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Releasing the dopamine

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Taking a look at the brain and what can effect how it performs and how we can stay motivated. Based on work by Jenni Jepson & Dan Pink.

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Releasing the dopamine

  1. 1. Releasing the Dopamine Paul Boocock – Academy Leader
  2. 2. Prefrontal Cortex
  3. 3. Prefrontal Cortex • Thinking area of the brain – Rational thought – Emotional Control – Creative, Innovative, Focused, Organised
  4. 4. Prefrontal Cortex Lights up like a Christmas Tree when performing tasks that require cognitive and creative thinking When it’s in the right state…
  5. 5. Limbic System
  6. 6. Limbic System • Controls our feelings and emotions – Emotions we share with other animals – And the pathways involved with pleasure • How we’ve survived for so long – Quickly makes initial decisions to approach or withdraw from a situation
  7. 7. Right State • Prefrontal Cortex gets tired very quickly • The Limbic system takes over when – Too Tired – Too Hungry – Too Thirsty – Too Stressed
  8. 8. However! • The Prefrontal Cortex can regain control • Get ourselves into an optimal state – We can work better and for longer – Need the rational part of our brain so that we can perform better
  9. 9. Sounds Great! But why should I care?
  10. 10. Catecholamines • Neurotransmitters – Dopamine (DA) & Norepinephrine (NE) • Indicate reward in the brain – Give us the feeling of a power rush – Help us get to high performance
  11. 11. Dopamine “Inside the brain, dopamine plays important roles in motor control, motivation, arousal, cognitive control, reinforcement, and reward, as well as basic lower-level functions including lactation, sexual gratification, and nausea.” Wikipedia (en) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dopamine
  12. 12. Too much of a good thing “PFC neurons require a specific amount of DA to function optimally” “PFC function is also impaired by excessive NE release. High levels of NE release, such as those encountered during a stressful condition, engage α1-receptors that suppress PFC cell firing “ Catecholamine Influences on Prefrontal Cortical Function: Relevance to Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Related Disorders. 2015. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3129015/. [Accessed 15 October 2015].
  13. 13. Catecholamines Support & EncourageNeed a push A little more pressure Catecholamine Influences on Prefrontal Cortical Function: Relevance to Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Related Disorders. 2015. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3129015/. [Accessed 15 October 2015].
  14. 14. How to get there • Certainty in the workplace helps – Allows us to calm down and focus • Change causes our PFC to shut down – Limbic system kicks in, just trying to survive – Increases stress
  15. 15. Neuroplasticity • Our brains can actually change – If we stay stressed for too long – If we become more negative – The brain can change so you are actually a more negative person • But what can go one way…
  16. 16. Neuroplasticity • We can control how our brain rewires – Frequent Demonstrations – Feedback & Reflecting positively • Allows the PFC to open up – More willing to accept uncertainty – More able to stay motivated
  17. 17. Motivation • Three key elements to motivation – Autonomy – Mastery – Purpose
  18. 18. Motivation
  19. 19. Motivation • Three key elements to motivation – Autonomy, Mastery & Purpose – Releases Dopamine & Norepinephrine – Lights up our Prefrontal Cortex – Allows us to feel rewarded – Leaves us more focused and engaged

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