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Challenges and Strategies
l Agnès Romatet-Espagne, French Foreign Ministry
l Gilles Vermont Desroches, Schneider Electric
l Gérard Mestrallet, Engie
l Bertrand Swiderski, Carrefour
l Fabrice Bonnifet, Bouygues
l Jean-Philippe Hermine, Renault
Special issue: France Greentech Magazine - 2016
FRENCH CLEANTECH
100 innovative
climate solutions
34 export-focused
French eco-industry
clusters
E-Fan, the first purpose-built,
electrically powered trainer aircraft*
E-Fan, the first purpose-built,
electrically powered trainer aircraft*
creative.businessfrance.fr
* Vol créatif.
E-Fan, le premier avion à propulsion électrique conçu pour la formation initiale des pilotes.
Everyone has
a role to play 
France will chair the 21st
Conference of the Parties to the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The issues at stake are very high and it is universally agreed that
this is a decisive moment and  we must meet the requirements
needed for sustainability. Climate and environmental issues
are core to our future development.
 
Beside, on the one hand the negotiations to be held between
representatives of the different states and on the other hand the
debate in the civil society, the cleantech sector is a stakeholder
with a specific role to play: offering solutions for a tangible
change of the production and consumption model.
 
The Réseau PEXE, the French cleantech network, along with
Environment Magazine, has taken the opportunity of the
French presidency of the COP21 to present this special issue of
­Environnement Magazine International to highlight 100 French
SMEs and cleantech start-ups that offer mitigation and adap-
tation solutions for climate change.
Close to 40 cleantech clusters were involved in the process
of identifying the solutions that we present here. We want to
thank them for this very efficient sourcing. They work every
day to foster innovation, to enable the development of the
cleantech sector, to generate business opportunities for SMEs
and start-ups.  
 
In this COP21 issue, you will find a showcase for French clean-
tech businesses know-how and you may find the solution you
are looking for.
Editorial
Jean-Claude
Andreini,
Chairman of the Réseau
PEXE, The French
cleantech network VP
of the Eco-industry
Strategic Council
DR
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
Climate: new solutions emerge
in the heat of the crisis 
Over twenty years ago, Environnement Magazine was already
warning in no uncertain terms about the risks of global warming
in its ‘150 years special’ issue. This ‘old’ magazine, which is
today France’s leading environment magazine, has taken on
board the cross-border nature of the challenges of the environ-
mental and energy transition, and for the last four years has
worked with PEXE on a special annual publication in English
that focuses on French environment tech. These special issues
are distributed at major international events and feature solutions
from French eco-enterprises that are intended for export.
We are delighted to present this new edition, which is being
published on the eve of COP21. It highlights the major challenges
(p. 7) and the strategies of some of France’s leading globally
active groups for dealing with a climate change that is already
having an impact on their activities (p. 15).
Above all, the editors of Environnement Magazine and all the
clusters that make up PEXE have been working for several months
to review their choices and to rigorously select the most innovative
climate solutions on offer from French eco-enterprises (p. 25).
The result is stunning. It demonstrates—in the heat of the current
environment crisis—the vitality of these eco-enterprises and the
effectiveness of the solutions that they are offering.
For those of you who would like to make direct contact with
these start-ups and SMEs, their websites are listed along with the
solutions in question.
Besides the 100 solutions that we have selected, numerous other
gems are to be found throughout France. In order to discover
them, you can get in touch with the PEXE clusters, which we
have listed at the end of this issue (p. 63). Why not also register
for our newsletter by going to environnement-magazine.fr and
benefit from unrivalled technical monitoring and an overview
of the profession.
Enjoy the read and all power to your... mitigation and adaptation!
Christoph Haushofer
Managing director
of Environnement Magazine
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APPELS D’OFFRES ET OFFRES D’EMPLOI
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Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
COP21 CHALLENGE.......................................................7
Agnès Romatet-Espagne, French Foreign Ministry................................................ 9
The pressure goes up a notch.......................................................................... 10
Solutions Agenda: General mobilization underway........................................... 12
CLIMATE STRATEGIE..................................................... 15
Schneider Electric blends energy and digital transition....................................... 16
Half of Engie’s projects are in renewables........................................................ 17
Carrefour: “We innovate, we test, we deploy”.................................................. 18
Bouygues puts together the sustainable town..................................................... 20
Renault is cutting its carbon footprint by 3% per annum...................................... 21
FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS.................................25
100 French SMEs and start-ups
MITIGATION
n Renewables and Energy Recovery.............................................................. 27
n Buildings and Energy Efficiency.................................................................. 38
n Smart Grids and Energy Storage................................................................ 41
ADAPTATION
n Water..................................................................................................... 44
n Resources and Materials........................................................................... 48
n Waste and Circular Economy.................................................................... 52
n Metrology: Air and Water......................................................................... 56
n Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering...................................................... 59
CLUSTERS...................................................................63
34 French eco-industry clusters
DR
CONTENTS
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
CHALLENGES
Everything suggests that the failure of Copenhagen will not be
repeated in Paris. But, as we go to press, nobody knows how
ambitious and how realistic the delegates will be. And even
when we do, there’s no doubt that there will be differences over
the interpretation... Will the ambition of the states be up to meeting
the challenges associated with climate change and the expectations
of mankind? Whatever response is delivered, these challenges
will be with us for a long time.
COP 21
2 - 9 DEC. 2015 - PARIS - LE BOURGET
Exposition de solutions bas carbone organisée pendant la COP21
Exhibition of low carbon solutions during COP21
Prenez part
au grand rassemblement climat 2015 !
take part
in the 2015 largest climate meetinG!
En association avec :
In association with:Organisé par :
Organised by:
Site web/website : www.lagalerie-cop21.com
Contact : service-visiteur@world-efficiency.com
LE CENTRE DE CONFÉRENCE /
THE CONFERENCE CENTRE
LES ESPACES GÉNÉRATIONS CLIMAT /
CLIMATE GENERATIONS AREAS
LA GALERIE
©SecrétariatgénéralCOP21
Au Bourget sur le Parc des expositions et avec la COP21
At Paris - Le Bourget Exhibition centre with the COP21
• 9CHALLENGES
What are the strengths of
French eco-businesses?
A.R-E: When you look at
their ability to innovate, they
seem to me to perfectly illus-
trate what the French genius
is capable of. They are to be
found in all parts of the coun-
try and gain strength from
being deeply rooted into the
industrial fabric. In France,
eco-enterprises can also draw
on a network of colleges and
training courses that is the
envy of the entire world.
How does the French state
help French eco-innova-
tions get noticed?
A.R-E: If it’s a matter of iden-
tifying eco-enterprises in
order to help them expand
internationally, then we have
the Business France network,
backed up Bpifrance, and the
consular network. For exam-
ple, in 2014 Business France
worked with 106 companies
involved in the environment
sector. According to the
impact surveys carried out
by our partner Ipsos, 97%
of these companies made
promising contacts during
this exercise. Over the fol-
lowing six months, 24% of
them had done at least one
deal and 40% of them had
started negotiations with a
view to doing so. However,
although we are keen to help
foreign organizations to iden-
tify French eco-enterprises
we are very careful not to
encourage the acquisition of
our fresh shoots. The forging
of contacts involves a rigor-
ous process designed to pre-
vent French innovation from
being creamed off. We want
to promote investment in
France that will translate into
jobs, and this is just as true for
eco-enterprises as for other
companies. The decision
by GE of the US, which has
chosen to locate its turbine
business in France, at Belfort,
is the sort of thing we’d like to
replicate.
Howcanyouattractforeign
investors to France?
A.R-E: By involving our dip-
lomatic corps. We staged an
‘Invest in France’ month in
September, when we asked
our diplomats in fifty coun-
tries to organize events to
explain what it was that made
France attractive. The initia-
tive was well received because
we involved foreign investors
who already have a presence
in France. These are the best
advocates for the attractive-
ness of France. In parallel with
this, we launched the Creative
France campaign, with the
Prime Minister in Japan and
the President of the Repub-
lic in China and in South
Korea. This campaign is also
being pursued in Germany,
the United Arab Emirates,
Brazil, the United Kingdom,
India and the United States …
The goal is to highlight French
inventiveness. Besides ‘Made
in France’, it emphasizes our
engineering, our research and
development, our creatives
and everything that contrib-
utes to the bubbling creativ-
ity of France. For example,
the development of start-up
incubators.
What advice do you give
to French eco-enterprises
looking to export?
A.R-E: You simply can’t con-
tent yourself with the French
market in the sectors that you
are active in. Exporting, how-
ever, is complicated. You need
to prepare, to have thought
about your strategy and to
dedicate sufficient human
and financial resources to it.
You need to be able to pres-
ent a product in two minutes,
to have a website in English,
to choose the right interna-
tional shows… You need to
get yourself ready. There are,
however, various organiza-
tions on hand to help. Last
March an agreement was
reached to coordinate the
activities of Business France
andtheconsularnetwork.The
use of international business
interns (VIEs) is something
that we recommend, since
this is a tool that allows com-
panies and particularly small
ones to find qualified young
people who can help them
internationally. The govern-
ment has also stepped in to
overhaul funding tools with
the creation of Bpifrance and
the coordination of the CDC
and the AFD. l
Speaking to
Thomas Blosseville
France bubbling
over with creativity
Agnès Romatet-Espagne,
Director for Businesses and
International Trade at the
French Ministry of Foreign
Affairs and International
Development.
The French government has reorganized its trade diplomacy in order
to work with companies internationally and to attract foreign investors.
Agnès Romatet-Espagne, the Director for Businesses and International
Trade at the Foreign Ministry explains the details.
DR
Decembre 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
10 •  COP 21
COP21 takes its title from an
English acronym standing
for Conference of Parties,
and the fact that the Paris
meeting is the twenty-first
since the adoption of the
Climate Convention in Rio
de Janeiro in 1992. It is being
presented as an important
point of departure… or
the last chance. A point of
departure towards the end
of a century when fossil fuels
are no longer burned, or our
last chance to avoid major cli-
mate change. The conference
will run from 30th
 November
until11th
December.Although
governments undertook to
limit the mean rise in global
temperatures to 2 °C in 2011
in Durban, scientists have
The pressure goes
The aim of COP21 in Paris this December is for the 195 member states of the UN to sign
an agreement to limit global warming to 2 °C by the end of this century. However, this meeting
will only be a starting point, not the end of the road.
argued for a target of +1.5 °C,
which would entail even more
restrictive efforts to reduce
emissions more rapidly.
In accordance with the
framework for the UN
proceedings, this summer
the negotiators embarked
on the mammoth task of
shortening the 83 pages that
represented the then state of
a draft text to submit to the
vote in December in Paris.
For France, as host and chair
of the negotiations, the goal
has been to arrive at a concise,
understandable text running
to some twenty pages before
November. This document
will comprise two parts: a
legal core supplementing the
Climate Convention, which
states will be required to
respect, and a list of decisions
that define an action plan for
post-2020, the year in which
it will come into force. COP21
will also enshrine the volun-
tary commitments made by
each state. “We knew from the
outset that we would receive a
varied proposals that would
not just be undertakings in
terms of reducing emissions
but also, for example, propo-
sitions regarding carbon sinks,
such as halting deforestation”,
recalls Laurence Tubiana, the
French government’s special
representative for COP21.
Thus, Gabon, Kenya and
Russia have included the
role of their forests in their
national greenhouse gas
balances.
Will the sum of these national
undertakings make it possible
to avoid warming in excess
of 2 °C? Gathered together
in Paris at an international
climate sciences meeting on
7th
 July 2015, many research-
ers stated that the national
commitments were not suf-
ficient to meet the challenge.
This was in contrast to experts
from the energy sector such
as Fatih Birol, Director of the
International Energy Agency
(IEA), who believes that the
global economy is heading
in the right direction. He is
pleased to report that, “A
study of national proposals
covering two thirds of global
emissions indicates that a
quarter of the energy produced
in 2030 will be from renewa-
bles. By that date, China will
only be 60% reliant on fossil
fuels. In the United States,
Europe and Japan demand
for coal will fall by 45% over
the next fifteen years and there
will be a 25% fall in India”. The
IEA is arguing for an interna-
tional agreement for a peak
in greenhouse gas emis-
sions around 2020 followed
by a decline in CO2, and for
national progress to be moni-
tored every five years.
Ottmar Edenhofer, a re-
searcher at the Potsdam
InstituteinGermany,doesnot
share this view. What he has
seen is a 2.5% annual rise in
global CO2 emissions over the
last ten years, which reached
49 billiontonnesin2014.Over
the previous decade there had
beenalowerrateofincreaseof
around 1.5% per annum. “We
are witnessing an increase
in the intensity of carbon
consumption. For example,
developing countries are
using carbon because it is not
expensive. This is the case in
the Republic of the Congo and
DR
A twenty page summary
is due to be put to the vote
of the 195 member states of
the UN in December in Paris.
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 11CHALLENGES
up a notch
in Benin.” He might also have
mentioned Turkey, which is
planning to build over 80 coal-
fired power stations.
Scientists are pouring over
the planet’s carbon budget.
According to their calcula-
tions, 1,000 billion tonnes of
CO2 have already been emit-
ted. In order to avoid exceed-
ing a rise of 2 °C, no more than
a further 900 billion should be
emitted.Theproblemisthatat
the current rate at which we
are using oil, gas and coal, this
limit will be reached over the
nexttwentyyears. Eliminating
subsidiesforfossilfuels,setting
ahighpriceforcarbon,forcing
statestoadoptambitiousgoals
andtopursueseriousemission
reduction pathways that can
be monitored, and requiring
oil and coal to be left in the
ground: this is what the scien-
tists recommend.
In fact, many of these
subjects will be addressed
away from the main negotia-
tions this December in Paris.
This is the case with the ques-
tion of MRV (measurement,
reporting and verification).
The rules for measuring the
falls in emissions in each
country, their reporting to
the UN and peer-group veri-
fication of the accuracy of the
data will not be set in Paris.
There are good reasons for
this. These are highly techni-
cal questions and they are the
subject of studies, trials and
cost calculations by organiza-
tions that specialize in devel-
oping a reliable methodology
that will also respect national
independence, not be overly
burdensome and be ready to
use in 2020. In France, the
body in question is CITEPA
(a cross-discipline technical
centre that studies atmos-
pheric pollution).
The challenge of COP21
extends beyond the month of
December. As soon as it is
adopted, the Paris agreement
will be buffeted by winds—
some favourable, some less
so. Its first major obstacle will
undoubtedlybetheforthcom-
ing US presidential election
in 2016. On 3rd August 2015
the current president, Barak
Obama, presented his clean
energy plan. This envisages
that the country’s electricity
sector will cut its emissions
by 28% by 2030. One of the
Democratic candidates to
succeed him, Hillary Clin-
ton, hopes to source a third
of US electricity generation
from solar by 2027, through a
seven-fold increase in the cur-
per annum and, according to
the analysts at Natixis, it will
evenfallto3%overthecoming
decade. Energy consumption
is closely linked to economic
activity. In 2014, for the first
time in twenty years, China
saw its coal consumption fall
and this is a phenomenon that
should become permanent. In
anotefromtheLondonSchool
of Economics, Nicolas Stern
states that the peak in Chinese
emissions, which the authori-
ties promised for 2030 in their
contributiontotheParisagree-
ment, could occur as early as
2025.Thiscouldbegoodnews
for the coming decade. l	
Loïc Chauveau
rent number of photovoltaic
panels. However, the Demo-
crats’ Republican opponents,
who are highly climate scepti-
cal, lambast these projects as
too expensive for households
and a threat to employment.
They, conversely, present
themselves as defenders of the
1,200coal-firedpowerstations
operating in the US. The 2016
election will therefore take on
the mantle of a referendum
for or against the Paris climate
agreement,which,intheevent
of a Republican victory, could
find itself shorn of the world’s
second largest greenhouse gas
emitter. Quite a blow.
The other source ofuncer-
tainty relates to the leading
emitter, China. After two dec-
ades of growth that has oscil-
lated between 8 and 10%, the
country is entering a second
phase in its economic devel-
opment. Growth in its GDP
is not expected to exceed 5%
Inra/C.Maitre
Meeting in Paris
this summer at an
international climate
science meeting, many
scientists declared the
national contributions
to be inadequate.
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
12 •  COP 21
COP21 must open up
to the Paris Alliance.
Besides the legal
agreement itself
and commitments by
the various nations,
one element will also
involve companies
and local authorities.
This Solutions Agenda
is designed to make
the promises in the
fight against climate
change credible.
“Nations, local authori-
ties, industries, NGOs, civil
society, the whole word is
aboard!” A year ago, Ban Ki
Moon announced the general
mobilization of all sections
of human society in the fight
against global warming. For
the Secretary General of the
United Nations, it was this
movement that saved him
from despair over the slow-
ness of the negotiations taking
place in preparation for the
agreement expected in Paris
this December.
This is the Solutions Agenda,
whichhelaunchedinSeptem-
ber 2014, in response to the
enormous demonstration that
took place on the streets of
New York to call for rapid cli-
mate action. Whilst the nego-
tiators defend ‘national ego-
isms’, the economic and social
fabric is investing promptly
in the decarbonization of its
activities. It is a dynamic that
the French Minister of the
Environment Ségolène Royal,
who as long been President of
the Poitou-Charentes region
and who is a great commu-
nicator about action in the
field, looks to with approval.
The labelling of territories as
energy positive (Tepos), with
financial assistance from
the state in order to reduce
their CO2 emissions, stems
from this new version of the
‘small is beautiful’ of the 60s.
Although a feature of today,
the active presence of such
stakeholders wasn’t the case
ten years ago, when climate
negotiations were the pre-
serve of states.
In 2009, in Copenha-
gen, townsandregionsmade
afirst,symbolicdebut,marked
by the high profile presence of
Arnold Schwarzenegger, then
Governor of California. “Since
then we have moved on from
symbolism to action and with
a fresh legitimacy to question
governments”, notes Ronan
Dantec, Senator and spokes-
man for the UCLG (United
Cities and Local Govern-
ments). “Although states share
out national responsibilities,
wedecidethelocalpoliciesthat
will make the results of green-
house gas reduction effective.”
Atleasthalfofglobalemissions
are directly linked to decisions
taken locally regarding trans-
port, homes, town planning.
Since the Lima Climate Con-
ferenceinDecember2014,the
SolutionsAgendahastakenthe
formofanactionplanthatlists
goals and undertakings. Read-
ing it is an instructive voyage
into the diversity of peoples
andtheirlevelofdevelopment.
It is difficult to gauge the real
impact of these local initia-
tives and the feasibility of the
declaredambitions.It’saclever
personwhocansaywhetheror
not the French Tepos move-
ment will be a success. What
is certain is that the solutions
are more or less the same,
whatever the latitude: reduced
heating and air-conditioning
requirementsinhomes,theuse
ofpublictransport,investment
in renewables, promotion
of living styles that are lower
consumption and changes in
modes of travel, eating less
meat and savings in electricity
and water.
More spectacular, the
commitments made by
industry are also more easily
assessable, although also
more ambiguous. For exam-
ple, what should one make of
the aim of an airline to reduce
its kerosene consumption by
20% between now and 2020?
For the most part, it is a ques-
tion of good management
that will enable it to remain
in the low cost air transport
business. What’s more, a part
of the solution, such as light-
ening the planes, is down the
manufacturers rather than
the airline itself. This kind of
solemn declaration abounds
on the UN’s Global Compact
site, which collates voluntary
Solutions Agenda
General mobilizati
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 13CHALLENGES
undertakings by companies.
NGOs track decisions that
cost nothing: climate green-
washing. Was the decision by
Total, on 20th August to get
out of coal completely by sell-
ing its South African subsid-
iary an example of this? This
decision was an opportunity
for the French oil company to
massively step up its efforts
in the gas sector, and in no
way represents an exit from
fossil fuels.
