 national and 28 sub-national) in the world have implemented, or are scheduled to implement, carbon pricing initiatives." World Bank (May 2018) https://carbonpricingdashboard.worldbank.org/
  10. 10. RESPONSIBLE INVESTING “Climate change is king. This commitment to climate change-related investing remains a dominant focus among investors, corporations and other key influencers.” - Forbes magazine, Oct. 3 2018 https://www.forbes.com/sites/nuveen/2018/10/03/why-responsible-investment-is-here-to-stay/#7864ef882008
  11. 11. SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING “Eighty-five percent (85%) of the companies in the S&P 500 Index® published sustainability or corporate responsibility reports in 2017.” Governance & Accountability Institute https://www.ga-institute.com/
  12. 12. CARBON REPORTING “In 2018, over 7,000 companies disclosed through CDP – an 11% increase on the previous year.” Mandatory carbon reporting (UK) CDP https://www.cdp.net/en/info/about-us
  14. 14. WHY PLAN? Benefits  Comply with government rules  Navigate carbon markets  Meet requirements and expectations of investors  Communicate with other interested stakeholders (customers and employees)  Reduce risk (operational and supply chain disruptions)  Cost savings and efficiency (bottom line cost savings)  Innovation and competitive advantage (top line sales opportunity with better products)
  15. 15. CLIMATE ACTION PLAN Definition: A strategic framework developed by an organization for the purpose of reducing or eliminating greenhouse gas emissions and related climatic impacts. Includes Specific:  Tasks (what)  Resources (how and who)  Times (when)
  16. 16. ACTION PLANNING STEPS  Develop baseline carbon footprint  Set reduction targets  Select actions and strategies to achieve reductions  Assign responsibilities  Allocate resources  Monitor, track, and report on progress  Repeat!
  17. 17. CARBON FOOTPRINT/CARBON INVENTORY Definition: The total greenhouse gas emissions directly or indirectly caused by an organization Measurement:  Identify sources of GHG emissions (where it’s coming from)  Use standardized protocols (ISO, GHG Protocol, etc.)  Expressed as Carbon Dioxide equivalent (tons of CO2e) Reporting: Through major sustainability reporting protocols (CDP, GRI, IIRC etc.)
  18. 18. CARBON FOOTPRINT: Step 1 Greenhouse Gases There are six major Greenhouse Gases (GHGs): 1) Carbon dioxide (CO2) 2) Methane (CH4) 3) Nitrous oxide (N2O) 4) Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) 5) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) 6) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) Each GHG has a different “potency” (ability to trap heat) known as its Global Warming Potential (GWP) Example: R-22 (the most commonly used HFC refrigerant) has a GWP=1810, which means that one pound of R-22 is nearly as potent as one ton of CO2
  19. 19. CARBON FOOTPRINT: Step 2 Scopes 1,2, and 3 Scope 1: Direct Emissions From burning fuel onsite for heating or power, refrigerant leaks, gasoline for company motor fleet Scope 2: Indirect Emissions From electricity, heat or steam purchased from a utility provider and used to heat and run buildings and facilities Scope 3: Indirect Emissions From employee business travel and commuting, product use, waste and wastewater treatment, contractor activities, supply chain and purchased materials
  20. 20. CARBON FOOTPRINT: Step 3 Published Report Some samples…
  22. 22. ACTION STRATEGIES  Reduce or eliminate GHG emissions (stop contributing to the problem)  Lessen negative impacts of Climate Change (adaptation or mitigation- dealing with the impacts of today)  Draw-down existing GHGs in atmosphere (actually make the problem better) Remember: ALL approaches are valuable! Do what makes sense for your business Everything counts Many inter-relate (2-for-1 benefits)
  23. 23. MAJOR AREAS FOR ACTION  Electricity and Heating  Buildings  Water  Transportation  Refrigeration  Materials and Waste  Agriculture and Land Use
  24. 24. AREAS FOR ACTION: Electricity and Heating The burning of coal, natural gas, and oil for electricity and heat is the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions worldwide (25%)  Planning for transition to “clean” (non-carbon) energy usage over time is key.  Many energy sources are available or under development:  Wind, solar, hydroelectric, geothermal, wave and tidal, biomass, nuclear, cogeneration, waste to energy, fusion  Energy storage technologies are allowing greater use of intermittent sources (such as solar or wind)  Energy efficiency and conservation are still important measures (using less)
  25. 25. AREAS FOR ACTION: Buildings Buildings are responsible for about 40% of worldwide energy use  Energy is used for heating, air conditioning, heating, lighting, and cooking  Many technologies and ways to significantly reduce emissions:  Use of green building standards (LEED, BREEAM, etc.)  Building codes and municipal ordinances (mandatory)  Net zero (and now even Net positive) energy efficient buildings  Building and appliance product certifications (Energy Star, Green Seal, etc.)  Efficient LED lighting  Better insulation  Double-paned glass  Natural light and ventilation  Green roofs
