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Historical facts.pptx

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Historical facts.pptx

  1. 1. History of interior design By Pravin Kumar
  2. 2. Interior Design  art and science  Enhancing the interior of a building  achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space.
  3. 3. Interior Designer  Someone who plans,  researches,  coordinates, and  manages such enhancement projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, and execution of the design.
  4. 4. History of Interior Design Some of the designs are widely used after world war 2  Victorian design 1837 – 1901AD  Arts & Crafts 1860 – 1910AD  Art Nouveau, 1890 - 1910AD  Eclecticism 1900s – Now  Colonial 1905 -Now
  5. 5. VICTORIAN 1837-1901 AD  Ornaments were the focal point of a room with all surfaces filled with objects the owner had collected.  The color choices of walls followed a strict code depending on room type and always used colors which were placed beside or exactly opposite on the color wheel.  Crystal Palace was built and set the standard for modern architecture.
  6. 6. Crystal palace  cast iron and plate glass structure  built in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851  1,851 feet (564 m) long, with an interior height of 128 feet (39 m)  Completed 1851  Destroyed -30 November 1936
  7. 7. Victorian room  opulent furnishings,  tapestries,  patterned wallpaper,  rich colors,  flowers, and  sentimental pictures and drawings.
  8. 8. Color & Furniture  Color  darker tones like burgundy, ruby red, forest green, navy blue, and deep brown  closely associated with those darker, more muted colors  Furniture  Victorian furniture was generally decoratively carved and over-stuffed  pieces like button-back armchairs, chaise lounges, and ottomans.
  9. 9. Lighting & Home Decor  Essential to this design style are light fixtures and candles  Tiffany lamps (with lampshades made of glass) Popular  wall sconces and chandeliers  Accessories and decorations , cover every surface  gallery wall of framed pictures, displayed China, souvenirs, vases, and lace doilies  embroidered cushions decorated couches, and potted plants like palms and ferns were popular  Stained glass was also a common way to add color to rooms
  10. 10. Coverings & Floorings  Curtains lined with silk or wool  Walls covered with the rich, dark paint colors  wallpaper with bold floral, leaf, or vine motifs  painted to look like marble or wood- grained finishings  Wood, specifically parquet patterns most common  floor cloths , carpeting , toward the second half of the era  Tiled floors with a repeating geometric design in the middle.
  11. 11. Victorian Design
  12. 12. Arts & Crafts 1860-1910 AD  traditional crafts to produce items of furniture and decoration  a belief in craftsmanship which stresses the inherent beauty of the material  the importance of nature as inspiration  value of simplicity, utility, and beauty.
  13. 13. Arts & Crafts 1860-1910 AD  Four categories of arts & Crafts  Textile,  Decorative  Paper,  Functional,  Fashion Crafts
  14. 14. Arts & Crafts  originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries  Excessive décor of Victorianism and the mass production  Improve the quality of domestic interiors by reviving the applied arts.  The designs use natural raw materials and textures such as stone, brick, and wood.  with hand-crafted and well-designed decorative finishes, textiles, and useful objects  follow a simple and open floor plan.
  15. 15. Arts & Crafts Interior  Nature is a consistent theme  textiles and wallpaper designs bring the natural world indoors  countryside inspires the designs, which often feature motifs that honour traditional country hedgerows  flowers,  fruits,  colorful birds.
  16. 16. Arts & Crafts Interior
  17. 17. Art Nouveau 1890 - 1910AD  New art  Art should be a way of life is philosophy  Ornamental style of art that flourished between about 1890 and 1910 throughout Europe and the United States  Attempted to blend interiors with exterior natural elements and therefore much design took the form of curved lines and was inspired by plant life and flowers
  18. 18. Art Nouveau characteristics • Asymmetrical shapes. • Extensive use of arches and curved forms. • Curved glass. • Curving, plant-like embellishments. • Mosaics. • Stained glass. • Japanese motifs.
  19. 19. Art Nouveau
  20. 20. Eclecticism 1900s – Now  Eclecticism is from the Greek word eklektikos means "to choose the best”  emerged in the 19th century in Europe  blends different styles and motifs together to create a unique aesthetic  it created a need for people with an understanding of differing styles and interior design history  Demand in the style into the middle and lower classes.
  21. 21. Characteristics of Eclectic Style  Mixed patterns and textures. isn’t homogenous—take risks by mixing patterns, textures, or both!  Combination of old and new. Louis XIV sofa could be paired with a lucite coffee table  Incorporation of global influences Don’t be afraid to place antique lacquer armoire from China next to a Saarinen womb chair!  Gallery walls collage of furnishings.
  22. 22. Decorating an Eclectic Interior  Choose a unifying color few colors to repeat throughout your design scheme  Provide a focal point. help draw the eye to the desired place  Mix and match patterns, prints, and texture mismatched patterns and textures throughout your room to help create a sense of visual harmony  Mix style genres Different combinations of collectibles or featured items to get a sense of what goes together  Include negative space Break up your eclectic interior design with neutral colors and blank
  23. 23. Eclecticism
  24. 24. Colonial 1905 - Now  What is Colonial Interior Design A classic and traditional design, sometimes known as a little 'country,’ the Colonial style has a similar look and feel to the Victorian design. Although it is similar, the Colonial style is a little more relaxed and the dark colors are more subdued, which ties in the country feel.
  25. 25. Colonial  inspiration from historical styles of the Neoclassical and Georgian  Spurred by the Centennial Exhibition  Showcased their colonial history  allowed people to visit historical sites with great ease  most popular style of the time in the USA, especially through the years of WW1 and WW2
  26. 26. American Colonial Characteristics  Simple, traditional design  Plain exteriors with minimal embellishments  Central door  Use of double sash windows  Decorative window shutters  Generally painted in muted neutral colors
  27. 27. Colonial 1905 - Now
  28. 28. Frank Lloyd Wright
  29. 29. Frank Lloyd Wright  American architect  Born-8 June 1867 Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States  Died-9 April 1959  He designed more than 1,000 structures & 380 were actually built. over a creative period of 70 years  UNESCO designated eight of them— (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)  Including Fallingwater,  The Guggenheim Museum, and  Unity Temple—as World Heritage sites in 2019..
  30. 30. Fallingwater
  31. 31. Fallingwater  Fallingwater is a house designed by the architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935  in the Laurel Highlands of southwest Pennsylvania, about 70 miles (110 km) southeast of Pittsburgh  The house was designed to serve as a weekend retreat for Liliane and Edgar J. Kaufmann, the owner of Pittsburgh's Kaufmann's Department Store.  Life List of 28 Places to See Before You Die  designated a National Historic Landmark on May 11th, 1976.  "best all-time work of American architecture" and in 2007  29th on the list of America's Favorite Architecture according to the AIA
  32. 32. Fallingwater  Fallingwater has been described as an architectural tour de force of Wright's organic architecture  The cost of the house's restoration in 2001 was estimated to be $11.5 million (approximately $17.6 million in 2021)  he limited his palette to two colors, a light ocher for the concrete and his signature Cherokee red for the steel
  33. 33. Fallingwater
  34. 34. Fallingwater
  35. 35. Guggenheim Museum  Built -1956-1959  Location - New York City  Art museum
  36. 36. Unity Temple  1905 and 1908  Oak Park, Illinois
  37. 37. Q&A
  38. 38. THANK YOU

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