However, certain actions
to do give grounds for hope of
a real change in behaviour. On
27th July, thirteen American
multinationals announced
130 billion euros of invest-
ment in low carbon emission
projects. Bank of America will
increase environment lend-
ing from 50 billion dollars per
annum this year to 125 billion
in 2025. Walmart will increase
its renewable production by
600% by 2020. Alcoa, the alu-
minium producer, aims to cut
its emissions by half over ten
years and Google will triple its
purchase of renewable energy
over the next decade.
The contribution of the
finance sector is far less clear-
cut. Banks and big funds still
have both hands drenched in
oil, gas and coal. These are
profitable and subsidized
sectors. On 5th February,
the Norwegian sovereign
wealth fund, the most heav-
ily capitalized fund in the
world with 775 billion euros
in assets, announced that
was divesting itself of stakes
in 22 companies involved in
coal, tar sands, cement and
gold. It was a warning shot,
with the fund explaining that
“the economic model of these
companies is no longer sus-
tainable in the medium and
long-term.”
Leading world banks and
investment funds are today
prime targets for pressure
groups seeking to persuade
them to turn off the finan-
cial tap for large greenhouse
gas emitters. Since 2010, the
‘fossil fuel divestment’ move-
ment, launched by the Amer-
ican association 350.org, has
persuaded 180 institutions
representing 45 billion euros
to take their money out of
this sector. The University of
Stanford in the USA and the
Rockefeller Brothers Fund
are two of the institutions to
follow this advice.
In the UK, the initiative is
led by The Guardian newspa-
per through its ‘Keep it in the
ground’campaign.Thepetition
targets foundations such as
that of Bill and Melinda Gates,
which have shares in oil or
mining companies. Interna-
tional institutions, such as
the World Bank, have antici-
pated this movement. For the
first time, on 29th July, Rachel
Kyte, its Vice President, was
very clear on the subject at
an event in Washington: “In
general terms, the world must
cease to use coal, she declared.
Coal has an enormous social
cost, like other fossil fuels that
prevent you from breathing
clean air.”
The agriculture sector has
recently joined this move-
ment. In a symposium held in
Montpellier in March to look
at the links between growing
methods and global warming,
researchers from all around
the world pointed out that
mankind has a particularly
effective geo-engineering tool
at its disposal if used correctly:
the use of soils by agriculture.
“The negotiations have always
focused on the forests and veg-
etation, whilst neglecting the
role of the soils”, notes Martial
Bernoux, a researcher at the
research and development
institute. “Respect for the bio-
logical life beneath our feet
would allow annual storage
[of CO2] to be increased from
around 3 billion tonnes to
more than 7 billion.” To do so,
agricultureneedstochange its
production-drivenhabits.Such
thinking is becoming more
widespread within the FAO.
What is the benefit of all these
actions? They have already
begun and are producing their
effects without waiting for the
COP21 agreement to come
into force in 2020. To such a
pointthatthisplethoraoflocal
solutions,voluntaryeconomic
andindustrialcommitmentsis
being called on to make up for
the weakness of the national
contributions! l
Loïc Chauveau
on underway
The World Climate and
Territories Summit was
held this summer in Lyons,
and over 800 local
authorities and non-
governmental organization
attended (with the French
President François Hollande).
DR
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
STRATEGIESFive leading French groups that operate around the world explain
the impact of climate change on their business, the constraints
imposed on them, the solutions that they are implementing and
the opportunities that these developments are opening up for them:
Gilles Vermont Desroches - Schneider Electric; Gérard Mestrallet -
Engie; Bertrand Swiderski - Carrefour; Fabrice Bonnifet - Bouygues;
Jean-Philippe Hermine - Renault.
CLIMATE
16 •  CLIMATE
Would current technolo-
gies allow you to meet the
climate challenge?
GVD: They are essential. An
immense change is under-
way. It rests on three pillars:
the integration of renewable
sources, access to electric-
ity through simple solutions
and smart energy for the
greatest number. If you are
not involved in this, you run
the risk of disappearing in
the near future. This switch
covers the full bandwidth of
the electrical, electronic and
communication industries.
More broadly, Schneider
Electric forges partnerships
around the entire world
with organizations involved
in transport, construction,
electricity grid management
and mass distribution… Many
solutions that we are talking
about today, didn’t exist five
years ago. I challenge you, for
example, to predict what our
mobile phones will look like
tomorrow.
Digitalwillserveasthecon-
necting thread…
GVD: Yes, the digital transi-
tion is driving the transition
of businesses, including ours.
It will transform it profoundly
by allowing the problems with
renewable sources to be over-
come, to smooth demand and
to consume when energy is
available. You can use your
mobile phone for the smart
control of consumption in
your home. Logic is being
reversed. Up until now, pro-
duction adapted to demand.
In future, it will be the reverse,
because digital will make
it possible to offers simple
solutions that will involve
individuals.
How is Schneider Elec-
tric adapting to this new
situation?
GVD: Through its acquisi-
tions and by changing what
it offers­-Schneider Electric
has been blending the energy
and the digital transition for
some ten years. This logic
was initially driven by fore-
casts of rising energy prices.
Today, the fight against cli-
mate change has taken over
the baton. How will it be
possible to achieve a peak in
global greenhouse gas emis-
sions within the next fifteen
years? How can they be lim-
ited between now and 2050 to
what the planet can absorb? In
order to be a global leader in
energy efficiency, Schneider
Electric invests 5% of its turn-
over every year into research
and development. We also
strive to stay close to society
and innovative young compa-
nies. The group is a sponsor
of the Aster Capital invest-
ment fund and we have also
recently set up Energy Access
ventures, a fund for the elec-
trification of Africa.
Will that be enough?
GVD: France has a culture of
grand industrial plans rather
than giving responsibility to
individuals. But the energy
transition will not be accom-
plished without changes in
behaviour. This raises the
question of the example set by
the public sector. For example,
the public sector owns half of
France’s service sector build-
ings. They need to be a driving
force for the energy efficiency
industry. The commitment of
companies is also important.
When major chains, such as
Ikea or Carrefour, embark on
carbon neutral approaches,
this attracts attention. And
when Schneider Electric
asked its 2,000 main sup-
pliers to undergo ISO26000
certification, 60% of them did
in three years. All this shows
that businesses understand
the challenges. A trigger has
been pulled. l
Speaking to
Thomas Blosseville
and Albane Canto
EQUIPMENT
Schneider Electric blends
energy and digital transition
Gilles Vermont
Desroches,
Schneider Electric
sustainable
development director.
As a supplier of energy transition solutions,
Schneider Electric cannot envisage its development
without digital tools, as Gilles Vermont Desroches,
its sustainable development director, explains.
SchneiderElectric
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 17STRATEGIE
This summer, Gérard
Mestrallet, CEO of
Engie (forermly GDF
Suez), announced
the acquisition of
Solairedirect. Speaking
to the press, he took
the opportunity to
spell out his group’s
ambitions in the fields
of photovoltaics, wind
and, more generally,
renewables. Extracts.
Why did Engie acquire
Solairedirect?
GM: This transaction opens
up a new chapter in the indus-
trial history of Engie. It illus-
trates our strategic reorien-
tation, which we announced
two years ago and which we
are now fleshing out. We want
to be a leader in the European
energy transition, and the
energy specialist of choice
in countries enjoying strong
growth. Specifically, Engie has
taken a 95% stake in Solaire-
direct. We were already the
French leader for wind, and
will become the leader for
solar, with development pros-
pects in India, Mexico, Chile
and South Africa…
Is it the right moment to
invest in solar?
GM: By subsidizing the
industry, Europe has been at
the root of its growth. Now
that costs have fallen, pho-
tovoltaic is growing around
the world. China and India
are substantial markets with
growth of 10% for the former
and 50% for the latter! India
is starting from a lower base
but with tremendous ambi-
tions. The countries of the
Middle East are also switching
to solar energy, not because
they are forced to in order to
replace classic sources, but
because they have substantial
financial resources to invest.
In Africa, solar energy, which
does not require the construc-
tion of electricity grids, is also
turning out to be a relevant
solution. Without forgetting
South America… One really
is on the way to turning what
is a subsidized energy into
one that is competitive. The
figures speak for themselves:
from 60 to 90 dollars per
megawatt hour, solar is chea-
per than offshore wind and
new nuclear.
What are your renewables
goals?
GM: Across all energies,
Engie currently operates a
total capacity of 115 GW
around the world. 16% of
this is hydroelectricity and
4% wind. Solar accounts 2.2%
of our electricity generating
capacity in Europe and 0.3%
outside. Today, almost half
of our new projects are in
renewables. Our ambition
to is to accelerate the pace
in all parts of the world. In
Europe, our goal is to double
our renewable electricity in
ten years to reach 16 GW.
Elsewhere we already have
27 GW under development
or being built. We wish to
reinforce our position in
hydroelectricity, particularly
in Brazil, and we are deve-
loping in offshore wind. In
solar, especially photovoltaic,
and onshore wind, we need to
pick up speed. The acquisi-
tion of Solairedirect answers
this need.
How will the share of
renewables develop in the
Engie mix?
GM: At this stage I can’t give
figures.Weareconstantlyexa-
mining the relative amounts
of our centralized generating
capacitiesinrelationtocarbon-
freeorlowcarbonsourcessuch
asgas.Wewillcertainlybeable
to reveal our strategy and our
goals in early 2016. A global
phenomenon is taking place.
We are currently evaluating
the speed at which it is sprea-
ding. It concerns renewables,
electricity and thermal, but
also energy services. Two
thirds of our workforce, that
is 100,000 people, work in the
field of energy efficiency. Out
of a total of 75 billion euros,
that represents 15 billion of
business.Thisisalsoanimpor-
tant business for Engie. l
Speaking to
Thomas Blosseville
ENERGY GENERATION
Half of Engie’s projects
are in renewables
Gérard Mestrallet,
CEO of Engie.
TB/EM
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
18 •  CLIMATE
Today, climate risks are
b e comi ng more and
more pressing. Has your
CSR strategy evolved in
response to this challenge?
BS: Yes, the climate challenge
is pushing us to go further.
We are already feeling the
impact. For example, here
in France we had trouble
producing outdoor toma-
toes for three weeks because
of the drought. And we’ve
also been hit by a 40% rise in
the price of energy in Brazil
because of a lack of water
in the hydroelectric dams.
Now, this is nothing com-
pared to others. That is why,
across the group and for our
12,000 shops in 10 countries,
we have embarked on a new
undertaking this year: to
reduce our CO2 emissions by
40% between 2010 and 2025
and by 70% between now and
2050. In order to do so, we
are working on three main
sources: energy consumption
(45% of emissions), refrigera-
tion (45 %), transport (10 %).
The goal of our partnership
with COP21 is to offer our
support for the success of the
climate negotiations. Com-
panies have solutions. States
can count on us.
unit has now been installed.
We aim to go even further in
2016 by creating an energy
independent shop. We
recently organized an inno-
vation and energy show with
the suppliers of innovative
solutions: geothermal, solar
and wind together with asso-
ciated storage solutions…
we are looking at every
approach. We are testing
forklift trucks powered by
hydrogen, which we might
ultimately be able to produce
ourselves. This principle of
self-sufficiency is one that we
have trialled in the Lille con-
urbation using biogas from
our shop’s organic waste to
power four delivery lorries.
We will deploy 200 lorries
between now and the end of
2017, in the regions of Lille,
Paris, Bordeaux, Lyons and
Marseilles. Our goal is also to
encourage the sector to focus
on this, because a biometh-
ane lorry emits 80% less CO2.
Preserving the climate
also means reducing waste
materials and encouraging
recycling. What are you
doing to manage waste?
BS: On the prevention front
we are currently rolling out
MASS DISTRIBUTION
We innovate, we test,
we deploy
Bertrand Swiderski, CSR Director of the Carrefour group, explain
his group stratégy: reduce the CO2 emissions by 40% between 2010
and 2025 and by 70% between now and 2050. 
Bertrand Swiderski,
CSR Director of
the Carrefour group.
What actions are you put-
ting in place at the retail
operations level?
BS: In order to achieve our
2025 goal, we will need
to reduce the energy con-
sumption of our shops,
which is currently averaging
550 kWh/m2, by 30%. We are
pursuing a worldwide pro-
gramme that involves fitting
doors to chill units (18%
savings made in France), the
development of central CO2
refrigerating plants, with
180 of these already installed,
and the widespread adoption
of LEDs for lighting. This last
item accounts for 24% of a
shop’s energy consumption
and offers great potential for
improvement. I would like to
take advantage of your pages
to launch an appeal. We are
actively looking for technolo-
gies to take us ‘beyond’ LED.
In parallel with this, we are
prioritizing natural light-
ing and driving innovation
forward. Currently, we are
working with the start-up
Echy, to test the introduction
of natural lighting into a shop
via optic fibre. Heat recovery
from refrigeration, is another
economical technique, and
a totally new refrigerating
DR
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 19STRATEGIE
a twelve-point action pro-
gramme for packaging. This
includes the elimination
of unnecessary packaging,
but also changing shapes
(square instead of round),
in order to optimize loading
and therefore transport and
CO2 emissions. Throughout
the group, paper and board
accounts for 70% of waste by
volume and organic waste for
around 10%. We are currently
re-using 65% but we know
that we could reach 80% by
exploiting the organic frac-
tion in a methane generator
of the kind being used in the
Lille conurbation that I men-
tioned earlier.
As a European mass distri-
bution leader, you have the
‘power’ to steer purchases
towards more climate
friendlyconsumption.How
are you doing this?
BS: Our role is to propose a
range of good, high quality
products that take on board
the fight against wastage or
make use of agroecology. For
example, we have launched
an organic, fair-trade banana
and explained the various
challenges, including, in
particular, that of climate.
Customers responded pos-
itively, especially once we
placed it alongside the tradi-
tional banana. The customer
has made the choice. When
it comes to fighting waste,
we have eliminated pointless
best before dates (sugar, vin-
egar…) and extended those
where it was possible. We’ve
done this on 300 products
and the result is that the
customer keeps the product
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longer and wastes less. It is
one of the subjects that I will
address shortly at the Con-
sumer Goods Forum, which
has 400 members involved in
food distribution.
Upstream of the distribu-
tion chain, how are you
working with your suppli-
ers so that their processes
interact with your policy as
effectively as possible?
BS: 70% of CO2 emissions
associated with a product
occur upstream of distribu-
tion, 15% during it and 15%
once it reaches the customer.
So, working with our part-
ners is, along with fighting
waste and promoting biodi-
versity, the third leg of our
CSR policy (every year, our
suppliers undertake an ISO
26000 based self-assess-
ment). The first tool that
we use is the Filière qualité
Carrefour [Carrefour Qual-
ity Chain] brand and its
22,000 producers. Our aim
is to promote agroecology
via this tool because it is a
very good solution for the
climate. Unfortunately, this
is not being put forward at
COP21. Next, every year
we launch a challenge for
over 6,000 suppliers, who
are invited to compete for
awards that recognize those
that have taken decisive
action to reduce their impact
on the climate. Their prod-
ucts are then highlighted in
our catalogues and placed
at the island ends in our
shops… ready to chosen by
our customers. l
Maylis Gaillard
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
20 •  CLIMATE
How is the climate ques-
tion changing Bouygues’
business?
FB: Sustainable development
and the fight against climate
change call for new exper-
tise and innovative forms
of contract. It is a question
of consuming ever fewer
resourcesforevergreatervalue
asperceivedbyourcustomers.
We have therefore supported
the creation of a specialist
master’s degree in Integrated
UrbanSystemswiththeSchool
ofBridgesandRoads.Theidea
is to train project managers
capable of putting together
integrated packages for the
sustainable town, where the
data output by some becomes
the input data of others. The
timewhenonecompanycould
doeverythingitselfhaspassed.
buildings.Inordertoaccelerate
the transition, we are arguing
fornewformsoffinance,espe-
cially within the framework of
theShiftProject,thethinktank
that we are a founder member
of. Third party finance com-
panies have a tool to deploy.
The second mechanism is a
renewal obligation at each
change. The residential stock
could therefore shift to class B
inthreeorfourchanges.Weare
alsoworkingonanewproduct
with Crédit agricole. The bank
will grant a loan extension for
indebtedness of up to 38%
compared with 35% normally,
andthecustomerwillrepaythe
extra out of the energy savings
that we guarantee through a
monitoringsystemsandenergy
coaching.
What other innovations are
you working on?
FB: Bouygues opened Next-
Door, its first co-working
centre in June in Issy-les-
Moulineax. We plan to open
fifteen. These space help to
cut travel, which is a major
factor in the CO2 emissions
associated with building use.
We are also working on sen-
sors showing the availability
of outdoor parking spaces in
towns, on urban farms and on
theideaofbuildingsbecoming
‘materials banks’ that serve as
depositsofresourcesforfuture
buildings. l
Speaking to Thomas­Blosseville
and Fabian Tubiana
BUILDING
Bouygues puts together
the sustainable townTB/EM
Bouygues aims to
apply to the town what
it has succeeded in
doing for buildings:
switching from a
sequential approach
to urban development
to integrated
packages. Fabrice
Bonnifet, the group’s
central sustainable
development director,
explains this emerging
approach to us.
Fabrice Bonnifet,
central sustainable
development director
of the Bouygues group.
In, for example, the Bouygues
ImmobilierIssyGriddemons-
trator we are working with
Schneider Electric, Micro-
soft, ERDF, Steria… Or, then
again,thereisEmbix,anurban
energy operator that we have
set up with Alstom. Bouygues
was the first to build a Bepos,
anenergypositivebuilding.We
arenowworkingatthescaleof
an urban island with Hikari in
Lyons,whichisourfirstenergy
positive territory project.
In the case of new builds
youhavefoundaneconomic
model for your energy posi-
tive Green Office building.
What about renovation?
FB: In the service sector we
launched the Rehagreen
concept in 2011. It offers com-
pleterenovationtothehighest
energy and comfort stan-
dards and we have three lines
of argument to win over our
customers: lower energy bills,
usercomfortandtheenhanced
‘green’ value of the property.
With the Challenger renova-
tion, which saw the headquar-
tersofBouyguesConstruction
transformed into a Bepos, we
have demonstrated our tech-
nical know-how.
The question is more diffi­
cult when it comes to
housing…
FB: In fact, there isn’t yet a
stable economic model for
residential.Despiteeverything,
themarketisbeginningtotake
offforthemostenergy-hungry
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 21STRATEGIE
What avenues is Renault
exploring to reduce its
carbon footprint?
JPH: It is an approach that
involves all of the business’s
functions, from the manu-
facture of the engines to the
recycling of the vehicles, and
it includes logistics. Our ove-
rall approach is paying off,
sincethegroup’sglobalcarbon
footprint is falling by 3% per
annum, which represents ten
milliontonnesofCO2 avoided.
CO2emissionsbytheCliohave
halved over twenty years ago.
Wehaveachievedthisbyredu-
cing the number of cylinders,
improving the aerodynamics
andrecoveringenergyfromthe
braking. Our ISO 14001 cer-
tified factories, six in France
and three in Spain, are roofed
by photovoltaic panels. In
Tangiers our factory is almost
energy independent through
wind and biomass.
Inarapidlychangingsector,
will Renault become a
mobility operator?
JPH: Renault will continue to
primarily be a manufacturer
of motor vehicles that will
offer solutions, in particu-
lar connectivity solutions, to
regulate driving as a function
of traffic and to assist with
parking and vehicle sharing.
We are working with Bolloré
in response to new develop-
ments, such as self-service car
hire. We assemble its Bluecars
at Dieppe and integrate our
Twizzy model into its car sha-
ring service in Lyons and Bor-
deaux.Wehaveotherpartner-
ships, including one with the
SNCF that focuses on mode
switching in order to comple-
mentitsrailtransportservices.