  26. 26. AREAS FOR ACTION: Water Water is a heavy material, and its use consumes a great deal of energy related to transporting, cleaning, heating, and treating of wastewater  Conserving water reduces GHG emissions  Landscaping use outdoors ~30% water usage  Low-flush fixtures  Leak repair detection and prompt repair programs  Low-flow commercial dishwashers  Lower water temperatures for washing and industrial purposes
  27. 27. AREAS FOR ACTION: Transportation Transportation (via road, rail, air, marine, and refrigeration in transit) makes up almost 15% of worldwide GHG emissions  95% of the world's transportation energy comes from petroleum- based fuels, largely gasoline and diesel  Logistics for “smarter” shipping  Reduce product and packaging weight  Packaging - no wasted space  Consolidate routes and loads  More efficient engines for trucks, planes, and ships
  28. 28. AREAS FOR ACTION: Refrigeration Refrigerant gases are very potent GHGs and used widely for:  Air conditioners in buildings and vehicles  Refrigerators and freezers for food and perishable items  Propellants in consumer aerosol products (such as aerosol paint, personal care products, tire inflators, etc.)  Spray foam insulation and other foam  Globally, HFCs will be phased out over the next decade (through amendment to Montreal Protocol). Substitutes are already on the market.  Important to have leak avoidance and detection programs (check on your HVAC contractors!)  Effective storage and disposal is key (since 90% of emissions happen at end of life). Refrigerants can be purified for reuse or transformed into other chemicals that do not cause warming.
  29. 29. AREAS FOR ACTION: Material Use and Waste Reducing material use and waste (in all forms) can have significant impacts on reducing GHG emissions.  Production of materials and food uses significant resources and releases GHG emissions (e.g., metals, chemicals, oil refining, cement production, paper, semiconductors, agriculture, livestock)  Methane (a strong GHG) is released from trash in landfills, especially organic materials such as food waste.  Zero Waste and Circular Economy movements are both based on the concept that there is no “waste, only wasted resources.”)  Added 2 more Rs to the original 3Rs, so now it’s the 5 Rs [Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose, Recycle], in that order For further reading: https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/ http://zwia.org/standards/zero-waste-hierarchy/
  30. 30. AREAS FOR ACTION: Land Use Some terminology: Carbon sequestration = storage of carbon (for example, in soils, forests, and wetlands) = carbon sink (the opposite of source)  Carbon emissions from deforestation are ~18% of GHG emissions (release of carbon from burning)  Restoration and regrowth of trees can reverse this (carbon sink)  Changing land use practices is an effective way to both prevent emissions AND remove excess carbon from the atmosphere  Storing carbon in farm soils and livestock grazing methods are important climate change solutions (regenerative agriculture)  Protecting coastal wetlands as a major carbon sink  Business can support these actions – even if they aren’t in these industries -- by supporting local projects or verified carbon offset projects (tropical reforestation, etc.)
  32. 32. Where to Start  For carbon footprint, start with Scope 1 and 2 emissions first (under your control). Scope 3 can come later.  Involve your organization’s Facilities, Operations, and Engineering groups as key partners – these are the groups where a lot of things get done and decided!  Tie in with existing programs already supported and underway (e.g., ISO 14001, UN Sustainable Development Goals, Sustainability Reporting)  Choose priorities based a mix of time horizon and ease of achievement (i.e., some quick, easy wins and some longer term major projects)
  33. 33. How to Communicate  To help win the support of senior management (C-Suite), focus on the benefits of a proposed action, and show how it can aid in reducing risk.  Work with your Communications and Media Relations groups to help them meet the growing demand for public disclosure and information.  “2 (or 3)-for-1” wins: Reinforce the message that many climate- related actions can provide multiple benefits. Reducing energy, water, materials, and waste almost always deliver cost savings and conserve resources in addition to reducing the impact of climate change.
  34. 34. Copyright 2015, Logical Management Systems, Corp., all rights reserved ISO 14031, 14015 Training Courses • ISO 14031 Foundation 2 Days Course • ISO 14015 Foundation 2 Days Course Exam and certification fees are included in the training price. https://pecb.com/en/education-and-certification-for-individuals www.pecb.com/events
  35. 35. Copyright 2015, Logical Management Systems, Corp., all rights reserved THANK YOU ? 858-761-6981 http://www.greenfutures.co https://www.linkedin.com/in/jessicabmann/ jessica@greenfutures.co