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Artificial Intelligence Presentation

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Artificial Intelligence Presentation

  1. 1. { { THE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE A presentation on the overview, history, applications, interaction, ethics and facts of AI in modern life.
  2. 2. a brief overview of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Artificial intelligence is growing up fast, as are robots whose facial expressions can elicit empathy and make your mirror neurons quiver.“
  3. 3. What is an Artificial Intelligence (AI)? According to the father of artificial intelligence, it is a science and engineering of making intelligent machine and computer programs. AI Types Strong AI It deals with creation of real intelligence artificially. Strong AI believes that machine can be made sentient or self aware. Weak AI Weak AI does not believe that creating human level intelligence in machine is possible but AI techniques can be developed to solve many real life problems.
  4. 4. AI is the best field for dreamers to play around. It must be evolved from the thought that making a human machine is possible. Though many conclude that this is not possible, there is still a lot of research going on in this field to attain the final objective. There are inherent advantage of using computers as they do not get tired or loosing temper and are becoming faster and faster. Only time will say what will be the future of AI. So, will it attain human level or above human level intelligence or not? probably, only time will tell… What is an Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
  5. 5. the history/timeline of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE A lot of what AI is being used for today only scratches the surface of what can be done. It will become so ubiquitous that we won't even call it AI anymore. “
  6. 6. History of Artificial Intelligence. ‣ The seed of modern AI was planted by classical philosophers who wanted to describe human thinking as a mechanical manipulation. ‣ The AI research founded at Dartmouth college in summer 1956 and “John McCarthy is regarded as father of AI”. ‣ The project faced difficulty in 1973 in response to criticism of James Lighthill and on going pressure from government and stopped funding on directed research into AI. ‣ Investment and interest in AI boomed in first decade of 21st century.
  7. 7. The birth of Artificial Intelligence. In 1940s to 50s a handful of scientist, variety of field began to discuss the possibility of creating an artificial brain. ‣ Study of cybernetics and neural network help in constructing an electric brain. ‣ Alan turing provide a turing test in which it make sure that machine is thinking. ‣ In 1955 A. Newell and H.A. Simon created the logic theorist and solved the venerable mind/body problem explaining how matter can have the properties of mind.
  8. 8. Timeline of Artificial Intelligence. In the 70s, AI was subject to critiques and financial setbacks due to tremendous optimism raised exceptionally impossible high and promised results failed to materialise, funding for AI disappeared. It completely shut down for 10 years by Marvin Minsky. In late 70s new ideas were explored in logic programming, common sense reasoning. Programmable Mechanical Calculating Machine (1842) Turing Test (1950) Industrial Robot (1961) ELIZA the first expert system (1965) Knowledge based Medical Diagnosis (1979) Commercial Expert system (1980s) Polly: Behaviour based robotics (1993) Mobile PAs (Siri, Now, Cortana etc.) (2011) Facebook’s AI can perform facial recognition as accurate as humans! (2014) and the future is yet to come!
  9. 9. the applications of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE To be useful, a system has to be able to do more than just correctly perform some task.“
  10. 10. People of the future may look back on our society and marvel at our way of life… Doctors relying mainly on their memory for all the salient facts to a case! Cars that can't parallel-park themselves! Factories requiring human assembly- line drudgery! Library books unable to recommend other relevant information sources! Your house not opening & closing door by itself on seeing you or family! Cars not driving you to hospital by itself if you faint while driving! Fans & lamps not turn themselves off when we leave the room! Our bed not able to push us out by itself when alarm goes off!
  11. 11. What are the characteristics of AI? Not Simulated Actual, not Fake Synthetic Intelligence Emerging Computer Technology Applied Science Branch (CS)
  12. 12. What about the applications of AI? Object recognition Automatic target recognition Automated reasoning Artificial life Biologically inspired computing Facial recognition systems Speech recognition Image processing Decision support system Handwriting recognition Optical character recognition Concept mining Artificial Creativity Intelligent word recognition Natural language processing Robotics Cybernetics Pattern recognition and much, much more…