Do electric cars remain a
priority?
JPH: Of course! We had rea-
ched 65,000 by mid 2015 and
three times that at the level of
the alliance with Nissan. This
year, we started to assemble
electric motors for the Zoe
ourselvesatCléon.Themarket
is taking off, with the help of
the government super bonus
and also the extension of the
network of recharging termi-
nals. These are doubling every
year in Europe through the
corridor projects. At the end
of2016,itwillbepossibletogo
fromOslotoParisinaRenault
Zoe. Electrification of modes
of transport will also bene-
fit efforts to decarbonize the
production mix. The electric
car market has real growth
potential and technological
leaps forward will come. The
Zoe has a certified range of
240 kilometres, by 2020 we
are aiming for 400 kilometres.
What links do you make
betweentheclimateandthe
circular economy?
JPH: The climate, the exhaus-
tion of resources and health
constitute challenges for
society that are so important
that the demand for solu-
tions will grow. There is a
real consistency in reconci-
ling them all. We are looking
to ensure that our vehicles are
reparable, easy to dismantle
and integrate recyclable
and recycled raw materials.
Almost 90% of the vehicles
that we sell are the subject of
a life cycle analysis. Our site
at Choisy-le-Roi produces
remanufactured engines and
Indra, a joint venture that
recycles scrapped vehicles,
markets parts for re-use. We
are optimizing the mana-
gement of materials cycles.
We recycle aluminium from
scrapped vehicles and the
copper wiring in order to be
independent. The platinum
group metals in the catalytic
converters interest us and we
are examining our current
supply in South Africa. A per-
manent compromise needs to
be found between innovation
and costs. l	
Speaking to
Thomas Blosseville
and Morgan Boëdec
TRANSPORT
Renault is cutting its carbon
footprint by 3% per annum
In order to reconcile mobility and low consumption, the motor vehicle manufacturer is turning
to technological innovation, partnerships and the development of its industrial strategy.
Jean-Philippe Hermine, Environment Director at Renault talks about the stage it has reached.
Jean-Philippe
Hermine, Renault
environment director.
LucPerenom
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
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MITIGATION
Renewables and
Energy Recovery
Akuo Energy.............................. 36
Aqylon........................................... 30
Base Innovation....................... 27
Bioentech..................................... 27
Cryo-Pur....................................... 30
Dualsun......................................... 36
Ecocinetic.................................... 35
Enertime....................................... 28
Eolfi.................................................. 28
Epsiline.......................................... 36
Exoès.............................................. 30
Exosun........................................... 31
FMGC............................................ 28
Helioclim...................................... 27
Hydroquest................................. 31
ID Sud Énergies ..................... 32
Ideol................................................ 32
Ledex.............................................. 30
Nanomakers............................. 35
Naskeo......................................... 34
Nass & Wind............................ 32
Neoen........................................... 31
Newwind..................................... 33
Open Ocean............................. 34
Powidian...................................... 35
Qos Energy................................ 36
Quadran...................................... 35
Reuniwatt..................................... 34
Sabella.......................................... 33
Vergnet.......................................... 32
Buildings and Energy
Efficiency
Armor............................................. 38
BH Technologies..................... 38
Boostheat..................................... 40
Clarlight........................................ 39
Egreen........................................... 40
Ennesys......................................... 40
Lineazen....................................... 40
Renofass....................................... 38
Prismaflex.................................... 39
Smart Grids and Energy
Storage
Lacroix Sofrel............................ 41
Nawatechnologies............... 41
Mcphy Energy.......................... 42
Pragma Industries.................. 42
Ridel Energy.............................. 42
Steadysun.................................... 41
Steria.............................................. 42
ADAPTATION
Water
3D Eau.......................................... 45
Acri ST........................................... 47
Adionics....................................... 46
Amoeba....................................... 45
BIO-UV / Phaesun................... 44
Ecocéane..................................... 44
Eolewater.................................... 46
Firmus France........................... 47
Helio Pur Technologies....... 45  
ISB Water.................................... 46
Le Prieuré..................................... 47
Neve Environnement........... 44
Novimet........................................ 45
Syntea............................................ 46
Techniques Industrielles
Appliquées (TIA)..................... 47
Resources
and Materials
Ecoat............................................... 50
CIMV.............................................. 48
Fermentalg.................................. 48
Global Bioenergies ............. 49
IPSIIS............................................... 48
Naturplast................................... 50
Ouatéco....................................... 50
Sedigate....................................... 50
Selvert............................................ 50
Waste and Circular
Economy
APR2............................................... 53
Bigarren Bizi............................. 52
Canibal......................................... 54
Ecobatec...................................... 53
Green Creative........................ 54
Hesus.............................................. 53
Innoveox...................................... 55
Morphosys.................................. 52
MTB Recycling ........................ 54
Sapoval........................................ 54
Terradona.................................... 53
Trinov.............................................. 52
Metrology:
Air and Water
Airepur Industries ................. 57
Aria Technologies ................ 56
CT2MC......................................... 56
Enoveo.......................................... 58
Environnement SA................. 58
Ethera............................................. 57
Fluidion......................................... 58
Imageau....................................... 58
NKE Instrumentation............ 57
Redbird ........................................ 56
Watchfrog................................... 57
Biodiversity and
Ecological Engineering
Andromède................................ 58
Ecocéan........................................ 58
Géco Ingénierie...................... 58
Klearia........................................... 59
SM2 Solution Marine.......... 58
Spygen.......................................... 59
Vert-Tige........................................ 59
Our selection of 100 French SMEs and start-ups
SOLUTIONS
MITIGATION
l Renewables and Energy Recovery l Buildings and Energy Efficiency
l Smart Grids and Energy Storage
ADAPTATION
l Water l Resources and Materials l Waste and Circular Economy
l Metrology: Air and Water l Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering
Climate change: 100 French cleantech solutions
FRENCH CLEANCLECH
100 French SMEs
and start-ups
A major mutation of our economy is ahead of us and the cleantech
sector has a key role to play.
SMEsandstart-upsformamajorpartoftheefforttoinnovate,bringing
new mitigation and adaptation solutions.
This book features 100 French cleantech SMEs and start-ups that have
been selected by the editors of Environnement Magazine and by the
PEXE, the French cleantech network.
The French cleantech clusters, which help grow and develop cleantech
businesses and projects, were asked to recommend the SMEs and start-
ups offering innovative solutions with the strongest growth potential.
In order to make it easier to search through the 100 cleantech SMEs
they are divided into two main categories: Mitigation (Renewables
and Energy Recovery, Buildings and Energy Efficiency, Smart Grids and
Energy Storage) and Adaptation (Water, Resources and Materials,
Waste and Circular Economy, Metrology: Air and Water, Biodiversity
and Ecological Engineering).
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 27
Renewables and Energy Recovery
The growing need to reduce greenhouse gases entails a major change in energy
production strategies. The French Renewables sector is very dynamic and recognized
for the quality of its products and services. Many of theses innovative SMEs and start-ups
will become major players over the next few years.
Hybrid solar
Light PV-T panel generating electricity and heat
Founded in 2009, Base Innovation specializes in solar applications. In particular, it offers Cogen’Air, a hybrid solar panel that com-
bines the generation of electricity and the production of heat thanks to an integrated heat recovery system using air as a medium.
At full power, a Cogen’Air collector can deliver a total of up to 1,000 W of power, which is four times that of a standard PV panel.
The heat exchanger allows over 90% of the heat received to be transmitted
without either significant dissipation or air load losses. Well established in
agricultural and forestry applications (drying fodder, wood…), this light
and easy to install system offers great potential for residential buildings
(PV + domestic hot water) and for wood energy. Already the winner of
numerous competitions and awards, the Cogen’Air has undergone an ETV
(a verification programme for the performance of a green technology by
an independent organization).
.BASE INNOVATION. www.base-innovation.com
Biogas
Planning biogas production
A design office that specializes in monitoring, analysing and
optimizing methane generation units, BioEnTech offers soft-
ware solutions and services for all types of installation: indus-
trial, agricultural operations or local authorities. For example,
the simple and robust Snac sensor allows the main biological
parameters to be estimated precisely, which allows the operation
of the digesters to be optimized. Drawing on its MeMo moni-
toring software solution, this year BioEnTech has installed and
commissioned its MeMoLog tool at the pilot farm of ENSAIA
(the national school of agronomy and the food industries) It
allows the monitoring of data to be centralized and to calculate
the revenues from the sales of electricity to the public grid,
whilst ensuring better management of the inputs and moni-
toring the biological condition of the digester. BioEnTech also
offers MeMoPro, which combines the automatic monitoring
of installations with a remote monitoring service. Finally, this
young company intends to launch its MeMo-Plan planning
system in 2016, which will offer real time diagnostics for the
state of the reactor in order to detect any disruptions and to
propose correction/optimization solutions.
.BIOENTECH. www.bioentech.eu
Solar energy
A plus for solar air-conditioning
Five co-founders of Helioclim have developed a technology
capable of providing air-conditioning as well as industrial heat-
ing, refrigeration and domestic hot water. This process is based
on several innovations. “First of
all, the solar collector, which com-
bines thin glass on a light com-
posite honeycombed support, as
opposed to current technologies
that rely on a thick glass or a sheet
of polished metal that is sensitive
to the rays”, states Marie Nghiem,
co-founder of Helioclim. The col-
lectors are motorized in order to
follow the sun’s rays, they heat
the water under pressure to a
temperature of between 150 and
200 °C, which then supplies an absorption machine. “Our system
can handle intermittent function, thanks to an energy storage
volume that can smooth out small variations.” The water-ammo-
nia mixture allows both cooling (down to -60 °C) and heating
(+ 200 °C).
 HELIOCLIM  www.helioclim.fr
FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
28 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS
Floating wind turbine
Smoothing out the intermittency
of offshore wind turbines
Created in 2013, Eolfi, formerly the wind turbine subsidiary
of Veolia Environnement, already has numerous terrestrial
wind turbine installations to its name and is expanding into
floating wind turbines and energy storage at sea. It is therefore
offering solutions that allow the constraints associated with
fixed foundations and
intermittency to be over-
come. Its services cover
every link in the value
chain: project develop-
ment, finance, construc-
tion and operation. Eolfi
holds several patents:
Spinfloat, a vertical axis
floating wind turbine
developed with six other
partners, Blidar, a mea-
surement buoy for oceanic
meteorological data and
Agnes (for Air Generated
New Energy Storage), a
submarine energy storage
solution using compressed
air. A demonstrator,
UW-CAES (Under Water Compressed Air Energy Storage),
is currently being built for this. Eolfi’s Stationis project has been
selected for the 19th FUI (French single inter-ministry funds).
It is designed to develop a software tool to aid decision making
for the architecture of bottom-surface links in a floating wind
farm. It is established in France (Paris, Marseilles), in Greece
(Athens) and in Poland (Warsaw).
.EOLFI. www.eolfi.com
Recovery of heat
Waste industrial heat content
Enertime has been developing thermodynamic-based energy
solutions since 2008 that allow electricity to be generated from
heat, and particularly heat lost in industrial processes and those
linked to renewables. The Orchid range, for example, generates
electricity from medium temperature heat sources (water at
150 °C, fumes at 250 °C) originating from the production of raw
materials. It is already being used in France, with the first module
having been installed in a foundry (production of up to 1 MWe),
and the most recent one is at a sorting-generation biomass plant
opened in 2015, in Montpellier. One ORC should shortly be
integrated into a 5.5 MW deep geothermal plant in the western
Pyrenees, in the south of France, with the aim of fully reinjecting
the loaded fluids into the sub-soil whence they were extracted
(Fongeosec project). Enertime is also working internationally and
in particular in Shanghai at Baosteel, China’s leading steelmaker,
and in India (rural electrification demonstrator in Bangalore).
Furthermore, it is involved in the European LEANships project
for heat recovery in ships as part of the H2020 programme.
.ENERTIME. www.enertime.com
Marine renewables
A substantial alliance for marine renewables
The European number one for the production of cast iron counterweights for site machinery,
FMGC (Fonderie et mécanique générale castelbriantaise, Farinia group) has been diversifying
for the last few years into the marine energy market. In particular, it is offering innovative bal-
last solutions for wind and water turbines. For example, it supplied over 200 tonnes of cast iron
for the installation in June 2015 of the Sabella D10, the first industrial water turbine connected
to the French electricity grid. The company also develops solutions for protecting and ballasting
undersea cables. Here, it is working on the Ibocs (Iron Ballast for Ocean Cable Solution) project as
part of a consortium involving the Innosea start-up and the GeM laboratory that specializes in civil and
mechanical engineering. The three partners are aiming to develop a complete ballasting and protection solution
for undersea cables by 2016. This will include both the supply of special cast iron shells and the development of semi-automated
means of laying them. Since the end of 2012, the foundry has generated a portion of its electricity from an ORC (organic Rankine
cycle) module, which recovers heat from blast furnace flue gases (Orchid pilot project).
.FMGC. www.farinia.com
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
30 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS
Biogas
Double exploitation of biogas
With considerable expertise in energy and thermodynamics,
Ereie (Engineering Research Innovation for Energy) has devel-
oped Cryo-Pur, a cryogenic process that purifies biogas and
liquefies the biomethane. This patented solution employs a
cryo-condensation operation: the undesirable components of
the biogas (CO2 but also H2O, H2S, VOCs and siloxanes) are
solidified by cooling (icing), which allows the biogas quality to
be optimized. The CO2 obtained is then recovered in liquid form
with a very high degree of purity (99.9%), which means that it
can be exploited in high added value industrial applications such
as water treatment. The purified biomethane can be injected
into the natural gas network or liquefied as bioLNG, a liquid
biofuel that is easy to store. Besides low electricity consumption
(0.4 kWh/Nm3
of crude biogas for the two purification + lique-
faction operations, the heat from the refrigerating process is
also used), Cryo-Pur offers the major advantage of not losing
methane whilst other existing systems suffer losses of 2 to 3%.
A pilot unit is operating in a large treatment plant at Valenton,
just outside Paris (cf. BioGNVal project).
.CRYO-PUR. www.cryopur.com
Recovery of heat
Lost heat from motor and renewables installations
Aqylon has been applying its organic Rankine cycle expertise to heat recovery and the oper-
ation of renewable energy installation (biogas, solar, geothermal…) since 2009. This opens up
the route to the exploitation of low temperature heat (100 to 300 °C), which at present is not
exploited or to only a limited degree. The technology that has been developed relies on the use
of innovative fluids, new architectures and modules with various different capacities (500 kWe,
1 MWe, 2 MWe and 5 MWe) dimensioned so as to fit into 20 or 40 ft containers. Each project
requires different engineering depending upon the temperature of the waste and its flow, yielding
an efficiency of more than 20 to 40%, depending upon the size of the installation. After an initial
pilot in 2013 at Ensam (Paris), Aqylon brought its first commercial unit into operation in 2015
on two biogas engines at a storage centres outside Marseilles (330 kWe output unit). Other
projects are underway in France (biogas in Albi and biomass energy in New Caledonia) and the
company is opening a subsidiary in Casablanca, Morocco. Aqylon also offers high temperature
Rankine cycle heat pumps.
.AQYLON. www.aqylon.com
Recovery of heat
Heat lost from heavy goods
vehicle engines
Exploiting the fact that for every 100 litres of fuel used
by a heavy goods vehicle, 33% is used for propulsion,
31% is lost in the cooling circuit and 36% is lost through
the exhaust, in 2009 Exoes moved into the recovery
of exhaust heat from heavy goods vehicles in order to
transform it into electricity. Reliable, light and requiring
only a small quantity of oil, its EVE solution (Energy via
Exhaust) allows CO2 emissions to be reduced by up to 5% and
to reduce by up to €2,700 the total annual cost of ownership of a lorry. It has been picked up by
the German manufacturer MAN Truck  Bus, who will test it on its test benches between now
and the end of the year. Exoes is also targeting the US market, which also has a large number of
motor vehicle manufacturers.
.EXOES. www.exoes.com
Lighting
The oil lamp
reinvented
The start-up Ledex, based at
Chambly (Oise), has designed
an LED light source immersed
inarecyclable,syntheticoilwith
no air inlet that acts as a lens
and that allow a luminosity of
22,000 to 25,000 lumens to be
achieved compared with the
10,000 for a conventional LED
light source. “Other manufac-
turers use a lens for the same
purposebuttheyhaven’tthought
about oil, which also provides
cooling”,explainsFrançoisMira-
belli, the inventor. From 50 °C,
this is supplemented by a fan.
This light source can be fitted
to existing lamp-posts and it
has a stated lifespan of 14 year.
Anotherinnovativeaspectofit
istheembeddedprintedcircuit,
whichisprotectedfromoxida-
tion. It also has an IP address
and wi-fi, which makes this
light source smart and able to
communicate.Heexplainsthat,
”specialsoftwareallowsswitch-
ing off to be centrally managed,
progressive lighting up or failed
light sources to be located”.
.LEDEX. www.ledex.fr
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 31RENEWABLES AND ENERGY RECOVERY
Energy
First river turbine connected
to the electricity grid
Installed in the Loire, at Orleans, the vertical axis river turbine
from HydroQuest of Grenoble is the first river turbine to be
connected to the ERDF electricity grid, after a year of testing
on site. It has a power output of 40 kW. “Which can supply sixty
homes”, stated Stéphanie Anton, the Deputy Mayor of Orleans
responsible for sustainable development, at its installation at
the end of 2014. The river turbine exploits the kinetic energy of
water courses by means of transverse flow, double vertical axis
turbines and it is fitted with accelerators in order to speed up
the current without generating disturbance. It is installed on a
float moored to the bottom of the river by two micro-piles. The
technology developed by HydroQuest was first validated on a
prototype tested for a period of two years in an Isère canal by
EDF before the city of Orleans approved this trial. The company
launched the official marketing of its HydroQuest River range
a few months ago with a 40 and an 80 kW model. It is primarily
intended for export with the installation of farms running to
several tens of turbines.
.HYDROQUEST. www.hydroquest.net
Solar trackers
High performance trackers
Founded in 2007, Exosun specializes in optimizing the energy
generated by large, ground-based solar power plants. It has devel-
oped trackers, which are motorized structures that orient PV
panels from morning until evening so that they follow the path
of the sun (single axis Exotrack HZ horizontal tracker or two axis
Exotrack CPV), which helps to make solar KWh competitive.
These solar trackers allow up to 15% more energy to be produced
than conventional panels. Launched at the start of September
2015, the Exotrack HZ V2 is even more reliable (no lubrication
of the components), it requires only limited excavation work and
optimizes cable management, resulting in a reduction in deliv-
ery time and therefore overall costs. Besides the French market,
Exosun is established in California and South Africa (subsidiaries
in San Diego and the Cape) and is represented in Spain, Portugal,
MexicoandChile,whereithasjustwonitslargestcontract(supply
and technical support for two thirds of a 146 MWc plant in the
Atacama desert with Edf EN). Exotrack HZ complies with the UL
3703 standard of the Canadian Standards Association and has
passed the wind resistance tests of CPP Inc., which means that
its expansion in North America should pick up.
.EXOSUN. www.exosun.fr
Xavier Barbaro,
Chief Executive Officer of Neoen
Renewables grow up
Why did you buy Juwi France?
We bought the renewables activity
of Poweo back in 2011 and we’ve
just done the same with the French
subsidiary of Juwi. Prior to this
transaction, Neoen had a portfolio
of around 200 MW of operational
projects or ones where construction
was complete. This figure will rise
to 500 MW this year thanks to the
new 300 MW solar farm outside Bordeaux. Neoen also
has a presence in offshore wind and biomass, but solar and
onshore wind are our main lines of development. This is
why the acquisition of Juwi France is a strategic one.
