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  1. Contemporary Philippine Art
  2. Painting and Sculpture
  3. Artistic paintings were introduced to the Filipinos in the 16th century when the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines. The Spaniards used paintings as religious propaganda to spread Catholicism throughout the Philippines.
  4. These paintings, appearing mostly on church walls, featured religious figures appearing in Catholic teachings. The purpose of the paintings from 16th to 19th centuries was to aid the Catholic Church.
  5. Looking at Art: Juan Luna’s Spoliarium
  6. The painting features a glimpse of Roman history centered on the bloody carnage brought by gladiatorial matches. Spoliarium is a latin word referring to the basement of the Roman Colosseum where the fallen and dying gladiators are dumped and devoid of their wordly possessions.
  7. The Spoliarium is the most valuable oil-on canvas painting of Juan Luna, a Filipino educated at the Academia de Dibujo y Pintura (Philippines) and the Academia de San Fernando in Madrid, Spain.
  8. Looking at Art: Amorsolo’s Antipolo Fiesta
  9. This oil painting on canvas depicts a rural scene where a group of people is shown celebrating fiesta in Antipolo. The main focus is on pair of dancers in the field surrounded by revelers both young and old.
  10. Looking at Art: Tolentino’s U.P. Oblation
  11. The Oblation is the masterpiece of first National Artist for Sculpture Guillermo Tolentino. In 1935, Guillermo was commissioned by then University President Rafael Palma to craft the monument that would express the in visual form the second stanza of Jose Rizal’s “Mi Ultimo Adios” (“Last Farewell”).
  12. Looking at Art: The Higantes of Angono, Rizal
  13. It was said that the higantes started during the Spanish colonial times. It was borrowed to Kampong of Binangonan when Angono was once a hacienda and ruled by the Spanish hacienderos the Guido.
  14. Looking at Art: The Sculptures of Paete, Laguna
  15. The name of Paete is derived from the Tagalog word paet, which means chisel. The town has had a long reputation for its craftsmen highly skilled in wood carving and its embellishment.
  16. Looking at Art: The Taka of Paete Laguna
  17. Taka refers to paper mache made using carved wooden sculpture used as a mold. Taka was pioneered by a Paete local Maria Piday.
  18. Taka  During Christmas, Piday was in charge of the church’s decoration. The wooden angels and cherub were heavy causing the carving to fall. Piday devised the lightweight taka paper mache as an alternative to the wooden sculptures. She is also a maker of a local toys.
  19. Looking at Art: The Giant Lantern Festival of Pampanga
  20. The Giant Lantern Festival is an annual festival held in December (Saturday before Christmas Eve) in the City of San Fernando in the Philippines. The festival features a competition of giant lanterns.
  21. Because of the popularity of the festival, the city has been nicknamed the “Christmas Capital of the Philippines”
  22. Looking at Art: Saniculas Cookie Mold Carvings of Pampanga
  23. Saniculas cookies are arrowroot cookies that have the image of St. Nicholas molded on it. St. Nicholas is also known as “the healer”.
  24. The “saniculas” wooden moulds which are used to impress the dough with the distinctive imprint are interesting kitchen artifacts themselves.
  25. Looking at Art: Singkaban or Bamboo Art of Bulacan
  26. Singkaban is the art of shaving bamboo into artful creations that can be used as décor for arches or for the home.
  27. Looking at Art: The Bul-ul of Ifugao.
  28. A Bul-ul is a carved wooden figure used to guard the rice crop by the Igorot of northern Luzon. The sculpture are highly stylized representations of ancestors, and are thought to gain power from the presence of the ancestral spirit.
  29. Looking at Art: Okir Design of Maranao.
  30. Okir is the term for geometric and flowing designs which are often based on an elaborate leaf and vine pattern and folk motifs that can be usually found in Maranao and Muslim-infuenced artwork.
  31. Looking at Art: The Sarimanok of Maranao.
  32. The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao. It comes from the words “sari” and “manok”. “Sari” means cloth or garment, which is generally assorted colors. “Manok” means chicken.