  13. 13. Real life AI Projects/Examples. 1 Autonomous cars project An autonomous car (driverless car, self-driving car) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. Major companies involved in the R&D of this technology are Google, Tesla and Ford as of now. 2 Blue Brain Project The Blue Brain Project is an attempt to create a synthetic brain by reverse- engineering mammalian brain circuitry. The aim of the project, founded in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Institute of the EPFL, Switzerland, is to study the brain's architectural and functional principles.
  14. 14. Practical Examples of AI Applications. 3 Google Brain It is a deep learning project, part of Google X attempting to mimic human- level intelligence. The project's technology is currently used in the Android Operating System's speech recognition system, photo search for Google+ and video recommendations in YouTube. 4 Google Now Google Now is an intelligent personal assistant developed by Google. Google Now, including Now cards, voice search and commands, is available in the Google app for Android and iOS. It uses a natural language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests.
  15. 15. Practical Examples of AI Applications. 5 Apple Siri It is a computer program that works as an intelligent personal assistant and knowledge navigator, part of Apple’s iOS, watchOS, macOS and tvOS operating systems. The feature uses a natural language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests. 6 Microsoft Cortana It is an intelligent personal assistant created by Microsoft for Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Microsoft Band, Xbox One, iOS and Android. It can set reminders, recognise natural voice without the requirement for keyboard input, and answer questions using information from the Bing search.
  16. 16. Practical Examples of AI Applications. 7 Holmes Holmes is a cognitive computing system developed by the Indian technology corporation Wipro and announced in 2016. Its uses include development of digital virtual agents, predictive systems, cognitive process automation, visual computing applications, knowledge virtualisation, robotics and drones. 8 Wolfram Alpha It is a computational knowledge engine or answer engine developed by Wolfram Research. It is an online service that answers factual queries directly by computing the answer from externally sourced "curated data", rather than providing a list of documents or web pages that might contain the answer as a search engine might. and many more…
  17. 17. interaction & reasoning of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE The key to artificial intelligence has always been the representation. “
  18. 18. How does the AI interacts? - Pairing new technologies with human assistants. - Recent film Ex Machina, where a reclusive billionaire invents a robotic AI. - Today, making machines & humans indistinguishable from each other is no longer science fiction-its good business. - Messaging is the medium.
  19. 19. How does the AI performs reasoning? - When there’s one goal & too many options. - When data collection is easy but analysis is hard. - When it feels like a friend. - Who needs HUMANS? - AUTOMATED REASONING is an area of computer science & mathematical logic dedicated to understanding different aspects of reasoning.
  20. 20. philosophy and ethics of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE By far, the greatest danger of Artificial Intelligence is that people conclude too early that they understand it.“
  21. 21. Ethics & Philosophy of AI systems. The ethics of artificial intelligence is the part of the ethics of technology specific to robots and other artificially intelligent beings. It is typically divided into two major parts. AI Ethics Robo Ethics It is a concern with the moral behaviour of humans as they design, construct, use and treat artificially intelligent beings. Machine Ethics It is a concern with the moral behaviour of artificial moral agents(AMAs).
  22. 22. facts & fiction related to ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE A year spent in artificial intelligence is enough to make one believe in God.“
  23. 23. Some facts about Artificial Intelligence. ‣ Natural language processing method. ‣ Autonomous vehicles. ‣ Developing robots. ‣ Making human life easier. ‣ Speech recognition. ‣ Hospitals and medicine. ‣ Online telephone customer service. ‣ Transportation. ‣ Aviation.
  24. 24. Uses of Artificial Intelligence in fiction. ‣ In the early half of 21st century there were many fictional intelligences related to AI. ‣ AI has firmly rooted in popular culture and in many films. ‣ Implication of AI is the persistent theme in science fiction . ‣ Science fiction sometimes emphasises the dangers of artificial intelligence and sometimes it’s positive potential. ‣ Artificial intelligence is the theme of many films and books like The Terminator, A Space Odyssey, Metropolis, Interstellar, The Matrix, Robocop etc.
  25. 25. For NIET, Greater Noida, by Group - 2 (CSE4, 2016) Thank Youfor being all ears, dear audience :)

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