How is the renewables market shaping up?
It has grown up. Neoen is a growing company. Solar has
experienced an economic bubble. A few years ago there
were 300 companies in France. But this bubble burst. Many
companies have disappeared and it is therefore vital to
regroup. Some thirty solar companies remain in France
but the point of equilibrium is probably around ten. We are
en route to becoming the French number for renewables
behind EDF and GDF Suez. And we are also present in
Mexico, Australia, Egypt, Portugal and El Salvador. We
are trying to work here within a ‘French renewables team’
along with companies such as Schneider Electric, Exosun,
Eiffage or even Bouygues. TB
.NEOEN. www.neoen.fr
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
32 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS
Marine energies
Very high performance floating
wind measurement platform
Put in the water in January 2014 off Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue,
in the English Channel, the Nass  Wind Offshore floating
platform, known as M3EA (Marine Measurements for Mete-
orological and Environmental Assessment), has successfully
completed eleven months of trials. With a surface area of 17 m2
,
it is equipped with cameras, radars and a Lidar wind meas-
urement system. These devices are powered by four 350 watt
wind turbines, eighteen 100 watt solar panels, six batteries and
an emergency electricity generator. “Another Lidar system was
installed nearby on one of the îles Saint-Marcouf so as to com-
pare the wind measurements with a neighbouring fixed site.
The buoy is exposed to the swell and it was necessary to check
that there were no interference effects due to pitching”, explains
Leslie Loison, responsible for the trial at Nass  Wind. Tests
carried out by the independent DNV GL organization confirm
the platform’s performance. The buoy is anchored by means of
two chain lines, each of which is ballasted by a 3 tonne concrete
block, plus a 2.7 tonne anchor. Everything was recovered at the
end of the tests.
.NASS  WIND. www.nassetwind.com
Floating wind turbine
A more competitive floating
wind turbine
A specialist in floating foundations since 2010, Ideol has devel-
oped the Damping Pool system, which, in particular, allows the
costs associated with floating farms to be limited. This system,
which is constructed out of concrete or in steel, is original in its
geometry. The foundation consists
of a compact, square platform that
incorporates a central pool. This
ensures good stability when there
is swell and allows it to accommo-
date high capacity turbines. The
Damping Pool is compatible with
all types of marine wind turbines.
Ideol is currently being installed
in the first offshore wind farm off
France as part of the Floatgen proj-
ect (Le Croisic, Atlantic coast). It has international projects,
including a pilot farm in the Mediterranean and two demon-
strators in Japan in partnership with the Hitz group (Hitachi
Zosen), which is seeking to validate the technology with a view
to installing it in in future farms between now and 2020, the
year of the Tokyo Olympic Games. Ideol is also in the running
to be used with a 10 MW wind turbine as part of the European
Union’s Lifes50+ programme (Horizon 2020). The company won
one of the French Environment Ministry’s Business Awards for
the Environment in October 2015.
.IDEOL. http://ideol-offshore.com
Energy solutions
Management of island grids
of isolated, multi-energy systems
A pioneer in France
for the manufacture
of wind turbines, the
Vergnet group has
been a presence in the
Farwind(reducedinfra-
structure or cyclonic
zones) and Proxiwind
(decentralized produc-
tion) markets for over
twenty years and has
some 900 wind turbines installed in 35 countries (Caribbean,
Pacific, Indian Ocean…). It is also active in solar through its
Photalia subsidiary, which was founded in 2007 and it develops
turnkey energy production projects (for example, the hybrid solar
plant at Kiffa in Mauritania, or the wind farm at Amdjarass in
Chad). It has already installed an overall total of 275 MW around
the world. In 2014, the group launched Hybrid Wizard, a system
formanagingislandgridsorisolated,multi-energysystems(diesel,
renewables, storage). This new tool allows different sources of
energy to controlled and the share of renewables injected into the
network to be maximized, whilst ensuring operational security
through a real time analysis of the state of the grid.
.VERGNET. www.vergnet.com
Small scale wind
High performance wind turbines
suitable for erection close to buildings
With its patented Nheowind 3D solution, Nheolis was the first
company to apply fluid dynamics to low power wind turbines
for domestic and professional use. Launched in 2010, the 3D50
and3D100 horizontal axis models operate at low wind speeds
(from 2.5 m/s or 9 km/h) and at very high speeds (up to 30 m/s or
110 km/h). They combine original design (blades with incurved
profile), silence ( 35 dB at 12 m/s), robustness (specific rein-
forcement of the blades) and performance. For example, the
output of one 3D100 can supply the electricity requirements of
a family of 4 from average annual wind speeds of 5 m/s. Besides
their 3D characteristics, Nheowind 3Ds exhibit a number of
other specific elements (generator, aerofoil…). Founded in 2006
and now the Énergies subsidiary of the ID Sud Energies group,
Nheolis also generates hybrid (PV and wind) energy micro-gen-
eration units for emerging countries or isolated sites, as well as
stand-alone solutions for public lighting and signage or water
desalination.
.ID SUD ENERGIES. www.idsud-energies.com - www.nheolis.com
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 33RENEWABLES AND ENERGY RECOVERY
Energy
Wind trees
NewWind, is a young com-
pany that is now industrial-
izing its Aeroleaf technol-
ogy. Four years of R  D have
resulted in its first product,
the Wind Tree, a system for
generating electricity, that
takes the form of a tree with
leaves that act as microtur-
bines. “We have shown that
our solution is relevant for the
urban environment and localized sources of turbulent wind”,
claims its chairman Jérôme Michaud-Larivière. In October, the
company launches pre-series production and installs its first 8
Wind trees (in France, Germany and Switzerland). Two of these
will be present at COP21 (thanks to sponsorship by the Engie
foundation). The first units will be installed at sites exhibiting
differing wind conditions. They will be monitored with instru-
ments “for three or four months” in order to better understand
the functioning of the technology and to improve it. Sales are
scheduled to start in mid 2016.
.NEWWIND. www.newwind.fr
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sumption, etc...
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SCADA gives you the ability to make informed decisions on
how to manage your business better while gaining you a
competitive cost advantage.
With more than 27 000 licenses deployed worldwide,
Panorama solution, edited by CODRA, is one of the leader in
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Pub Codra_Environnement magazine International_2015.indd 1 05/11/2015 11:26:27
Marine water turbine
Pioneering French marine turbine
An engineering and contracting company in marine energy,
including water turbines, Sabella was a pioneer in France with
the first prototype of the Sabella D03 marine turbine (3 m in
diameter), which has been submerged off Bénodet, in Brittany.
It has moved into the industrialization phase with, notably,
the Sabella D10 placed in the water in June 2015 off Ushant.
Initially it will supply the island with a quarter of its energy
requirements and in the longer term up to 70%. Combining
simplicity and robustness, Sabella turbines incorporate a bidi-
rectional technology that allows them to be used in marine
and estuarine sites and arranged as a screen of turbines on the
sea bed. Pre-positioned to face the currents, the turbines are
stabilized by gravity or anchored, depending upon the nature
of the bed. The specific profile of their symmetrical blades
allows them to capture the ebb and flow. The dimensions are
tailored to the depth profile of the site. Sabella registered three
patents in March 2013, one relating to the fixing system and
process, the second relating to the blades and the third on the
energy recovery devices. An agreement has been signed with
two Indonesian companies to develop marine turbines in a
country with a multitude of islands.
.SABELLA. www.sabella.fr
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
34 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS
In order to facilitate the inte-
gration of renewables into
the grid, it is important to be
able to forecast their output
so as to maintain a balance
between production and
consumption. This is what
Reuniwatt is offering with
Soleka, a tool for forecast-
ing solar irradiation and PV
output. Combining the tech-
nologies of big data, artificial
intelligence and meteorology
with the processing of satel-
lite images amongst others,
the tool allows detailed fore-
casting from a few seconds
up to a few days in advance.
Forecasting for tomorrow and
up to several days in advance
allows the output of a plant
to be estimated and there-
fore the grid manager to plan
the loading of the means of
production more effectively.
Same day modelling is useful
for manufacturers (cf. dimen-
sioning storage plant). Finally,
sub-hour forecasting (from a
few seconds up to an hour in
advance) helps the manager
to match supply and demand
better, by, for example, bring-
ing a thermal generator online
or a load management system.
It also allows the operator of
a photovoltaic plant to con-
trol storage systems or the
electricity generating units.
Soleka has already received
a number of awards. What is
more, solar forecasting tech-
nology is one of ten rupture
technologies identified by
MIT in 2014. Reuniwatt also
offers a climate information
system that allows access to a
variety of meteorological and
climate data depending upon
requirements (PV profession-
als, others whose activities
are affected by the weather:
building, tourism…). Offered
as Software as a Service (SaaS)
and updated in real time, it
allows maps to be produced
showing renewables potential
(PV but also wind, biomass…).
.REUNIWATT.
http://reuniwatt.com
Marine energy
Oceanic-meteorological studies
A specialist in Marine Data Intelligence since 2011, OpenOcean
develops tools to aid decision making for managing infrastruc-
ture and operations. These solutions couple high resolution
modelling with strategic analysis and data mining. Launched
in 2015, its Metocean Analytics software rapidly delivers the
oceanic data that marine professionals require (operators, engi-
neering practices, construc-
tors or installers, subcon-
tractors…). At the interface
of marine sciences and web
technologies, it represents
the first online solution for
on demand oceanic-me-
teorological studies (such
as statistics or data and
reports on waves, winds or
currents). The user rapidly
obtains full site characteristics
(estimate of the potential, marine conditions, forecasts of energy
output) and has the tools to take effective decisions during the
planning or operational phases of its offshore project (marine
turbines and renewables, offshore wind, offshore oil…). Flexible,
rapid, multi-user, Metocean Analytics has already won over
Sabella, the water turbine expert.
.OPENOCEAN. www.openocean.fr
Energy value of waste
A big name in the French methane
generation industry
Naskeo is a practice that has specialized in exploiting the
energy value of waste by means of methane generation for
the last ten years. It designs, develops, builds and undertakes
the maintenance of units primarily intended for the agricul-
tural or industrial sectors, and it now has some 20 projects to
its name. The first of these is in a zoo (fed by animal dung and
local green waste in order to generate electricity and heating
for the zoo’s own use). A more recent one near Fontaineb-
leau (Equimeth project) involves injecting the biomethane
that is produced into the GrDF network after purification and
compression. Naskeo is developing expertise in ‘fully mixed’
technology, which is a process adapted to substrates where
the level of dry matter does not exceed 15%. It is conducting
research programmes with major organizations such as Inra,
the CNRS, lfremer... For example, as part of a French national
research agency (ANR) bioenergy project (Symbiose), it has
succeeded in coupling cultures of microalgae capturing indus-
trial CO2 to an anaerobic digestion process for recycling the
nitrogen and phosphorous in these cultures whilst producing
methane. GrDF estimates that ‘green gas’ might account for
73% of the gas circulating through the gas network by 2050
and Naskeo is positioning itself as one of the major players in
this emerging French market.
.NASKEO. www.naskeo.com
Solar
Planning and controlling PV systems
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
• 35RENEWABLES AND ENERGY RECOVERY
Energy solutions
Real application
for hydrogen
energy
Spin-off from the Airbus group,
PowiDian (Power in All Merid-
ians) develops non-polluting
and smart stand-alone stations
for decentralized electricity gen-
eration. Its Sages (Smart Auton-
omous Green Energy Systems)
product combines dedicated
software (allowing remote man-
agement, operational optimiza-
tionandcontrol-commandusing
simulation and prediction algo-
rithms and self-learning) with
an advanced storage system.
This modular system is reliable
under all conditions (Greenland,
African desert…), it has a lifes-
pan of fifteen years and requires
only limited maintenance. With
its prediction, self-learning,
optimization, configuration and
secure remote administration
algorithms, the software makes
it possible to overcome the con-
straints associated with inter-
mittency. The medium pressure
storage system relies on short-
term batteries (1 to 2 days) and
an integral hydrogen line for the
longer term. Sages can be used
with mobile units (telecoms,
military, humanitarian…) and
isolated sites, as is shown by the
successful Col du Palet project
in the Vanoise National Park in
the French Alps (500 Nl/h elec-
trolyser and 2.5 kW heat pump).
 POWIDIAN.
www.powidian.com
Energy storage
Towards very high density batteries
Founded in 2010, the CEA spin-off Nanomakers designs and produces silicon carbide nanop-
owders using a stabilized, continuous laser pyrolysis process developed with the CEA. With an
atomic structure that is similar to diamond, these nanoparticles help to improve the mechan-
ical, thermal and chemical properties of materials, and this, for example, has allowed them to
greatly enhance the performance of new lithium-ion battery anodes, whilst reducing the use
of raw materials and increasing lifespan. Increased density means that these batteries can be
smaller and easier to integrate. In September 2015, the young company won the Energy Storage
category of the Global Innovation Competition with its BAL2IO project for high performance
Li-ion batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as portable computers, tablets and mobile
phones. The prize, which takes the form of a €1.4 million grant, should enable it to pursue its
development, and the company is aiming for mass production to start in 2018.
.NANOMAKERS. www.nanomakers.fr
Water turbine
Simple and robust pico water turbines
EcoCinetic develops and markets water turbines to be placed in the stream and primarily
intended for river mouths and estuarine zones, but also for canals, upstream sections of rivers
and channels in atolls. Suitable for own consumption or sale to the grid, these vertical axis pico
water turbines are simple, robust (resistant to fouling and shocks), multi-use, adaptable and
modular. They do not require heavy preparation work and the rounded design of their blades
means that they integrate well into the environment (fauna and flora friendly). Different modules
are available ranging from 100 W to 20 kW. Pico water turbines are particularly effective when
placed close to bridge piles, where the current picks up speed, and they can also be installed
in irrigation channels, meaning that they have great potential (no fewer than 100,000 sites
identified in France alone). A new streamlined and diamond shaped version offers still greater
performance. EcoCinetic already has installations in France (Bordeaux: first estuarine water
turbine, Tonnay…) and abroad (Congo Brazzaville…).
.ECOCINETIC. www.ecocinetic.com
Energy solutions
Development of global
renewables projects
Resulting from the merger in 2013 between
JMBÉnergiesandAérowatt,QuadranÉner-
gies Libres develops projects to generate
electricity from renewable sources (wind,
solar, hydroelectricity, biogas). It takes
responsibilityfortheentirelifecycleofpower
plants: site identification, finance, construc-
tion, operation, demolition. Currently, it operates almost 180 plants in mainland and overseas
France, generating a total of 750 GWh per annum, which is the equivalent of the annual consump-
tion of 600,000 inhabitants. It is also working with Ideol on the EolMed (floating wind turbines
in the Languedoc region, in the south of France). Quadran is already established in Morocco
and Mauritius and it has recently opened two subsidiaries, one in Poland and the other Tunisia.
 QUADRAN ÉNERGIES LIBRES  www.quadran.fr
December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
36 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS
Hybrid solar
PV-T panel generating electricity
and hot water
Starting from the fact that
PV panels produce con-
siderably more heat (85%)
than electricity (15%) and
that their efficiency drops
when the temperature
rises, two specialists devel-
oped DualSun hybrid
technology and founded
the Solaire 2G company in
2010 in order to develop
and market it. DualSun is a two-in-one solar panel that simulta-
neously produces hot water and electricity for a building, whilst
improving the efficiency of the PV cells from 5 to 15%. It con-
sists of a fully integrated heat exchanger and water-cooled, high
efficiency monocrystalline cells. As the world’s first two-in-one
certified (IEC + Solar Keymark, en 2013) hybrid solar panel, the
DualSun has a variety of applications: isolated, rural areas (for
example, 12 panels ensure the energy independence of a refuge
at an altitude of 7,500 ft in the French Alps), major projects
(180 panels or 300 m2 integrated into the renovated Bouygues
head office) or installations for individuals.
.DUALSUN. https://dualsun.fr
Wind
Optical measurement
and wind tracking
Foundedin2009,Epsilinespe-
cializesinwindspeedmeasure-
ment systems (optical laser
anemometers) based on Lidar
technology (Light Detection
Ranging) for detecting wind.
Through precise information
aboutthealignmentofturbines,
its YawAdvisor solution mea-
sures possible errors and corrects the defects of current Lidar
sensors, which helps to improve the performance of the turbines
or wind farms and to optimize output. The system can be used as
a diagnostic tool (data collection) or be included in periodic mon-
itoring procedures for turbines. Easy to install and to remove, it
requires only limited turbine downtime. Furthermore, just as it
reduces the mechanical loads on the turbines and their compo-
nents, it requires only limited maintenance, which reduces repair
costs. YawAdvisor will be available for sale, hire or leasing in 2016.
Epsiline has already won several awards for its solution and it
received €1.3 m in 2013 to support its development.
.EPSILINE. www.epsiline.com
Energy solutions
Power plants combining
environmental and social benefits
The leading independent French producer of energy originating
exclusively from renewable sources (wind, solar, biomass, water),
Akuo Energy develops power plants in both France and abroad
and is positioning itself in storage linked to solar. It already has
subsidiaries in Croatia, Poland and Turkey, as well as the United
States, Uruguay, the UAE (Dubaï) and Indonesia, where it signed
an important contract in February with Pertamina, the public
operator (560 MW from solar wind and OTEC). The company
is committed to developing model projects that also deliver
social benefits for the populations concerned. For example, the
Bardzour project on Réunion, combines production and storage
of green electricity, agricultural production (Agrinergie project
for planned cultivation in greenhouses with semi-photovoltaic
roofs + bee protection plan) and the social reintegration of pris-
oners. The Bardzour plant is one of the largest photovoltaic plants
in service in the world that links solar energy generation and stor-
age. Akuo is also involved with the DCNS in the NEMO project
(New Energy for Martinique  Overseas) that aims to develop a
16 MW floating OTEC plant capable of supplying 35,000 homes
(project a winner of the European NER300 programme).
.AKUO ENERGY. www.akuoenergy.com
Energy solutions
Energy management web platform
QOS Energy develops and markets Qantum, an energy manage-
ment solution designed to optimize the performance of renew-
ables, the smart town and smart grids. This platform aggregates
and consolidates technical and financial data for a variety of pro-
ductionsystemsandintheeventoffailuresordriftsignalsanalarm
thatallowsthedowntimetobereduced.The
user can monitor the production of several
installations,createpersonalizedperformance
analysis indicators, plan, track and monitor
maintenance interventions as well as report
and communicate via personalized content.
Over 3,000 sites all around the world have
already integrated Qantum and these rep-
resent a total of 600,000 sensors capable of
making 60 million daily measurements. For
example,thesolutionisfittedtothelargestPV
installationinEurope(upto300MWcforacapacityof350 GWh/
annum) and monitors the combined heat and power generation
of the largest methane generation plant in France (4.5 MWe). A
partnership is currently being pursued with MetNext, a company
specializinginthemanagementoftheweathersensitivityofindus-
trialandcommercialactivitiesthatwouldbenefitfromtheprecision
offered (for example, turbine by turbine in a single farm).
.QOS ENERGY. www.qosenergy.com
Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
Solutions multi-énergies
Pour une utilisation responsable des
ressources naturelles
Diehl Metering est leader européen en matière de solutions intelligentes pour
le comptage des ressources naturelles et énergétiques.
Diehl Metering propose des solutions sur-mesure pour optimiser les
performances énergétiques et maîtriser les consommations grâce au télérelevé
multi-énergies : eau, énergie thermique, gaz, systèmes.
