art and science
Enhancing the interior of a building
achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people
using the space.
Someone who plans,
manages such enhancement projects.
Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes
communicating with the stakeholders of a project,
construction management, and execution of the design.
History of Interior Design
Some of the designs are widely used after world war 2
Victorian design 1837 – 1901AD
Arts & Crafts 1860 – 1910AD
Art Nouveau, 1890 - 1910AD
Eclecticism 1900s – Now
Colonial 1905 -Now
VICTORIAN 1837-1901 AD
Ornaments were the focal point of a room with all surfaces filled with objects the
owner had collected.
The color choices of walls followed a strict code depending on room type and
always used colors which were placed beside or exactly opposite on the color
Crystal Palace was built and set the standard for modern architecture.
cast iron and plate glass structure
built in Hyde Park, London, to house
the Great Exhibition of 1851
1,851 feet (564 m) long, with an
interior height of 128 feet (39 m)
Destroyed -30 November 1936
Color & Furniture
darker tones like burgundy, ruby red,
forest green, navy blue, and deep
closely associated with those darker,
more muted colors
Victorian furniture was generally
decoratively carved and over-stuffed
pieces like button-back armchairs,
chaise lounges, and ottomans.
Lighting & Home Decor
Essential to this design style
are light fixtures and candles
Tiffany lamps (with lampshades
made of glass) Popular
wall sconces and chandeliers
Accessories and decorations , cover
gallery wall of framed pictures,
displayed China, souvenirs, vases,
and lace doilies
embroidered cushions decorated
couches, and potted plants like
palms and ferns were popular
Stained glass was also a common
way to add color to rooms
Coverings & Floorings
Curtains lined with silk or wool
Walls covered with the rich, dark
wallpaper with bold floral, leaf, or
painted to look like marble or wood-
Wood, specifically parquet patterns
floor cloths , carpeting , toward the
second half of the era
Tiled floors with a repeating
geometric design in the middle.
Arts & Crafts 1860-1910 AD
traditional crafts to produce items of furniture and decoration
a belief in craftsmanship which stresses the inherent beauty of the material
the importance of nature as inspiration
value of simplicity, utility, and beauty.
Arts & Crafts 1860-1910 AD
Four categories of arts & Crafts
Arts & Crafts
originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
Excessive décor of Victorianism and the mass production
Improve the quality of domestic interiors by reviving the applied arts.
The designs use natural raw materials and textures such as stone, brick, and
with hand-crafted and well-designed decorative finishes, textiles, and useful
follow a simple and open floor plan.
Arts & Crafts Interior
Nature is a consistent theme
textiles and wallpaper designs bring the natural world indoors
countryside inspires the designs, which often feature motifs that honour traditional
Art Nouveau 1890 - 1910AD
Art should be a way of life is philosophy
Ornamental style of art that flourished between about 1890 and 1910 throughout
Europe and the United States
Attempted to blend interiors with exterior natural elements and therefore much
design took the form of curved lines and was inspired by plant life and flowers
Art Nouveau characteristics
• Asymmetrical shapes.
• Extensive use of arches and curved forms.
• Curved glass.
• Curving, plant-like embellishments.
• Stained glass.
• Japanese motifs.
Eclecticism 1900s – Now
Eclecticism is from the Greek word eklektikos means "to choose the best”
emerged in the 19th century in Europe
blends different styles and motifs together to create a unique aesthetic
it created a need for people with an understanding of differing styles and interior
Demand in the style into the middle and lower classes.
Characteristics of Eclectic Style
Mixed patterns and textures.
isn’t homogenous—take risks by mixing patterns, textures, or both!
Combination of old and new.
Louis XIV sofa could be paired with a lucite coffee table
Incorporation of global influences
Don’t be afraid to place antique lacquer armoire from China next to a Saarinen
collage of furnishings.
Decorating an Eclectic Interior
Choose a unifying color
few colors to repeat throughout your design scheme
Provide a focal point.
help draw the eye to the desired place
Mix and match patterns, prints, and texture
mismatched patterns and textures throughout your room to help create a sense of visual
Mix style genres
Different combinations of collectibles or featured items to get a sense of what goes together
Include negative space
Break up your eclectic interior design with neutral colors and blank
Colonial 1905 - Now
What is Colonial Interior Design
A classic and traditional design, sometimes known as a little 'country,’
the Colonial style has a similar look and feel to the Victorian design.
Although it is similar, the Colonial style is a little more relaxed
and the dark colors are more subdued,
which ties in the country feel.
inspiration from historical styles of the Neoclassical and Georgian
Spurred by the Centennial Exhibition
Showcased their colonial history
allowed people to visit historical sites with great ease
most popular style of the time in the USA, especially through the years of WW1
American Colonial Characteristics
Simple, traditional design
Plain exteriors with minimal embellishments
Use of double sash windows
Decorative window shutters
Generally painted in muted neutral colors
Frank Lloyd Wright
Born-8 June 1867 Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States
Died-9 April 1959
He designed more than 1,000 structures & 380 were actually built. over a creative
period of 70 years
UNESCO designated eight of them— (United Nations Educational, Scientific and
The Guggenheim Museum, and
Unity Temple—as World Heritage sites in 2019..
Fallingwater is a house designed by the architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935
in the Laurel Highlands of southwest Pennsylvania, about 70 miles (110 km)
southeast of Pittsburgh
The house was designed to serve as a weekend retreat for Liliane and Edgar J.
Kaufmann, the owner of Pittsburgh's Kaufmann's Department Store.
Life List of 28 Places to See Before You Die
designated a National Historic Landmark on May 11th, 1976.
"best all-time work of American architecture" and in 2007
29th on the list of America's Favorite Architecture according to the AIA
Fallingwater has been described as an architectural tour de force of
Wright's organic architecture
The cost of the house's restoration in 2001 was estimated to be $11.5 million
(approximately $17.6 million in 2021)
he limited his palette to two colors, a light ocher for the concrete and his signature
Cherokee red for the steel
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