Compteurs, gestion des données, services, Diehl Metering vous accompagne
dans toutes les étapes de vos projets d’équipement de sites individuels et
collectifs.
www.diehl.com/metering
Diehl Metering S.A.S. | 67 rue du Rhône - BP 10160 - FR-68304 Saint Louis Cedex
Tél. +33 (0)3 89 69 54 00 | Email : info-dmfr@diehl.com
Compteur d’eau
ALTAIR V4 équipé de la radio IZAR RCi R4
©eyetronic-Fotolia
Compteur d’énergie thermique
SHARKY 775
Récepteur radio
IZAR RDC PREMIUM
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COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions
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COP21 « 100 French innovative climate solutions

  • 1. Challenges and Strategies l Agnès Romatet-Espagne, French Foreign Ministry l Gilles Vermont Desroches, Schneider Electric l Gérard Mestrallet, Engie l Bertrand Swiderski, Carrefour l Fabrice Bonnifet, Bouygues l Jean-Philippe Hermine, Renault Special issue: France Greentech Magazine - 2016 FRENCH CLEANTECH 100 innovative climate solutions 34 export-focused French eco-industry clusters
  • 2. E-Fan, the first purpose-built, electrically powered trainer aircraft* E-Fan, the first purpose-built, electrically powered trainer aircraft* creative.businessfrance.fr * Vol créatif. E-Fan, le premier avion à propulsion électrique conçu pour la formation initiale des pilotes.
  • 3. Everyone has a role to play  France will chair the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The issues at stake are very high and it is universally agreed that this is a decisive moment and  we must meet the requirements needed for sustainability. Climate and environmental issues are core to our future development.   Beside, on the one hand the negotiations to be held between representatives of the different states and on the other hand the debate in the civil society, the cleantech sector is a stakeholder with a specific role to play: offering solutions for a tangible change of the production and consumption model.   The Réseau PEXE, the French cleantech network, along with Environment Magazine, has taken the opportunity of the French presidency of the COP21 to present this special issue of ­Environnement Magazine International to highlight 100 French SMEs and cleantech start-ups that offer mitigation and adap- tation solutions for climate change. Close to 40 cleantech clusters were involved in the process of identifying the solutions that we present here. We want to thank them for this very efficient sourcing. They work every day to foster innovation, to enable the development of the cleantech sector, to generate business opportunities for SMEs and start-ups.     In this COP21 issue, you will find a showcase for French clean- tech businesses know-how and you may find the solution you are looking for. Editorial Jean-Claude Andreini, Chairman of the Réseau PEXE, The French cleantech network VP of the Eco-industry Strategic Council DR December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 4. Climate: new solutions emerge in the heat of the crisis  Over twenty years ago, Environnement Magazine was already warning in no uncertain terms about the risks of global warming in its ‘150 years special’ issue. This ‘old’ magazine, which is today France’s leading environment magazine, has taken on board the cross-border nature of the challenges of the environ- mental and energy transition, and for the last four years has worked with PEXE on a special annual publication in English that focuses on French environment tech. These special issues are distributed at major international events and feature solutions from French eco-enterprises that are intended for export. We are delighted to present this new edition, which is being published on the eve of COP21. It highlights the major challenges (p. 7) and the strategies of some of France’s leading globally active groups for dealing with a climate change that is already having an impact on their activities (p. 15). Above all, the editors of Environnement Magazine and all the clusters that make up PEXE have been working for several months to review their choices and to rigorously select the most innovative climate solutions on offer from French eco-enterprises (p. 25). The result is stunning. It demonstrates—in the heat of the current environment crisis—the vitality of these eco-enterprises and the effectiveness of the solutions that they are offering. For those of you who would like to make direct contact with these start-ups and SMEs, their websites are listed along with the solutions in question. Besides the 100 solutions that we have selected, numerous other gems are to be found throughout France. In order to discover them, you can get in touch with the PEXE clusters, which we have listed at the end of this issue (p. 63). Why not also register for our newsletter by going to environnement-magazine.fr and benefit from unrivalled technical monitoring and an overview of the profession. Enjoy the read and all power to your... mitigation and adaptation! Christoph Haushofer Managing director of Environnement Magazine 38, rue Croix-des-Petits-Champs, CS 30016 75038 PARIS Cedex 01 Standard : 01 53 45 89 00 Fax : 01 53 45 89 11 E-mail : redaction@environnement-magazine.fr Pourjoindrevotrecorrespondant,composezlenumérodustandard et remplacez les quatre derniers chiffres par son numéro de poste. Pour lui envoyer un e-mail, tapez l’initiale de son prénom, un point, son nom (p.nom) suivis de @victoires-editions.fr Directeur de la publication Charles-Henry Dubail (89 12) Directeur délégué Christoph Haushofer (89 03) Rédactrice en chef Dominique Bomstein (89 06) Rédactrice en chef adjointe Albane Canto (89 05) Chefs de rubrique Morgan Boëdec (91 70), Thomas Blosseville (96 52), Fabian Tubiana (91 71) Rédacteurs Hélène Bouillon-Duparc, Loïc Chauveau, Maylis Gaillard Traducteur Neil Stratton Fabrication Francine Babé (89 10) Rédacteur graphiste, responsable du studio. Laurence Touati (98 15) DIFFUSION ET VENTE Service relation abonnés Linh Yvonet (89 04), Annie Tassel (89 01), Zina Adane (96 68) E-mail : vente@victoires-editions.fr ABONNEMENT 1 an Tarif France : 260 € TTC Tarif Dom : 290 € TTC Tarif Com et étranger : 300 € TTC PUBLICITÉ Directeurs de clientèle : • Environnement et développement durable / Eau / Énergies renouvelables et efficacité énergétique, grands comptes Christophe Aufaure (91 82), responsable du service publicité E-mail : c.aufaure@victoires-editions.fr • Déchets et recyclage NicolasLeportier(96 69) E-mail : n.leportier@victoires-editions.fr APPELS D’OFFRES ET OFFRES D’EMPLOI Sylvia Valin (89 08) - E-mail : s.valin@victoires-editions.fr IMPRESSION Imprimeries de Champagne 52000 Langres. Imprimerie certifiée Iso 14001 et Print Environnement Imprimé sur Eural Supersilk, papier 100 % fibres recyclées, certifié PEFC Recyclé, titulaire de l’écolabel européen (n° FR/011/003), désencré par flottation et sans blanchiment par ArjoWiggins Le Bourray, 72, usine certifiée Iso 14001. Publication mensuelle ISSN : 1163-2720 N° de commission paritaire : 1116T 85436 Dépôt légal à parution ENVIRONNEMENT MAGAZINE est membre de : Une publication de VICTOIRES SA SA au capital 127 904 € - RCS PARIS B 342731247 Principal actionnaire : Charles-Henry Dubail Reproduction interdite sans l’autorisation de l’éditeur ou du CFC (Centre français d’exploitation du droit de copie). Tél. : 01 44 07 47 70 – Fax : 01 53 45 91 89. Toutes les illustrations reproduites dans nos pages sont la propriété respective et ­exclusive de leurs auteurs ou de leurs ayants droit. Photos de couverture : Fotolia Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 5. COP21 CHALLENGE.......................................................7 Agnès Romatet-Espagne, French Foreign Ministry................................................ 9 The pressure goes up a notch.......................................................................... 10 Solutions Agenda: General mobilization underway........................................... 12 CLIMATE STRATEGIE..................................................... 15 Schneider Electric blends energy and digital transition....................................... 16 Half of Engie’s projects are in renewables........................................................ 17 Carrefour: “We innovate, we test, we deploy”.................................................. 18 Bouygues puts together the sustainable town..................................................... 20 Renault is cutting its carbon footprint by 3% per annum...................................... 21 FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS.................................25 100 French SMEs and start-ups MITIGATION n Renewables and Energy Recovery.............................................................. 27 n Buildings and Energy Efficiency.................................................................. 38 n Smart Grids and Energy Storage................................................................ 41 ADAPTATION n Water..................................................................................................... 44 n Resources and Materials........................................................................... 48 n Waste and Circular Economy.................................................................... 52 n Metrology: Air and Water......................................................................... 56 n Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering...................................................... 59 CLUSTERS...................................................................63 34 French eco-industry clusters DR CONTENTS December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 6.
  • 7. CHALLENGES Everything suggests that the failure of Copenhagen will not be repeated in Paris. But, as we go to press, nobody knows how ambitious and how realistic the delegates will be. And even when we do, there’s no doubt that there will be differences over the interpretation... Will the ambition of the states be up to meeting the challenges associated with climate change and the expectations of mankind? Whatever response is delivered, these challenges will be with us for a long time. COP 21
  • 8. 2 - 9 DEC. 2015 - PARIS - LE BOURGET Exposition de solutions bas carbone organisée pendant la COP21 Exhibition of low carbon solutions during COP21 Prenez part au grand rassemblement climat 2015 ! take part in the 2015 largest climate meetinG! En association avec : In association with:Organisé par : Organised by: Site web/website : www.lagalerie-cop21.com Contact : service-visiteur@world-efficiency.com LE CENTRE DE CONFÉRENCE / THE CONFERENCE CENTRE LES ESPACES GÉNÉRATIONS CLIMAT / CLIMATE GENERATIONS AREAS LA GALERIE ©SecrétariatgénéralCOP21 Au Bourget sur le Parc des expositions et avec la COP21 At Paris - Le Bourget Exhibition centre with the COP21
  • 9. • 9CHALLENGES What are the strengths of French eco-businesses? A.R-E: When you look at their ability to innovate, they seem to me to perfectly illus- trate what the French genius is capable of. They are to be found in all parts of the coun- try and gain strength from being deeply rooted into the industrial fabric. In France, eco-enterprises can also draw on a network of colleges and training courses that is the envy of the entire world. How does the French state help French eco-innova- tions get noticed? A.R-E: If it’s a matter of iden- tifying eco-enterprises in order to help them expand internationally, then we have the Business France network, backed up Bpifrance, and the consular network. For exam- ple, in 2014 Business France worked with 106 companies involved in the environment sector. According to the impact surveys carried out by our partner Ipsos, 97% of these companies made promising contacts during this exercise. Over the fol- lowing six months, 24% of them had done at least one deal and 40% of them had started negotiations with a view to doing so. However, although we are keen to help foreign organizations to iden- tify French eco-enterprises we are very careful not to encourage the acquisition of our fresh shoots. The forging of contacts involves a rigor- ous process designed to pre- vent French innovation from being creamed off. We want to promote investment in France that will translate into jobs, and this is just as true for eco-enterprises as for other companies. The decision by GE of the US, which has chosen to locate its turbine business in France, at Belfort, is the sort of thing we’d like to replicate. Howcanyouattractforeign investors to France? A.R-E: By involving our dip- lomatic corps. We staged an ‘Invest in France’ month in September, when we asked our diplomats in fifty coun- tries to organize events to explain what it was that made France attractive. The initia- tive was well received because we involved foreign investors who already have a presence in France. These are the best advocates for the attractive- ness of France. In parallel with this, we launched the Creative France campaign, with the Prime Minister in Japan and the President of the Repub- lic in China and in South Korea. This campaign is also being pursued in Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Brazil, the United Kingdom, India and the United States … The goal is to highlight French inventiveness. Besides ‘Made in France’, it emphasizes our engineering, our research and development, our creatives and everything that contrib- utes to the bubbling creativ- ity of France. For example, the development of start-up incubators. What advice do you give to French eco-enterprises looking to export? A.R-E: You simply can’t con- tent yourself with the French market in the sectors that you are active in. Exporting, how- ever, is complicated. You need to prepare, to have thought about your strategy and to dedicate sufficient human and financial resources to it. You need to be able to pres- ent a product in two minutes, to have a website in English, to choose the right interna- tional shows… You need to get yourself ready. There are, however, various organiza- tions on hand to help. Last March an agreement was reached to coordinate the activities of Business France andtheconsularnetwork.The use of international business interns (VIEs) is something that we recommend, since this is a tool that allows com- panies and particularly small ones to find qualified young people who can help them internationally. The govern- ment has also stepped in to overhaul funding tools with the creation of Bpifrance and the coordination of the CDC and the AFD. l Speaking to Thomas Blosseville France bubbling over with creativity Agnès Romatet-Espagne, Director for Businesses and International Trade at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development. The French government has reorganized its trade diplomacy in order to work with companies internationally and to attract foreign investors. Agnès Romatet-Espagne, the Director for Businesses and International Trade at the Foreign Ministry explains the details. DR Decembre 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 10. 10 •  COP 21 COP21 takes its title from an English acronym standing for Conference of Parties, and the fact that the Paris meeting is the twenty-first since the adoption of the Climate Convention in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. It is being presented as an important point of departure… or the last chance. A point of departure towards the end of a century when fossil fuels are no longer burned, or our last chance to avoid major cli- mate change. The conference will run from 30th  November until11th December.Although governments undertook to limit the mean rise in global temperatures to 2 °C in 2011 in Durban, scientists have The pressure goes The aim of COP21 in Paris this December is for the 195 member states of the UN to sign an agreement to limit global warming to 2 °C by the end of this century. However, this meeting will only be a starting point, not the end of the road. argued for a target of +1.5 °C, which would entail even more restrictive efforts to reduce emissions more rapidly. In accordance with the framework for the UN proceedings, this summer the negotiators embarked on the mammoth task of shortening the 83 pages that represented the then state of a draft text to submit to the vote in December in Paris. For France, as host and chair of the negotiations, the goal has been to arrive at a concise, understandable text running to some twenty pages before November. This document will comprise two parts: a legal core supplementing the Climate Convention, which states will be required to respect, and a list of decisions that define an action plan for post-2020, the year in which it will come into force. COP21 will also enshrine the volun- tary commitments made by each state. “We knew from the outset that we would receive a varied proposals that would not just be undertakings in terms of reducing emissions but also, for example, propo- sitions regarding carbon sinks, such as halting deforestation”, recalls Laurence Tubiana, the French government’s special representative for COP21. Thus, Gabon, Kenya and Russia have included the role of their forests in their national greenhouse gas balances. Will the sum of these national undertakings make it possible to avoid warming in excess of 2 °C? Gathered together in Paris at an international climate sciences meeting on 7th  July 2015, many research- ers stated that the national commitments were not suf- ficient to meet the challenge. This was in contrast to experts from the energy sector such as Fatih Birol, Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA), who believes that the global economy is heading in the right direction. He is pleased to report that, “A study of national proposals covering two thirds of global emissions indicates that a quarter of the energy produced in 2030 will be from renewa- bles. By that date, China will only be 60% reliant on fossil fuels. In the United States, Europe and Japan demand for coal will fall by 45% over the next fifteen years and there will be a 25% fall in India”. The IEA is arguing for an interna- tional agreement for a peak in greenhouse gas emis- sions around 2020 followed by a decline in CO2, and for national progress to be moni- tored every five years. Ottmar Edenhofer, a re- searcher at the Potsdam InstituteinGermany,doesnot share this view. What he has seen is a 2.5% annual rise in global CO2 emissions over the last ten years, which reached 49 billiontonnesin2014.Over the previous decade there had beenalowerrateofincreaseof around 1.5% per annum. “We are witnessing an increase in the intensity of carbon consumption. For example, developing countries are using carbon because it is not expensive. This is the case in the Republic of the Congo and DR A twenty page summary is due to be put to the vote of the 195 member states of the UN in December in Paris. Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 11. • 11CHALLENGES up a notch in Benin.” He might also have mentioned Turkey, which is planning to build over 80 coal- fired power stations. Scientists are pouring over the planet’s carbon budget. According to their calcula- tions, 1,000 billion tonnes of CO2 have already been emit- ted. In order to avoid exceed- ing a rise of 2 °C, no more than a further 900 billion should be emitted.Theproblemisthatat the current rate at which we are using oil, gas and coal, this limit will be reached over the nexttwentyyears. Eliminating subsidiesforfossilfuels,setting ahighpriceforcarbon,forcing statestoadoptambitiousgoals andtopursueseriousemission reduction pathways that can be monitored, and requiring oil and coal to be left in the ground: this is what the scien- tists recommend. In fact, many of these subjects will be addressed away from the main negotia- tions this December in Paris. This is the case with the ques- tion of MRV (measurement, reporting and verification). The rules for measuring the falls in emissions in each country, their reporting to the UN and peer-group veri- fication of the accuracy of the data will not be set in Paris. There are good reasons for this. These are highly techni- cal questions and they are the subject of studies, trials and cost calculations by organiza- tions that specialize in devel- oping a reliable methodology that will also respect national independence, not be overly burdensome and be ready to use in 2020. In France, the body in question is CITEPA (a cross-discipline technical centre that studies atmos- pheric pollution). The challenge of COP21 extends beyond the month of December. As soon as it is adopted, the Paris agreement will be buffeted by winds— some favourable, some less so. Its first major obstacle will undoubtedlybetheforthcom- ing US presidential election in 2016. On 3rd August 2015 the current president, Barak Obama, presented his clean energy plan. This envisages that the country’s electricity sector will cut its emissions by 28% by 2030. One of the Democratic candidates to succeed him, Hillary Clin- ton, hopes to source a third of US electricity generation from solar by 2027, through a seven-fold increase in the cur- per annum and, according to the analysts at Natixis, it will evenfallto3%overthecoming decade. Energy consumption is closely linked to economic activity. In 2014, for the first time in twenty years, China saw its coal consumption fall and this is a phenomenon that should become permanent. In anotefromtheLondonSchool of Economics, Nicolas Stern states that the peak in Chinese emissions, which the authori- ties promised for 2030 in their contributiontotheParisagree- ment, could occur as early as 2025.Thiscouldbegoodnews for the coming decade. l Loïc Chauveau rent number of photovoltaic panels. However, the Demo- crats’ Republican opponents, who are highly climate scepti- cal, lambast these projects as too expensive for households and a threat to employment. They, conversely, present themselves as defenders of the 1,200coal-firedpowerstations operating in the US. The 2016 election will therefore take on the mantle of a referendum for or against the Paris climate agreement,which,intheevent of a Republican victory, could find itself shorn of the world’s second largest greenhouse gas emitter. Quite a blow. The other source ofuncer- tainty relates to the leading emitter, China. After two dec- ades of growth that has oscil- lated between 8 and 10%, the country is entering a second phase in its economic devel- opment. Growth in its GDP is not expected to exceed 5% Inra/C.Maitre Meeting in Paris this summer at an international climate science meeting, many scientists declared the national contributions to be inadequate. December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 12. 12 •  COP 21 COP21 must open up to the Paris Alliance. Besides the legal agreement itself and commitments by the various nations, one element will also involve companies and local authorities. This Solutions Agenda is designed to make the promises in the fight against climate change credible. “Nations, local authori- ties, industries, NGOs, civil society, the whole word is aboard!” A year ago, Ban Ki Moon announced the general mobilization of all sections of human society in the fight against global warming. For the Secretary General of the United Nations, it was this movement that saved him from despair over the slow- ness of the negotiations taking place in preparation for the agreement expected in Paris this December. This is the Solutions Agenda, whichhelaunchedinSeptem- ber 2014, in response to the enormous demonstration that took place on the streets of New York to call for rapid cli- mate action. Whilst the nego- tiators defend ‘national ego- isms’, the economic and social fabric is investing promptly in the decarbonization of its activities. It is a dynamic that the French Minister of the Environment Ségolène Royal, who as long been President of the Poitou-Charentes region and who is a great commu- nicator about action in the field, looks to with approval. The labelling of territories as energy positive (Tepos), with financial assistance from the state in order to reduce their CO2 emissions, stems from this new version of the ‘small is beautiful’ of the 60s. Although a feature of today, the active presence of such stakeholders wasn’t the case ten years ago, when climate negotiations were the pre- serve of states. In 2009, in Copenha- gen, townsandregionsmade afirst,symbolicdebut,marked by the high profile presence of Arnold Schwarzenegger, then Governor of California. “Since then we have moved on from symbolism to action and with a fresh legitimacy to question governments”, notes Ronan Dantec, Senator and spokes- man for the UCLG (United Cities and Local Govern- ments). “Although states share out national responsibilities, wedecidethelocalpoliciesthat will make the results of green- house gas reduction effective.” Atleasthalfofglobalemissions are directly linked to decisions taken locally regarding trans- port, homes, town planning. Since the Lima Climate Con- ferenceinDecember2014,the SolutionsAgendahastakenthe formofanactionplanthatlists goals and undertakings. Read- ing it is an instructive voyage into the diversity of peoples andtheirlevelofdevelopment. It is difficult to gauge the real impact of these local initia- tives and the feasibility of the declaredambitions.It’saclever personwhocansaywhetheror not the French Tepos move- ment will be a success. What is certain is that the solutions are more or less the same, whatever the latitude: reduced heating and air-conditioning requirementsinhomes,theuse ofpublictransport,investment in renewables, promotion of living styles that are lower consumption and changes in modes of travel, eating less meat and savings in electricity and water. More spectacular, the commitments made by industry are also more easily assessable, although also more ambiguous. For exam- ple, what should one make of the aim of an airline to reduce its kerosene consumption by 20% between now and 2020? For the most part, it is a ques- tion of good management that will enable it to remain in the low cost air transport business. What’s more, a part of the solution, such as light- ening the planes, is down the manufacturers rather than the airline itself. This kind of solemn declaration abounds on the UN’s Global Compact site, which collates voluntary Solutions Agenda General mobilizati Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 13. • 13CHALLENGES undertakings by companies. NGOs track decisions that cost nothing: climate green- washing. Was the decision by Total, on 20th August to get out of coal completely by sell- ing its South African subsid- iary an example of this? This decision was an opportunity for the French oil company to massively step up its efforts in the gas sector, and in no way represents an exit from fossil fuels. However, certain actions to do give grounds for hope of a real change in behaviour. On 27th July, thirteen American multinationals announced 130 billion euros of invest- ment in low carbon emission projects. Bank of America will increase environment lend- ing from 50 billion dollars per annum this year to 125 billion in 2025. Walmart will increase its renewable production by 600% by 2020. Alcoa, the alu- minium producer, aims to cut its emissions by half over ten years and Google will triple its purchase of renewable energy over the next decade. The contribution of the finance sector is far less clear- cut. Banks and big funds still have both hands drenched in oil, gas and coal. These are profitable and subsidized sectors. On 5th February, the Norwegian sovereign wealth fund, the most heav- ily capitalized fund in the world with 775 billion euros in assets, announced that was divesting itself of stakes in 22 companies involved in coal, tar sands, cement and gold. It was a warning shot, with the fund explaining that “the economic model of these companies is no longer sus- tainable in the medium and long-term.” Leading world banks and investment funds are today prime targets for pressure groups seeking to persuade them to turn off the finan- cial tap for large greenhouse gas emitters. Since 2010, the ‘fossil fuel divestment’ move- ment, launched by the Amer- ican association 350.org, has persuaded 180 institutions representing 45 billion euros to take their money out of this sector. The University of Stanford in the USA and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund are two of the institutions to follow this advice. In the UK, the initiative is led by The Guardian newspa- per through its ‘Keep it in the ground’campaign.Thepetition targets foundations such as that of Bill and Melinda Gates, which have shares in oil or mining companies. Interna- tional institutions, such as the World Bank, have antici- pated this movement. For the first time, on 29th July, Rachel Kyte, its Vice President, was very clear on the subject at an event in Washington: “In general terms, the world must cease to use coal, she declared. Coal has an enormous social cost, like other fossil fuels that prevent you from breathing clean air.” The agriculture sector has recently joined this move- ment. In a symposium held in Montpellier in March to look at the links between growing methods and global warming, researchers from all around the world pointed out that mankind has a particularly effective geo-engineering tool at its disposal if used correctly: the use of soils by agriculture. “The negotiations have always focused on the forests and veg- etation, whilst neglecting the role of the soils”, notes Martial Bernoux, a researcher at the research and development institute. “Respect for the bio- logical life beneath our feet would allow annual storage [of CO2] to be increased from around 3 billion tonnes to more than 7 billion.” To do so, agricultureneedstochange its production-drivenhabits.Such thinking is becoming more widespread within the FAO. What is the benefit of all these actions? They have already begun and are producing their effects without waiting for the COP21 agreement to come into force in 2020. To such a pointthatthisplethoraoflocal solutions,voluntaryeconomic andindustrialcommitmentsis being called on to make up for the weakness of the national contributions! l Loïc Chauveau on underway The World Climate and Territories Summit was held this summer in Lyons, and over 800 local authorities and non- governmental organization attended (with the French President François Hollande). DR December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 14.
  • 15. STRATEGIESFive leading French groups that operate around the world explain the impact of climate change on their business, the constraints imposed on them, the solutions that they are implementing and the opportunities that these developments are opening up for them: Gilles Vermont Desroches - Schneider Electric; Gérard Mestrallet - Engie; Bertrand Swiderski - Carrefour; Fabrice Bonnifet - Bouygues; Jean-Philippe Hermine - Renault. CLIMATE
  • 16. 16 •  CLIMATE Would current technolo- gies allow you to meet the climate challenge? GVD: They are essential. An immense change is under- way. It rests on three pillars: the integration of renewable sources, access to electric- ity through simple solutions and smart energy for the greatest number. If you are not involved in this, you run the risk of disappearing in the near future. This switch covers the full bandwidth of the electrical, electronic and communication industries. More broadly, Schneider Electric forges partnerships around the entire world with organizations involved in transport, construction, electricity grid management and mass distribution… Many solutions that we are talking about today, didn’t exist five years ago. I challenge you, for example, to predict what our mobile phones will look like tomorrow. Digitalwillserveasthecon- necting thread… GVD: Yes, the digital transi- tion is driving the transition of businesses, including ours. It will transform it profoundly by allowing the problems with renewable sources to be over- come, to smooth demand and to consume when energy is available. You can use your mobile phone for the smart control of consumption in your home. Logic is being reversed. Up until now, pro- duction adapted to demand. In future, it will be the reverse, because digital will make it possible to offers simple solutions that will involve individuals. How is Schneider Elec- tric adapting to this new situation? GVD: Through its acquisi- tions and by changing what it offers­-Schneider Electric has been blending the energy and the digital transition for some ten years. This logic was initially driven by fore- casts of rising energy prices. Today, the fight against cli- mate change has taken over the baton. How will it be possible to achieve a peak in global greenhouse gas emis- sions within the next fifteen years? How can they be lim- ited between now and 2050 to what the planet can absorb? In order to be a global leader in energy efficiency, Schneider Electric invests 5% of its turn- over every year into research and development. We also strive to stay close to society and innovative young compa- nies. The group is a sponsor of the Aster Capital invest- ment fund and we have also recently set up Energy Access ventures, a fund for the elec- trification of Africa. Will that be enough? GVD: France has a culture of grand industrial plans rather than giving responsibility to individuals. But the energy transition will not be accom- plished without changes in behaviour. This raises the question of the example set by the public sector. For example, the public sector owns half of France’s service sector build- ings. They need to be a driving force for the energy efficiency industry. The commitment of companies is also important. When major chains, such as Ikea or Carrefour, embark on carbon neutral approaches, this attracts attention. And when Schneider Electric asked its 2,000 main sup- pliers to undergo ISO26000 certification, 60% of them did in three years. All this shows that businesses understand the challenges. A trigger has been pulled. l Speaking to Thomas Blosseville and Albane Canto EQUIPMENT Schneider Electric blends energy and digital transition Gilles Vermont Desroches, Schneider Electric sustainable development director. As a supplier of energy transition solutions, Schneider Electric cannot envisage its development without digital tools, as Gilles Vermont Desroches, its sustainable development director, explains. SchneiderElectric Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 17. • 17STRATEGIE This summer, Gérard Mestrallet, CEO of Engie (forermly GDF Suez), announced the acquisition of Solairedirect. Speaking to the press, he took the opportunity to spell out his group’s ambitions in the fields of photovoltaics, wind and, more generally, renewables. Extracts. Why did Engie acquire Solairedirect? GM: This transaction opens up a new chapter in the indus- trial history of Engie. It illus- trates our strategic reorien- tation, which we announced two years ago and which we are now fleshing out. We want to be a leader in the European energy transition, and the energy specialist of choice in countries enjoying strong growth. Specifically, Engie has taken a 95% stake in Solaire- direct. We were already the French leader for wind, and will become the leader for solar, with development pros- pects in India, Mexico, Chile and South Africa… Is it the right moment to invest in solar? GM: By subsidizing the industry, Europe has been at the root of its growth. Now that costs have fallen, pho- tovoltaic is growing around the world. China and India are substantial markets with growth of 10% for the former and 50% for the latter! India is starting from a lower base but with tremendous ambi- tions. The countries of the Middle East are also switching to solar energy, not because they are forced to in order to replace classic sources, but because they have substantial financial resources to invest. In Africa, solar energy, which does not require the construc- tion of electricity grids, is also turning out to be a relevant solution. Without forgetting South America… One really is on the way to turning what is a subsidized energy into one that is competitive. The figures speak for themselves: from 60 to 90 dollars per megawatt hour, solar is chea- per than offshore wind and new nuclear. What are your renewables goals? GM: Across all energies, Engie currently operates a total capacity of 115 GW around the world. 16% of this is hydroelectricity and 4% wind. Solar accounts 2.2% of our electricity generating capacity in Europe and 0.3% outside. Today, almost half of our new projects are in renewables. Our ambition to is to accelerate the pace in all parts of the world. In Europe, our goal is to double our renewable electricity in ten years to reach 16 GW. Elsewhere we already have 27 GW under development or being built. We wish to reinforce our position in hydroelectricity, particularly in Brazil, and we are deve- loping in offshore wind. In solar, especially photovoltaic, and onshore wind, we need to pick up speed. The acquisi- tion of Solairedirect answers this need. How will the share of renewables develop in the Engie mix? GM: At this stage I can’t give figures.Weareconstantlyexa- mining the relative amounts of our centralized generating capacitiesinrelationtocarbon- freeorlowcarbonsourcessuch asgas.Wewillcertainlybeable to reveal our strategy and our goals in early 2016. A global phenomenon is taking place. We are currently evaluating the speed at which it is sprea- ding. It concerns renewables, electricity and thermal, but also energy services. Two thirds of our workforce, that is 100,000 people, work in the field of energy efficiency. Out of a total of 75 billion euros, that represents 15 billion of business.Thisisalsoanimpor- tant business for Engie. l Speaking to Thomas Blosseville ENERGY GENERATION Half of Engie’s projects are in renewables Gérard Mestrallet, CEO of Engie. TB/EM December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 18. 18 •  CLIMATE Today, climate risks are b e comi ng more and more pressing. Has your CSR strategy evolved in response to this challenge? BS: Yes, the climate challenge is pushing us to go further. We are already feeling the impact. For example, here in France we had trouble producing outdoor toma- toes for three weeks because of the drought. And we’ve also been hit by a 40% rise in the price of energy in Brazil because of a lack of water in the hydroelectric dams. Now, this is nothing com- pared to others. That is why, across the group and for our 12,000 shops in 10 countries, we have embarked on a new undertaking this year: to reduce our CO2 emissions by 40% between 2010 and 2025 and by 70% between now and 2050. In order to do so, we are working on three main sources: energy consumption (45% of emissions), refrigera- tion (45 %), transport (10 %). The goal of our partnership with COP21 is to offer our support for the success of the climate negotiations. Com- panies have solutions. States can count on us. unit has now been installed. We aim to go even further in 2016 by creating an energy independent shop. We recently organized an inno- vation and energy show with the suppliers of innovative solutions: geothermal, solar and wind together with asso- ciated storage solutions… we are looking at every approach. We are testing forklift trucks powered by hydrogen, which we might ultimately be able to produce ourselves. This principle of self-sufficiency is one that we have trialled in the Lille con- urbation using biogas from our shop’s organic waste to power four delivery lorries. We will deploy 200 lorries between now and the end of 2017, in the regions of Lille, Paris, Bordeaux, Lyons and Marseilles. Our goal is also to encourage the sector to focus on this, because a biometh- ane lorry emits 80% less CO2. Preserving the climate also means reducing waste materials and encouraging recycling. What are you doing to manage waste? BS: On the prevention front we are currently rolling out MASS DISTRIBUTION We innovate, we test, we deploy Bertrand Swiderski, CSR Director of the Carrefour group, explain his group stratégy: reduce the CO2 emissions by 40% between 2010 and 2025 and by 70% between now and 2050.  Bertrand Swiderski, CSR Director of the Carrefour group. What actions are you put- ting in place at the retail operations level? BS: In order to achieve our 2025 goal, we will need to reduce the energy con- sumption of our shops, which is currently averaging 550 kWh/m2, by 30%. We are pursuing a worldwide pro- gramme that involves fitting doors to chill units (18% savings made in France), the development of central CO2 refrigerating plants, with 180 of these already installed, and the widespread adoption of LEDs for lighting. This last item accounts for 24% of a shop’s energy consumption and offers great potential for improvement. I would like to take advantage of your pages to launch an appeal. We are actively looking for technolo- gies to take us ‘beyond’ LED. In parallel with this, we are prioritizing natural light- ing and driving innovation forward. Currently, we are working with the start-up Echy, to test the introduction of natural lighting into a shop via optic fibre. Heat recovery from refrigeration, is another economical technique, and a totally new refrigerating DR Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 19. • 19STRATEGIE a twelve-point action pro- gramme for packaging. This includes the elimination of unnecessary packaging, but also changing shapes (square instead of round), in order to optimize loading and therefore transport and CO2 emissions. Throughout the group, paper and board accounts for 70% of waste by volume and organic waste for around 10%. We are currently re-using 65% but we know that we could reach 80% by exploiting the organic frac- tion in a methane generator of the kind being used in the Lille conurbation that I men- tioned earlier. As a European mass distri- bution leader, you have the ‘power’ to steer purchases towards more climate friendlyconsumption.How are you doing this? BS: Our role is to propose a range of good, high quality products that take on board the fight against wastage or make use of agroecology. For example, we have launched an organic, fair-trade banana and explained the various challenges, including, in particular, that of climate. Customers responded pos- itively, especially once we placed it alongside the tradi- tional banana. The customer has made the choice. When it comes to fighting waste, we have eliminated pointless best before dates (sugar, vin- egar…) and extended those where it was possible. We’ve done this on 300 products and the result is that the customer keeps the product Abonnez-vous gratuitement à l’e-news hebdomadaire sur environnement-magazine.fr Ne perdez pas le fil Le Groupe Environnement Magazine Environnement magazine - Hydroplus - Recyclage Récupération Droit de l’environnement - Journal des communes durables Environnement & Energie - Envirojob longer and wastes less. It is one of the subjects that I will address shortly at the Con- sumer Goods Forum, which has 400 members involved in food distribution. Upstream of the distribu- tion chain, how are you working with your suppli- ers so that their processes interact with your policy as effectively as possible? BS: 70% of CO2 emissions associated with a product occur upstream of distribu- tion, 15% during it and 15% once it reaches the customer. So, working with our part- ners is, along with fighting waste and promoting biodi- versity, the third leg of our CSR policy (every year, our suppliers undertake an ISO 26000 based self-assess- ment). The first tool that we use is the Filière qualité Carrefour [Carrefour Qual- ity Chain] brand and its 22,000 producers. Our aim is to promote agroecology via this tool because it is a very good solution for the climate. Unfortunately, this is not being put forward at COP21. Next, every year we launch a challenge for over 6,000 suppliers, who are invited to compete for awards that recognize those that have taken decisive action to reduce their impact on the climate. Their prod- ucts are then highlighted in our catalogues and placed at the island ends in our shops… ready to chosen by our customers. l Maylis Gaillard December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 20. 20 •  CLIMATE How is the climate ques- tion changing Bouygues’ business? FB: Sustainable development and the fight against climate change call for new exper- tise and innovative forms of contract. It is a question of consuming ever fewer resourcesforevergreatervalue asperceivedbyourcustomers. We have therefore supported the creation of a specialist master’s degree in Integrated UrbanSystemswiththeSchool ofBridgesandRoads.Theidea is to train project managers capable of putting together integrated packages for the sustainable town, where the data output by some becomes the input data of others. The timewhenonecompanycould doeverythingitselfhaspassed. buildings.Inordertoaccelerate the transition, we are arguing fornewformsoffinance,espe- cially within the framework of theShiftProject,thethinktank that we are a founder member of. Third party finance com- panies have a tool to deploy. The second mechanism is a renewal obligation at each change. The residential stock could therefore shift to class B inthreeorfourchanges.Weare alsoworkingonanewproduct with Crédit agricole. The bank will grant a loan extension for indebtedness of up to 38% compared with 35% normally, andthecustomerwillrepaythe extra out of the energy savings that we guarantee through a monitoringsystemsandenergy coaching. What other innovations are you working on? FB: Bouygues opened Next- Door, its first co-working centre in June in Issy-les- Moulineax. We plan to open fifteen. These space help to cut travel, which is a major factor in the CO2 emissions associated with building use. We are also working on sen- sors showing the availability of outdoor parking spaces in towns, on urban farms and on theideaofbuildingsbecoming ‘materials banks’ that serve as depositsofresourcesforfuture buildings. l Speaking to Thomas­Blosseville and Fabian Tubiana BUILDING Bouygues puts together the sustainable townTB/EM Bouygues aims to apply to the town what it has succeeded in doing for buildings: switching from a sequential approach to urban development to integrated packages. Fabrice Bonnifet, the group’s central sustainable development director, explains this emerging approach to us. Fabrice Bonnifet, central sustainable development director of the Bouygues group. In, for example, the Bouygues ImmobilierIssyGriddemons- trator we are working with Schneider Electric, Micro- soft, ERDF, Steria… Or, then again,thereisEmbix,anurban energy operator that we have set up with Alstom. Bouygues was the first to build a Bepos, anenergypositivebuilding.We arenowworkingatthescaleof an urban island with Hikari in Lyons,whichisourfirstenergy positive territory project. In the case of new builds youhavefoundaneconomic model for your energy posi- tive Green Office building. What about renovation? FB: In the service sector we launched the Rehagreen concept in 2011. It offers com- pleterenovationtothehighest energy and comfort stan- dards and we have three lines of argument to win over our customers: lower energy bills, usercomfortandtheenhanced ‘green’ value of the property. With the Challenger renova- tion, which saw the headquar- tersofBouyguesConstruction transformed into a Bepos, we have demonstrated our tech- nical know-how. The question is more diffi­ cult when it comes to housing… FB: In fact, there isn’t yet a stable economic model for residential.Despiteeverything, themarketisbeginningtotake offforthemostenergy-hungry Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 21. • 21STRATEGIE What avenues is Renault exploring to reduce its carbon footprint? JPH: It is an approach that involves all of the business’s functions, from the manu- facture of the engines to the recycling of the vehicles, and it includes logistics. Our ove- rall approach is paying off, sincethegroup’sglobalcarbon footprint is falling by 3% per annum, which represents ten milliontonnesofCO2 avoided. CO2emissionsbytheCliohave halved over twenty years ago. Wehaveachievedthisbyredu- cing the number of cylinders, improving the aerodynamics andrecoveringenergyfromthe braking. Our ISO 14001 cer- tified factories, six in France and three in Spain, are roofed by photovoltaic panels. In Tangiers our factory is almost energy independent through wind and biomass. Inarapidlychangingsector, will Renault become a mobility operator? JPH: Renault will continue to primarily be a manufacturer of motor vehicles that will offer solutions, in particu- lar connectivity solutions, to regulate driving as a function of traffic and to assist with parking and vehicle sharing. We are working with Bolloré in response to new develop- ments, such as self-service car hire. We assemble its Bluecars at Dieppe and integrate our Twizzy model into its car sha- ring service in Lyons and Bor- deaux.Wehaveotherpartner- ships, including one with the SNCF that focuses on mode switching in order to comple- mentitsrailtransportservices. Do electric cars remain a priority? JPH: Of course! We had rea- ched 65,000 by mid 2015 and three times that at the level of the alliance with Nissan. This year, we started to assemble electric motors for the Zoe ourselvesatCléon.Themarket is taking off, with the help of the government super bonus and also the extension of the network of recharging termi- nals. These are doubling every year in Europe through the corridor projects. At the end of2016,itwillbepossibletogo fromOslotoParisinaRenault Zoe. Electrification of modes of transport will also bene- fit efforts to decarbonize the production mix. The electric car market has real growth potential and technological leaps forward will come. The Zoe has a certified range of 240 kilometres, by 2020 we are aiming for 400 kilometres. What links do you make betweentheclimateandthe circular economy? JPH: The climate, the exhaus- tion of resources and health constitute challenges for society that are so important that the demand for solu- tions will grow. There is a real consistency in reconci- ling them all. We are looking to ensure that our vehicles are reparable, easy to dismantle and integrate recyclable and recycled raw materials. Almost 90% of the vehicles that we sell are the subject of a life cycle analysis. Our site at Choisy-le-Roi produces remanufactured engines and Indra, a joint venture that recycles scrapped vehicles, markets parts for re-use. We are optimizing the mana- gement of materials cycles. We recycle aluminium from scrapped vehicles and the copper wiring in order to be independent. The platinum group metals in the catalytic converters interest us and we are examining our current supply in South Africa. A per- manent compromise needs to be found between innovation and costs. l Speaking to Thomas Blosseville and Morgan Boëdec TRANSPORT Renault is cutting its carbon footprint by 3% per annum In order to reconcile mobility and low consumption, the motor vehicle manufacturer is turning to technological innovation, partnerships and the development of its industrial strategy. Jean-Philippe Hermine, Environment Director at Renault talks about the stage it has reached. Jean-Philippe Hermine, Renault environment director. LucPerenom December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 22. WWWEnvironnement-magazine.fr Envirojob.fr The leading professional magazines on environmental issues in France are all published by the same multimedia group. This unique French media network provides business information to the widest professional audience of the sector. The Environnement Maga Trust the N°1 French environment
  • 23. Partnership Christoph Haushofer Managing Director Phone +33 (0)1 53 45 89 03 Fax +33 (0)1 53 45 96 54 c.haushofer@victoires-editions.fr Advertising Christophe Aufaure Head of Advertising Department Phone +33 (0)1 53 45 91 82 Fax +33 (0)1 53 45 96 54 c.aufaure@victoires-editions.fr zine group media network In partnership with PEXE, 30 000 copies are distributed at all important overseas trade fairs: all over Europe, in Algeria, Morocco, Brazil etc. A Hydroplus, Recyclage Récupération, and Environnement Magazine publication. Environnement Magazine International Partnership Christoph Haushofer Managing Director Phone +33 (0)1 53 45 89 03 Fax +33 (0)1 53 45 96 54 c.haushofer@victoires-editions.fr Advertising Christophe Aufaure Head of Advertising Department Phone +33 (0)1 53 45 91 82 Fax +33 (0)1 53 45 96 54 c.aufaure@victoires-editions.fr fairs: all over Europe, in Algeria,
  • 24. MITIGATION Renewables and Energy Recovery Akuo Energy.............................. 36 Aqylon........................................... 30 Base Innovation....................... 27 Bioentech..................................... 27 Cryo-Pur....................................... 30 Dualsun......................................... 36 Ecocinetic.................................... 35 Enertime....................................... 28 Eolfi.................................................. 28 Epsiline.......................................... 36 Exoès.............................................. 30 Exosun........................................... 31 FMGC............................................ 28 Helioclim...................................... 27 Hydroquest................................. 31 ID Sud Énergies ..................... 32 Ideol................................................ 32 Ledex.............................................. 30 Nanomakers............................. 35 Naskeo......................................... 34 Nass & Wind............................ 32 Neoen........................................... 31 Newwind..................................... 33 Open Ocean............................. 34 Powidian...................................... 35 Qos Energy................................ 36 Quadran...................................... 35 Reuniwatt..................................... 34 Sabella.......................................... 33 Vergnet.......................................... 32 Buildings and Energy Efficiency Armor............................................. 38 BH Technologies..................... 38 Boostheat..................................... 40 Clarlight........................................ 39 Egreen........................................... 40 Ennesys......................................... 40 Lineazen....................................... 40 Renofass....................................... 38 Prismaflex.................................... 39 Smart Grids and Energy Storage Lacroix Sofrel............................ 41 Nawatechnologies............... 41 Mcphy Energy.......................... 42 Pragma Industries.................. 42 Ridel Energy.............................. 42 Steadysun.................................... 41 Steria.............................................. 42 ADAPTATION Water 3D Eau.......................................... 45 Acri ST........................................... 47 Adionics....................................... 46 Amoeba....................................... 45 BIO-UV / Phaesun................... 44 Ecocéane..................................... 44 Eolewater.................................... 46 Firmus France........................... 47 Helio Pur Technologies....... 45   ISB Water.................................... 46 Le Prieuré..................................... 47 Neve Environnement........... 44 Novimet........................................ 45 Syntea............................................ 46 Techniques Industrielles Appliquées (TIA)..................... 47 Resources and Materials Ecoat............................................... 50 CIMV.............................................. 48 Fermentalg.................................. 48 Global Bioenergies ............. 49 IPSIIS............................................... 48 Naturplast................................... 50 Ouatéco....................................... 50 Sedigate....................................... 50 Selvert............................................ 50 Waste and Circular Economy APR2............................................... 53 Bigarren Bizi............................. 52 Canibal......................................... 54 Ecobatec...................................... 53 Green Creative........................ 54 Hesus.............................................. 53 Innoveox...................................... 55 Morphosys.................................. 52 MTB Recycling ........................ 54 Sapoval........................................ 54 Terradona.................................... 53 Trinov.............................................. 52 Metrology: Air and Water Airepur Industries ................. 57 Aria Technologies ................ 56 CT2MC......................................... 56 Enoveo.......................................... 58 Environnement SA................. 58 Ethera............................................. 57 Fluidion......................................... 58 Imageau....................................... 58 NKE Instrumentation............ 57 Redbird ........................................ 56 Watchfrog................................... 57 Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering Andromède................................ 58 Ecocéan........................................ 58 Géco Ingénierie...................... 58 Klearia........................................... 59 SM2 Solution Marine.......... 58 Spygen.......................................... 59 Vert-Tige........................................ 59 Our selection of 100 French SMEs and start-ups
  • 25. SOLUTIONS MITIGATION l Renewables and Energy Recovery l Buildings and Energy Efficiency l Smart Grids and Energy Storage ADAPTATION l Water l Resources and Materials l Waste and Circular Economy l Metrology: Air and Water l Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering Climate change: 100 French cleantech solutions FRENCH CLEANCLECH
  • 26. 100 French SMEs and start-ups A major mutation of our economy is ahead of us and the cleantech sector has a key role to play. SMEsandstart-upsformamajorpartoftheefforttoinnovate,bringing new mitigation and adaptation solutions. This book features 100 French cleantech SMEs and start-ups that have been selected by the editors of Environnement Magazine and by the PEXE, the French cleantech network. The French cleantech clusters, which help grow and develop cleantech businesses and projects, were asked to recommend the SMEs and start- ups offering innovative solutions with the strongest growth potential. In order to make it easier to search through the 100 cleantech SMEs they are divided into two main categories: Mitigation (Renewables and Energy Recovery, Buildings and Energy Efficiency, Smart Grids and Energy Storage) and Adaptation (Water, Resources and Materials, Waste and Circular Economy, Metrology: Air and Water, Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering). Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 27. • 27 Renewables and Energy Recovery The growing need to reduce greenhouse gases entails a major change in energy production strategies. The French Renewables sector is very dynamic and recognized for the quality of its products and services. Many of theses innovative SMEs and start-ups will become major players over the next few years. Hybrid solar Light PV-T panel generating electricity and heat Founded in 2009, Base Innovation specializes in solar applications. In particular, it offers Cogen’Air, a hybrid solar panel that com- bines the generation of electricity and the production of heat thanks to an integrated heat recovery system using air as a medium. At full power, a Cogen’Air collector can deliver a total of up to 1,000 W of power, which is four times that of a standard PV panel. The heat exchanger allows over 90% of the heat received to be transmitted without either significant dissipation or air load losses. Well established in agricultural and forestry applications (drying fodder, wood…), this light and easy to install system offers great potential for residential buildings (PV + domestic hot water) and for wood energy. Already the winner of numerous competitions and awards, the Cogen’Air has undergone an ETV (a verification programme for the performance of a green technology by an independent organization). .BASE INNOVATION. www.base-innovation.com Biogas Planning biogas production A design office that specializes in monitoring, analysing and optimizing methane generation units, BioEnTech offers soft- ware solutions and services for all types of installation: indus- trial, agricultural operations or local authorities. For example, the simple and robust Snac sensor allows the main biological parameters to be estimated precisely, which allows the operation of the digesters to be optimized. Drawing on its MeMo moni- toring software solution, this year BioEnTech has installed and commissioned its MeMoLog tool at the pilot farm of ENSAIA (the national school of agronomy and the food industries) It allows the monitoring of data to be centralized and to calculate the revenues from the sales of electricity to the public grid, whilst ensuring better management of the inputs and moni- toring the biological condition of the digester. BioEnTech also offers MeMoPro, which combines the automatic monitoring of installations with a remote monitoring service. Finally, this young company intends to launch its MeMo-Plan planning system in 2016, which will offer real time diagnostics for the state of the reactor in order to detect any disruptions and to propose correction/optimization solutions. .BIOENTECH. www.bioentech.eu Solar energy A plus for solar air-conditioning Five co-founders of Helioclim have developed a technology capable of providing air-conditioning as well as industrial heat- ing, refrigeration and domestic hot water. This process is based on several innovations. “First of all, the solar collector, which com- bines thin glass on a light com- posite honeycombed support, as opposed to current technologies that rely on a thick glass or a sheet of polished metal that is sensitive to the rays”, states Marie Nghiem, co-founder of Helioclim. The col- lectors are motorized in order to follow the sun’s rays, they heat the water under pressure to a temperature of between 150 and 200 °C, which then supplies an absorption machine. “Our system can handle intermittent function, thanks to an energy storage volume that can smooth out small variations.” The water-ammo- nia mixture allows both cooling (down to -60 °C) and heating (+ 200 °C).  HELIOCLIM  www.helioclim.fr FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 28. 28 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS Floating wind turbine Smoothing out the intermittency of offshore wind turbines Created in 2013, Eolfi, formerly the wind turbine subsidiary of Veolia Environnement, already has numerous terrestrial wind turbine installations to its name and is expanding into floating wind turbines and energy storage at sea. It is therefore offering solutions that allow the constraints associated with fixed foundations and intermittency to be over- come. Its services cover every link in the value chain: project develop- ment, finance, construc- tion and operation. Eolfi holds several patents: Spinfloat, a vertical axis floating wind turbine developed with six other partners, Blidar, a mea- surement buoy for oceanic meteorological data and Agnes (for Air Generated New Energy Storage), a submarine energy storage solution using compressed air. A demonstrator, UW-CAES (Under Water Compressed Air Energy Storage), is currently being built for this. Eolfi’s Stationis project has been selected for the 19th FUI (French single inter-ministry funds). It is designed to develop a software tool to aid decision making for the architecture of bottom-surface links in a floating wind farm. It is established in France (Paris, Marseilles), in Greece (Athens) and in Poland (Warsaw). .EOLFI. www.eolfi.com Recovery of heat Waste industrial heat content Enertime has been developing thermodynamic-based energy solutions since 2008 that allow electricity to be generated from heat, and particularly heat lost in industrial processes and those linked to renewables. The Orchid range, for example, generates electricity from medium temperature heat sources (water at 150 °C, fumes at 250 °C) originating from the production of raw materials. It is already being used in France, with the first module having been installed in a foundry (production of up to 1 MWe), and the most recent one is at a sorting-generation biomass plant opened in 2015, in Montpellier. One ORC should shortly be integrated into a 5.5 MW deep geothermal plant in the western Pyrenees, in the south of France, with the aim of fully reinjecting the loaded fluids into the sub-soil whence they were extracted (Fongeosec project). Enertime is also working internationally and in particular in Shanghai at Baosteel, China’s leading steelmaker, and in India (rural electrification demonstrator in Bangalore). Furthermore, it is involved in the European LEANships project for heat recovery in ships as part of the H2020 programme. .ENERTIME. www.enertime.com Marine renewables A substantial alliance for marine renewables The European number one for the production of cast iron counterweights for site machinery, FMGC (Fonderie et mécanique générale castelbriantaise, Farinia group) has been diversifying for the last few years into the marine energy market. In particular, it is offering innovative bal- last solutions for wind and water turbines. For example, it supplied over 200 tonnes of cast iron for the installation in June 2015 of the Sabella D10, the first industrial water turbine connected to the French electricity grid. The company also develops solutions for protecting and ballasting undersea cables. Here, it is working on the Ibocs (Iron Ballast for Ocean Cable Solution) project as part of a consortium involving the Innosea start-up and the GeM laboratory that specializes in civil and mechanical engineering. The three partners are aiming to develop a complete ballasting and protection solution for undersea cables by 2016. This will include both the supply of special cast iron shells and the development of semi-automated means of laying them. Since the end of 2012, the foundry has generated a portion of its electricity from an ORC (organic Rankine cycle) module, which recovers heat from blast furnace flue gases (Orchid pilot project). .FMGC. www.farinia.com Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 29.
  • 30. 30 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS Biogas Double exploitation of biogas With considerable expertise in energy and thermodynamics, Ereie (Engineering Research Innovation for Energy) has devel- oped Cryo-Pur, a cryogenic process that purifies biogas and liquefies the biomethane. This patented solution employs a cryo-condensation operation: the undesirable components of the biogas (CO2 but also H2O, H2S, VOCs and siloxanes) are solidified by cooling (icing), which allows the biogas quality to be optimized. The CO2 obtained is then recovered in liquid form with a very high degree of purity (99.9%), which means that it can be exploited in high added value industrial applications such as water treatment. The purified biomethane can be injected into the natural gas network or liquefied as bioLNG, a liquid biofuel that is easy to store. Besides low electricity consumption (0.4 kWh/Nm3 of crude biogas for the two purification + lique- faction operations, the heat from the refrigerating process is also used), Cryo-Pur offers the major advantage of not losing methane whilst other existing systems suffer losses of 2 to 3%. A pilot unit is operating in a large treatment plant at Valenton, just outside Paris (cf. BioGNVal project). .CRYO-PUR. www.cryopur.com Recovery of heat Lost heat from motor and renewables installations Aqylon has been applying its organic Rankine cycle expertise to heat recovery and the oper- ation of renewable energy installation (biogas, solar, geothermal…) since 2009. This opens up the route to the exploitation of low temperature heat (100 to 300 °C), which at present is not exploited or to only a limited degree. The technology that has been developed relies on the use of innovative fluids, new architectures and modules with various different capacities (500 kWe, 1 MWe, 2 MWe and 5 MWe) dimensioned so as to fit into 20 or 40 ft containers. Each project requires different engineering depending upon the temperature of the waste and its flow, yielding an efficiency of more than 20 to 40%, depending upon the size of the installation. After an initial pilot in 2013 at Ensam (Paris), Aqylon brought its first commercial unit into operation in 2015 on two biogas engines at a storage centres outside Marseilles (330 kWe output unit). Other projects are underway in France (biogas in Albi and biomass energy in New Caledonia) and the company is opening a subsidiary in Casablanca, Morocco. Aqylon also offers high temperature Rankine cycle heat pumps. .AQYLON. www.aqylon.com Recovery of heat Heat lost from heavy goods vehicle engines Exploiting the fact that for every 100 litres of fuel used by a heavy goods vehicle, 33% is used for propulsion, 31% is lost in the cooling circuit and 36% is lost through the exhaust, in 2009 Exoes moved into the recovery of exhaust heat from heavy goods vehicles in order to transform it into electricity. Reliable, light and requiring only a small quantity of oil, its EVE solution (Energy via Exhaust) allows CO2 emissions to be reduced by up to 5% and to reduce by up to €2,700 the total annual cost of ownership of a lorry. It has been picked up by the German manufacturer MAN Truck Bus, who will test it on its test benches between now and the end of the year. Exoes is also targeting the US market, which also has a large number of motor vehicle manufacturers. .EXOES. www.exoes.com Lighting The oil lamp reinvented The start-up Ledex, based at Chambly (Oise), has designed an LED light source immersed inarecyclable,syntheticoilwith no air inlet that acts as a lens and that allow a luminosity of 22,000 to 25,000 lumens to be achieved compared with the 10,000 for a conventional LED light source. “Other manufac- turers use a lens for the same purposebuttheyhaven’tthought about oil, which also provides cooling”,explainsFrançoisMira- belli, the inventor. From 50 °C, this is supplemented by a fan. This light source can be fitted to existing lamp-posts and it has a stated lifespan of 14 year. Anotherinnovativeaspectofit istheembeddedprintedcircuit, whichisprotectedfromoxida- tion. It also has an IP address and wi-fi, which makes this light source smart and able to communicate.Heexplainsthat, ”specialsoftwareallowsswitch- ing off to be centrally managed, progressive lighting up or failed light sources to be located”. .LEDEX. www.ledex.fr Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 31. • 31RENEWABLES AND ENERGY RECOVERY Energy First river turbine connected to the electricity grid Installed in the Loire, at Orleans, the vertical axis river turbine from HydroQuest of Grenoble is the first river turbine to be connected to the ERDF electricity grid, after a year of testing on site. It has a power output of 40 kW. “Which can supply sixty homes”, stated Stéphanie Anton, the Deputy Mayor of Orleans responsible for sustainable development, at its installation at the end of 2014. The river turbine exploits the kinetic energy of water courses by means of transverse flow, double vertical axis turbines and it is fitted with accelerators in order to speed up the current without generating disturbance. It is installed on a float moored to the bottom of the river by two micro-piles. The technology developed by HydroQuest was first validated on a prototype tested for a period of two years in an Isère canal by EDF before the city of Orleans approved this trial. The company launched the official marketing of its HydroQuest River range a few months ago with a 40 and an 80 kW model. It is primarily intended for export with the installation of farms running to several tens of turbines. .HYDROQUEST. www.hydroquest.net Solar trackers High performance trackers Founded in 2007, Exosun specializes in optimizing the energy generated by large, ground-based solar power plants. It has devel- oped trackers, which are motorized structures that orient PV panels from morning until evening so that they follow the path of the sun (single axis Exotrack HZ horizontal tracker or two axis Exotrack CPV), which helps to make solar KWh competitive. These solar trackers allow up to 15% more energy to be produced than conventional panels. Launched at the start of September 2015, the Exotrack HZ V2 is even more reliable (no lubrication of the components), it requires only limited excavation work and optimizes cable management, resulting in a reduction in deliv- ery time and therefore overall costs. Besides the French market, Exosun is established in California and South Africa (subsidiaries in San Diego and the Cape) and is represented in Spain, Portugal, MexicoandChile,whereithasjustwonitslargestcontract(supply and technical support for two thirds of a 146 MWc plant in the Atacama desert with Edf EN). Exotrack HZ complies with the UL 3703 standard of the Canadian Standards Association and has passed the wind resistance tests of CPP Inc., which means that its expansion in North America should pick up. .EXOSUN. www.exosun.fr Xavier Barbaro, Chief Executive Officer of Neoen Renewables grow up Why did you buy Juwi France? We bought the renewables activity of Poweo back in 2011 and we’ve just done the same with the French subsidiary of Juwi. Prior to this transaction, Neoen had a portfolio of around 200 MW of operational projects or ones where construction was complete. This figure will rise to 500 MW this year thanks to the new 300 MW solar farm outside Bordeaux. Neoen also has a presence in offshore wind and biomass, but solar and onshore wind are our main lines of development. This is why the acquisition of Juwi France is a strategic one. How is the renewables market shaping up? It has grown up. Neoen is a growing company. Solar has experienced an economic bubble. A few years ago there were 300 companies in France. But this bubble burst. Many companies have disappeared and it is therefore vital to regroup. Some thirty solar companies remain in France but the point of equilibrium is probably around ten. We are en route to becoming the French number for renewables behind EDF and GDF Suez. And we are also present in Mexico, Australia, Egypt, Portugal and El Salvador. We are trying to work here within a ‘French renewables team’ along with companies such as Schneider Electric, Exosun, Eiffage or even Bouygues. TB .NEOEN. www.neoen.fr December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 32. 32 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS Marine energies Very high performance floating wind measurement platform Put in the water in January 2014 off Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue, in the English Channel, the Nass Wind Offshore floating platform, known as M3EA (Marine Measurements for Mete- orological and Environmental Assessment), has successfully completed eleven months of trials. With a surface area of 17 m2 , it is equipped with cameras, radars and a Lidar wind meas- urement system. These devices are powered by four 350 watt wind turbines, eighteen 100 watt solar panels, six batteries and an emergency electricity generator. “Another Lidar system was installed nearby on one of the îles Saint-Marcouf so as to com- pare the wind measurements with a neighbouring fixed site. The buoy is exposed to the swell and it was necessary to check that there were no interference effects due to pitching”, explains Leslie Loison, responsible for the trial at Nass Wind. Tests carried out by the independent DNV GL organization confirm the platform’s performance. The buoy is anchored by means of two chain lines, each of which is ballasted by a 3 tonne concrete block, plus a 2.7 tonne anchor. Everything was recovered at the end of the tests. .NASS  WIND. www.nassetwind.com Floating wind turbine A more competitive floating wind turbine A specialist in floating foundations since 2010, Ideol has devel- oped the Damping Pool system, which, in particular, allows the costs associated with floating farms to be limited. This system, which is constructed out of concrete or in steel, is original in its geometry. The foundation consists of a compact, square platform that incorporates a central pool. This ensures good stability when there is swell and allows it to accommo- date high capacity turbines. The Damping Pool is compatible with all types of marine wind turbines. Ideol is currently being installed in the first offshore wind farm off France as part of the Floatgen proj- ect (Le Croisic, Atlantic coast). It has international projects, including a pilot farm in the Mediterranean and two demon- strators in Japan in partnership with the Hitz group (Hitachi Zosen), which is seeking to validate the technology with a view to installing it in in future farms between now and 2020, the year of the Tokyo Olympic Games. Ideol is also in the running to be used with a 10 MW wind turbine as part of the European Union’s Lifes50+ programme (Horizon 2020). The company won one of the French Environment Ministry’s Business Awards for the Environment in October 2015. .IDEOL. http://ideol-offshore.com Energy solutions Management of island grids of isolated, multi-energy systems A pioneer in France for the manufacture of wind turbines, the Vergnet group has been a presence in the Farwind(reducedinfra- structure or cyclonic zones) and Proxiwind (decentralized produc- tion) markets for over twenty years and has some 900 wind turbines installed in 35 countries (Caribbean, Pacific, Indian Ocean…). It is also active in solar through its Photalia subsidiary, which was founded in 2007 and it develops turnkey energy production projects (for example, the hybrid solar plant at Kiffa in Mauritania, or the wind farm at Amdjarass in Chad). It has already installed an overall total of 275 MW around the world. In 2014, the group launched Hybrid Wizard, a system formanagingislandgridsorisolated,multi-energysystems(diesel, renewables, storage). This new tool allows different sources of energy to controlled and the share of renewables injected into the network to be maximized, whilst ensuring operational security through a real time analysis of the state of the grid. .VERGNET. www.vergnet.com Small scale wind High performance wind turbines suitable for erection close to buildings With its patented Nheowind 3D solution, Nheolis was the first company to apply fluid dynamics to low power wind turbines for domestic and professional use. Launched in 2010, the 3D50 and3D100 horizontal axis models operate at low wind speeds (from 2.5 m/s or 9 km/h) and at very high speeds (up to 30 m/s or 110 km/h). They combine original design (blades with incurved profile), silence ( 35 dB at 12 m/s), robustness (specific rein- forcement of the blades) and performance. For example, the output of one 3D100 can supply the electricity requirements of a family of 4 from average annual wind speeds of 5 m/s. Besides their 3D characteristics, Nheowind 3Ds exhibit a number of other specific elements (generator, aerofoil…). Founded in 2006 and now the Énergies subsidiary of the ID Sud Energies group, Nheolis also generates hybrid (PV and wind) energy micro-gen- eration units for emerging countries or isolated sites, as well as stand-alone solutions for public lighting and signage or water desalination. .ID SUD ENERGIES. www.idsud-energies.com - www.nheolis.com Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 33. • 33RENEWABLES AND ENERGY RECOVERY Energy Wind trees NewWind, is a young com- pany that is now industrial- izing its Aeroleaf technol- ogy. Four years of R D have resulted in its first product, the Wind Tree, a system for generating electricity, that takes the form of a tree with leaves that act as microtur- bines. “We have shown that our solution is relevant for the urban environment and localized sources of turbulent wind”, claims its chairman Jérôme Michaud-Larivière. In October, the company launches pre-series production and installs its first 8 Wind trees (in France, Germany and Switzerland). Two of these will be present at COP21 (thanks to sponsorship by the Engie foundation). The first units will be installed at sites exhibiting differing wind conditions. They will be monitored with instru- ments “for three or four months” in order to better understand the functioning of the technology and to improve it. Sales are scheduled to start in mid 2016. .NEWWIND. www.newwind.fr Panorama SCADA delivers the real-time information you need to all your personnel through an enterprise level web portal, for maintenance, performance analysis, energy con- sumption, etc... From your Control Room to your Boardroom, Panorama SCADA gives you the ability to make informed decisions on how to manage your business better while gaining you a competitive cost advantage. With more than 27 000 licenses deployed worldwide, Panorama solution, edited by CODRA, is one of the leader in the SCADA market. V6 HMI SCADA Information System SCADASCADA Even m re power at the heart of your SCADA installation Pub Codra_Environnement magazine International_2015.indd 1 05/11/2015 11:26:27 Marine water turbine Pioneering French marine turbine An engineering and contracting company in marine energy, including water turbines, Sabella was a pioneer in France with the first prototype of the Sabella D03 marine turbine (3 m in diameter), which has been submerged off Bénodet, in Brittany. It has moved into the industrialization phase with, notably, the Sabella D10 placed in the water in June 2015 off Ushant. Initially it will supply the island with a quarter of its energy requirements and in the longer term up to 70%. Combining simplicity and robustness, Sabella turbines incorporate a bidi- rectional technology that allows them to be used in marine and estuarine sites and arranged as a screen of turbines on the sea bed. Pre-positioned to face the currents, the turbines are stabilized by gravity or anchored, depending upon the nature of the bed. The specific profile of their symmetrical blades allows them to capture the ebb and flow. The dimensions are tailored to the depth profile of the site. Sabella registered three patents in March 2013, one relating to the fixing system and process, the second relating to the blades and the third on the energy recovery devices. An agreement has been signed with two Indonesian companies to develop marine turbines in a country with a multitude of islands. .SABELLA. www.sabella.fr December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 34. 34 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS In order to facilitate the inte- gration of renewables into the grid, it is important to be able to forecast their output so as to maintain a balance between production and consumption. This is what Reuniwatt is offering with Soleka, a tool for forecast- ing solar irradiation and PV output. Combining the tech- nologies of big data, artificial intelligence and meteorology with the processing of satel- lite images amongst others, the tool allows detailed fore- casting from a few seconds up to a few days in advance. Forecasting for tomorrow and up to several days in advance allows the output of a plant to be estimated and there- fore the grid manager to plan the loading of the means of production more effectively. Same day modelling is useful for manufacturers (cf. dimen- sioning storage plant). Finally, sub-hour forecasting (from a few seconds up to an hour in advance) helps the manager to match supply and demand better, by, for example, bring- ing a thermal generator online or a load management system. It also allows the operator of a photovoltaic plant to con- trol storage systems or the electricity generating units. Soleka has already received a number of awards. What is more, solar forecasting tech- nology is one of ten rupture technologies identified by MIT in 2014. Reuniwatt also offers a climate information system that allows access to a variety of meteorological and climate data depending upon requirements (PV profession- als, others whose activities are affected by the weather: building, tourism…). Offered as Software as a Service (SaaS) and updated in real time, it allows maps to be produced showing renewables potential (PV but also wind, biomass…). .REUNIWATT. http://reuniwatt.com Marine energy Oceanic-meteorological studies A specialist in Marine Data Intelligence since 2011, OpenOcean develops tools to aid decision making for managing infrastruc- ture and operations. These solutions couple high resolution modelling with strategic analysis and data mining. Launched in 2015, its Metocean Analytics software rapidly delivers the oceanic data that marine professionals require (operators, engi- neering practices, construc- tors or installers, subcon- tractors…). At the interface of marine sciences and web technologies, it represents the first online solution for on demand oceanic-me- teorological studies (such as statistics or data and reports on waves, winds or currents). The user rapidly obtains full site characteristics (estimate of the potential, marine conditions, forecasts of energy output) and has the tools to take effective decisions during the planning or operational phases of its offshore project (marine turbines and renewables, offshore wind, offshore oil…). Flexible, rapid, multi-user, Metocean Analytics has already won over Sabella, the water turbine expert. .OPENOCEAN. www.openocean.fr Energy value of waste A big name in the French methane generation industry Naskeo is a practice that has specialized in exploiting the energy value of waste by means of methane generation for the last ten years. It designs, develops, builds and undertakes the maintenance of units primarily intended for the agricul- tural or industrial sectors, and it now has some 20 projects to its name. The first of these is in a zoo (fed by animal dung and local green waste in order to generate electricity and heating for the zoo’s own use). A more recent one near Fontaineb- leau (Equimeth project) involves injecting the biomethane that is produced into the GrDF network after purification and compression. Naskeo is developing expertise in ‘fully mixed’ technology, which is a process adapted to substrates where the level of dry matter does not exceed 15%. It is conducting research programmes with major organizations such as Inra, the CNRS, lfremer... For example, as part of a French national research agency (ANR) bioenergy project (Symbiose), it has succeeded in coupling cultures of microalgae capturing indus- trial CO2 to an anaerobic digestion process for recycling the nitrogen and phosphorous in these cultures whilst producing methane. GrDF estimates that ‘green gas’ might account for 73% of the gas circulating through the gas network by 2050 and Naskeo is positioning itself as one of the major players in this emerging French market. .NASKEO. www.naskeo.com Solar Planning and controlling PV systems Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 35. • 35RENEWABLES AND ENERGY RECOVERY Energy solutions Real application for hydrogen energy Spin-off from the Airbus group, PowiDian (Power in All Merid- ians) develops non-polluting and smart stand-alone stations for decentralized electricity gen- eration. Its Sages (Smart Auton- omous Green Energy Systems) product combines dedicated software (allowing remote man- agement, operational optimiza- tionandcontrol-commandusing simulation and prediction algo- rithms and self-learning) with an advanced storage system. This modular system is reliable under all conditions (Greenland, African desert…), it has a lifes- pan of fifteen years and requires only limited maintenance. With its prediction, self-learning, optimization, configuration and secure remote administration algorithms, the software makes it possible to overcome the con- straints associated with inter- mittency. The medium pressure storage system relies on short- term batteries (1 to 2 days) and an integral hydrogen line for the longer term. Sages can be used with mobile units (telecoms, military, humanitarian…) and isolated sites, as is shown by the successful Col du Palet project in the Vanoise National Park in the French Alps (500 Nl/h elec- trolyser and 2.5 kW heat pump).  POWIDIAN. www.powidian.com Energy storage Towards very high density batteries Founded in 2010, the CEA spin-off Nanomakers designs and produces silicon carbide nanop- owders using a stabilized, continuous laser pyrolysis process developed with the CEA. With an atomic structure that is similar to diamond, these nanoparticles help to improve the mechan- ical, thermal and chemical properties of materials, and this, for example, has allowed them to greatly enhance the performance of new lithium-ion battery anodes, whilst reducing the use of raw materials and increasing lifespan. Increased density means that these batteries can be smaller and easier to integrate. In September 2015, the young company won the Energy Storage category of the Global Innovation Competition with its BAL2IO project for high performance Li-ion batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as portable computers, tablets and mobile phones. The prize, which takes the form of a €1.4 million grant, should enable it to pursue its development, and the company is aiming for mass production to start in 2018. .NANOMAKERS. www.nanomakers.fr Water turbine Simple and robust pico water turbines EcoCinetic develops and markets water turbines to be placed in the stream and primarily intended for river mouths and estuarine zones, but also for canals, upstream sections of rivers and channels in atolls. Suitable for own consumption or sale to the grid, these vertical axis pico water turbines are simple, robust (resistant to fouling and shocks), multi-use, adaptable and modular. They do not require heavy preparation work and the rounded design of their blades means that they integrate well into the environment (fauna and flora friendly). Different modules are available ranging from 100 W to 20 kW. Pico water turbines are particularly effective when placed close to bridge piles, where the current picks up speed, and they can also be installed in irrigation channels, meaning that they have great potential (no fewer than 100,000 sites identified in France alone). A new streamlined and diamond shaped version offers still greater performance. EcoCinetic already has installations in France (Bordeaux: first estuarine water turbine, Tonnay…) and abroad (Congo Brazzaville…). .ECOCINETIC. www.ecocinetic.com Energy solutions Development of global renewables projects Resulting from the merger in 2013 between JMBÉnergiesandAérowatt,QuadranÉner- gies Libres develops projects to generate electricity from renewable sources (wind, solar, hydroelectricity, biogas). It takes responsibilityfortheentirelifecycleofpower plants: site identification, finance, construc- tion, operation, demolition. Currently, it operates almost 180 plants in mainland and overseas France, generating a total of 750 GWh per annum, which is the equivalent of the annual consump- tion of 600,000 inhabitants. It is also working with Ideol on the EolMed (floating wind turbines in the Languedoc region, in the south of France). Quadran is already established in Morocco and Mauritius and it has recently opened two subsidiaries, one in Poland and the other Tunisia.  QUADRAN ÉNERGIES LIBRES  www.quadran.fr December 2015 - Environnement Magazine International
  • 36. 36 •  FRENCH CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS Hybrid solar PV-T panel generating electricity and hot water Starting from the fact that PV panels produce con- siderably more heat (85%) than electricity (15%) and that their efficiency drops when the temperature rises, two specialists devel- oped DualSun hybrid technology and founded the Solaire 2G company in 2010 in order to develop and market it. DualSun is a two-in-one solar panel that simulta- neously produces hot water and electricity for a building, whilst improving the efficiency of the PV cells from 5 to 15%. It con- sists of a fully integrated heat exchanger and water-cooled, high efficiency monocrystalline cells. As the world’s first two-in-one certified (IEC + Solar Keymark, en 2013) hybrid solar panel, the DualSun has a variety of applications: isolated, rural areas (for example, 12 panels ensure the energy independence of a refuge at an altitude of 7,500 ft in the French Alps), major projects (180 panels or 300 m2 integrated into the renovated Bouygues head office) or installations for individuals. .DUALSUN. https://dualsun.fr Wind Optical measurement and wind tracking Foundedin2009,Epsilinespe- cializesinwindspeedmeasure- ment systems (optical laser anemometers) based on Lidar technology (Light Detection Ranging) for detecting wind. Through precise information aboutthealignmentofturbines, its YawAdvisor solution mea- sures possible errors and corrects the defects of current Lidar sensors, which helps to improve the performance of the turbines or wind farms and to optimize output. The system can be used as a diagnostic tool (data collection) or be included in periodic mon- itoring procedures for turbines. Easy to install and to remove, it requires only limited turbine downtime. Furthermore, just as it reduces the mechanical loads on the turbines and their compo- nents, it requires only limited maintenance, which reduces repair costs. YawAdvisor will be available for sale, hire or leasing in 2016. Epsiline has already won several awards for its solution and it received €1.3 m in 2013 to support its development. .EPSILINE. www.epsiline.com Energy solutions Power plants combining environmental and social benefits The leading independent French producer of energy originating exclusively from renewable sources (wind, solar, biomass, water), Akuo Energy develops power plants in both France and abroad and is positioning itself in storage linked to solar. It already has subsidiaries in Croatia, Poland and Turkey, as well as the United States, Uruguay, the UAE (Dubaï) and Indonesia, where it signed an important contract in February with Pertamina, the public operator (560 MW from solar wind and OTEC). The company is committed to developing model projects that also deliver social benefits for the populations concerned. For example, the Bardzour project on Réunion, combines production and storage of green electricity, agricultural production (Agrinergie project for planned cultivation in greenhouses with semi-photovoltaic roofs + bee protection plan) and the social reintegration of pris- oners. The Bardzour plant is one of the largest photovoltaic plants in service in the world that links solar energy generation and stor- age. Akuo is also involved with the DCNS in the NEMO project (New Energy for Martinique Overseas) that aims to develop a 16 MW floating OTEC plant capable of supplying 35,000 homes (project a winner of the European NER300 programme). .AKUO ENERGY. www.akuoenergy.com Energy solutions Energy management web platform QOS Energy develops and markets Qantum, an energy manage- ment solution designed to optimize the performance of renew- ables, the smart town and smart grids. This platform aggregates and consolidates technical and financial data for a variety of pro- ductionsystemsandintheeventoffailuresordriftsignalsanalarm thatallowsthedowntimetobereduced.The user can monitor the production of several installations,createpersonalizedperformance analysis indicators, plan, track and monitor maintenance interventions as well as report and communicate via personalized content. Over 3,000 sites all around the world have already integrated Qantum and these rep- resent a total of 600,000 sensors capable of making 60 million daily measurements. For example,thesolutionisfittedtothelargestPV installationinEurope(upto300MWcforacapacityof350 GWh/ annum) and monitors the combined heat and power generation of the largest methane generation plant in France (4.5 MWe). A partnership is currently being pursued with MetNext, a company specializinginthemanagementoftheweathersensitivityofindus- trialandcommercialactivitiesthatwouldbenefitfromtheprecision offered (for example, turbine by turbine in a single farm). .QOS ENERGY. www.qosenergy.com Environnement Magazine International - December 2015
  • 37. Solutions multi-énergies Pour une utilisation responsable des ressources naturelles Diehl Metering est leader européen en matière de solutions intelligentes pour le comptage des ressources naturelles et énergétiques. Diehl Metering propose des solutions sur-mesure pour optimiser les performances énergétiques et maîtriser les consommations grâce au télérelevé multi-énergies : eau, énergie thermique, gaz, systèmes. Compteurs, gestion des données, services, Diehl Metering vous accompagne dans toutes les étapes de vos projets d’équipement de sites individuels et collectifs. www.diehl.com/metering Diehl Metering S.A.S. | 67 rue du Rhône - BP 10160 - FR-68304 Saint Louis Cedex Tél. +33 (0)3 89 69 54 00 | Email : info-dmfr@diehl.com Compteur d’eau ALTAIR V4 équipé de la radio IZAR RCi R4 ©eyetronic-Fotolia Compteur d’énergie thermique SHARKY 775 Récepteur radio IZAR RDC PREMIUM